File No. 36164
This rule was published in the June 1, 2012, issue (Vol. 2012, No. 11) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Agriculture and Food, Animal Industry
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 36164
Filed: 05/10/2012 09:09:42 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this amendment is to change the official test to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test and to change the test age for the affected livestock.
Summary of the rule or change:
The changes to the rule includes: 1) renumbering the subsections to be consistent with DAR guidelines; 2) rewording the definitions to be in alignment with DAR guidelines; 3) making the official test the PCR test; and 4) increasing the test age from 9 months to 12 months of age.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 4-31-109
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There is no change to state budget as existing workforce in the Division of Animal Industry currently handles all issues related to trichomoniasis and the proposed rule will not increase or decrease workload.
There are no costs to local government at this time under the current rule. All costs to run the program are through the state general fund and local governments are not involved in the program. The proposed changes made to the rule will not require local government involvement and will not require costs to be borne by local governments.
Veterinarians and veterinary clinics under this rule change will no longer be able to culture the sample in the clinic. This has the potential in saving time for staff that no longer need to observe each sample for a total of 4 times in a 96-hour period.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
Cattle producers in the state may have increased test costs associated with the official test being changed from culture and PCR to just the PCR test. The Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory will make a determined effort to keep costs around $10 per bull.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Other then a possible increase in testing costs, there will be no additional costs to the producers. The producers have been testing their bulls for over ten years and they are used to complying with the rule.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The change to the rule may not be cost neutral for the cattle producer but the Department feels that the test will produce more accurate results and will minimize the risks to the livestock industry and provide better disease control. The increase in the test age will not have a fiscal impact on the producer. This rule was reviewed by the Agriculture Advisory Board on 05/01/2012.
Leonard M. Blackham, Commissioner
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Agriculture and Food
350 N REDWOOD RD
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3034
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Kyle Stephens at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7102, by FAX at 801-538-7126, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
- Kathleen Mathews at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7103, by FAX at 801-538-7126, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Wyatt Frampton at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7165, by FAX at 801-538-7169, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
- Bruce King at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7162, by FAX at 801-538-7169, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Leonard Blackham, Commissioner
R58. Agriculture and Food, Animal Industry.
Promulgated under authority of Section 4-31-[
[ A]ny Department approved media in which samples
may be transferred
[ ,] transported[ , and cultured].
Approved slaughter facility
[ -][ A] slaughter establishment that is either under
state or federal inspection.
2 X 3 hot iron single character lazy V applied
to the left of the tailhead of a bull, signifying that the bull is
infected with the venereal disease,
[ A] veterinarian who has been certified by the Utah
Department of Agriculture and Food to collect samples for
[ B]ulls traveling across state lines for grazing
purposes while utilizing a Commuter Permit Agreement approved by
both the respective State Veterinarians or bulls traveling on a
Certificate of Veterinary Inspection where there is no change of
[ B]ulls held in such manner that escape is
improbable. Typical barbed wire or net pasture fencing does not
[ T]he Utah Department of Agriculture and Food.
Exposed to female cattle
[ F]reedom from restraint such that breeding is a
[ B]ulls not exposed to female cattle and kept in
confinement for the purpose of feeding and only go to
[ A] bull that has been tested with official test
procedures and found free from infection by Tritrichomonas
[ A] tag authorized by the Department that is placed
in the right ear of a bull by a certified veterinarian after being
tested for trichomoniasis. The color of the official tag shall be
[ A] test currently approved by the Department for
detection of Tritrichomonas foetus.[
The culture test and the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
test are the currently approved test methods.]
[ A] bull that has been tested with official test
procedures and found to be infected by Tritrichomonas foetus.
[ A]ny herd or group of cattle owned by one or more
persons which shares common grazing or feeding operations and in
which one or more animals has been diagnosed with trichomoniasis
within the last 12 months.
[ A] feedlot approved by the Utah Department of
Agriculture and Food to handle heifers, cows, or bulls. These
animals shall be confined to a dry lot area which is used to
upgrade or finish feeding animals going only to slaughter.
[ A] document which certifies that a bull has been
subjected to an official test for trichomoniasis and indicates the
results of the test.
[ A] venereal disease of bovidea caused by the
organism Tritrichomonas foetus.
R58-21-3. Trichomoniasis - Sampling and Testing Procedures.
A.] Sample collection - Samples are obtained from
a vigorous scraping of the bull's prepuce using a sterile
syringe and new pipette on each bull.
B.] Sample handling - Samples shall be transferred
and transported in approved media. Media should be maintained at 65
to 90 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 32 degrees Celsius)
. Samples shall be
set up for
[ culture testing] within 24 hours of sampling.
Samples shall also be protected from direct sunlight.
C. Culture testing - The inoculated media shall be
incubated at 98 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius) and
monitored for growth at 24 hour intervals for 96
D.] Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing - The
inoculated media shall be incubated at 98 degrees Fahrenheit (37
degrees Celsius) for 24 hours and then frozen.
shall be sent overnight on postal approved frozen packs
to the Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (950 East 1400 North,
Logan, Utah 84341)
for PCR testing.
E. Test interpretation - A sample is considered test
negative if one (1) PCR test or one (1) culture test is negative
for the presence of Tritrichomonas foetus.
R58-21-4. Trichomoniasis - Rules - Prevention and Control.
A.] All bulls
[ nine] months of age and older, entering Utah, must
be tested with [ one (1) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test or three (3)
culture tests, collected no less then seven days apart,] for
[ T]richomoniasis by an accredited veterinarian
prior to entry into Utah. Bulls that have had contact with female
cattle subsequent to testing must be retested prior to entry.
B.] The following bulls are exempted from (A)
1.] Bulls going directly to slaughter or to a
2.] Bulls kept in confinement operations,
3.] Rodeo bulls for the purpose of exhibition,
4.] Bulls attending livestock shows for the
purpose of exhibition, only to be returned to the state of origin
immediately after the event.
C.] Rodeo and exhibition bulls with access to
grazing, or exposed to female cattle, or being offered for sale are
required to be tested prior to entry.
D.] All bulls
[ nine] months of age and older residing in Utah,
and all commuter bulls must be tested with an official test for
trichomoniasis annually, between October 1 and April 30 of the
following year, or prior to exposure to female cattle according to
approved sampling and testing procedures. All bulls must be
classified as a negative bull prior to exposure to female cattle
E.] Testing shall be performed by a certified
1.] All test results shall be recorded on test
charts provided by the Department or electronic forms created by
the certified veterinarian.
a.] Electronic forms shall have the following
i.] Veterinarian's name and contact
ii.] Owner's name and contact information
[ T]richomoniasis tag number, age, breed
iv.] Date of collection
v.] Test results
2.] A copy of all test charts shall be submitted
to the Department within ten (10) days of collecting the
F. All bulls from positive herds are required to have three
negative culture tests, no less than one week apart, or one
negative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test prior to exposure to
female cattle. Exceptions include bulls going to slaughter or to a
qualified feedlot, bulls in confinement operations, and feeder
G.] All bulls
[ nine] months of age and older being offered for
sale for reproductive purposes in the state of Utah must be tested
[ T]richomoniasis with an official test prior to
sale. Bulls that have had contact with female cattle subsequent to
testing must be re-tested prior to sale or transfer of
H.] It shall be the responsibility of the owner or
his agent to declare, on the auction drive-in slip, the
[ T]richomoniasis status of a bull being offered for
sale at a livestock auction.
1.] Untested bulls (i.e. bulls without a current
[ T]richomoniasis test tag), including dairy bulls,
must be sold for slaughter only, for direct movement to a
[ F]eedlot, or
I.] Any bull [ over nine months of age] which has strayed and
commingles with female cattle may be required to be tested (or
re-tested) for trichomoniasis. The owner of the offending bull
shall bear all costs for the official test.
J.] All Utah bulls, which are tested, shall be
tagged in the right ear with an official tag by the certified
veterinarian performing the test.
K.] Bulls entering the State of Utah under the
provisions of this rule may be tagged upon arrival by a certified
veterinarian upon receipt of the
[ T]richomoniasis test charts from the testing
L.] Bulls which bear a current
[ T]richomoniasis test tag from another state which
has an official
[ T]richomoniasis testing program will be acceptable
to the State of Utah providing that they meet all
[ T]richomoniasis testing requirements as described
R58-21-5. Trichomoniasis - Rules - Positive Bull.
A.] A bull is considered positive if[ : 1. Trichomonas organisms are identified when cultured by
the examining veterinarian or a laboratory, or
2. A] laboratory identifies Tritrichomonas foetus using a[ Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)] test.
B. An owner may have the option to request submission of
the positive culture sample to an approved reference laboratory for
confirmation by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test. 1. The sample from said bull must be shipped to the
laboratory using the protocol described in R58-21-3.
2. A sample determined by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
not to be Tritrichomonas foetus will be considered negative and
the bull can be used for breeding purposes.
3. A sample found to be inconclusive will result in the
need for the bull to be sampled and tested a second
C.] All bulls testing positive for
[ T]richomoniasis must be reported
immediately] to: 1) the owner, and 2) the State
Veterinarian, by the certified veterinarian performing the
D.] The owner shall be required to notify the
administrators of the common grazing allotment and any neighboring
(contiguous) cattleman within ten days following such notification
by the certified veterinarian.
E.] All bulls which test positive for
[ T]richomoniasis must be sent by direct movement
within 14 days, to:
1.] Slaughter at an approved slaughter facility,
2.] To a
[ F]eedlot for finish feeding and slaughter, or
3.] To an approved auction market for sale to one
of the above facilities.
F.] Such bulls must move only when accompanied by
a VS 1-27 Form issued by the testing veterinarian or other
G.] Positive bulls entering a
[ F]eedlot, or
[ M]arket shall be identified with a lazy V brand on
the left side of the tailhead by either the livestock inspector or
the contract veterinarian, indicating that the bull is infected
R58-21-6. Trichomoniasis - Rules - Non-compliance.
A.] Any person who fails to satisfy the
requirements of this rule or who knowingly sells animals infected
[ T]richomoniasis, other than to slaughter, without
declaring their disease status shall be subject to citation and
fines as prescribed by the department or may be called to appear
before an administrative proceeding by the department.
B.] After April 30, owners of untested bulls may
be fined $200.00 per head.
C.] Owners of untested bulls that have been
exposed to female cattle may be fined up to $1,000.00 per head
regardless of the time of year.
KEY: disease control
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
October 12, 2010]
Notice of Continuation: January 27, 2010
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 4-31-21
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2012/b20120601.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Kyle Stephens at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7102, by FAX at 801-538-7126, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com; Kathleen Mathews at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7103, by FAX at 801-538-7126, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org; Wyatt Frampton at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7165, by FAX at 801-538-7169, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com; Bruce King at the above address, by phone at 801-538-7162, by FAX at 801-538-7169, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.