File No. 34911
This rule was published in the July 1, 2011, issue (Vol. 2011, No. 13) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Commerce, Real Estate
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 34911
Filed: 06/08/2011 09:24:18 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this amendment is to respond to industry concerns, as explained more fully in the summary.
Summary of the rule or change:
This amendment clarifies that a principal broker may not pay a commission out of a trust account without first depositing the withdrawn funds into an operating account, unless the parties who have an interest in the trust funds have otherwise agreed pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-403(6)(a).
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 61-2f-103(1)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
This amendment establishes standards for complying with existing rules governing trust funds. It does not create new requirements that the Division will be required to administer or enforce. Therefore, no impact to the state budget is anticipated.
Local governments are not subject to the Real Estate rules. Therefore, no fiscal impact to local governments is anticipated.
No new fees are imposed on small businesses as a result of this rule amendment, nor are any incidental costs associated with a small business being required to deposit a principal broker's commission into an operating account before further disbursing the money. Therefore, no fiscal impact to small businesses is anticipated.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
No new fees are imposed on persons as a result of this rule amendment, nor are any incidental costs associated with a person being required to deposit a principal broker's commission into an operating account before further disbursing the money. Therefore, no fiscal impact to persons is anticipated.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
To comply, an affected person must transfer commissions held in trust into an operating account before treating them as income. No costs are associated.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
No fiscal impact to businesses is anticipated from this rule filing, which establishes standards relating to existing requirements governing trust funds.
Francine A. Giani, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Commerce
160 E 300 S
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84111-2316
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Jennie Jonsson at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6706, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Deanna Sabey, Director
R162. Commerce, Real Estate.
R162-2f. Real Estate Licensing and Practices Rules.
R162-2f-403. Trust Accounts.
(1) A principal broker shall:
(a) maintain a trust account in a bank or credit union located within the state of Utah;
(b) notify the division in writing of:
(i) the account number; and
(ii) the address of the bank or credit union where the account is located; and
(c) use the account for the purpose of
(i) deposited with the principal broker in connection with a real estate transaction regulated under Title 61, Chapter 2f et seq.;
(ii) if the principal broker is also a builder or developer, deposited under a Real Estate Purchase Contract, construction contract, or other agreement that provides for the construction of a dwelling; and
(iii) collected in the performance of property management duties as specified in this Subsection (4)(b).
(2) A principal broker who deposits in any trust account more than $500 of the principal broker's own funds violates Subsection 61-2f-401(4)(b).
(3) A principal broker may not deposit into the principal broker's real estate trust account funds received in connection with rental of tourist accommodations where the rental period is less than 30 consecutive days.
(4)(a) A principal broker who regularly engages in property management on behalf of seven or more individual units shall establish a property management trust account separate from the real estate trust account.
(b) A principal broker who collects rents or otherwise manages property for no more than six individual units at any given time may use the real estate trust account to secure funds received in connection with the principal broker's property management activities.
(5) A trust account maintained by a principal broker shall be non-interest-bearing, unless:
(a) the parties to the transaction agree in writing to deposit the funds in an interest-bearing account;
(b) the parties to the transaction designate in writing the person to whom the interest will be paid upon completion or failure of the sale;
(c) the person designated under this Subsection (5)(b):
(i) qualifies at the time of payment as a non-profit organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
(ii) operates exclusively to provide grants to affordable housing programs in Utah; and
(d) the affordable housing program that is the recipient of the grant under this Subsection (5)(c)(ii) qualifies at the time of payment as a non-profit organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) Disbursement of funds held in trust.
(a) A principal broker may disburse funds only in accordance with:
(i) specific language in the Real Estate Purchase Contract authorizing disbursement;
(ii) other proper written authorization of the parties having an interest in the funds; or
(iii) court order.
(b) A principal broker may not release for construction purposes those funds held as deposit money under an agreement that provides for the construction of a dwelling unless the purchaser authorizes such disbursement in writing.
(c) A principal broker may not withdraw any portion of the principal broker's sales commission:
(i) without written authorization from the seller and buyer; or
(ii)(A) until after the settlement statements have been delivered to the buyer and seller; and
(B) the buyer or seller has been paid for the amount due as determined by the settlement statement.
A] principal broker may not pay a commission from the real
estate trust account
until after] the transaction [ has closed or otherwise terminated];[ and]
without] making a record of each disbursement[ .]
(e) A principal broker may not release earnest money or other trust funds associated with a failed transaction unless:
(i) a condition in the Real Estate Purchase Contract authorizing disbursement has occurred; or
(ii) the parties execute a separate signed agreement containing instructions and authorization for disbursement.
(f) If both parties to a contract make a written claim to the earnest money or other trust funds and the principal broker cannot determine from any signed agreement which party's claim is valid, the principal broker may:
(i) interplead the funds into court and thereafter disburse:
(A) upon written authorization of the party who will not receive the funds; or
(B) pursuant to the order of a court of competent jurisdiction; or
(ii) within 15 days of receiving written notice that both parties claim the funds, refer the parties to mediation if:
(A) no party has filed a civil suit arising out of the transaction; and
(B) the parties have contractually agreed to submit disputes arising out of their contract to mediation.
(g) If a principal broker is unable to disburse trust funds within five years after the failure of a transaction, the principal broker shall remit the funds to the State Treasurer's Office as unclaimed property pursuant to Title 67, Chapter 4a et seq.
KEY: real estate business, licensing, enforcement
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
December 22, 2010]
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 61-2f-103(1); 61-2f-105; 61-2f-307
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2011/b20110701.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Jennie Jonsson at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6706, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com.