DAR File No. 38677
This rule was published in the August 1, 2014, issue (Vol. 2014, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Paper, Film, and Foil Coatings
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 38677
Filed: 07/07/2014 09:21:57 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The EPA has indicated that it cannot approve Rule R307-344 as a Reasonable Available Control Technology (RACT) rule as part of Utah's PM2.5 State Implementation Plan (SIP) until it is amended to clarify that the amount of control removal specified in each rule is based on the entire system and the inspection and recordkeeping requirements of the rule are expanded.
Summary of the rule or change:
The rule is amended to require an overall control efficiency of the add-on emission control system of 90%, clarify methodology for determining capture efficiency, and to include additional recordkeeping requirements for the add-on emission control system.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 19-2-104(1)(a)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There are no new requirements in this proposed rule for the State of Utah; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are no new requirements for local government; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective, option for small businesses is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There are no new requirements for persons other than small businesses, or local government entities; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective option for small businesses, is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold. It is difficult to determine the cost of installing and operating an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% requirements, as appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
In most cases businesses will choose to use products that meet the VOC limits in Table 1 of the rule, as that option is usually the most cost-effective. Should a business choose to install and operate an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% overall capture and control efficiency, there would be additional costs to that business. However because appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable, those costs are difficult to predict.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Air QualityRoom Fourth Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Bryce Bird, Director
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-344. Paper, Film, and Foil Coatings.
The purpose of this rule is to limit volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from roll, knife, and rotogravure coaters and drying ovens of paper, film, and foil coating operations.
(1) ]R307-344 applies to sources located in
Cache, Davis, Salt Lake,
Utah and Weber counties that have the potential to
emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including related cleaning
(2) In Box Elder and Tooele counties, R307-344 applies to
the following sources: (a) Existing sources as of February 1, 2013, with the potential to emit 5 tons per year or more of VOC, including related cleaning activities; and (b) New sources as of February 1, 2013, that have the potential to emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including related cleaning activities.
The following additional definitions apply to R307-344:
"Coating" means a protective, functional, or decorative film applied in a thin layer to a surface. This term often applies to paints such as lacquers or enamels. It is also used to refer to films applied to paper, plastics, or foil.
"Foil coating" means a coating applied in a web coating process on any foil substrate other than paper or fabric, including, but not limited to, typewriter ribbons, photographic film, magnetic tape, and metal foil gift wrap, but excluding coatings applied to packaging used exclusively for food and health care products for human and animal consumption.
"Knife coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a blade that spreads the coating evenly over the width of the substrate.
"Paper coating" means uniform distribution of coatings put on paper, film, foils and pressure sensitive tapes regardless of substrate. Related web coating processes on plastic film and decorative coatings on metal foil are included in this definition. Paper coating covers saturation operations as well as coating operations.
"Roll coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of hard rubber or steel rolls.
"Roll printing" means the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate usually by means of a series of hard rubber or steel rolls each with only partial coverage.
"Rotogravure coating" means the application of a uniform layer of material across the entire width of the web to substrate by means of a roll coating technique in which the pattern to be applied is etched on the coating roll. The coating material is picked up in these recessed areas and is transferred to the substrate.
"Saturation" means dipping the web into a bath.
"Web" means a continuous sheet of substrate.
Each owner or operator shall not apply coatings with a VOC content in excess of the amounts specified in Table 1 or shall use an add-on control device as specified in R307-344-6.
. . . . . . .
R307-344-5. Work Practices and Recordkeeping.
(1) Control techniques and work practices are to be implemented at all times to reduce VOC emissions[
from fugitive type sources]. Control techniques and work practices include:
(a) Using tight fitting covers for open tanks;
(b) Using covered containers for solvent wiping cloths;
(c) Using collection hoods for areas where solvent is used for cleanup;
(d) Minimizing spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(e) Conveying VOC-containing materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes;
(f) Cleaning spray guns in enclosed systems; and
(g) Using recycled solvents for cleaning.
(2) All sources subject to R307-344 shall maintain records demonstrating compliance with [
all provisions of ]R307-344[ on an annual basis].
(a) Records shall include, but not limited to, inventory and product data sheets of all coatings and solvents subject to R307-344.
(b) These records shall be available to the director upon request.
(3) No person shall apply coatings unless these materials are applied with equipment operated according to the manufacturer's specifications, and by the use of one of the following methods:
(a) Flow coater;
(b) Roll coater;
(c) Dip coater;
(d) Foam coater;
(e) Die coater;
(f) Hand application methods;
(g) High-volume, low pressure (HVLP) spray; or
(h) Other application method capable of achieving at least 65% transfer efficiency, as certified by the manufacturer.
(4) All persons shall perform solvent cleaning operations with cleaning materials having VOC content of 0.21 pounds per gallon or less.
Optional ]Add-On Control[ s].
(1) The owner or operator may install and maintain an incinerator, carbon adsorption, or any other add-on emission control device, provided that the emission control device will attain at least 90% efficiency performance. (2) The owner or operator of a control device shall provide documentation that the emission control system will attain the requirements of R307-344-6. (3) Emission control systems shall be operated and
maintained in accordance with the manufacturer recommendations.
The owner or operator shall maintain for a minimum of two years
records of operating and maintenance sufficient to demonstrate
that the equipment is being operated and maintained in accordance
with the manufacturer recommendations.
R307-344-7. Compliance Schedule. (1) All sources in Davis and Salt Lake counties are subject to this rule upon the effective date. (2) Sources in Box Elder, Cache, Tooele, Utah and Weber counties shall be in compliance with the rule by January 1, 2014.
]KEY: VOC emission, paper coating, film coating, foil coating
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
February 1, 2013]
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-104(1)(a)
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2014/b20140801.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
Text to be deleted is struck through and surrounded by brackets ([
example]). Text to be added is underlined (). Older browsers may not depict some or any of these attributes on the screen or when the document is printed.
For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.