DAR File No. 40041
This rule was published in the January 15, 2016, issue (Vol. 2016, No. 2) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Commerce, Real Estate
Real Estate Licensing and Practices Rules
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 40041
Filed: 12/30/2015 11:57:35 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of the proposed rule is to define closing and inducement gifts, amend the real estate auction rules, and clarify the rules relating to closing and inducement gifts.
Summary of the rule or change:
Section R162-2f-102 is proposed to be amended to define the terms "closing gift" and "inducement gift." Section R162-2f-401a is proposed to be amended to delete the current rule regarding inducement gifts. Section R162-2f-401i is proposed to be amended to require the following: 1) that the auctioneer be a licensed principal broker or affiliated with a licensed principal broker; and 2) that the auctioneer/auction company shall not advertise directly to an owner of real property who is already subject to an agency agreement. Section R162-2f-401l is proposed to be added to the rule to clarify that an inducement gift and/or a closing gift are not prohibited as an illegal sharing of a commission by a licensee.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 61-2f-103
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
The division has the staff and budget in place to administer this proposed amendment. It is not expected that the proposed amendment will affect those resources or result in any cost or savings to the state budget.
Local governments are not required to comply with or enforce the real estate licensing and practices rules. No fiscal impact to local government is expected from the proposed amendment.
The proposed amendment requires real estate auction companies to hire or affiliate with a licensed real estate broker. To the extent that an auctioneer has not previously been licensed as or affiliated with a real estate broker, there could be some fiscal impact on these small businesses. Some auction companies have been affiliated with real estate brokers. The fiscal impact to small business will vary and cannot be anticipated.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
With the exception of affected persons noted in section 8 of this notice, no fiscal impact to persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government entities is anticipated.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The proposed amendment requires real estate auction companies to hire or affiliate with a licensed real estate broker. To the extent that an auctioneer or auction company has not previously been licensed as or affiliated with a real estate broker, there could be some fiscal impact on these persons and companies. Some auction companies have been affiliated with real estate brokers and will be unaffected by the proposed rule amendment. The fiscal impact to affected persons will vary and cannot be anticipated.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
As stated in the rule analysis, this rule defines and clarifies rules relating to closing and inducement gifts, and amends the real estate auction rules to require auction companies and auctioneers to either be licensed as a principal broker or be affiliated with a principal broker when performing real estate auctions. This proposed rule amendment will fiscally impact real estate auction companies and auctioneers, whether they choose to become licensed or to affiliate with a principal broker. Obtaining and maintaining a principal broker license would certainly impact auction companies or auctioneers. And the alternative, to affiliate with a licensed principal broker rather than become licensed, requires the principal broker to supervise all aspects of the auction, including attending the auction. This supervision and attendance will likely incur fees and also fiscally impact auction companies and auctioneers.
Francine A. Giani, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Commerce
HEBER M WELLS BLDG
160 E 300 S
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84111-2316
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Justin Barney at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6603, by FAX at , or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Jonathan Stewart, Director
R162. Commerce, Real Estate.
R162-2f. Real Estate Licensing and Practices Rules.
(1) "Active license" means a license granted to an applicant who:
(a) qualifies for licensure under Section 61-2f-203 and these rules;
(b) pays all applicable nonrefundable license fees; and
(c) affiliates with a principal brokerage.
(2) "Advertising" means solicitation through:
(g) direct mail promotions;
(h) business cards;
(i) door hangers;
(j) signs; or
(k) any other medium.
(a) when used in reference to licensure, means to form, for the purpose of providing a real estate service, an employment or non-employment association with another individual or entity licensed or registered under Title 61, Chapter 2f et seq. and these rules; and
(b) when used in reference to an undivided fractionalize long-term estate, means an individual or entity that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with, a specified individual or entity.
(4) "Branch broker" means an associate broker who manages a branch office under the supervision of the principal broker.
(5) "Branch office" means a principal broker's real estate brokerage office other than the principal broker's main office.
(6) "Brokerage" means a real estate sales or a property management company.
(7) "Brokerage record" means any record related to the business of a principal broker, including:
(a) record of an offer to purchase real estate;
(b) record of a real estate transaction, regardless of whether the transaction closed;
(c) licensing records;
(d) banking and other financial records;
(e) independent contractor agreements;
(f) trust account records, including:
(i) deposit records in the form of a duplicate deposit slip, deposit advice, or equivalent document; and
(ii) conveyance records in the form of a check image, wire transfer verification, or equivalent document; and
(g) records of the brokerage's contractual obligations.
(8) "Business day" is defined in Subsection 61-2f-102(3).
(9) "Certification" means authorization from the division to:
(a) establish and operate a school that provides courses approved for prelicensing education or continuing education; or
(b) function as an instructor for courses approved for prelicensing education or continuing education.
(10)] "Commission" means the Utah Real Estate
"Continuing education" means professional
education required as a condition of renewal in accordance with
Section R162-2f-204 and may be either:
(a) core: topics identified in Subsection R162-2f-206c(5)(c); or
(b) elective: topics identified in Subsection R162-2f-206c(5)(e).
(12)] "Correspondence course" means a self-paced
real estate course that:
(a) is not distance or traditional education; and
(b) fails to meet real estate educational course certification standards because:
(i) it is primarily student initiated; and
(ii) the interaction between the instructor and student lacks substance and/or is irregular.
(13)] "Day" means calendar day unless specified as
(14)](a) "Distance education" means education in
which the instruction does not take place in a traditional
classroom setting, but occurs through other interactive
instructional methods where teacher and student are separated by
distance and sometimes by time, including the following:
(i) computer conferencing;
(ii) satellite teleconferencing;
(iii) interactive audio;
(iv) interactive computer software;
(v) Internet-based instruction; and
(vi) other interactive online courses.
(b) "Distance education" does not include home study and correspondence courses.
(15)] "Division" means the Utah Division of Real
(16)] "Double contract" means executing two or more
purchase agreements, one of which is not made known to the
prospective lender or loan funding entity.
(17)] "Expired license" means a license that is not
renewed pursuant to Section 61-2f-204 and Section R162-2f-204
(a) the close of business on the expiration date, if the expiration date falls on a day when the division is open for business; or
(b) the next business day following the expiration date, if the expiration date falls on a day when the division is closed.
(18)] "Guaranteed sales plan" means:
(a) a plan in which a seller's real estate is guaranteed to be sold; or
(b) a plan whereby a licensee or anyone affiliated with a licensee agrees to purchase a seller's real estate if it is not purchased by a third party:
(i) in the specified period of a listing; or
(ii) within some other specified period of time.
(19)] "Inactive license" means a license that has
been issued pursuant to Sections R162-2f-202a through 202c or
renewed pursuant to Section R162-2f-204, but that may not be used
to conduct the business of real estate because the license holder
is not affiliated with a principal broker. Pursuant to Section
R162-2f-203, a license may be inactivated:
(a) voluntarily, with the assent of the license holder; or
(b) involuntarily, without the assent of the license holder.
(20)] "Informed consent" means written
authorization, obtained from both principals to a single
transaction, to allow a licensee to act as a limited agent.
(21)] "Limited agency" means the representation of
all principals in the same transaction to negotiate a mutually
(a) subject to the terms of a limited agency agreement; and
(b) with the informed consent of all principals to the transaction.
(22)] "Net listing" means a listing agreement under
which the real estate commission is the difference between the
actual selling price of the property and a minimum selling price as
set by the seller.
(23)](a) "Non-certified education" means a
continuing education course offered outside of Utah, but for which
a licensee may apply for credit pursuant to Subsection
(b) "Non-certified education" does not include:
(i) home study courses; or
(ii) correspondence courses.
(24)] "Nonresident applicant" means a person:
(a) whose primary residence is not in Utah; and
(b) who qualifies under Title 61, Chapter 2f et seq. and these rules for licensure as a principal broker, associate broker, or sales agent.
(25)] "Principal brokerage" means the main real
estate or property management office of a principal broker.
(26)] "Principal" in a transaction means an
individual who is represented by a licensee and may be:
(a) the buyer or lessee;
(b) an individual having an ownership interest in the property;
(c) an individual having an ownership interest in the entity that is the buyer, seller, lessor, or lessee; or
(d) an individual who is an officer, director, partner, member, or employee of the entity that is the buyer, seller, lessor, or lessee.
(27)] "Provider" means an individual or business
that is approved by the division to offer continuing education.
(28)] "Property management" is defined in
(29)] "Registration" means authorization from the
division to engage in the business of real estate as:
(a) a corporation;
(b) a partnership;
(c) a limited liability company;
(d) an association;
(e) a dba;
(f) a professional corporation;
(g) a sole proprietorship; or
(h) another legal entity of a real estate brokerage.
(30)] "Reinstatement" is defined in Subsection
(31)] "Reissuance" is defined in Subsection
(32)] The acronym RELMS means "real estate licensing and
management system," which is the online database through which
licensees shall submit licensing information to the division.
(33)] "Renewal" is defined in Subsection
(34)] "Residential property" means real property
consisting of, or improved by, a single-family one- to four-unit
(35)] "School" means:
(a) any college or university accredited by a regional accrediting agency that is recognized by the United States Department of Education;
(b) any community college or vocational-technical school;
(c) any local real estate organization that has been approved by the division as a school; or
(d) any proprietary real estate school.
(36)] "Sponsor" means the party that is the seller
of an undivided fractionalized long-term estate.
(37)] "Third party service provider" means an
individual or entity that provides a service necessary to the
closing of a specific transaction and includes:
(a) mortgage brokers;
(b) mortgage lenders;
(c) loan originators;
(d) title service providers;
(g) providers of document preparation services;
(h) providers of credit reports;
(i) property condition inspectors;
(j) settlement agents;
(k) real estate brokers;
(l) marketing agents;
(m) insurance providers; and
(n) providers of any other services for which a principal or investor will be charged.
(38)] "Traditional education" means education in
which instruction takes place between an instructor and students
where all are physically present in the same classroom.
(39)] "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate"
is defined in Subsection 61-2f-102(26).
R162-2f-401a. Affirmative Duties Required of All Licensed Individuals.
An individual licensee shall:
(1) uphold the following fiduciary duties in the course of representing a principal:
(a) loyalty, which obligates the agent to place the best interests of the principal above all other interests, including the agent's own;
(b) obedience, which obligates the agent to obey all lawful instructions from the principal;
(c) full disclosure, which obligates the agent to inform the principal of any material fact the agent learns about:
(i) the other party; or
(ii) the transaction;
(d) confidentiality, which prohibits the agent from disclosing, without permission, any information given to the agent by the principal that would likely weaken the principal's bargaining position if it were known, but excepting any known material fact concerning:
(i) a defect in the property; or
(ii) the client's ability to perform on the contract;
(e) reasonable care and diligence;
(f) holding safe and accounting for all money or property entrusted to the agent; and
(g) any additional duties created by the agency agreement;
(2) for the purpose of defining the scope of the individual's agency, execute a written agency agreement between the individual and the individual's principal, including:
(a) seller(s) the individual represents;
(b) buyer(s) the individual represents;
(c) buyer(s) and seller(s) the individual represents as a limited agent in the same transaction pursuant to this Subsection (4);
(d) the owner of a property for which the individual will provide property management services; and
(e) a tenant whom the individual represents;
(3) in order to represent both principals in a transaction as a limited agent, obtain informed consent by:
(a) clearly explaining in writing to both parties:
(i) that each is entitled to be represented by a separate agent;
(ii) the type(s) of information that will be held confidential;
(iii) the type(s) of information that will be disclosed; and
(iv) the circumstances under which the withholding of information would constitute a material misrepresentation regarding the property or regarding the abilities of the parties to fulfill their obligations;
(b) obtaining a written acknowledgment from each party affirming that the party waives the right to:
(i) undivided loyalty;
(ii) absolute confidentiality; and
(iii) full disclosure from the licensee; and
(c) obtaining a written acknowledgment from each party affirming that the party understands that the licensee will act in a neutral capacity to advance the interests of each party;
(4) when acting under a limited agency agreement:
(a) act as a neutral third party; and
(b) uphold the following fiduciary duties to both parties:
(i) obedience, which obligates the limited agent to obey all lawful instructions from the parties, consistent with the agent's duty of neutrality;
(ii) reasonable care and diligence;
(iii) holding safe all money or property entrusted to the limited agent; and
(iv) any additional duties created by the agency agreement;
(5) prior to executing a binding agreement, disclose in writing to clients, agents for other parties, and unrepresented parties:
(a) the licensee's position as a principal in any transaction where the licensee operates either directly or indirectly to buy, sell, lease, or rent real property;
(b) the fact that the licensee holds a license with the division, whether the license status is active or inactive, in any circumstance where the licensee is a principal in an agreement to buy, sell, lease, or rent real property;
(c) the licensee's agency relationship(s);
(d)(i) the existence or possible existence of a due-on-sale clause in an underlying encumbrance on real property; and
(ii) the potential consequences of selling or purchasing a property without obtaining the authorization of the holder of an underlying encumbrance;
(6) in order to offer any property for sale or lease, make reasonable efforts to verify the accuracy and content of the information and data to be used in the marketing of the property;
(7) in order to offer a residential property for sale, disclose the source on which the licensee relies for any square footage data that will be used in the marketing of the property:
(a) in the written agreement, executed with the seller, through which the licensee acquires the right to offer the property for sale; and
(b) in a written disclosure provided to the buyer, at the licensee's direction, at or before the deadline for the seller's disclosure per the contract for sale;
(8) upon initial contact with another agent in a transaction, disclose the agency relationship between the licensee and the client;
(9) when executing a binding agreement in a sales transaction, confirm the prior agency disclosure:
(a) in the currently approved Real Estate Purchase Contract; or
(b) in a separate provision with substantially similar language incorporated in or attached to the binding agreement;
(10) when executing a lease or rental agreement, confirm the prior agency disclosure by:
(a) incorporating it into the agreement; or
(b) attaching it as a separate document;
(11) when offering an inducement to a buyer who will not
pay a real estate commission in a transaction: (a) obtain authorization from the licensee's
principal broker to offer the inducement; (b) comply with all underwriting guidelines that apply to
the loan for which the borrower has applied; and (c) provide notice of the inducement, using any method or
form, to: (i) the principal broker of the seller's agent, if
the seller paying a commission is represented; or (ii) the seller, if the seller paying a commission is not
(12)] if the licensee desires to act as a
sub-agent for the purpose of showing property owned by a seller who
is under contract with another brokerage, prior to showing the
(a) notify the listing brokerage that sub-agency is requested; and
(b) enter into a written agreement with the listing brokerage with which the seller has contracted:
(i) consenting to the sub-agency; and
(ii) defining the scope of the agency;
(c) obtain from the listing brokerage all available information about the property; and
(d) uphold the same fiduciary duties outlined in this Subsection (1);
(13)] provide copies of a lease or purchase agreement,
properly signed by all parties, to the party for whom the licensee
acts as an agent;
(14)](a) in identifying the seller's brokerage in
paragraph 5 of the approved Real Estate Purchase Contract, use:
(i) the principal broker's individual name; or
(ii) the principal broker's brokerage name; and
(b) personally fulfill the licensee's agency relationship with the client, notwithstanding the information used to complete paragraph 5;
(15)] timely inform the licensee's principal broker or
branch broker of real estate transactions in which:
(a) the licensee is involved as agent or principal;
(b) the licensee has received funds on behalf of the principal broker; or
(c) an offer has been written;
(16)](a) disclose in writing to all parties to a transaction
any compensation in addition to any real estate commission that
will be received in connection with a real estate transaction;
(b) ensure that any such compensation is paid to the licensee's principal broker;
(17)](a) in negotiating and closing a transaction involving a
property for which a certificate of occupancy has been issued,
(i)(A) the standard forms approved by the commission and identified in Section R162-2f-401f;
(B) standard supplementary clauses approved by the commission; and
(C) as necessary, other standard forms including settlement statements, warranty deeds, and quit claim deeds;
(ii) forms prepared by an attorney for a party to the transaction, if:
(A) a party to the transaction requests the use of the attorney-drafted forms; and
(B) the licensee first verifies that the forms have in fact been drafted by the party's attorney; or
(iii) if no state-approved form exists to serve a specific need, any form prepared by an attorney, regardless of whether the attorney is employed for the purpose by:
(A) the principal; or
(B) an entity in the business of selling blank legal forms; and
(b) in presenting an offer on a property for which a certificate of occupancy has not been issued, use any form prepared by an attorney, regardless of whether the attorney is employed for the purpose by:
(i) the principal; or
(ii) an entity in the business of selling blank forms.
(18)] use an approved addendum form to make a counteroffer or
any other modification to a contract;
(19)] in order to sign or initial a document on behalf of a
(a) obtain prior written authorization in the form of a power of attorney duly executed by the principal;
(b) retain in the file for the transaction a copy of said power of attorney;
(c) attach said power of attorney to any document signed or initialed by the individual on behalf of the principal;
(d) sign as follows: "(Principal's Name) by (Licensee's Name), Attorney-in-Fact;" and
(e) initial as follows: "(Principal's Initials) by (Licensee's Name), Attorney-in-Fact for (Principal's Name);"
(20)] if employing an unlicensed individual to provide
assistance in connection with real estate transactions, adhere to
the provisions of Section R162-2f-401g;
(21)] strictly adhere to advertising restrictions as outlined
in Section R162-2f-401h;
(22)] as to a guaranteed sales agreement, provide full
disclosure regarding the guarantee by executing a written contract
(a) the conditions and other terms under which the property is guaranteed to be sold or purchased;
(b) the charges or other costs for the service or plan;
(c) the price for which the property will be sold or purchased; and
(d) the approximate net proceeds the seller may reasonably expect to receive;
(23)] immediately deliver money received in a real estate
transaction to the principal broker for deposit; and
(24)] as contemplated by Subsection 61-2f-401[ (18)], when notified by the division that information or
documents are required for investigation purposes, respond with the
required information or documents in full and within ten business
R162-2f-401i. Standards for Real Estate Auctions.
A principal broker who contracts or in any manner
affiliates with an auctioneer or auction company to sell at auction
real property in this state shall: (1)]
ensure that all aspects of the auction comply with the
requirements of this section and all other laws otherwise
applicable to real estate licensees in real estate
(2)] ensure that advertising and promotional
materials associated with an auction name the principal broker;
(3)] attend and supervise the auction;
(4)] ensure that any purchase agreement used at
(a)] meets the requirements of
[ Subsection] R162-2f-401a[ (18)]; and
(b)] is completed by an individual holding an
active Utah real estate license;
(5)] ensure that any money deposited at the
auction is placed in trust pursuant to
[ Subsection] R162-2f-401c(1)(i); and
(6)] ensure that adequate arrangements are made
for the closing of any real estate transaction arising out of the
KEY: real estate business, operational requirements, trust account records, notification requirements
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
June 22, 2015]
Notice of Continuation: August 12, 2015
Authorizing, Implementing, or Interpreted Law: 61-2f-103(1); 61-2f-105; 61-2f-203(1)(e); 61-2f-206(3); 61-2f-206(4)(a); 61-2f-306; 61-2f-307
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Justin Barney at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6603, by FAX at , or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.