File No. 36482
This rule was published in the December 1, 2012, issue (Vol. 2012, No. 23) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Degreasing and Solvent Cleaning Operations
Change in Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 36482
Filed: 11/08/2012 01:41:06 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The aerospace industry opposed the rule because the proposed industrial solvent cleaning requirements could not be implemented for that industry. They suggested that the aerospace industry should be exempt from portions of Rule R307-335 and that a separate rule based on an EPA model rule for the aerospace industry be written. The Division of Air Quality (DAQ) has exempted the aerospace industry from this proposed rule and proposed a new one, Rule R307-355, which is based on an EPA model rule. DAQ also received public comments regarding limiting the applicability of the proposed rule to the PM2.5 nonattainment area.
Summary of the rule or change:
The applicability section in Section R307-335-2 was changed to make the rule applicable only in the PM10 and PM2.5 nonattainment and maintenance plan areas. New exemptions were added under the industrial solvent cleaning section, Section R307-335-7, for many industries already regulated under separate rules. A recordkeeping requirement was added in Section R307-335-9 that requires owners and operators to maintain records, for a minimum of two years, of the solvent VOC content applied during operations. The compliance schedule found in Section R307-335-10 was changed to require newly regulated sources in the nonattainment area to be in compliance with the rule by 09/01/2013. (DAR NOTE: This change in proposed rule has been filed to make additional changes to a proposed amendment that was published in the August 1, 2012, issue of the Utah State Bulletin, on page 17. Underlining in the rule below indicates text that has been added since the publication of the proposed rule mentioned above; strike-out indicates text that has been deleted. You must view the change in proposed rule and the proposed amendment together to understand all of the changes that will be enforceable should the agency make this rule effective.)
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 19-2-104(1)(a)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
Because the revisions to the rule do not affect the costs to administer the rule, no costs or savings are anticipated for the state budget.
Because this revision does not create new requirements for local governments, and because it is administered by the state, there are no anticipated costs or savings to local governments.
While this rule exempts many industries from the requirements of the rule, there are no anticipated costs or savings, as those industries are regulated under separate administrative rules. There are anticipated costs for the new recordkeeping requirement; however, those costs should be minimal.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
Because the revision does not create new requirements for persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government entities, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The new recordkeeping requirement will result in additional costs for affected persons; however, those costs should be minimal.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The new recordkeeping requirement will result in additional costs to businesses; however, those costs should be minimal. The other changes to the proposed rule are administrative in nature and should have minimal to no fiscal impact on businesses.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Air QualityRoom Fourth Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Bryce Bird, Director
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-335. Degreasing and Solvent Cleaning Operations.
The purpose of this rule is to limit volatile organic compound (VOC) emission from degreasing and solvent cleaning operations.
R307-335 applies to all degreasing or
solvent cleaning operations that use
and that are located in
Box Elder, Cache, Davis, Salt Lake, Tooele, Utah, and Weber
The following additional definitions apply to R307-335:
"Batch open top vapor degreasing" means the batch process of cleaning and removing grease and soils from metal surfaces by condensing hot solvent vapor on the colder metal parts.
"Cold cleaning" means the batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by spraying, brushing, flushing or immersing while maintaining the solvent below its boiling point.
"Conveyorized degreasing" means the continuous process of cleaning and removing greases and soils from metal surfaces by using either cold or vaporized solvents.
"Freeboard ratio" means the freeboard height (distance between solvent line and top of container)divided by the width of the degreaser.
"Industrial solvent cleaning"
means operations performed using a liquid that contains any VOC, or
combination of VOCs, which is used to clean parts, tools,
machinery, equipment and work areas. Cleaning operations include,
but are not limited to, spraying, wiping, [
dipping, ]flushing, and purging.
"Open top vapor degreaser" means the batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by condensing low solvent vapor on the colder metal parts.
"Separation operation" means any process that separates a mixture of compounds and solvents into two or more components. Specific mechanisms include extraction, centrifugation, filtration, and crystallization.
"Solvent metal cleaning" means the process of cleaning soils from metal surfaces by cold cleaning, open top vapor degreasers, or conveyorized degreasing.
R307-335-4. Cold Cleaning Facilities.
No owner or operator shall operate a degreasing or solvent cleaning operation unless conditions in R307-335-4(1) through (7) are met.
(1) A cover shall be installed which shall remain closed except during actual loading, unloading or handling of parts in cleaner. The cover shall be designed so that it can be easily operated with one hand if:
(a) The volatility of the solvent is greater than 2 kPa (15 mm Hg or 0.3 psi) measured at 38 degrees C (100 degrees F),
(b) The solvent is agitated, or
(c) The solvent is heated.
(2) An internal draining rack for cleaned parts shall be installed on which parts shall be drained until all dripping ceases. If the volatility of the solvent is greater than 4.3 kPa (32 mm Hg at 38 degrees C (100 degrees F)), the drainage facility must be internal, so that parts are enclosed under the cover while draining. The drainage facility may be external for applications where an internal type cannot fit into the cleaning system.
(3) Waste or used solvent shall be stored
in covered containers.[
Waste solvents or waste materials which contain solvents
shall be disposed of by recycling, reclaiming, or by incineration
in an incinerator approved to process hazardous
(4) Tanks, containers and all associated equipment shall be maintained in good operating condition, and leaks shall be repaired immediately or the degreaser shall be shutdown.
(5) Written procedures for the operation and maintenance of the degreasing or solvent cleaning equipment shall be permanently posted in an accessible and conspicuous location near the equipment.
(6) If the solvent volatility is greater than 4.3 kPa (33 mm Hg or 0.6 psi) measured at 38 degrees C (100 degrees F), or if solvent is heated above 50 degrees C (120 degrees F), then one of the following control devices shall be used:
(a) Freeboard that gives a freeboard ratio greater than 0.7;
(b) Water cover if the solvent is insoluble in and heavier than water); or
(c) Other systems of equivalent control, such as a refrigerated chiller or carbon adsorption.
(7) If used, the solvent spray shall be a solid fluid stream at a pressure that does not cause excessive splashing and may not be a fine, atomized or shower type spray.
R307-335-5. Open Top Vapor Degreasers.
Owners or operators of open top vapor degreasers shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of R307-335-4(3), (4) and (5),
(1) Equip the vapor degreaser with a cover that can be opened and closed without disturbing the vapor zone. The cover shall be closed except when processing work loads through the degreaser;
(2) Install one of the following control devices:
(a) Equipment necessary to sustain:
(i) A freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75, and
(ii) A powered cover if the degreaser opening is greater than 1 square meter (10.8 square feet),
(b) Refrigerated chiller,
(c) Enclosed design (cover or door opens only when the dry part is actually entering or exiting the degreaser),
(d) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than or equal to 15 cubic meters per minute per square meter (50 cubic feet per minute per square foot) of air/vapor area when cover is open and exhausting less than 25 parts per million of solvent averaged over one complete adsorption cycle;
(3) Minimize solvent carryout by:
(a) Racking parts to allow complete drainage,
(b) Moving parts in and out of the degreaser at less than 3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute),
(c) Holding the parts in the vapor zone at least 30 seconds or until condensation ceases,
(d) Tipping out any pool of solvent on the cleaned parts before removal, and
(e) Allowing the parts to dry within the degreaser for at least 15 seconds or until visibly dry.
(4) Spray parts only in or below the vapor level;
(5) Not use ventilation fans near the degreaser opening, nor provide exhaust ventilation exceeding 20 cubic meters per minute per square meter (65 cubic feet per minute per square foot) in degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet state and federal occupational, health, and safety requirements.
(6) Not degrease porous or absorbent materials, such as cloth, leather, wood or rope;
(7) Not allow work loads to occupy more than half of the degreaser's open top area;
(8) Ensure that solvent is not visually detectable in water exiting the water separator;
(9) Install safety switches on the following:
(a) Condenser flow switch and thermostat (shuts off sump heat if condenser coolant is either not circulating or too warm); and
(b) Spray switch (shuts off spray pump if the vapor level drops excessively, i.e., greater than 10 cm (4 inches).
(10) Open top vapor degreasers with an open area smaller than one square meter (10.8 square feet) are exempt from R307-335-5(2)(b) and (d).
R307-335-6. Conveyorized Degreasers.
Owners and operators of conveyorized degreasers shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of R307-335-4(3), (4) and (5) and R307-335-5(5):
(1) Install one of the following control devices for conveyorized degreasers with an air/vapor interface equal to or greater than two square meters (21.5 square feet):
(a) Refrigerated chiller; or
(b) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than or equal to 15 cubic meters per minute per square meter (50 cubic feet per minute per square foot) of air/vapor area when downtime covers are open, and exhausting less than 25 parts per million of solvent, by volume, averaged over a complete adsorption cycle.
(2) Equip the cleaner with equipment, such as a drying tunnel or rotating (tumbling) basket, sufficient to prevent cleaned parts from carrying out solvent liquid or vapor.
(3) Provide downtime covers for closing off the entrance and exit during shutdown hours. Ensure that down-time cover is placed over entrances and exits of conveyorized degreasers immediately after the conveyor and exhaust are shut down and is removed just before they are started up.
(4) Minimize carryout emissions by racking parts for best drainage and maintaining the vertical conveyor speed at less than 3.3 meters per minute (11 feet per minute).
(5) Minimize openings: Entrances and exits should silhouette work loads so that the average clearance (between parts and the edge of the degreaser opening) is either less than 10 cm (4 inches) or less than 10% of the width of the opening.
(6) Install safety switches on the following:
(a) Condenser flow switch and thermostat - shuts off sump heat if coolant is either not circulating or too warm;
(b) Spray switch - shuts off spray pump or conveyor if the vapor level drops excessively, i.e., greater than 10 cm or (4 inches); and
(c) Vapor level control thermostat - shuts off sump level if vapor level rises too high.
(7) Ensure that solvent is not visibly detectable in the water exiting the water separator.
R307-335-7. Industrial Solvent Cleaning.
Operators of industrial solvent cleaning that emit 15 pounds of VOCs or more per day shall reduce VOC emissions from the use, handling, storage, and disposal of cleaning solvents and shop towels by implementing the following work practices:
(a) Covering open containers; and
(b) Storing used applicators and shop towels in closed fire proof containers.
2]) Owners or operators
shall limit VOC
emissions by either:
(a) Using cleaning solutions with vapor
pressure less than or equal to eight millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
(b) Using solvents with a VOC content of 0.42 pounds per gallon or less; or
(c) Installing an emission control system designed to have an overall control efficiency of at least 85%.
R307-335-8. Emission Control Systems.
(1) The owner or operator of a control
provide] certification from the manufacturer that
the emission control system will attain
[ required] efficiency performance.
(2) Emission control systems shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer recommendations. The owner or operator shall maintain for a minimum of two years records of operating and maintenance sufficient to demonstrate that the equipment is being operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer recommendations.
R307-335-9. Solvent Containing Waste Disposal.
Waste solvents or waste materials that contain solvents
shall be disposed of by recycling, reclaiming or by incineration
in an incinerator approved to process hazardous materials or by
an alternate means approved by the director.
]R307-335-10. Compliance Schedule.
All sources within Salt Lake and Davis counties shall be
in compliance with
this rule] upon the effective date.
in Box Elder, Cache, Tooele, Utah, and Weber
counties] shall be in compliance
[ with] this rule by September 1, 2013.
KEY: air pollution, degreasing, solvent cleaning
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
Notice of Continuation: February 1, 2012
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-104(1)(a)
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2012/b20121201.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com.