DAR File No. 40159
This rule was published in the February 15, 2016, issue (Vol. 2016, No. 4) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Child Care Licensing
Family Licensed Child Care
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 40159
Filed: 01/28/2016 03:30:21 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The proposed changes are mostly to clarify rules and to facilitate compliance with required training topics.
Summary of the rule or change:
The proposed changes include clarification of some terms, language required to adjust the policies and procedures, and emergency and disaster plan to the new federal Office of Child Care training requirements, and renumbering.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Title 63G, Chapter 3
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
No state agencies operate licensed homes. Therefore, the Department does not anticipate any cost or savings as a result of this change.
No local governments operate licensed homes. Therefore, the Department does not anticipate any cost or savings as a result of this change.
All licensed homes are small businesses. However, the proposed changes are mostly documentation of policies and procedures and emergency and disaster plan and training for caregivers, which is provided by Child Care Licensing at no cost. The Department does not anticipate any new costs or savings to child care small business.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
Because this rule will not change any of the requirements for child care programs, except required training for caregivers which is provided by Child Care Licensing at no cost, the Department does not anticipate any new costs or savings to entities or persons that are not small businesses.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Because this rule will not change any of the requirements for child care programs, the Department does not anticipate any compliance costs for affected persons.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
There is no fiscal impact to business because any required training for child care programs is provided at no cost.
Joseph Miner, MD, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Health
Family Health and Preparedness, Child Care Licensing
3760 S HIGHLAND DR
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84106
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Simon Bolivar at the above address, by phone at 801-803-4618, by FAX at 801-237-0786, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Joseph Miner, Executive Director
R430. Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Child Care Licensing.
R430-90. Licensed Family Child Care.
(1) "Body fluid" means blood, urine, feces, vomit, mucus, or saliva.
(2) "Caregiver" means [
a person in addition to the licensee or substitute,
including an assistant caregiver,]
who provides direct care to
[ a child in care.]
(3) "Department" means the Utah Department of Health.
(4) "Emotional abuse" means behavior that could impair a child's emotional development, such as threatening, intimidating, humiliating, or demeaning a child, constant criticism, rejection, profane language, and inappropriate physical restraint.
(5) "Health care provider" means a licensed professional with prescriptive authority, such as a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician's assistant.
(6) "Inaccessible to children" means:
(a) locked, such as in a locked room, cupboard or drawer;
(b) secured with a child safety device, such as a child safety cupboard lock or doorknob device;
(c) behind a properly secured child safety gate;
(d) located in a cupboard or on a shelf more than 36 inches above the floor; or
(e) not in any location in a bathroom where a child could reach, including by climbing on a toilet, bathtub, or counter.
(7) "Infant" means a child aged birth through 11 months of age.
(8) "Infectious disease" means an illness that is capable of being spread from one person to another.
(9) "Licensee" means the person holding a Department of Health child care license.
(10) "Over-the-counter medication" means medication that can be purchased without a written prescription. This includes herbal remedies and vitamin and mineral supplements.
(11) "Parent" means the parent or legal guardian of a child in care.
(12) "Physical abuse" means causing non-accidental physical harm to a child.
(13) "Preschooler" means a child aged 2 through 4, and 5 year olds who have not yet started kindergarten.
(14) "Provider" means the
, a substitute, a caregiver, or an assistant
(15) "Related children" means children for whom a provider is the parent, legal guardian, step-parent, grandparent, step-grandparent, great-grandparent, sibling, step-sibling, aunt, step-aunt, great-aunt, uncle, step-uncle, or great-uncle.
(16) "Sanitize" means to reduce the number of germs on a surface to such a level that disease transmission by that surface is unlikely.
(17) "School age" means children ages five through twelve.
(18) "Sexual abuse" means abuse as provided in Utah Code, Section 76-5-404.1.
(19) "Sexually explicit material" means any depiction of sexually explicit conduct, as defined in Utah Code, Section 76-5a-2(8).
(20) "Sleeping equipment" means a cot, mat, crib, bassinet, porta-crib, play pen, or bed.
(21) "Stationary play equipment" means equipment such as a climber, a slide, a swing, a merry-go-round, or a spring rocker that is meant to stay in one location when a child uses it. Stationary play equipment does not include:
(a) a sandbox;
(b) a stationary circular tricycle;
(c) a sensory table; or
(d) a playhouse, if the playhouse has no play equipment, such as a slide, swing, ladder, or climber attached to it.
(22) "Strangulation hazard" means something on a component of playground equipment on which a child's clothes or something around a child's neck could become caught. For example, bolt ends that extend more than two threads beyond the face of the nut, hardware configurations that form a hook or leave a gap or space between components, and open "S" type hooks.
(23) "Substitute" means a person who assumes either the licensee's or a caregiver's duties under this rule when the licensee or caregiver is not present. This includes emergency substitutes.
(24) "Supervision" means the function of observing, overseeing, and guiding a child or group of children.
(25) "Toddler" means a child aged 12 months but less than 24 months.
(26) "Unrelated children" means children who are not related children.
(27) "Use zone" means the area beneath and surrounding a play structure or piece of equipment that is designated for unrestricted movement around the equipment, and onto which a child falling from or exiting the equipment could be expected to land.
(28) "Volunteer" means a person who provides direct care to a child but does not receive direct or indirect compensation for doing so. A volunteer is not included in the provider to child ratio.
(1) The licensee and all substitutes and caregivers must:
(a) be at least 18 years of age; and
(b) have knowledge of and comply with all applicable laws and rules.
(2) All assistant caregivers shall:
(a) be at least 16 years of age;
(b) work under the immediate supervision of a provider who is at least 18 years of age; and
(c) have knowledge of and comply with all applicable laws and rules.
(3) Assistant caregivers may be included in provider to child ratios, but only if there is also another provider present in the home who is 18 years of age or older.
(4) Assistant caregivers shall meet the training requirements of this rule.
(5) The licensee may make arrangements for a substitute who is at least 18 years old and who is capable of providing care, supervising children, and handling emergencies in the absence of the licensee.
(6) Substitutes who care for children an
average of 10 hours per week or more shall meet the training[
, first aid, and CPR] requirements of this
(7) In an unforeseeable emergency, such as a medical emergency requiring immediate care at a hospital or at an urgent care center or a lost child, the licensee may assign an emergency substitute who has not had a criminal background screening to care for the children. A licensee may use an emergency substitute for up to 24 hours for each emergency event.
(a) The emergency substitute shall be at least 18 years of age.
(b) The emergency substitute is not required to meet the training, first aid, and CPR requirements of this rule.
(c) The emergency substitute cannot be a person who has been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor or has been investigated for abuse or neglect by any federal, state, or local government agency. The emergency substitute must provide a signed, written declaration to the licensee that he or she is not disqualified under this subsection.
(d) During the term of the emergency, the emergency substitute may be counted as a provider for the purpose of maintaining the required provider to child ratios.
(e) The licensee shall make reasonable efforts to minimize the time that the emergency substitute has unsupervised contact with the children in care.
(8) Any new caregiver, [
volunteer, or non-emergency substitute]
[ orientation ]training prior to assuming caregiving
duties. [ Orientation ] training shall be documented in the
individual's file and shall include the following topics:
(a) specific job responsibilities;
(b) the licensee's written policies and procedures;
(c) the licensee's emergency and disaster plan;
(d) the current child care licensing rules found in Sections R430-90-11 through 24;
(e) introduction and orientation to the children in care;
(f) a review of the information in the health assessment for each child in care;
(g) procedure for releasing children to authorized
individuals only; (h) proper clean up of body fluids;]
i]) signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect, including
child sexual abuse, and legal reporting requirements for witnessing
or suspicion of abuse, neglect, and exploitation;
(j) obtaining assistance in emergencies; and (k) if the licensee accepts infants or toddlers for care,
orientation training topics shall also include:]
(i) preventing shaken baby syndrome and coping with crying babies; and
ii]) [ preventing ] sudden infant death syndrome
(9) Substitutes who care for children an average of 10 hours per week or more, the licensee, and all caregivers shall complete a minimum of 20 hours of child care training each year, based on the license date. A minimum of 10 hours of the required annual training shall be face-to-face instruction.
(a) Documentation of annual training shall be kept in each individual's file, and shall include the name of the training organization, the date, the training topic, and the total hours or minutes of training.
(b) All caregivers and non-emergency substitutes who begin employment partway through the license year shall complete a proportionate number of training hours based on the number of months worked prior to the relicense date.
(c) Annual training hours shall include the following topics at least once every two years:
(i) a review of all of the current child care licensing rules found in Sections R430-90-11 through 24;
(ii) a review of the licensee's written policies and procedures and emergency and disaster plan, including any updates;
(iii) signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect, including child sexual abuse, and legal reporting requirements for witnessing or suspicion of abuse, neglect, and exploitation;
(iv) principles of child growth and
development, including development of the brain; [
v]) positive guidance;[ and (d) if the licensee accepts infants or toddlers for care,
required training topics shall also include:]
(i) preventing shaken baby syndrome and coping with crying babies; and
preventing ] sudden infant death syndrome
(1) The licensee is responsible for all aspects of the operation and management of the child care program.
(2) The licensee shall comply with all federal, state, and local laws and rules pertaining to the operation of a child care program.
(3) The licensee shall not engage in or allow conduct that is adverse to the public health, morals, welfare, and safety of the children in care.
(4) The licensee shall take all reasonable measures to protect the safety of each child in care. The licensee shall not engage in activity or allow conduct that unreasonably endangers any child in care.
(5) Either the licensee or a substitute with authority to act on behalf of the licensee shall be present whenever there is a child in care.
(6) Each week, the licensee shall be present at the home at least 50% of the time that one or more children are in care.
(7) There shall be a working telephone in the home. The licensee shall inform the parents of each child in care and the Department of any changes to the licensee's telephone number within 48 hours of the change.
(8) The provider shall report to the Child Care Licensing Program within the next Department business day any fatality, hospitalization, emergency medical response, or injury that requires attention from a health care provider, unless that medical service was part of the child's medical treatment plan identified by the parent. The provider shall also submit a written report to Child Care Licensing within five working days of the incident.
(9) The licensee shall establish, and shall ensure that all
providers follow, written policies and procedures for the health
and safety of each child in care. The written policies and
procedures shall address at least the following areas: (a) direct supervision and protection of each child at
all times, including when he or she is sleeping, outdoors, and
during off-site activities; (b) procedures to account for each child's attendance
and whereabouts; (c) the licensee's policy and practices regarding
sick children, and whether they are allowed to be in
care; (d) recognizing early signs of illness and determining
when there is a need for exclusion from care; (e) discipline of children, including behavioral
expectations of children and discipline methods used; (f) transportation to and from off-site activities, or to
and from home, if the licensee offers these services;
and (g) if the program offers transportation to or from
school, policies addressing: (i) how long a child will be unattended by a provider
before school starts and after school lets out; (ii) what steps will be taken if a child fails to meet
the vehicle; and (iii) how and when parents will be notified of delays or
problems with transportation to and from school.
(10) The licensee shall ensure that the written policies and procedures are available for review by parents and the Department during business hours.
(11) The licensee shall train and supervise all caregivers and substitutes to:
(a) ensure their compliance with this rule;
(b) ensure they meet the needs of the children in care as specified in this rule; and
(c) ensure that children are not subjected to emotional, physical, or sexual abuse while in care.
(1) The licensee shall maintain on-site for review by the Department during any inspection the following general records:
(a) documentation of the previous 12 months of quarterly fire drills and annual disaster drills as specified in R430-90-10(9) and R430-90-10(11);
(b) current animal vaccination records as required in R430-90-22(2)(b);
(c) a six week record of child attendance as required in R430-90-13(3);
(d) a current local health department kitchen inspection;
(e) an initial local fire department
clearance for all areas of the home being used for care;[
(f) copy of the current background screening card issued by the Department for all providers, volunteers, and each person age 12 and older who resides in the licensee's home;
(2) The licensee shall maintain on-site for review by the Department during any inspection the following records for each enrolled child:
(a) an admission form containing the following information for each child:
(ii) date of birth;
(iii) the parent's name, address, and phone number, including a daytime phone number;
(iv) the names of people authorized by the parent to pick up the child;
(v) the name, address and phone number of a person to be contacted in the event of an emergency if a provider is unable to contact the parent;
(vi) child health information, as required in R430-90-14(7); and
(vii) current emergency medical treatment and emergency medical transportation releases with the parent's signature;
(b) current immunization records or documentation of a legally valid exemption, as specified in R430-90-14(5) and (6);
(c) a completed transportation permission form, if transportation services are offered to any child in care;
(d) a six week record of medication permission forms, and a six week record of medications actually administered as specified in R430-90-17(4) and R430-90-17(6)(f), if medications are administered to any child in care; and
(e) a six week record of incident, accident, and injury reports.
(3) The licensee shall maintain on-site for review by the Department during any inspection the following records for the licensee and each non-emergency substitute and caregiver:
orientation ] training documentation for all non-emergency
substitutes and caregivers as required in R430-90-7(8);
(b) annual training documentation for the past two years, for the licensee and all non-emergency substitutes and caregivers, as required in R430-90-7(9)(a); and
(c) current first aid and CPR certification, as required in R430-90-10(2), R430-90-20(3)(d), and R430-90-21(2).
(4) The licensee shall maintain on-site
for review by the Department during any inspection [
orientation ] training documentation for each volunteer as
required in R430-90-7(8).
(5) The licensee shall ensure that information in any child's file is not released without written parental permission.
R430-90-10. Emergency Preparedness.
(1) The licensee shall post the home's street address and emergency numbers, including ambulance, fire, police, and poison control, near the telephone.
(2) The licensee and all substitutes who care for children an average of 10 hours per week or more shall maintain a current Red Cross, American Heart Association, or equivalent first aid and infant and child CPR certification. Equivalent CPR certification must include hands-on testing.
(3) The licensee shall maintain first-aid supplies in the home, including at least antiseptic, band-aids, and tweezers.
(4) The licensee shall have a written emergency and
disaster plan which shall include at least the
following: (a) procedures for responding to medical emergencies and
serious injuries that require treatment by a health care
provider; (b) procedures for responding to fire, earthquake, flood,
power failure, and water failure; (c) the location of and procedure for emergency shut off
of gas, electricity, and water; (d) procedures to be followed if a child is
missing; (e) the name and phone number of a substitute to be
called in the event the licensee must leave the home for any
reason; (f) an emergency relocation site where children will be
housed if the licensee's home is uninhabitable; (g) provisions for emergency supplies, including at least
food, water, a first aid kit, and diapers if the licensee accepts
diapered children for care; and (h) procedures for ensuring adequate supervision of
children during emergency situations, including while at the
emergency relocation site.
(5) The licensee shall ensure that the emergency and disaster plan is followed in the event of an emergency.
(6) The licensee shall review the emergency and disaster plan annually, and update it as needed. The licensee shall note the date of reviews and updates to the plan on the plan.
(7) The emergency and disaster plan shall be available for immediate review by parents and the Department during business hours.
(8) The licensee shall conduct fire evacuation drills quarterly. Drills shall include complete exit of all children and staff from the home.
(9) A provider shall document all fire drills, including:
(a) the date and time of the drill;
(b) the number of children participating;
(c) the total time to complete the evacuation; and
(d) any problems encountered.
(10) The licensee shall conduct drills for disasters other than fires at least once every 12 months.
(11) A provider shall document all disaster drills, including:
(a) the type of disaster, such as earthquake, flood, prolonged power outage, or tornado;
(b) the date and time of the drill;
(c) the number of children participating;
(d) the total time to complete the evacuation; and
(e) any problems encountered.
(12) The licensee shall vary the days and times on which fire and other disaster drills are held.
(1) The licensee shall develop a daily activity plan that offers activities to support each child's healthy physical, social-emotional, and cognitive-language development.
(2) The licensee shall ensure that the toys and equipment needed to carry out the activity plan are accessible to children.
(3) If off-site activities are offered:
(a) the licensee shall obtain parental consent for off-site activities in advance;
(b) a provider who meets all of the caregiver requirements of this rule shall accompany the children and shall take a copy of each child's admission form as specified in Subsection R430-90-9(2)(a).
(c) a provider shall maintain required provider to child ratios and direct supervision during the activity;
(d) at least one provider present shall have a current Red Cross, American Heart Association, or equivalent first aid and infant and child CPR certification. Equivalent CPR certification must include hands-on testing. And
(e) a provider shall ensure that there is a way for each provider, volunteer, and child to wash his or her hands as specified in R430-90-16(1) and (2). If there is no source of running water, providers, volunteers, and children may clean their hands with individual disposable wet wipes and hand sanitizer.
(4) If off-site swimming activities are offered, providers shall remain with the children during the activity, and lifeguards and pool personnel shall not count toward the provider to child ratio.
KEY: child care facilities, licensed family child care
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
Notice of Continuation: May 29, 2013
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 26-39
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Simon Bolivar at the above address, by phone at 801-803-4618, by FAX at 801-237-0786, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.