File No. 32967
This rule was published in the December 1, 2009, issue (Vol. 2009, No. 23) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Solid and Hazardous Waste
General Requirements - Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
Change in Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 32967
Filed: 11/12/2009 02:13:17 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this change is to adopt equivalent federal regulations to maintain equivalency with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and retain authorization.
Summary of the rule or change:
This change in proposed rule revises a proposed change that was published in the October 1, 2009, issue of the Utah State Bulletin. This rule change was originally proposed so that Utah rules would be equivalent with corresponding federal rules. During the public comment period, the state received a comment that the U.S. EPA will withdraw this proposed rule from the federal regulations. The state therefore does not want to adopt this rule change. The rule that is being deleted would have expanded the exclusion from the definition of solid waste, fuels that include certain hazardous secondary materials called "emission comparable fuel". (DAR NOTE: This change in proposed rule has been filed to make additional changes to a proposed amendment that was published in the October 1, 2009, issue of the Utah State Bulletin, on page 94. Underlining in the rule below indicates text that has been added since the publication of the proposed rule mentioned above; strike out indicates text that has been deleted. You must view the change in proposed rule and the proposed amendment together to understand all of the changes that will be enforceable should the agency make this rule effective.)
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 19-6-105
- Section 19-6-106
- 40 CFR 271.21(e)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There are no additional costs or savings for the state budget beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
There are no additional costs or savings for local government beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
There are no additional costs or savings for small businesses beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There are no additional costs or savings for other persons beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
There are no additional costs or savings for affected persons beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
There are no additional costs or savings for businesses beyond those associated with implementing and complying with the federal hazardous waste regulations previously promulgated by EPA and which are part of this proposed rule change.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Solid and Hazardous Waste
288 N 1460 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3231
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Susan Toronto at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6776, by FAX at 801-538-6715, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Dennis Downs, Director
R315. Environmental Quality, Solid and Hazardous Waste.
R315-2. General Requirements - Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste.
(a) MATERIALS WHICH ARE NOT SOLID WASTES.
The following materials are not solid wastes for the purpose of this rule:
(1) Domestic sewage or any mixture of domestic sewage and other wastes that passes through a sewer system to a publicly-owned treatment works for treatment. "Domestic sewage" means untreated sanitary wastes that pass through a sewer system.
. . . . . . .
(12)(i) Oil-bearing hazardous secondary materials, i.e., sludges, byproducts, or spent materials, that are generated at a petroleum refinery, SIC code 2911, and are inserted into the petroleum refining process, SIC code 2911 - including distillation, catalytic cracking, fractionation, gasification (as defined in R315-1-1(b), which incorporates by reference 40 CFR 260.10), or thermal cracking units, i.e., cokers, unless the material is placed on the land, or speculatively accumulated before being so recycled. Materials inserted into thermal cracking units are excluded under this paragraph, provided that the coke product also does not exhibit a characteristic of hazardous waste. Oil-bearing hazardous secondary materials may be inserted into the same petroleum refinery where they are generated, or sent directly to another petroleum refinery, and still be excluded under this provision. Except as provided in R315-2-4(a)(12)(ii), oil-bearing hazardous secondary materials generated elsewhere in the petroleum industry, i.e., from sources other than petroleum refineries, are not excluded under R315-2-4. Residuals generated from processing or recycling materials excluded under this paragraph (a)(12)(i), where such materials as generated would have otherwise met a listing under R315-2-10, R315-2-11, R315-2-24, and R315-2-26, are designated as F037 listed wastes when disposed of or intended for disposal.
(ii) Recovered oil that is recycled in the same manner and with the same conditions as described in R315-2-4(a)(12)(i). Recovered oil is oil that has been reclaimed from secondary materials, including wastewater, generated from normal petroleum industry practices, including refining, exploration and production, bulk storage, and transportation incident thereto (SIC codes 1311, 1321, 1381, 1382, 1389, 2911, 4612, 4613, 4922, 4923, 4789, 5171, and 5152.) Recovered oil does not include oil-bearing hazardous wastes listed in R315-2-10, R315-2-11, R315-2-24, and R315-2-26; however, oil recovered from such wastes may be considered recovered oil. Recovered oil does not include used oil as defined in 19-6-703(19).
(13) Excluded scrap metal, processed scrap metal, unprocessed home scrap metal, and unprocessed prompt scrap metal, being recycled.
(14) Shredded circuit boards being recycled provided that they are:
(i) Stored in containers sufficient to prevent a release to the environment prior to recovery; and
(ii) Free of mercury switches, mercury relays, and nickel-cadmium batteries and lithium batteries.
(15) Condensates derived from the overhead gases from kraft mill steam strippers that are used to comply with 40 CFR 63.446(e). The exemption applies only to combustion at the mill generating the condensates.
(16) Comparable fuels[
, emission-comparable fuels,] or comparable syngas fuels
that meet the
requirements of R315-2-26, which incorporates by reference 40 CFR
(17) Spent materials as defined in R315-1-1(c), which incorporates by reference 40 CFR 261.1, other than hazardous wastes listed in R315-2-10, 2-11, and 2-26 (which incorporate by reference 40 CFR 261 Subpart D), and R315-2-24, generated within the primary mineral processing industry from which minerals, acids, cyanide, water or other values are recovered by mineral processing or by benefication, provided that:
(i) The spent material is legitimately recycled to recover minerals, acids, cyanide, water or other values;
(ii) The spent material is not accumulated speculatively;
(iii) Except as provided in R315-2-4(a)(17)(iv), the spent material is stored in tanks, containers, or buildings meeting the following minimum integrity standards: a building must be an engineered structure with a floor, walls, and a roof all of which are made of non-earthen materials providing structural support, except smelter buildings may have partially earthen floors provided the secondary material is stored on the non-earthen portion, and have a roof suitable for diverting rainwater away from the foundation; a tank must be free standing, not be a surface impoundment as defined R315-1-1(b), which incorporates by reference 40 CFR 260.10, and be manufactured of a material suitable for containment of its contents; a container must be free standing and be manufactured of a material suitable for containment of its contents. If tanks or containers contain any particulate which may be subject to wind dispersal, the owner/operator must operate these units in a manner which controls fugitive dust. Tanks, containers, and buildings must be designed, constructed and operated to prevent significant releases to the environment of these materials.
(iv) The Executive Secretary may make a site-specific determination, after public review and comment, that only solid mineral processing spent materials may be placed on pads, rather than in tanks, containers, or buildings. Solid mineral processing spent materials do not contain any free liquid. The Executive Secretary must affirm that pads are designed, constructed and operated to prevent significant releases of the secondary material into the environment. Pads must provide the same degree of containment afforded by the non-RCRA tanks, containers and buildings eligible for exclusion.
(A) The Executive Secretary must also consider if storage on pads poses the potential for significant releases via groundwater, surface water, and air exposure pathways. Factors to be considered for assessing the groundwater, surface water, air exposure pathways are: the volume and physical and chemical properties of the secondary material, including its potential for migration off the pad; the potential for human or environmental exposure to hazardous constituents migrating from the pad via each exposure pathway, and the possibility and extent of harm to human and environmental receptors via each exposure pathway.
(B) Pads must meet the following minimum standards: be designed of non-earthen material that is compatible with the chemical nature of the mineral processing spent material, capable of withstanding physical stresses associated with placement and removal, have run on/runoff controls, be operated in a manner which controls fugitive dust, and have integrity assurance through inspections and maintenance programs.
(C) Before making a determination under this paragraph, the Executive Secretary must provide notice and the opportunity for comment to all persons potentially interested in the determination. This can be accomplished by placing notice of this action in major local newspapers, or broadcasting notice over local radio stations.
(v) The owner or operator provides notice to the Executive Secretary, providing the following information: the types of materials to be recycled; the type and location of the storage units and recycling processes; and the annual quantities expected to be placed in land-based units. This notification must be updated when there is a change in the type of materials recycled or the location of the recycling process.
(vi) For purposes of R315-2-4(a)(7), mineral processing spent materials must be the result of mineral processing and may not include any listed hazardous wastes. Listed hazardous wastes and characteristic hazardous wastes generated by non-mineral processing industries are not eligible for the conditional exclusion from the definition of solid waste.
(vii) R315-2-4(a)(16) becomes effective July 1, 1999.
. . . . . . .
KEY: hazardous wastes
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
Notice of Continuation: August 24, 2006
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-6-105; 19-6-106
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2009/b20091201.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Susan Toronto at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6776, by FAX at 801-538-6715, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.