DAR File No. 38678
This rule was published in the August 1, 2014, issue (Vol. 2014, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Fabric and Vinyl Coatings
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 38678
Filed: 07/07/2014 09:27:12 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The EPA has indicated that it cannot approve Rule R307-345 as a Reasonable Available Control Technology (RACT) rule as part of Utah's PM2.5 State Implementation Plan (SIP) until it is amended to clarify that the amount of control removal specified in each rule is based on the entire system and the inspection and recordkeeping requirements of the rule are expanded.
Summary of the rule or change:
The rule is amended to require an overall control efficiency of the add-on emission control system of 90%, clarify methodology for determining capture efficiency, and to include additional recordkeeping requirements for the add-on emission control system.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 19-2-104(1)(a)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There are no new requirements in this proposed rule for the State of Utah; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are no new requirements for local government; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective, option for small businesses is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There are no new requirements for persons other than small businesses, or local government entities; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective option for small businesses, is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold. It is difficult to determine the cost of installing and operating an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% requirements, as appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
In most cases businesses will choose to use products that meet the VOC limits in Table 1 of the rule, as that option is usually the most cost-effective. Should a business choose to install and operate an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% overall capture and control efficiency, there would be additional costs to that business. However because appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable, those costs are difficult to predict.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Air QualityRoom Fourth Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Bryce Bird, Director
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-345. Fabric and Vinyl Coatings.
The purpose of this rule is to limit volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from fabric and vinyl coating operations, which use roll, knife, or rotogravure coaters and drying ovens.
(1) ]R307-345 applies to sources located in
Cache, Davis, Salt Lake,
Utah and Weber counties that have the potential to
emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including related cleaning
(2) In Box Elder and Tooele counties, R307-345 applies to
the following sources: (a) Existing sources as of February 1, 2013 with the
potential to emit 5 tons per year or more of VOC, including
related cleaning activities; and (b) New sources as of February 1, 2013 that have the
potential to emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including
related cleaning activities.
The following additional definitions apply to R307-345:
"Coating" means a protective, functional, or decorative film applied in a thin layer to a surface.
"Fabric coating" means the coating or saturation of a textile substrate with a knife, roll or rotogravure coater to impart characteristics that are not initially present, such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, or appearance. Fabric coatings can include, but are not limited to, industrial and electrical tapes, tie cord, utility meter seals, imitation leathers, tarpaulins, shoe material, and upholstery fabrics.
"Knife coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a blade that spreads the coating evenly over the width of the substrate.
"Roller coating" the coating material is applied to the moving fabric, in a direction opposite to the movement of the substrate, by hard rubber or steel rolls.
"Rotogravure coating" means the application of a uniform layer of material across the entire width of the web to substrate by means of a roll coating technique in which the pattern to be applied is etched on the coating roll. The coating material is picked up in these recessed areas and is transferred to the substrate.
"Vinyl coating" means applying a decorative or protective top coat, or printing on vinyl coated fabric or vinyl sheets.
(1) Each owner or operator shall not apply coatings with a VOC content in excess of the amounts specified in Table 1 or shall use an add-on control device as specified in R307-345-6.
Fabric and Vinyl Coating Limitations (values in pounds VOC per gallon of coating, minus water and exempt solvents (compounds not classified as VOC), as applied) COATING CATEGTORY VOC[
EMISSION RATES] VOC [ EMISSION RATES] Effective Through Effective Beginning December 31, 2014 January 1, 2015 Fabric 2.9 2.2 Vinyl 3.8 2.2
(2) Organosol and plastisol coatings shall not be used to bubble emissions from vinyl printing and top coating.
R307-345-5. Work Practices and Recordkeeping.
(1) Control techniques and work practices
are to be implemented at all times to reduce VOC emissions[
from fugitive type sources]. Control techniques
and work practices include:
(a) Tight fitting covers for open tanks or drums;
(b) Covered containers for solvent wiping cloths;
(c) Collection hoods for areas where solvent is used for cleanup;
(d) Covered mixing tanks; and
(e) Covered hoods and oven routed to add-on control devices, which may include, but are not limited to, after burners, thermal incinerators, catalytic oxidation, or carbon adsorption.
(2) No person shall apply any coating unless the coating application method achieves a demonstrated 65% transfer efficiency.
The following applications achieve a minimum of 65% transfer efficiency and must be operated in accordance with the manufacturers specifications:
(a) Foam coat;
(b) Flow coat;
(c) Roll coat;
(d) Dip coat;
(e) Die coat;
(e) High-volume, low-pressure (HVLP) spray;
(f) Hand application methods; or
(g) Other application method capable of achieving at least 65% transfer efficiency, as certified by the manufacturer.
(3) All persons shall perform solvent cleaning operations with cleaning material having VOC content of 0.21 pounds per gallon or less.
(4) All sources subject to R307-345 shall
maintain records demonstrating compliance with[
all provisions of] R307-345[ on an annual basis].
(a) Records shall include, but not be limited to, inventory and product data sheets of all coatings and solvents subject to R307-345.
(b) These records shall be available to the director upon request.
]Add-On Control[ s]
(1) The owner or operator may install and maintain an
incinerator, carbon adsorption, or any other add-on emission
control device, provided that the emission control device will
attain at least 90% efficiency performance. (2) The owner or operator of a control device shall
provide documentation that the emission control system will
attain the requirements of R307-345-6. (3) Emission control systems shall be operated and
maintained in accordance with the manufacturer recommendations.
The owner or operator shall maintain for a minimum of two years
records of operating and maintenance sufficient to demonstrate
that the equipment is being operated and maintained in accordance
with the manufacturer recommendations.
R307-345-7. Compliance Schedule.
(1) All sources in Davis and Salt Lake counties are
subject to this rule upon the effective date. (2) All sources within Box Elder, Cache, Tooele, Utah and
Weber counties shall be in compliance with this rule by January
]KEY: air pollution, emission controls, fabric coating, vinyl coating
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
February 1, 2013]
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-104(1)(a)
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2014/b20140801.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.