DAR File No. 37851
This rule was published in the August 1, 2013, issue (Vol. 2013, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Water Quality
Definitions and General Requirements
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 37851
Filed: 07/15/2013 04:50:02 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The proposed amendments update the rule to conform with changes to the Utah Water Quality Act initiated by S.B. 21 passed in the 2012 General Legislative Session.
Summary of the rule or change:
The proposed amendments update the rule to conform with changes to the Utah Water Quality Act initiated by S.B. 21 (2012). The majority of the proposed changes are editorial, largely consisting of replacing the term "Executive Secretary" with "Director". However, the amendments also make additional changes mandated by S.B. 21 (2012) which reflect the transfer of certain powers and duties from the Water Quality Board to the Director of the Division of Water Quality in the realm of permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 19-5-104
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable costs to the state budget as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable costs for local governments as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable costs to small businesses as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable costs to other persons as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable compliance costs as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
Enactment of these changes likely will not result in direct, measurable costs to businesses as this amendment only changes who has authority to make regulatory decisions regarding permits, certifications, and other administrative authorizations.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Water QualityRoom DEQ, Third Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Dave Wham at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4337, by FAX at 801-536-4301, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Walter Baker, Director
R317. Environmental Quality, Water Quality.
R317-1. Definitions and General Requirements.
"Assimilative Capacity" means the difference between the numeric criteria and the concentration in the waterbody of interest where the concentration is less than the criterion.
"Biological assessment" means an evaluation of the biological condition of a water body using biological surveys and other direct measurements of composition or condition of the resident living organisms.
"Biological criteria" means numeric values or narrative descriptions that are established to protect the biological condition of the aquatic life inhabiting waters that have been given a certain designated aquatic life use.
"Board" means the Utah Water Quality Board.
"BOD" means 5-day, 20 degrees C. biochemical oxygen demand.
"Body Politic" means the State or its agencies or any political subdivision of the State to include a county, city, town, improvement district, taxing district or any other governmental subdivision or public corporation of the State.
"Building sewer" means the pipe which carries wastewater from the building drain to a public sewer, a wastewater disposal system or other point of disposal. It is synonymous with "house sewer".
"CBOD" means 5-day, 20 degrees C., carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand.
"COD" means chemical oxygen demand.
"Deep well" means a drinking
water supply source which complies with all the applicable
provisions of the State of Utah Public Drinking Water [
"Digested sludge" means sludge in which the volatile solids content has been reduced to about 50% by a suitable biological treatment process.
"Division" means the Utah State Division of Water Quality.
"Domestic wastewater" means a combination of the liquid or water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and other establishments with installed plumbing facilities, together with those from industrial establishments, and with such ground water, surface water, and storm water as may be present. It is synonymous with the term "sewage".
"Effluent" means the liquid discharge from any unit of a wastewater treatment works, including a septic tank.
"Existing Uses" means those uses actually attained in a water body on or after November 28, 1975, whether or not they are included in the water quality standards.
"Human-induced stressor" means perturbations directly or indirectly caused by humans that alter the components, patterns, and/or processes of an ecosystem.
"Human pathogens" means specific causative agents of disease in humans such as bacteria or viruses.
"Industrial wastes" means the liquid wastes from industrial processes as distinct from wastes derived principally from dwellings, business buildings, institutions and the like. It is synonymous with the term "industrial wastewater".
"Influent" means the total wastewater flow entering a wastewater treatment works.
"Great Salt Lake impounded wetland" means wetland ponds which have been formed by dikes or berms to control and retain the flow of freshwater sources in the immediate proximity of Great Salt Lake.
"Large underground wastewater
disposal system" means the same type of device as an onsite
wastewater system except that it is designed to handle more than
5,000 gallons per day of domestic wastewater, or wastewater that
originates in multiple dwellings, commercial establishments,
recreational facilities, schools, or any other underground
wastewater disposal system not covered under the definition of an
onsite wastewater system. The [
Board] controls the installation of such systems.
"Onsite wastewater system" means an underground wastewater disposal system for domestic wastewater which is designed for a capacity of 5,000 gallons per day or less and is not designed to serve multiple dwelling units which are owned by separate owners except condominiums and twin homes. It usually consists of a building sewer, a septic tank and an absorption system.
"Operating Permit" is a State issued permit issued to any wastewater treatment works covered under Rules R317-3 or R317-5 with the following exceptions:
A. Any wastewater treatment permitted under Ground Water Quality Protection R317-6.
B. Any wastewater treatment permitted under Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program R317-7.
C. Any wastewater treatment permitted under Utah Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (UPDES) R317-8.
D. Any wastewater treatment permitted under Approvals and Permits for a Water Reuse Project R317-13.
E. Any wastewater treatment permitted by a Local Health Department under Onsite Wastewater Systems R317-4.
"Person" means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, company, or body politic, including any agency or instrumentality of the United States government (Section 19-1-103).
"Point source" means any discernible, confined and discrete conveyance including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft from which pollutants are or may be discharged. This term does not include return flow from irrigated agriculture.
"Pollution" means such contamination, or other alteration of the physical, chemical, or biological properties of any waters of the state, or such discharge of any liquid, gaseous or solid substance into any waters of the state as will create a nuisance or render such waters harmful or detrimental or injurious to public health, safety or welfare, or to domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other legitimate beneficial uses, or to livestock, wild animals, birds, fish or other aquatic life.
"Sewage" is synonymous with the term "domestic wastewater".
"Shallow well" means a well providing a source of drinking water which does not meet the requirements of a "deep well".
"Sludge" means the accumulation of solids which have settled from wastewater. As initially accumulated, and prior to treatment, it is known as "raw sludge".
"SS" means suspended solids.
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) means the maximum amount of a particular pollutant that a waterbody can receive and still meet state water quality standards, and an allocation of that amount to the pollutant's sources.
"Treatment works" means any plant, disposal field, lagoon, dam, pumping station, incinerator, or other works used for the purpose of treating, stabilizing or holding wastes. (Section 19-5-102).
"TSS" means total suspended solids.
"Underground Wastewater Disposal System" means a system for underground disposal of domestic wastewater. It includes onsite wastewater systems and large underground wastewater disposal systems.
"Use Attainability Analysis"
means a structured scientific assessment of the factors affecting
the attainment of the uses specified in R317-2-6. The factors to be
considered in such an analysis include the physical, chemical,
biological, and economic use removal criteria as[
'] described in 40 CFR 131.10(g) (1-6).
"Wastes" means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged into water. (Section 19-5-102).
"Wastewater" means sewage, industrial waste or other liquid substances which might cause pollution of waters of the state. Intercepted ground water which is uncontaminated by wastes is not included.
"Waters of the state" means all streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, water-courses, waterways, wells, springs, irrigation systems, drainage systems, and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface and underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through, or border upon this state or any portion thereof, except that bodies of water confined to and retained within the limits of private property, and which do not develop into or constitute a nuisance, or a public health hazard, or a menace to fish and wildlife, shall not be considered to be "waters of the state" under this definition (Section 19-5-102).
R317-1-2. General Requirements.
2.1 Water Pollution Prohibited. No person shall discharge wastewater or deposit wastes or other substances in violation of the requirements of these rules.
2.2 Construction Permit. No person shall
make or construct any device for treatment or discharge of
wastewater (including storm sewers) without first receiving a
permit to do so from the [
Board] or its authorized representative, except as
A. Body Politic Required. A permit for construction of a new treatment works or a sewerage system, or modifications to an existing treatment works or sewerage system for multiple units under separate ownership will be issued only if the treatment works or sewerage system are under the sponsorship of a body politic as defined in R317-1-1.
B. Submission of Plans. Any person
desiring a permit shall submit complete plans, specifications, and
other pertinent documents covering the proposed construction to the
Division] for review. Liquid waste storage facilities at
animal feeding operations must be designed and constructed in
accordance with Table 2a - Criteria for Siting, Investigation, and
Design of Liquid Waste Storage Facilities with a water depth
greater than 2 feet; Table 2b - Criteria for Siting, Investigation,
and Design of Liquid Waste Storage Facilities with a water depth of
2 feet or less; and Table 2c - Criteria for runoff ponds with a
water depth of 2 feet of less and a storage period less than 90
days annually, contained in the U.S.D.A. Natural Resource
Conservation Service (NRCS) Conservation Practice Standard, Waste
Storage Facility, Code 313, dated August 2006. This rule
incorporates by reference Tables 2a, 2b, and 2c in the August 2006
U.S.D.A. NRCS Conservation Practice Standard, Waste Storage
Facility, Code 313.
C. Review of Plans. The Division shall review said plans and specifications as to their adequacy of design for the intended purpose and shall require such changes as are found necessary to assure compliance with pertinent parts of these rules.
D. Approval of Plans. Issuance of a construction permit shall be construed as approval of plans for the purposes of authorizing release of federal or state funds allocated for planning or construction purposes.
E. Permit Expiration. Construction permits shall expire one year after date of issuance unless substantial and continuous construction is under way. Upon application, construction permits may be extended on an individual basis provided application for such extension is made prior to the permit expiration date.
1. Wastewater facilities that discharge to an existing sewer system and serve only units that are under single ownership, or serve multiple units under separate ownership where the wastewater facilities are under the sponsorship of the public sewer system to which they discharge. This exception does not apply to pumping stations having the installed capacity in excess of 1 million gallons per day (3,785 cubic meters per day).
2. Onsite Wastewater Disposal Systems. Construction plans and specifications for onsite wastewater disposal systems shall be submitted to the local health authority having jurisdiction and need not be submitted to the Division. Such devices, in any case, shall be constructed in accordance with rules for onsite wastewater disposal systems adopted by the Water Quality Board. Compliance with the rules shall be determined by an on-site inspection by the appropriate health authority.
3. Small Animal Waste (Manure) Lagoons and Runoff Ponds. Construction plans and specifications for small animal waste lagoons as defined in R317-6 (permitted by rule for ground water permits) need not be submitted to the Division if the design is prepared or certified by the U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) in accordance with criteria provided for in the Memorandum of Agreement between the Division and the NRCS, and the construction is inspected by the NRCS. Compliance with these rules shall be determined by on-site inspection by the NRCS.
2.3 Compliance with Water Quality Standards. No person shall discharge wastes into waters of the state except in compliance with these rules and under circumstances which assure compliance with water quality standards in R317-2.
2.4 Operation of Wastewater Treatment Works. Wastewater treatment works shall be so operated at all times as to produce effluents meeting all requirements of these rules and otherwise in a manner consistent with adequate protection of public health and welfare. Complete daily records shall be kept of the operation of wastewater treatment works covered under R317-3 on forms approved by the Division and a copy of such records shall be forwarded to the Division at monthly intervals.
R317-1-3. Requirements for Waste Discharges.
3.1 Compliance With Water Quality Standards.
All persons discharging wastes into any of
the waters of the State shall provide the degree of wastewater
treatment determined necessary to insure compliance with the
requirements of R317-2 (Water Quality Standards), except that the [
Board] may waive compliance with these requirements for
specific criteria listed in R317-2 where it is determined that the
designated use is not being impaired or significant use improvement
would not occur or where there is a reasonable question as to the
validity of a specific criterion or for other valid reasons as
determined by the [ Board].
3.2 Compliance With Secondary Treatment Requirements.
All persons discharging wastes from point sources into any of the waters of the State shall provide treatment processes which will produce secondary effluent meeting or exceeding the following effluent quality standards.
A. The arithmetic mean of BOD values determined on effluent samples collected during any 30-day period shall not exceed 25 mg/l, nor shall the arithmetic mean exceed 35 mg/l during any 7-day period. In addition, if the treatment plant influent is of domestic or municipal sewage origin, the BOD values of effluent samples shall not be greater than 15% of the BOD values of influent samples collected in the same time period. As an alternative, if agreed to by the person discharging wastes, the following effluent quality standard may be established as a requirement of the discharge permit and must be met: The arithmetic mean of CBOD values determined on effluent samples collected during any 30-day period shall not exceed 20 mg/l nor shall the arithmetic mean exceed 30 mg/l during any 7-day period. In addition, if the treatment plant influent is of domestic or municipal sewage origin, the CBOD values of effluent samples shall not be greater than 15% of the CBOD values of influent samples collected in the same time period.
B. The arithmetic mean of SS values determined on effluent samples collected during any 30-day period shall not exceed 25 mg/l, nor shall the arithmetic mean exceed 35 mg/l during any 7-day period. In addition, if the treatment plant influent is of domestic or municipal sewage origin, the SS values of effluent samples shall not be greater than 15% of the SS values of influent samples collected in the same time period.
C. The geometric mean of total coliform
and fecal coliform bacteria in effluent samples collected during
any 30-day period shall not exceed either 2000 per 100 ml or 200
per 100 ml respectively, nor shall the geometric mean exceed 2500
per 100 ml or 250 per 100 ml respectively, during any 7-day period;
or, the geometric mean of E. coli bacteria in effluent samples
collected during any 30-day period shall not exceed 126 per 100 ml
nor shall the geometric mean exceed 158 per 100 ml respectively
during any 7-day period. Exceptions to this requirement may be
allowed by the [
Board] where domestic wastewater is not a part of the
effluent and where water quality standards are not violated.
D. The effluent values for pH shall be maintained within the limits of 6.5 and 9.0.
E. Exceptions to the 85% removal requirements may be allowed where infiltration makes such removal requirements infeasible and where water quality standards are not violated.
F. The [
Board] may allow exceptions to the requirements of (A),
(B) and (D) above where the discharge will be of short duration and
where there will be of no significant detrimental affect on
receiving water quality or downstream beneficial uses.
G. The [
Board] may allow that the BOD5 and TSS effluent
concentrations for discharging domestic wastewater lagoons shall
not exceed 45 mg/l for a monthly average nor 65 mg/l for a weekly
average provided the following criteria are met:
1. The lagoon system is operating within the organic and hydraulic design capacity established by R317-3,
2. The lagoon system is being properly operated and maintained,
3. The treatment system is meeting all other permit limits,
4. There are no significant or categorical
industrial users (IU) defined by 40 CFR Part 403, unless it is
demonstrated to the satisfaction of the [
Executive Secretary] [ to the Utah Water Quality Board] that the IU is
not contributing constituents in concentrations or quantities
likely to significantly effect the treatment works,
5. A Waste Load Allocation (WLA) indicates that the increased permit limits would not impair beneficial uses of the receiving stream.
3.3 Extensions To Deadlines For Compliance.
Board] may, upon application of a waste discharger, allow
extensions to the compliance deadlines in Section 1.3.2 above where
it can be shown that despite good faith effort, construction cannot
be completed within the time required.
3.4 Pollutants In Diverted Water Returned To Stream.
A user of surface water diverted from waters of the State will not be required to remove any pollutants which such user has not added before returning the diverted flow to the original watercourse, provided there is no increase in concentration of pollutants in the diverted water. Should the pollutant constituent concentration of the intake surface waters to a facility exceed the effluent limitations for such facility under a federal National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit or a permit issued pursuant to State authority, then the effluent limitations shall become equal to the constituent concentrations in the intake surface waters of such facility. This section does not apply to irrigation return flow.
R317-1-4. Utilization and Isolation of Domestic Wastewater Treatment Works Effluent.
4.1 Untreated Domestic Wastewater.
Untreated domestic wastewater or effluent not meeting secondary
treatment standards as defined by these [
regulations] shall be isolated from all public contact until
suitably treated. Land disposal or land treatment of such
wastewater or effluent may be accomplished by use of an approved
total containment lagoon as defined in R317-3 or by such other
treatment approved by the [ Board] as being feasible and equally protective of human
health and the environment.
4.2 Use of Secondary Effluent at Plant Site. Secondary effluent may be used at the treatment plant site in the following manner provided there is no cross-connection with a potable water system:
A. Chlorinator injector water for wastewater chlorination facilities, provided all pipes and outlets carrying the effluent are suitably labeled.
B. Water for hosing down wastewater clarifiers, filters and related units, provided all pipes and outlets carrying the effluent are suitably labeled.
C. Irrigation of landscaped areas around the treatment plant from which the public is excluded.
R317-1-5. Use of Industrial Wastewaters.
5.1 Use of industrial wastewaters (not
containing human pathogens) shall be considered for approval by the
Board] based on a case-specific analysis of human health
and environmental concerns.
R317-1-9. Electronic Submissions and Electronic Signatures.
(a) Pursuant to the authority of Utah Code Ann. Subsection 46-4-501(a), the submission of Discharge Monitoring Reports and related information may be conducted electronically through the EPA's NetDMR program, provided the requirements of subsection (b) are met.
(b) A person may submit Discharge
Monitoring Reports and related information only after (1)
completion of a Subscriber Agreement in a form designated by the [
Executive Secretary] to ensures that all requirements of 40 CFR 3,
EPA's Cross - Media Electronic Reporting Regulation (CROMERR)
are met; and (2) completion of subsequent steps specified by
EPA's CROMERR, including setting up a subscriber account.
(c) The Subscriber Agreement will continue until terminated by its own terms, until modified by mutual consent or until terminated with 60 days written notice by any party.
(d) Any person who submits a Discharge Monitoring Report or related information under the NetDMR program, and who electronically signs the report or related information, is, by providing an electronic signature, making the following certification: "I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system, or those persons directly responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for knowing violations."
KEY: water pollution, waste disposal, industrial waste, effluent standards
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
November 7, 2011]
Notice of Continuation: October 2, 2012
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-5
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Dave Wham at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4337, by FAX at 801-536-4301, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.