File No. 35021

This rule was published in the August 1, 2011, issue (Vol. 2011, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Licensing

Rule R432-270

Assisted Living Facilities

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Amendment)

DAR File No.: 35021
Filed: 07/11/2011 12:54:54 PM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

The change in Section R432-270-8 is to clarify and align the tuberculosis testing requirements for licensed health care facilities in Utah. The clarifications are in accordance with current law and will be consistent with all health facility rules. This amendment was approved by the Health Facilities Committee on 11/17/2010. This committee has representation from a broad cross section of the entities affected by this rule. The change in Section R432-270-19 is to clarify when and by whom a medication error report is required to be completed in licensed assisted living facilities in Utah. This amendment was approved by the Health Facilities Committee on 09/15/2010. This committee has representation from a broad cross section of the entities affected by this rule. Also a correction of the incorrect numbering in Section R432-270-19.

Summary of the rule or change:

In Section R432-270-8, this amendment will require employee tuberculosis testing to be completed within two weeks; of hire, after suspected exposure or development of symptoms. In Section R432-270-19, this amendment changes the requirement for assisted living facilities to complete a medication error report when error is made or discovered.

State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Title 26, Chapter 21

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

These rule amendments will have no effect on state budgets since there will be no change in current practice.

local governments:

These rule amendments will have no effect on local government budgets since there will be no change in current practice.

small businesses:

These rule amendments will have no effect on small businesses since there will be no change in current practice.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

These rule amendments will have no effect on persons since there will be no change in current practice.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

These rule amendments will have no effect on persons since there will be no change in current practice.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

Screening employees of health care facilities for tuberculosis is a justified fiscal cost to protect patients from being exposed to this deadly disease.

David Patton, PhD, Executive Director

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:

Health
Family Health and Preparedness, Licensing
288 N 1460 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3231

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Joel Hoffman at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6279, by FAX at 801-538-6024, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected]
  • Carmen Richins at the above address, by phone at 801-538-9087, by FAX at 801-538-6024, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected]

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

08/31/2011

This rule may become effective on:

09/07/2011

Authorized by:

David Patton, Executive Director

RULE TEXT

R432. Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Licensing.

R432-270. Assisted Living Facilities.

R432-270-8. Personnel.

(1) Qualified competent direct-care personnel shall be on the premises 24 hours a day to meet residents needs as determined by the residents' assessment and service plans. Additional staff shall be employed as necessary to perform office work, cooking, housekeeping, laundering and general maintenance.

(2) The services provided or arranged by the facility shall be provided by qualified persons in accordance with the resident's written service plan.

(3) All personnel who provide personal care to residents in a Type I facility shall be at least 18 years of age and shall have related experience in the job assigned or receive on the job training.

(4) Personnel who provide personal care to residents in a Type II facility must be certified nurse aides or complete a state certified nurse aide program within four months of the date of hire.

(5) Personnel shall be licensed, certified, or registered in accordance with applicable state laws.

(6) The administrator shall maintain written job descriptions for each position, including job title, job responsibilities, qualifications or required skills.

(7) Facility policies and procedures must be available to personnel at all times.

(8) All personnel must receive documented orientation to the facility and the job for which they are hired. Orientation shall include the following:

(a) job description;

(b) ethics, confidentiality, and residents' rights;

(c) fire and disaster plan;

(d) policy and procedures; and

(e) reporting responsibility for abuse, neglect and exploitation.

(9) Each employee shall receive documented in-service training. The training shall be tailored to include all of the following subjects that are relevant to the employee's job responsibilities:

(a) principles of good nutrition, menu planning, food preparation, and storage;

(b) principles of good housekeeping and sanitation;

(c) principles of providing personal and social care;

(d) proper procedures in assisting residents with medications;

(e) recognizing early signs of illness and determining when there is a need for professional help;

(f) accident prevention, including safe bath and shower water temperatures;

(g) communication skills which enhance resident dignity;

(h) first aid;

(i) resident's rights and reporting requirements of Section 62A-3-201 to 312; and

(j) special needs of the Dementia/Alzheimer's resident.

(10) An employee who reports suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall not be subject to retaliation, disciplinary action, or termination by the facility for that reason alone.

(11) The facility shall establish a personnel health program through written personnel health policies and procedures which protect the health and safety of personnel, residents and the public.

(12) The facility must complete an employee placement health evaluation to include at least a health inventory when an employee is hired. Facilities may use their own evaluation or a Department approved form.

(a) A health inventory shall obtain at least the employee's history of the following:

(i) conditions that may predispose the employee to acquiring or transmitting infectious diseases; and

(ii) conditions that may prevent the employee from performing certain assigned duties satisfactorily.

(b) The facility shall develop employee health screening and immunization components of the personnel health program.

(c) Employee skin testing by the Mantoux Method or other FDA approved in-vitro serologic test and follow up for tuberculosis shall be done in accordance with R388-804, Special Measures for the Control of Tuberculosis[ Control Rule].

(i) The licensee shall ensure that all employees are skin-tested for tuberculosis within two weeks of:[Skin testing must be conducted on each employee within two weeks of hire and after suspected exposure to a resident with active tuberculosis.]

(A) initial hiring;

(B) suspected exposure to a person with active tuberculosis; and

(C) development of symptoms of tuberculosis.

(ii) Skin testing shall be exempted for a[A]ll employees with known positive reaction to skin tests[ are exempt from skin testing].

(d) All infections and communicable diseases reportable by law shall be reported to the local health department in accordance with the Communicable Disease Rule, R386-702-3.

(e) The facility shall comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Blood-borne Pathogen Standard.

 

R432-270-19. Medication Administration.

(1) A licensed health care professional must assess each resident to determine what level and type of assistance is required for medication administration. The level and type of assistance provided shall be documented on each resident's assessment.

(2) Each resident's medication program must be administered by means of one of the methods described in (a) through (d) in this section:

(a) The resident is able to self-administer medications.

(i) Residents who have been assessed to be able to self- administer medications may keep prescription medications in their rooms.

(ii) If more than one resident resides in a unit, the facility must assess each person's ability to safely have medications in the unit. If safety is a factor, a resident shall keep his medication in a locked container in the unit.

(b) The resident is able to self-direct medication administration. Facility staff may assist residents who self-direct medication administration by:

(i) reminding the resident to take the medication;

(ii) opening medication containers; and

(iii) reminding the resident or the resident's responsible person when the prescription needs to be refilled.

(c) Family members or a designated responsible person may administer medications from a package set up by a licensed practitioner or licensed pharmacist which identifies the medication and time to administer. If a family member or designated responsible person assists with medication administration, they shall sign a waiver indicating that they agree to assume the responsibility to fill prescriptions, administer medication, and document that the medication has been administered. Facility staff may not serve as the designated responsible person.

(d) For residents who are unable to self-administer or self-direct medications, facility staff may administer medications only after delegation by a licensed health care professional under the scope of their practice.

(i) If a licensed health care professional delegates the task of medication administration to unlicensed assistive personnel, the delegation shall be in accordance with the Nurse Practice Act and R156-31B-701.

(ii) The medications must be administered according to the service plan.

(iii) The delegating authority must provide and document supervision, evaluation, and training of unlicensed assistive personnel assisting with medication administration.

(iv) The delegating authority or another registered nurse shall be readily available either in person or by telecommunication.

(3) The facility must have a licensed health care professional or licensed pharmacist review all resident medications at least every six months.

(4) Medication records shall include the following:

(a) the resident's name;

(b) the name of the prescribing practitioner;

(c) medication name including prescribed dosage;

(d) the time, dose and dates administered;

(e) the method of administration;

(f) signatures of personnel administering the medication; and

(g) the review date.

(5) Each facility must have a licensed health care professional or licensed pharmacist document any change in the dosage or schedule of medication in the medication record. The delegating authority must notify all unlicensed assistive personnel who administer medications of the medication change.

(6) Each resident's medication record must contain a list of possible reactions and precautions for prescribed medications.

(7) The facility must notify the licensed health care professional when medication errors occur.

(8) Medication error incident reports shall be completed when a medication error occurs or is identified[by the person who makes the error].

(9) Medication errors must be incorporated into the facility quality improvement process.

(10) Medications shall be stored in a locked central storage area to prevent unauthorized access.

(a) If medication is stored in a central location, the resident shall have timely access to the medication.

(b) Medications that require refrigeration shall be stored separately from food items and at temperatures between 36 - 46 degrees Fahrenheit.

(c) The facility must develop and implement policies for the security and disposal of narcotics. Any disposal of controlled substances by a licensee or facility staff shall be consistent with the provisions of 21 CFR 1307.21.

( 11[8]) The facility shall develop and implement a policy for disposing of unused, outdated, or recalled medications.

(a) The facility shall return a resident's medication to the resident or to the resident's responsible person upon discharge.

(b) The administrator shall document the return to the resident or the resident's responsible person of medication stored in a central storage.

 

KEY: health care facilities

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [October 15, 2008]2011

Notice of Continuation: December 16, 2009

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 26-21-5; 26-21-1

 


Additional Information

The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2011/b20110801.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.

Text to be deleted is struck through and surrounded by brackets (e.g., [example]). Text to be added is underlined (e.g., example).  Older browsers may not depict some or any of these attributes on the screen or when the document is printed.

For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Joel Hoffman at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6279, by FAX at 801-538-6024, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected]; Carmen Richins at the above address, by phone at 801-538-9087, by FAX at 801-538-6024, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected].