DAR File No. 37859
This rule was published in the August 1, 2013, issue (Vol. 2013, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Drinking Water
Certification Rules for Backflow Technicians
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 37859
Filed: 07/15/2013 05:34:22 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
Changes have been made to clarify and reorganize the requirements of the backflow certification requirements, but no substantive changes have been made. Additional changes have been made to conform the rule to S.B. 11 and S.B. 21, passed during the 2012 General Legislative Session.
Summary of the rule or change:
Changes have been made to clarify and reorganize the requirements of the backflow certification requirements. References to the "Executive Secretary" would be changed to the "Director," and, as appropriate, some references to the Board would also be changed, all to be consistent with S.B. 21 (2012).
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 19-4-104(4)
- Section 19-1-301.5
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow (cross-connection) certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to the state budget.
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to local government budgets.
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to the budgets of small businesses that have backflow operator requirements.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to the budgets of other entities that have backflow operator requirements.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to compliance costs for affected persons.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The rule change proposal clarifies and reorganizes the rule, but makes no substantive changes to the backflow certification requirements; there will therefore be no change to compliance costs for any affected person.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Drinking WaterRoom Third Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Jennifer Yee at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4216, by FAX at 801-536-4211, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Ken Bousfield, Director
R309. Environmental Quality, Drinking Water.
R309-305. Certification Rules for Backflow Technicians.
These rules are established:
i]n order to promote the use of trained, experienced
professional personnel in protecting the public's health;[ and]
(2) To establish standards for training, examination, and certification of those personnel
involved with cross connection control program administration
,] testing, [ maintenance, and repair of] backflow prevention assemblies
. In addition to] establish[ ing] standards for the instruction of Backflow
This rule is promulgated by the Drinking Water Board as authorized by Title 19, Environmental Quality Code, Chapter 4, Safe Drinking Water Act, Subsection 104(4)(a) of the Utah Code and in accordance with 63G-3 of the same, known as the Administrative Rulemaking Act.
R309-305-3. Extent of Coverage.
These rules shall apply to all personnel who will be:
directly ]involved with the administration or
enforcement of any cross connection control program being
administered by a drinking water system; or
(2) testing, maintaining and/or repairing any backflow prevention assembly; or
(3) instructors within the certification program, regardless of institution or program.
Definitions for certain terms used in this rule are given in R309-110 but may be further clarified herein.
(1) Backflow Technician - An individual who has met the requirements and successfully completed the course of instruction and certification requirements for Class I, II or III backflow technician certification as outlined herein.
(a) Class I Backflow Technician is a Cross Connection Control Program Administrator.
(b) Class II Backflow Technician is a Backflow Assembly Tester.
(c) Class III Backflow Technician is a Backflow Instructor Trainer.
(2) Class - means the level of
of] a Backflow Technician[
(Class I, II or III)].
Performance Examination - means a closed book hands on demonstration of an individual s ability to conduct afield test on backflow prevention assemblies.
4]) Proctor - means a Class III
Technician authorized to administer the written or
the performance examination.
5]) Renewal Course - means a course of instruction, approved
by the Commission, which is a prerequisite to the renewal of a
Backflow Technician's Certificate.
6]) Secretary to the Commission - means that individual
appointed by the [ Executive Secretary] to conduct the business of the Commission and to
make recommendations to the [ Executive Secretary] regarding
backflow technician certification
7]) Written Examination - means [ the] examination for record used to determine the
competency and ability of
[ applicants in] understanding of the required
course of instruction.
(1) Certification Application: Any individual may apply for certification.
(2) Certification Classes: The classes of certificates shall be: Class I, Class II, and Class III.
(a) Class I Backflow Technician - Cross
Connection Control Program Administrator: This certificate shall be
issued to those individuals who are [
directly] involved in administering a cross
connection control program, who have demonstrated their knowledge
and ability by [ passing] the
(i) These individuals may NOT test,
maintain or repair any backflow prevention assembly for
[ except] to insure proper testing techniques are
being utilized within their jurisdiction[ )].
(ii) These individuals may conduct plan/design reviews, hazard assessment investigations, compliance inspections, and enforce local laws, codes, rules and regulations and policies within their jurisdictions, and offer technical assistance as needed.
(b) Class II Backflow Technician -
Backflow Assembly Tester: This certificate shall be issued to those
individuals who have demonstrated their knowledge and ability by
written and performance certification examinations
and in addition having proven qualified and competent to
test, maintain, and/or repair (see R309-305-5(3)(b)) backflow
prevention assemblies (commercially as well as within their
jurisdiction) by passing the practical examination.]
(c) Class III Backflow Technician - Backflow Instructor Trainer:
This certificate shall be issued to those individuals
who have successfully completed a 3 year renewal cycle as a Class
II Technician and in addition have proven qualified and competent
to instruct approved Backflow Technician Certification classes by
and passing] an approved Class III certification
(3) Certification Requirements: Those
individuals seeking certification as a Backflow Technician must
participate in an approved Technician's course of instruction
pass] the examination required per class of
All individuals who
instruct Backflow Technician training courses must hold a current
Class III - Backflow Technician certificate.[ (b) The issuance of a Backflow Technician certificate
(Class I, II or III) does NOT authorize that individual to install
or replace any backflow prevention assembly. The installation
replacement or repair of assemblies must be made by a tester having
appropriate licensure from the Department of Commerce, Division of
Occupational and Professional Licensing, except when the Backflow
Technician is an agent of the assembly owner.]
R309-305-6. Technician Responsibilities.
(1) All technicians shall notify the Division of Drinking Water, local health department and the appropriate public water system of any backflow incident as soon as possible, but within eight hours. The Division can be reached during business hours at 801-536-4200 or after hours at 801-536-4123;
(2) All technicians shall notify the appropriate public water system of a failing backflow prevention assembly within five days;
(3) All technicians shall ensure that acceptable procedures are used for testing, repairing and maintaining any backflow prevention assembly;
(4) All technicians shall report the backflow prevention assembly test results to the appropriate public water system within 30 days;
(5) All technicians shall include, on the
test report form, any materials or replacement parts used to [
effect a ]repair or to perform maintenance on a
backflow prevention assembly;
(6) All technicians shall ensure that any replacement part is equal to or greater than the quality of parts originally supplied within the backflow prevention assembly and are supplied only by the manufacturer or their agent;
(7) All technicians shall not change the design, material, or operational characteristics of the assembly during any repair or maintenance;
(8) All technicians shall perform each test and shall be responsible for the competency and accuracy of all testing and reports thereof;
(9) All technicians shall ensure the status of their technician certification is current; and
(10) All technicians shall be equipped with and competent in the use of all tools, gauges, and equipment necessary to properly test, repair and maintain a backflow prevention assembly.
(1) Exam Issuance:
The examination recognized by the Commission for certification shall be issued through the Division of Drinking Water for both initial certification and renewal of certification.
If an individual fails an examination, the individual
file another] application for reexamination on the next
a]) Examinations (both written and performance) that are used
to determine competency and ability shall be approved by the Cross
Connection Control Commission prior to being issued.[ (b) Oral examinations may be administered to an individual
who has failed to pass at least two consecutive written
examinations. The oral examination shall be administered by at
least one Commission member and two Class III Backflow Technicians.
If the individual fails the examination, he shall be given written
notification of those areas deficient.]
(2) Exam Scoring: Class I, Class II and Class III Technician's must successfully complete a written exam with a score of 70% or higher. Class II Technician's must also successfully demonstrate competence and ability in the performance examination, for the testing of a Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly, a Spill-Resistant Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly, a Double Check Valve Assembly, and a Reduced Pressure Principal Backflow Prevention Assembly.
(a) The performance examination shall be conducted by a minimum of two Class III Technicians.
(b) Each candidate must demonstrate
and] shall be evaluated by a proctor and [ assessed] a pass or fail grade in each of the
following areas[ .]
(i) Properly identify backflow assembly
(ii) Properly identify test equipment needed
(iii) Properly connect test equipment
I]dentify [ inaccuracies]
(vi) Properly diagnose assembly [
(vii) Properly record test results
The candidate must receive a pass grade
from the proctor in all areas listed above for each assembly tested
in order to [
pass] the performance examination.
(c) An individual may apply for reexamination of either portion of the examination a maximum of two times. After a third failing grade, the individual must register for and complete another technician's course prior to any further reexamination.
(3) Class III
Exam]: Class III Technicians [ must] participate in[ , and pass,]
a Class III Certification course,
approved by the Cross Connection Control Commission[ , in addition to the successful completion of the
Technician[ 's] certification[ course].
(1) Certificate Issuance: For a
certificate to be issued, the individual must complete a
Technician's training course and pass with a minimum score of
70% the written examination. For Class II and III certificates, [
passing marks on] the performance examination shall
also be required.
(2) Certificate Renewal: The Backflow
Technician's certificate is issued by the [
Executive Secretary] and shall expire December 31, three years from the
year of issuance.
(a) Backflow Technician certificates shall
be issued by the
, by delegated authority from the Drinking Water
(b) The Backflow Technician's certificate may be renewed up to six months in advance of the expiration date.
c]) To renew a Class I or II Technician certificate, the
Technician must register
and participate in an approved
backflow prevention renewal course, and [
pass] the renewal examination (minimum score
of 70%) which shall include a performance portion for Class II
d]) To renew a Class III Technician certificate, the
following criteria shall be met:
(i) In the 3 year certification period a total of three events from the following list shall be obtained in any combination:
(A) Instruction at a Commission approved backflow technician certification or renewal course.
(B) Serve as a proctor for the performance examination at a Commission approved backflow technician certification or renewal course.
(ii) Attendance at a minimum of two of the annual Class III coordination meetings or receive a meeting update from the Commission Secretary.
(iii) Attendance and successful review at
a Class III renewal course, as approved by the Cross Connection
The course would consist of presentation of a randomly
picked topic in backflow prevention before a peer group of other
Class III technicians, and a demonstration of knowledge of all the
testing equipment available by a random selection of test equipment
for the technician to perform the performance exam.]
e]) Should the applicant fail the renewal written examination
(minimum score of 70%), renewal of that existing license shall not
be allowed until a passing score is obtained. If the applicant
fails to [ pass] the test after three attempts, the
applicant shall be required to participate in an approved Backflow
Technician's course before retaking the written and performance
examinations. [ (]Class I Technicians only need to [ pass] the written examination.[ )]
(3) Certification Revocation:] The [ Executive Secretary] may suspend or revoke a Backflow Technician's
certification, for good cause, including any of the following:
(a) The certified person has acted in disregard for public health or safety;
(b) The certified person has engaged in
activities beyond the scope of their
licensure through the Department of Commerce, Division of
Professional Licensing (i.e. installation, or replacement of
(c) The certified person has misrepresented or falsified figures or reports concerning backflow prevention assembly or test results;
(d) The certified person has failed to notify proper authorities of a failing backflow prevention assembly within five days, as required by R309-305-6(2);
(e) The certified person has failed to notify proper authorities of a backflow incident for which the technician had personal knowledge, as required by R309-305-6(1);
(f) The certified person has
implemented a change [
of] the design, material or operational characteristics of a
backflow prevention assembly [ that is in use, and which has not been authorized by the
Executive Secretary; or]
g]) Disasters or "Acts of God", which could not be
reasonably anticipated or prevented, shall not be grounds for
suspension or revocation actions.
(1) Fees: The fees for certification shall be submitted in accordance with Section 63-38-3.2.
(2) All fees shall be deposited in a special account to defray the costs of administering the Cross Connection Control and Certification programs.
(3) Renewal Fees: The renewal fee for all classes of Technicians shall be in accordance with Section 63-38-3.2.
(4) All fees shall be deposited in a special account to defray the cost of the program.
(5) All fees are non-refundable.
(1) Training: Minimum training course curriculum, written tests and performance tests shall be established by the Commission and implemented by the Secretary of the Commission for both the Technician Class I and Class II courses and the renewal courses.
(a) The length of the initial certification course for a Class I cross connection control program administrator shall be a minimum of 32 hours including examination.
(b) The length of the initial certification course for a Class II backflow assembly tester shall be a minimum of 32 hours excluding examination.
(c) The length of each renewal course
shall be a minimum of 16 hours including the renewal examination
(]both written and performance [ examinations)].
11]. Cross Connection Control Commission.
(1) Appointment of Members: A Cross
Connection Control Commission shall be appointed by the [
Drinking Water Board] from nominations made by cooperating agencies.
(2) Responsibility: The Commission is charged with the responsibility of conducting all work necessary to promote the cross connection program as well as recommending qualified individuals for certification, and overseeing the maintenance of necessary records.
(3) Representative Agencies: The Commission shall consist of seven members:
(a) One member (nominated by the League of Cities and Towns) shall represent a community drinking water supply.
(b) One member (nominated by the Utah Pipes Trades Education Program) shall represent the plumbing trade and must be a licensed Journeyman Plumber.
(c) One member (nominated by the Utah Mechanical Contractors Association) shall represent the mechanical trade contractors.
(d) One member (nominated by the [
Drinking Water Board]) shall
represent the [ Drinking Water Board].
(e) One member (nominated by the Rural Water Association of Utah) shall represent small water systems.
(f) One member (nominated by the Utah
Chapter American Backflow Prevention Association) shall represent
Class II Backflow Technicians and shall be a [
Class II or III ]Backflow Technician.
(g) One member (nominated by the Utah Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials) shall represent plumbing inspection officials and shall be a licensed plumbing inspector.
(4) Term: Each member shall serve a two
At the initial meeting of the Commission, lots shall be
drawn corresponding to two one and three two year terms.
Thereafter, all Commission members' terms shall be on a
(5) Nominations of Members: All
nominations of Commission members shall be presented to the [
Drinking Water Board, which reserves the right to] refuse any nomination.
(6) Unexpired Term: An appointment to
succeed a Commission member who is unable to complete his full term
shall be for the unexpired term only, and shall be nominated to,
and appointed by, the [
Drinking Water Board] in accordance with R309-305-11(1).
(7) Quorum: At least four Commission members shall be required to constitute a quorum to conduct the Commission's business.
(8) Officers: Each year the Commission shall elect officers as needed to conduct its business.
(a) The Commission shall meet at least once a year.
(b) All actions taken by the Commission shall require a minimum of four affirmative votes.
12]. Secretary of the Commission.
(1) Appointment: The [
Executive Secretary of the Drinking Water Board] shall appoint, with the consent of the Commission,
a staff member to function as the Secretary to the Commission. This
Secretary shall serve to coordinate the business of the Commission
and to bring issues before the Commission.
(2) Duties: The Secretary's duties shall be to:
(a) act as a liaison between the Commission, certified Technicians, public water suppliers, and the public at large;
(b) maintain records necessary to implement and enforce these rules;
(c) notify sponsor agencies of Commission nominations as needed;
(d) coordinate and review all cross connection control programs, certification training and the certification of Backflow Technicians;
(e) serve as a source of public information for Certified Technicians, water purveyors, and the public at large;
(f) receive and process applications for certification;
(g) investigate and verify all complaints
against or concerning certified Backflow Prevention Technicians,
and advise the [
Executive Secretary of the Drinking Water Board]
regarding any enforcement actions that are being recommended by the Commission;
(h) develop and administer examinations;
(i) review and correct examinations.
(3) The Secretary to the Commission is
also responsible for making recommendations to the [
Executive Secretary] regarding backflow technician certification as
provided in these rules.
KEY: drinking water, cross connection control, backflow assembly tester
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
October 15, 2004]
Notice of Continuation: March 22, 2010
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-4-104(4)(a); 63G-3
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Jennifer Yee at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4216, by FAX at 801-536-4211, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com.