Appendix B. Problem Words and Expressions Defined

TERM DEFINITION
Adjacent "Lying near."
Contiguous "Touching."
Advise verb - "To counsel."
Advice noun - "Opinion" or "recommendation."
Affect verb - "To influence" or "to assume."
Effect noun - "Result" or "accomplishment;" verb - "to cause" or "to bring about."
Affective "Caused by or expressing feeling or emotion."
Effective Broader, "producing the intended or expected results."
Allow "To grant."
Permit More formal and specific but essentially the same meaning.
Among Used to show the relationship of more than two objects or persons or when no close relationship exists. Use "and" as the connective. Never followed by "each" or "every."
Between Used to show the relationship of only two objects or persons or if a close relationship exists. Use "and" as the connective. Never followed by "each" or "every."
Amount Used to refer to anything that can be measured.
Number Used to refer only to items that can be counted in individual units.
Anyone Refers only to persons.
Anybody Same as "anyone."
And Should not be used to begin a sentence or used with "also." "And" is always preferred.
Also Should not be used to begin a sentence or used with "and."
Assure "To convince" or "to guarantee" and applies only to persons.
Ensure "To make certain" or "to guard against loss" and applies to both persons and property.
Insure To cover with insurance or "to guard against loss."
Because "Since" or "for the reason that." Its use with "reason" is redundant.
Biannual "Twice a year" or "semiannual."
Biennial "Once in two years" or "every two years."
Bimonthly "Once in two months" or "every two months."
Biweekly "Once in two weeks" or "every two weeks"
Capital Used in all meanings except that of a building.
Capitol A building or edifice.
Censor "To examine."
Censure "To condemn" or "to find fault."
Client "Person who seeks the advice of lawyers or other professionals."
Customer "Buyer."
Patron "Buyer" or "one who supports with money or gifts."
Consecutive "Uninterrupted succession."
Successive "Following in a regular sequence."
Disinterested "Impartial" or "unbiased."
Uninterested "Indifference" or "lack of interest."
Disregardless Improper. Use "regardless," unmindful," or "heedless."
Irregardless Improper. Use "regardless," unmindful," or "heedless."
Dispense "To distribute in parts" or "to administer."
Disperse "To scatter" or "to dispel."
Disburse "To pay out" or "to expend."
Either/or "One of two." Not to be used to coordinate more than two words, phrases, or clauses.
Neither/nor "Not one of two." Not to be used to coordinate more than two words, phrases, or clauses.
Equable "Uniform" or "unchanging."
Equitable "Just," "right," or "fair."
Everybody Refers only to persons.
Everyone Same as "everybody."
Farther Refers to a measurable distance or space.
Further "Moreover." Also indicates greater in quantity, time, and degree.
Garnish "To decorate" or "to attach money or salary."
Garnishee "To attach money or salary" and is preferred when referring to "attaching."
Guarantee "Promise" or "assurance;" "warrant" or "pledge" when referring to debts. Both noun and verb.
Guaranty "Warrant" or "pledge" when referring to debts. Usually a noun.
Majority "More than half."
Minority "Number, amount, or part forming less than half of the whole."
Plurality "The highest number within a given number."
Prescribe "To direct" or "to order."
Proscribe "To banish" or "to outlaw."
Principal noun - "A sum of money" or "chief person;" adjective - "main" or "foremost."
Principle "Governing rule or truth" or "doctrine."
Whether or Not "Or not" is usually unnecessary. To decide if it is needed, substitute "if" for "whether." If the "if" results in a different meaning, then "or not" is needed.
Who, Whoever Used as the subject of a verb or a predicate pronoun, as in "who can go."
Whom, Whomever Used as the object of a verb or preposition, as in "whom we saw."