DAR File No. 37393

This rule was published in the April 1, 2013, issue (Vol. 2013, No. 7) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Commerce, Real Estate

Rule R162-2f

Real Estate Licensing and Practices Rules

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Amendment)

DAR File No.: 37393
Filed: 03/08/2013 03:14:57 PM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

The purpose of this amendment is: to lift a current prohibition, in certain circumstances, against a property management company engaging in the listing and sale of real estate; to clarify existing language regarding unprofessional conduct, property management, and trust account requirements; and to organize all record-keeping requirements into a single section.

Summary of the rule or change:

The new Subsection R162-2f-202b(5) provides that a property management company that is not registered under a dual broker license is no longer prohibited from engaging in the business of real estate. The subsection also creates a process by which the Division will convert existing property management registrations and licenses to real estate registrations and licenses. In Section R162-2f-401a, existing language is amended to clarify: 1) that a licensee is required to obtain an agency agreement as to all sellers or buyers the licensee represents; and 2) that parties under a contract for new construction may use forms that are not approved by the state as long as they comply with Subsections 61-2f-306(2)(b) and (c). In Section R162-2f-401b, existing language is amended to clarify: 1) that a nominal payment to an employee or client in a property management transaction does not constitute unprofessional conduct; and 2) that a licensee may not charge inflated or unearned fees in a real estate transaction. In Section R162-2f-401c, record-keeping requirements are moved into a new subsection. Language is modified to clarify how the existing requirements apply differently in real estate and property management transactions. In Section R162-2f-401j, existing language is amended to clarify a principal broker's supervisory duties in property management transactions, particularly as to unlicensed employees. Section R162-2f-401k is a new section in which all existing requirements regarding record retention and management are combined for easy reference.

State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Section 61-2f-306
  • Subsection 61-2f-103(1)
  • Subsection 61-2f-206(4)(a)

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

These rule amendments are primarily for clarification and, therefore, will not impact the state budget. The Division will have to devote some staff time in order to convert approximately 23 property management registrations and licenses to real estate registrations and licenses. It is anticipated that the Division's current budget is adequate to address this need.

local governments:

Local government is not required to comply with or enforce these rules. Therefore, no fiscal impact to local government is anticipated from these amendments.

small businesses:

Certain small businesses that have historically restricted their activity to property management may expand operations to include real estate transactions. It is possible that they will realize increased revenue from doing so.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

Affected persons will be required to understand and comply with the amended language regarding unprofessional conduct and record keeping. It is not anticipated that complying will require affected persons to make expenditures or incur costs beyond the current and ordinary costs of compliance.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

Affected persons will be required to understand and comply with the amended language regarding unprofessional conduct and record keeping. It is not anticipated that complying will require affected persons to make expenditures or incur costs beyond the current and ordinary costs of compliance.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

As stated in the rule analysis, these proposed amendments are primarily for clarification. Certain property management companies will have the option of expanding their business models to include real estate transactions. Otherwise, no fiscal impact to businesses is anticipated.

Francine A. Giani, Executive Director

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:

Commerce
Real Estate
HEBER M WELLS BLDG
160 E 300 S
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84111-2316

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Ben Jensen at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6603, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected]

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

05/01/2013

This rule may become effective on:

05/08/2013

Authorized by:

Jonathan Stewart, Director

RULE TEXT

R162. Commerce, Real Estate.

R162-2f. Real Estate Licensing and Practices Rules.

R162-2f-202b. Principal Broker Licensing Fees and Procedures.

(1) To obtain a Utah license to practice as a principal broker, an individual shall:

(a) evidence honesty, integrity, truthfulness, and reputation pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-201(1);

(b) evidence competency to transact the business of real estate pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-201(2);

(c)(i) successfully complete 120 hours of approved prelicensing education, including:

(A) 45 hours of broker principles;

(B) 45 hours of broker practices; and

(C) 30 hours of Utah law and testing; or

(ii) apply to the division for waiver of all or part of the education requirement by virtue of:

(A) completing equivalent education as part of a college undergraduate or postgraduate degree program, regardless of the date of the degree; or

(B) completing other equivalent real estate education within the 12-month period prior to the date of application;

(d)(i) apply with a testing service designated by the division to sit for the licensing examination; and

(ii) pay a nonrefundable examination fee to the testing center;

(e) pursuant to this Subsection (3)(a), take and pass both the state and national components of the licensing examination;

(f)(i) unless Subsection (2)(a) applies, evidence the individual's having, within the five-year period preceding the date of application, a minimum of three years experience related to real estate, including the following:

(A) at least two years full-time licensed, active experience selling, listing, or managing the property types identified in Appendix 1; and

(B) up to one year full-time professional experience related to real estate, as outlined in Appendix 3; and

(ii) evidence having accumulated, within the five-year period preceding the date of application, a total of at least 60 experience points as follows:

(A) 45 to 60 points pursuant to the experience points tables found in Appendices 1 and 2; and

(B) 0 to 15 points pursuant to the experience point table found in Appendix 3;

(g) pursuant to this Subsection (3)(b), submit to the division an application for licensure including:

(i) documentation indicating successful completion of the approved broker prelicensing education;

(ii) a report of the examination showing a passing score for each component of the examination; and

(iii) the applicant's business, home, and e-mail addresses;

(h) provide from any state where licensed as a real estate agent or broker:

(i) a written record of the applicant's license history; and

(ii) complete documentation of any disciplinary action taken against the applicant's license;

(i) if applying for an active license, affiliate with a registered company;

(j) pay the nonrefundable fees required for licensure, including the nonrefundable fee required under Section 61-2f-505 for the Real Estate Education, Research, and Recovery Fund; and

(k) establish real estate and property management trust accounts, as applicable pursuant to Section R162-2f-403, that:

(i) contain the term "real estate trust account" or "property management trust account", as applicable, in the account name; and

(ii) are separate from any operating account(s) of the registered entity for which the individual will serve as a broker; and

(l) identify the location(s) where brokerage records will be kept.

(2)(a) If an individual applies under this Subsection R162-2f-202b within two years of allowing a principal broker license to expire, the experience required under Subsection (1)(f) shall be accumulated within the seven-year period preceding the date of application.

(b) Pursuant to Section R162-2f-407, an individual whose application is denied by the division for failure to meet experience requirements under this Subsection (1)(f) may bring the application before the commission.

(3) Deadlines.

(a) If an individual passes one test component but fails the other, the individual shall retake and pass the failed component:

(i) within six months of the date on which the individual achieves a passing score on the passed component; and

(ii) within 12 months of the date on which the individual completes the prelicensing education.

(b) An application for licensure shall be submitted:

(i) within 90 days of the date on which the individual achieves passing scores on both examination components; and

(ii) within 12 months of the date on which the individual completes the prelicensing education.

(c) If any deadline in this Section R162-2f-202b falls on a day when the division is closed for business, the deadline shall be extended to the next business day.

(4) Restriction. A principal broker license may not be granted to an applicant whose sales agent license is on suspension or probation at the time of application.

(5) Dual broker licenses.

(a)(i) A person who holds or obtains a dual broker license under this Subsection may function as the principal broker of a property management company that is a separate entity from the person's real estate brokerage.

(ii) A dual broker may not conduct real estate sales activities from the separate property management company.

(iii) A principal broker may conduct property management activities from the person's real estate brokerage:

(A) without holding a dual broker license; and

(B) in accordance with Subsections R162-2f-401j and R162-2f-403a-403c;

(b) A dual broker who wishes to consolidate real estate and property management operations into a single brokerage may:

(i) at the broker's request, convert the dual broker license to a principal broker license; and

(ii)(A) convert the property management company to a branch office of the real estate brokerage, including the assignment of a branch broker and using the same name as the real estate brokerage; or

(B) close the separate property management company.

(c) As of May 8, 2013:

(i) the Division shall:

(A) cease issuing property management principal broker (PMPB) licenses;

(B) cease issuing property management company (MN) registrations except as to a second company registered under a dual broker license;

(C) convert any property management principal broker (PMPB) license to a real estate principal broker (PB) license; and

(D) as to any property management company (MN) registration that is not a second company under a dual broker license, convert the registration to a real estate brokerage (CN) registration; and

(ii) it shall be permissible to conduct real estate sales activities under any company registration that is converted pursuant to this Subsection (5)(c)(i)(C).

 

R162-2f-205. Registration of Entity.

(1) A principal broker [shall]may not conduct business through an entity, including a branch office, dba, or separate property management company, without first registering the entity with the division.

(2) Exemptions. The following locations may be used to conduct real estate business without being registered as branch offices:

(a) a model home;

(b) a project sales office; and

(c) a facility established for twelve months or less as a temporary site for marketing activity, such as an exhibit booth.

(3) To register an entity with the division, a principal broker shall:

(a) evidence that the name of the entity is registered with the Division of Corporations;

(b) certify that the entity is affiliated with a principal broker who:

(i) is authorized to use the entity name; and

(ii) will actively supervise the activities of all sales agents, associate brokers, branch brokers, and unlicensed staff;

(c) if registering a branch office, identify the branch broker who will actively supervise all licensees and unlicensed staff working from the branch office;

(d) submit an application that includes:

(i) the physical address of the entity;

(ii) if the entity is a branch office, the name and license number of the branch broker;

(iii) the names of associate brokers and sales agents assigned to the entity; and

(iv) the location and account number of any real estate and property management trust account(s) in which funds received at the registered location will be deposited;

(e) inform the division of:

(i) the location and account number of any operating account(s) used by the registered entity; and

(ii) the location where brokerage records will be kept; and

(f) pay a nonrefundable application fee.

(4) Restrictions.

(a)(i) The division shall not register an entity proposing to use a business name that:

(A) is likely to mislead the public into thinking that the entity is not a real estate brokerage or property management company;

(B) closely resembles the name of another registered entity; or

(C) the division determines might otherwise be confusing or misleading to the public.

(ii) Approval by the division of an entity's business name does not ensure or grant to the entity a legal right to use or operate under that name.

(b) A branch office shall operate under the same business name as the principal brokerage.

(c) An entity may not designate a post office box as its business address, but may designate a post office box as a mailing address.

(d) All trust accounts and operating accounts used by a registered entity shall be maintained in a bank or credit union located in the state of Utah.

(5) Registration not transferable.

(a) A registered entity shall not transfer the registration to any other person.

(b) A registered entity shall not allow an unlicensed person to use the entity's registration to perform work for which licensure is required.

(c) If a change in corporate structure of a registered entity creates a separate and unique legal entity, that entity shall obtain a unique registration, and shall not operate under an existing registration.

(d) The dissolution of a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other entity registered with the division terminates the registration.

 

R162-2f-401a. Affirmative Duties Required of All Licensed Individuals.

An individual licensee shall:

(1) uphold the following fiduciary duties in the course of representing a principal:

(a) loyalty, which obligates the agent to place the best interests of the principal above all other interests, including the agent's own;

(b) obedience, which obligates the agent to obey all lawful instructions from the principal;

(c) full disclosure, which obligates the agent to inform the principal of any material fact the agent learns about:

(i) the other party; or

(ii) the transaction;

(d) confidentiality, which prohibits the agent from disclosing, without permission, any information given to the agent by the principal that would likely weaken the principal's bargaining position if it were known, but excepting any known material fact concerning:

(i) a defect in the property; or

(ii) the client's ability to perform on the contract;

(e) reasonable care and diligence;

(f) holding safe and accounting for all money or property entrusted to the agent; and

(g) any additional duties created by the agency agreement;

(2) for the purpose of defining the scope of the individual's agency, execute a written agency agreement between the individual and the individual's principal, including:

(a) [a] seller(s) the individual represents;

(b) [a] buyer(s) the individual represents;

(c) [a] buyer(s) and seller(s) the individual represents as a limited agent in the same transaction pursuant to this Subsection (4);

(d) the owner of a property for which the individual will provide property management services; and

(e) a tenant whom the individual represents;

(3) in order to represent both principals in a transaction as a limited agent, obtain informed consent by:

(a) clearly explaining in writing to both parties:

(i) that each is entitled to be represented by a separate agent;

(ii) the type(s) of information that will be held confidential;

(iii) the type(s) of information that will be disclosed; and

(iv) the circumstances under which the withholding of information would constitute a material misrepresentation regarding the property or regarding the abilities of the parties to fulfill their obligations;

(b) obtaining a written acknowledgment from each party affirming that the party waives the right to:

(i) undivided loyalty;

(ii) absolute confidentiality; and

(iii) full disclosure from the licensee; and

(c) obtaining a written acknowledgment from each party affirming that the party understands that the licensee will act in a neutral capacity to advance the interests of each party;

(4) when acting under a limited agency agreement:

(a) act as a neutral third party; and

(b) uphold the following fiduciary duties to both parties:

(i) obedience, which obligates the limited agent to obey all lawful instructions from the parties, consistent with the agent's duty of neutrality;

(ii) reasonable care and diligence;

(iii) holding safe all money or property entrusted to the limited agent; and

(iv) any additional duties created by the agency agreement;

(5) prior to executing a binding agreement, disclose in writing to clients, agents for other parties, and unrepresented parties:

(a) the licensee's position as a principal in any transaction where the licensee operates either directly or indirectly to buy, sell, lease, or rent real property;

(b) the fact that the licensee holds a license with the division, whether the license status is active or inactive, in any circumstance where the licensee is a principal in an agreement to buy, sell, lease, or rent real property;

(c) the licensee's agency relationship(s);

(d)(i) the existence or possible existence of a due-on-sale clause in an underlying encumbrance on real property; and

(ii) the potential consequences of selling or purchasing a property without obtaining the authorization of the holder of an underlying encumbrance;

(6) in order to offer any property for sale or lease, make reasonable efforts to verify the accuracy and content of the information and data to be used in the marketing of the property;

(7) in order to offer a residential property for sale, disclose the source on which the licensee relies for any square footage data that will be used in the marketing of the property:

(a) in the written agreement, executed with the seller, through which the licensee acquires the right to offer the property for sale; and

(b) in a written disclosure provided to the buyer, at the licensee's direction, at or before the deadline for the seller's disclosure per the contract for sale;

(8) upon initial contact with another agent in a transaction, disclose the agency relationship between the licensee and the client;

(9) when executing a binding agreement in a sales transaction, confirm the prior agency disclosure:

(a) in the currently approved Real Estate Purchase Contract; or

(b) in a separate provision with substantially similar language incorporated in or attached to the binding agreement;

(10) when executing a lease or rental agreement, confirm the prior agency disclosure by:

(a) incorporating it into the agreement; or

(b) attaching it as a separate document;

(11) when offering an inducement to a buyer who will not pay a real estate commission in a transaction:

(a) obtain authorization from the licensee's principal broker to offer the inducement;

(b) comply with all underwriting guidelines that apply to the loan for which the borrower has applied; and

(c) provide notice of the inducement, using any method or form, to:

(i) the principal broker of the seller's agent, if the seller paying a commission is represented; or

(ii) the seller, if the seller paying a commission is not represented;

(12) if the licensee desires to act as a sub-agent for the purpose of showing property owned by a seller who is under contract with another brokerage, prior to showing the seller's property:

(a) notify the listing brokerage that sub-agency is requested; and

(b) enter into a written agreement with the listing brokerage with which the seller has contracted:

(i) consenting to the sub-agency; and

(ii) defining the scope of the agency;

(c) obtain from the listing brokerage all available information about the property; and

(d) uphold the same fiduciary duties outlined in this Subsection (1);

(13) provide copies of a lease or purchase agreement, properly signed by all parties, to the party for whom the licensee acts as an agent;

(14)(a) in identifying the seller's brokerage in paragraph 5 of the approved Real Estate Purchase Contract, use:

(i) the principal broker's individual name; or

(ii) the principal broker's brokerage name; and

(b) personally fulfill the licensee's agency relationship with the client, notwithstanding the information used to complete paragraph 5;

(15) timely inform the licensee's principal broker or branch broker of real estate transactions in which:

(a) the licensee is involved as agent or principal;

(b) the licensee has received funds on behalf of the principal broker; or

(c) an offer has been written;

(16)(a) disclose in writing to all parties to a transaction any compensation in addition to any real estate commission that will be received in connection with a real estate transaction; and

(b) ensure that any such compensation is paid to the licensee's principal broker;

(17)(a) in negotiating and closing [transactions]a transaction involving a property for which a certificate of occupancy has been issued, use:

[(a)(i)](i)(A) the standard forms approved by the commission and identified in Section R162-2f-401f;

[(ii)](B) standard supplementary clauses approved by the commission; and

[(iii)](C) as necessary, other standard forms including settlement statements, warranty deeds, and quit claim deeds;

[(b)](ii) forms prepared by an attorney for a party to the transaction, if:

[(i)](A) a party to the transaction requests the use of the attorney-drafted forms; and

[(ii)](B) the licensee first verifies that the forms have in fact been drafted by the party's attorney; or

[(c)](iii) if no state-approved form exists to serve a specific need, any form prepared by an attorney, regardless of whether the attorney is employed for the purpose by:

[(i)](A) the principal; or

[(ii)](B) an entity in the business of selling blank legal forms; and

(b) in presenting an offer on a property for which a certificate of occupancy has not been issued, use:

(i) the state-approved Real Estate Purchase Contract for Residential Construction; or

(ii) a contract that complies with Section 61-2f-306(2)(b)-(c).

(18) use an approved addendum form to make a counteroffer or any other modification to a contract;

(19) in order to sign or initial a document on behalf of a principal:

(a) obtain prior written authorization in the form of a power of attorney duly executed by the principal;

(b) retain in the file for the transaction a copy of said power of attorney;

(c) attach said power of attorney to any document signed or initialed by the individual on behalf of the principal;

(d) sign as follows: "(Principal's Name) by (Licensee's Name), Attorney-in-Fact;" and

(e) initial as follows: "(Principal's Initials) by (Licensee's Name), Attorney-in-Fact for (Principal's Name);"

(20) if employing an unlicensed individual to provide assistance in connection with real estate transactions, adhere to the provisions of Section R162-2f-401g;

(21) strictly adhere to advertising restrictions as outlined in Section R162-2f-401h;

(22) as to a guaranteed sales agreement, provide full disclosure regarding the guarantee by executing a written contract that contains:

(a) the conditions and other terms under which the property is guaranteed to be sold or purchased;

(b) the charges or other costs for the service or plan;

(c) the price for which the property will be sold or purchased; and

(d) the approximate net proceeds the seller may reasonably expect to receive;

(23) immediately deliver money received in a real estate transaction to the principal broker for deposit; and

(24) as contemplated by Subsection 61-2f-401(18), when notified by the division that information or documents are required for investigation purposes, respond with the required information or documents in full and within ten business days.

 

R162-2f-401b. Prohibited Conduct As Applicable to All Licensed Individuals.

An individual licensee may not:

(1) engage in any of the practices described in Section 61-2f-401 et seq., whether acting as agent or on the licensee's own account, in a manner that:

(a) fails to conform with accepted standards of the real estate sales, leasing, or management industries;

(b) could jeopardize the public health, safety, or welfare; or

(c) violates any provision of Title 61, Chapter 2f et seq. or the rules of this chapter;

(2) require parties to acknowledge receipt of a final copy of any document prepared by the licensee prior to all parties signing a contract evidencing agreement to the terms thereof;

(3) make a misrepresentation to the division:

(a) in an application for license renewal; or

(b) in an investigation.

(4)(a) propose, prepare, or cause to be prepared a document, agreement, settlement statement, or other device that the licensee knows or should know does not reflect the true terms of the transaction; or

(b) knowingly participate in a transaction in which such a false device is used;

(5) participate in a transaction in which a buyer enters into an agreement that:

(a) is not disclosed to the lender; and

(b) if disclosed, might have a material effect on the terms or the granting of the loan;

(6) use or propose the use of a double contract;

(7) place a sign on real property without the written consent of the property owner;

(8) take a net listing;

(9) sell listed properties other than through the listing broker;

(10) subject a principal to paying a double commission without the principal's informed consent;

(11) enter or attempt to enter into a concurrent agency representation when the licensee knows or should know that the principal has an existing agency representation agreement with another licensee;

(12) pay a finder's fee or give any valuable consideration to an unlicensed person or entity for referring a prospect[ in a real estate transaction], except that :

(a) a licensee may give a gift valued at $150 or less to an individual in appreciation for an unsolicited referral of a prospect that results in a real estate transaction; and

(b) as to a property management transaction, a licensee may compensate an unlicensed employee or current tenant up to $200 per lease for assistance in retaining an existing tenant or securing a new tenant;

(13) accept a referral fee from:

(a) a lender; or

(b) a mortgage broker;

(14) act as a real estate agent or broker in the same transaction in which the licensee also acts as a:

(a) mortgage loan originator, associate lending manager, or principal lending manager;

(b) appraiser or appraiser trainee;

(c) escrow agent; or

(d) provider of title services;

(15) act or attempt to act as a limited agent in any transaction in which:

(a) the licensee is a principal in the transaction; or

(b) any entity in which the licensee is an officer, director, partner, member, employee, or stockholder is a principal in the transaction;

(16) make a counteroffer by striking out, whiting out, substituting new language, or otherwise altering:

(a) the boilerplate provisions of the Real Estate Purchase Contract; or

(b) language that has been inserted to complete the blanks of the Real Estate Purchase Contract;

(17) advertise or offer to sell or lease property without the written consent of:

(a) the owner of the property; and

(b) if the property is currently listed, the listing broker;

(18) advertise or offer to sell or lease property at a lower price than that listed without the written consent of the seller or lessor;

(19) represent on any form or contract that the individual is holding client funds without actually receiving funds and securing them pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-401a(23);

(20) when acting as a limited agent, disclose any information given to the agent by either principal that would likely weaken that party's bargaining position if it were known, unless the licensee has permission from the principal to disclose the information;

(21) disclose, or make any use of, a short sale demand letter outside of the purchase transaction for which it is issued;[ or]

(22) in a short sale, have the seller sign a document allowing the licensee to lien the property[.]; or

(23) charge any fee that represents the difference between:

(a) the total concessions authorized by a seller and the actual amount of the buyer's closing costs; or

(b) in a short sale, the sale price approved by the lender and the total amount required to clear encumbrances on title and close the transaction.

 

R162-2f-401c. Additional Provisions Applicable to Principal Brokers.

(1) A principal broker shall:

[(a)(i) maintain all records pertaining to a real estate transaction for at least three calendar years following the year in which:

(A) an offer is rejected; or

(B) the transaction either closes or fails; and

(ii) make such records available for inspection and copying by the division;

(b) unless otherwise authorized by the division in writing, maintain business records at:

(i) the principal business location designated by the principal broker on division records; or

(ii) where applicable, a branch office as designated by the principal broker on division records;

(c) notify the division in writing within ten business days after terminating business operations as to where business records will be maintained;

(d) upon filing for brokerage bankruptcy, notify the division in writing of:

(i) the filing; and

(ii) the current location of brokerage records;

](a) strictly comply with the record retention and maintenance requirements of Subsection R162-2f-401k;

[(e)](b) provide to the person whom the principal broker represents in a real estate transaction:

(i) a detailed statement showing the current status of a transaction upon the earlier of:

(A) the expiration of 30 days after an offer has been made and accepted; or

(B) a buyer or seller making a demand for such statement; and

(ii) an updated transaction status statement at 30-day intervals thereafter until the transaction either closes or fails;

[(f)](c)(i) regardless of who closes a real estate transaction, ensure that final settlement statements are reviewed for content and accuracy at or before the time of closing by:

(A) the principal broker;

(B) an associate broker or branch broker affiliated with the principal broker; or

(C) the sales agent who is:

(I) affiliated with the principal broker; and

(II) representing the principal in the transaction; and

(ii) ensure the principals in each closed real estate transaction receive copies of all documents executed in the transaction closing;

[(g)](d) in order to assign all or part of the principal broker's compensation to an associate broker or sales agent in accordance with Section 61-2f-305, provide written instructions to the title insurance agent that include the following:

(i) an identification of the property involved in the real estate transaction;

(ii) an identification of the principal broker and sales agent or associate broker who will receive compensation in accordance with the written instructions;

(iii) a designation of the amount of compensation that will be received by both the principal broker and the sales agent or associate broker;

(iv) a prohibition against alteration of the written instructions by anyone other than the principal broker; and

(v) additional instructions at the discretion of the principal broker;

[(h)](e) obtain written consent from both the buyer and the seller before retaining any portion of an earnest money deposit being held by the principal broker;

[(i)](f) exercise active supervision over the conduct of all licensees and unlicensed staff employed by or affiliated with the principal broker, whether acting as:

(i) the principal broker for an entity; or

(ii) a branch broker;

[(j)](g) strictly adhere to the rules governing real estate auctions, as outlined in Section R162-2f-401i;

[(k)](h) strictly adhere to the rules governing property management, as outlined in Section R162-2f-401j;

[(l)](i)(i) except as provided in this Subsection (1)[(l)(ii)](i)(iii), within three business days of receiving a client's money in a real estate transaction, deposit the client's money into a trust account:

(A) maintained by the principal broker pursuant to Section R162-2f-403; or

(B) if the parties to the transaction agree in writing, maintained by:

(I) a title company pursuant to Section 31A-23a-406; or

(II) another authorized escrow entity; and

(ii) within three business days of receiving money from a client or a tenant in a property management transaction, deposit the money into a trust account maintained by the principal broker pursuant to Section R162-2f-403 or forward or deposit client or tenant money into an account maintained by the property owner;

[(ii)](iii) a principal broker is not required to comply with this Subsection (1)[(l)](i)(i) or (ii) if:

(A) the [Real Estate Purchase Contract]contract or other written agreement states that the money is to be:

(I) held for a specific length of time; or

(II) as to a real estate transaction, deposited upon acceptance by the seller; or

(B) as to a real estate transaction, the Real Estate Purchase Contract or other written agreement states that a promissory note may be tendered in lieu of good funds and the promissory note:

(I) names the seller as payee; and

(II) is retained in the principal broker's file until closing;

[(m)](j)(i) maintain at the principal business location a complete record of all consideration received or escrowed for real estate and property management transactions; and

(ii) be personally responsible at all times for deposits held in the principal broker's trust account;

[(n)(i)](k)(i)(A)(I) in a real estate transaction, assign a consecutive, sequential number to each offer[, such that all pertinent documents may be readily identified as relating to the offer]; and

(II) assign a unique identification to each property management client; and

(B) include the transaction number or client identification, as applicable, on:

(I) trust account deposit records; and

(II) trust account checks or other equivalent records evidencing the transfer of trust funds;

(ii) maintain a separate transaction file for each offer in a real estate transaction, including a rejected offer, that involves funds tendered through the brokerage and deposited into a trust account;

(iii) maintain a record of each rejected offer in a real estate transaction that does not involve funds deposited to trust:

(A) in separate files; or

(B) in a single file holding all such offers; and

[(o)](l) if the principal broker assigns an affiliated associate broker or branch broker to assist the principal broker in accomplishing the affirmative duties outlined in this Subsection (1):

(i) actively supervise any such associate broker or branch broker; and

(ii) remain personally responsible and accountable for adequate supervision of all licensees and unlicensed staff affiliated with the principal broker.

(2) A principal broker shall not be deemed in violation of this Subsection (1)[(i)](f) where:

(a) an affiliated licensee or unlicensed staff member violates a provision of Title 61, Chapter 2f et seq. or the rules promulgated thereunder;

(b) the supervising broker had in place at the time of the violation specific written policies or instructions to prevent such a violation;

(c) reasonable procedures were established by the broker to ensure that licensees receive adequate supervision and the broker has followed those procedures;

(d) upon learning of the violation, the broker attempted to prevent or mitigate the damage;

(e) the broker did not participate in the violation;

(f) the broker did not ratify the violation; and

(g) the broker did not attempt to avoid learning of the violation.

 

R162-2f-401i. Standards for Real Estate Auctions.

A principal broker who contracts or in any manner affiliates with an auctioneer or auction company to sell at auction real property in this state shall:

(1) ensure that all aspects of the auction comply with the requirements of this section and all other laws otherwise applicable to real estate licensees in real estate transactions;

(2) ensure that advertising and promotional materials associated with an auction name the principal broker;

(3) attend and supervise the auction;

(4) ensure that any purchase agreement used at the auction:

(a) meets the requirements of Subsection R162-2f-401a(18); and

(b) is completed by an individual holding an active Utah real estate license;

(5) ensure that any money deposited at the auction is placed in trust pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-401c(1)[(l)](i); and

(6) ensure that adequate arrangements are made for the closing of any real estate transaction arising out of the auction.

 

R162-2f-401j. Standards for Property Management.

(1) Property management performed by a real estate brokerage, or by licensees or unlicensed assistants affiliated with the brokerage, shall be done under the name of the brokerage as registered with the division unless the principal broker holds a dual broker license and obtains a separate registration pursuant to Section R162-2f-205 for a separate business name.

(2)[(a)] In addition to fulfilling all duties related to supervision per Section 61-2f-401(12), the [The] principal broker of a registered entity, and the branch broker of a registered branch, shall implement training to ensure that [diligently supervise the activities of] each sales agent, [or] associate broker , and unlicensed employee who is affiliated with the [principal broker and assigned to perform]licensee has the knowledge and skills necessary to perform assigned property management tasks within the boundaries of these rules, including this Subsection R162-2f-401j(3).

[ (b) If property management activities are conducted at a branch office, the branch broker shall actively supervise the licensees and unlicensed assistants working from that branch.

(3) The principal broker shall sign and submit forms as required by the division to affiliate the property management company with each associate broker, branch broker, and sales agent who will conduct the business of property management.

(4) No real estate sales activity may be conducted by a property management company.

(5) Individuals who are principals or owners of an entity registered as a property management company may not engage in activities that require licensure as a sales agent, associate broker, or principal broker without first obtaining a license and establishing an affiliation pursuant to Sections R162-2f-202a through 202c.

][(6)](3) An unlicensed individual employed by a real estate or property management company may perform the following services under the supervision of the principal broker without holding an active real estate license:

(a) providing a prospective tenant with access to a [vacant]rental unit;

(b) providing secretarial, bookkeeping, maintenance, or rent collection services;

(c) quoting [predetermined] rent and lease terms as established or approved by the principal broker;[ and]

(d) completing pre-printed lease or rental agreements[.], except as to terms that may be determined through negotiation of the principals;

(e) serving or receiving legal notices;

(f) addressing tenant or neighbor complaints; and

(g) inspecting units.

(4) Within 30 days of terminating a contract with a property owner for property management services, the principal broker shall return to the property owner or the property owner's designated agent all trust money that:

(a) is due to the property owner; or

(b) is being held for the benefit of the property owner or the owner's property.

 

R162-2f-401k. Recordkeeping Requirements.

A principal broker shall:

(1) maintain and safeguard the following records to the extent they relate to the business of a principal broker:

(a) all trust account records;

(b) any document submitted by a licensee affiliated with the principal broker to a lender or underwriter as part of a real estate transaction;

(c) any document signed by a seller or buyer with whom the principal broker or an affiliated licensee is required to have an agency agreement; and

(d) any document created or executed by a licensee over whom the principal broker has supervisory responsibility pursuant to Subsection R162-2f-401c(1)(f);

(2) maintain the records identified in Subsection R162-2f-401k(1):

(a)(i) physically:

(A) at the principal business location designated by the principal broker on division records; or

(B) where applicable, at a branch office as designated by the principal broker on division records; or

(ii) electronically, in a storage system that complies with Title 46 Chapter 04, Utah Uniform Electronic Transactions Act; and

(b) for at least three calendar years following the year in which:

(i) an offer is rejected; or

(ii) the transaction either closes or fails;

(3) upon request of the division, make any record identified in Subsection R162-2f-401k(1) available for inspection and copying by the division;

(4) notify the division in writing within ten business days after terminating business operations as to where business records will be maintained; and

(5) upon filing for brokerage bankruptcy, notify the division in writing of:

(a) the filing; and

(b) the current location of brokerage records.

 

KEY: real estate business, operational requirements, trust account records, notification requirements

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [August 21, 2012 ]2013

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 61-2f-103(1); 61-2f-105; 61-2f-206(4)(a); 61-2f-306; 61-2f-307

 



Additional Information

The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2013/b20130401.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.

Text to be deleted is struck through and surrounded by brackets (e.g., [example]). Text to be added is underlined (e.g., example).  Older browsers may not depict some or any of these attributes on the screen or when the document is printed.

For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Ben Jensen at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6603, by FAX at 801-526-4387, or by Internet E-mail at [email protected].