DAR File No. 38686
This rule was published in the August 1, 2014, issue (Vol. 2014, No. 15) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Automotive Refinishing Coatings
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 38686
Filed: 07/07/2014 10:45:07 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The EPA has indicated that it cannot approve Rule R307-354 as a Reasonable Available Control Technology (RACT) rule as part of Utah's PM2.5 State Implementation Plan (SIP) until it is amended to clarify that the amount of control removal specified in each rule is based on the entire system and the inspection and recordkeeping requirements of the rule are expanded.
Summary of the rule or change:
The rule is amended to require an overall control efficiency of the add-on emission control system of 90%, clarify methodology for determining capture efficiency, and to include additional recordkeeping requirements for the add-on emission control system.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 19-2-104(1)(a)
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There are no new requirements in this proposed rule for the State of Utah; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are no new requirements for local government; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective, option for small businesses is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There are no new requirements for persons other than small businesses, or local government entities; therefore, there are no anticipated costs or savings.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
There are two options to reduce the emissions of VOCs. The first, and more cost-effective option for small businesses, is to use products that meet the VOC limits as specified in Table 1. The other option, which likely only very few larger sources would do, is to use an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% efficiency threshold. It is difficult to determine the cost of installing and operating an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% requirements, as appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
In most cases businesses will choose to use products that meet the VOC limits in Table 1 of the rule, as that option is usually the most cost-effective. Should a business choose to install and operate an add-on emission control system that meets the 90% overall capture and control efficiency, there would be additional costs to that business. However because appropriate emission control systems for each source are extremely variable, those costs are difficult to predict.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Air QualityRoom Fourth Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Bryce Bird, Director
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-354. Automotive Refinishing Coatings.
The purpose of R307-354 is to limit volatile organic compound emissions (VOC) from automotive refinishing sources.
(1) R307-354 applies to sources located in Cache, Davis, Salt Lake, Utah and Weber counties that have the potential to emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including related cleaning activities.
(2) In Box Elder and Tooele counties, R307-354 applies to
the following sources: (a) Existing sources as of February 1, 2013 with the
potential to emit 5 tons per year or more of VOC, including
related cleaning activities; and (b) New sources as of February 1, 2013 that have the
potential to emit 2.7 tons per year or more of VOC, including
related cleaning activities.
3]) The requirements of R307-354 shall not apply to any
canned aerosol coating products.
The following additional definitions apply to R307-354:
"Adhesion promoter" means a coating which is labeled and formulated to be applied to uncoated plastic surfaces to facilitate bonding of subsequent coatings, and on which, a subsequent coating is applied.
"Automotive" means passenger cars, vans, motorcycles, trucks, buses, golf carts and all other mobile equipment.
"Automotive refinishing" means the process of coating automobiles, after-market automobiles, motorcycles, light and medium-duty trucks and vans that are performed in auto body shops, auto repair shops, production paint shops, new car dealer repair and paint shops, fleet operation repair and paint shops, and any other facility which coats vehicles under the Standard Industrial Classification Code 7532 (Top, Body and Upholstery Repair Shops and Paint Shops). This includes dealer repair of vehicles damaged in transit. It does not include refinishing operations for other types of mobile equipment, such as farm machinery and construction equipment or their parts, including partial body collision repairs, that is subsequent to the original coating applied at an automobile original equipment manufacturing plant.
"Clear coating" means any coating that contains no pigments and is labeled and formulated for application over a color coating or clear coating.
"Coating" means a protective, decorative, or functional material applied in a thin layer to a surface. Such materials may include paints, topcoats, varnishes, sealers, stains, washcoats, basecoats, inks, and temporary protective coatings.
"Color coating" means any pigmented coating, excluding adhesion promoters, primers, and multi-color coatings, that requires a subsequent clear coating and which is applied over a primer, adhesion promoter, or color coating. Color coatings include metallic and iridescent color coatings.
"Enclosed paint gun cleaner" means a cleaner consisting of a closed container with a door or top that can be opened and closed and fitted with cleaning connections. The spray gun is attached to a connection, and solvent is pumped through the gun and onto the exterior of the gun. Cleaning solvent falls back into the cleaner's solvent reservoir for recirculation.
"Metallic/Iridescent color coating" means a coating which contains iridescent particles, composed of either metal as metallic particles or silicon as mica particles, in excess of 0.042 pounds per gallon as applied, where such particles are visible in the dried film.
"Multi-color coating" means a coating which exhibits more than one color when applied, and which is packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.
"Non-enclosed paint gun cleaner" means cleaner consisting of a basin similar to a sink in which the operator washes the outside of the gun under a solvent stream. The gun cup is filled with recirculated solvent, the gun tip is placed into a canister attached to the basin, and suction draws the solvent from the cup through the gun. The solvent gravitates to the bottom of the basin and drains through a small hole to a reservoir that supplies solvent to the recirculation pump.
"Pretreatment coating" means a coating which contains no more that 16% solids, by weight, and at least 0.5% acid, by weight, is used to provide surface etching, and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and promote adhesion for subsequent coatings.
"Primer" means any coating which is labeled and formulated for application to a substrate to provide a bond between the substrate and subsequent coats; corrosion resistance; a smooth substrate surface; or resistance to penetration of subsequent coats, and on which a subsequent coating is applied. Primers may be pigmented.
"Single-stage coating" means any pigmented coating, excluding primers and multi-color coatings, labeled and formulated for application without a subsequent clear coat. Single-stage coatings include single-stage metallic/iridescent coatings.
"Solids" means the part of the coating that remains after the coating is dried or cured; solids content is determined using data from EPA Method 24.
"Temporary protective coating" means any coating which is labeled and formulated for the purpose of temporarily protecting areas form overspray or mechanical damage.
"Topcoat" means any coating or series of coatings applied over a primer or an existing finish for the purpose of protection or beautification.
"Truck bed liner coating" means any coating, excluding clear, color, multi-color, and single-stage coatings, labeled and formulated for application to a truck bed to protect it from surface abrasion.
"Underbody coating" means any coating labeled and formulated for application to wheel wells, the inside of door panels or fenders, the underside of a trunk or hood, or the underside of the motor vehicle.
"Uniform finish coating" means any coating labeled and formulated for application to the area around a spot repair for the purpose of blending a repaired area's color or clear coat to match the appearance of an adjacent area's existing coating. Prior to May 1, 2013, this coating category may be referred to as uniform finish blenders.
"Uniform finish blender" means a coating designed to blend a repaired topcoat into an existing topcoat.
Each owner or operator shall not apply coatings with a VOC content in excess of the amounts specified in Table 1 or shall use an add-on control device as specified in R307-354-6.
AUTOMOTIVE REFINISHING VOC LIMITS (values in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, minus water and exempt solvent (compounds not defined as VOC), as applied) COATING CATEGORY VOC [
EMISSION RATES] Adhesion Promoter 4.5 Clear Coating 2.1 Color Coating 3.5 Multi-color Coating 5.7 Pretreatment Coating 5.5 Primer 2.1 Primer Sealer 2.1 Single-stage Coating 2.8 Temporary Protective Coating 0.5 Truck Bed Liner Coating 2.6 Underbody Coating 3.6 Uniform Finish Coating 4.5 Any Other Coating Type 2.1
R307-354-5. Work Practice and Recordkeeping.
(1) Control techniques and work practices
are to be implemented at all times to reduce VOC emissions[
from fugitive type sources]. Control techniques
and work practices include:
(a) Tight fitting covers for open tanks;
(b) Covered containers for solvent wiping cloths;
(c) Collection hoods for areas where solvent is used for cleanup;
(d) Minimizing spill of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(e) Conveying VOC-containing materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and
(f) Cleaning spray guns in enclosed systems or a non-enclosed paint gun cleaner may be used if the vapor pressure of the cleaning solvent is less than 100 mm Hg at 68 degrees Fahrenheit and the solvent is directed towards a drain that leads directly to an enclosed remote reservoir.
(2) Application equipment requirements:
(a) A person shall not apply any coating to an automotive part or component unless the coating application method achieves a demonstrated 65% transfer efficiency.
(b) The following coating application methods have been demonstrated to achieve a minimum of 65% transfer efficiency:
(i) Brush, dip or roll coating operated in accordance with the manufacturers specifications;
(ii) Electrostatic application equipment operated in accordance with the manufacturers specifications; and
(iii) High Volume, Low Pressure spray equipment operated in accordance with the manufacturers specifications.
(c) Other coating application methods may be used that have been demonstrated to be capable of achieving at least 65% transfer efficiency, as certified by the manufacturer.
(3) All sources subject to R307-354 shall
maintain records demonstrating compliance with[
all provisions of] R307-354[ on an annual basis].
(a) Records shall include, but not be limited to, inventory and product data sheets of all coatings and solvents subject to R307-354.
(b) These records shall be available to the director upon request.
Optional ]Add-On Control[ s].
(1) The owner or operator may install and maintain an
incinerator, carbon adsorption, or any other add-on emission
control device, provided that the emission control device will
attain at least 90% efficiency performance. (2) The owner or operator of a control device shall
provide documentation that the emission control system will
attain the requirements of R307-354-6. (3) Emission control systems shall be operated and
maintained in accordance with the manufacturer recommendations.
The owner or operator shall maintain for a minimum of two years
records of operating and maintenance sufficient to demonstrate
that the equipment is being operated and maintained in accordance
with the manufacturer recommendations.
R307-354-7. Compliance Schedule.
All sources within Box Elder, Cache, Davis, Salt Lake,
Tooele, Utah, and Weber counties shall be in compliance with this
rule by July 1, 2014.
]KEY: air pollution, automotive refinishing, VOC, coatings
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
February 1, 2013]
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-104(1)(a)
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2014/b20140801.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Mark Berger at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4000, by FAX at 801-536-0085, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.