DAR File No. 40307
This rule was published in the May 1, 2016, issue (Vol. 2016, No. 9) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Waste Management and Radiation Control, Waste Management
Hazardous Waste Management System
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 40307
Filed: 04/14/2016 02:13:47 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The rule change is in response to public comments made during the February 1, 2016, through March 3, 2016, comment period on the proposed rule and corrects errors in the rule. (DAR NOTE: The public comment period was for the proposed new Rule R315-260 that was published under DAR No. 40107 in the February 1, 2016, issue of the Bulletin and was made effective on 04/15/2016.)
Summary of the rule or change:
In Section R315-260-10, references are corrected, and a reference that was omitted in the original filling is added. In Section R315-260-12, the definitions that are in the rule are removed and definitions from Subsection R315-260-1(h), which is being removed, are added. In Section R315-260-21, "the Board" was omitted from the rule as filed and is inserted.
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 19-6-106
- Section 19-6-105
- Section 63G-4-503
- Section 19-6-301
- Sections 63G-4-201 through 63G-4-205
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
The rule changes will have no affect on the administration of the rule and will have no cost to the state.
There will be no cost or savings to local government as the rule does not affect local government. The changes in the definitions will have no cost or savings as they do not change the requirements of the rule.
There will be no cost or savings to small business as the administration of the rule will not change.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There will be no cost or savings to persons other than small business as the administration of the rule will not change.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The changes made do not affect the way the rule is administrated and will not have any compliance cost increases.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The changes made do not affect the way the rule is administrated and will not have any compliance cost increases.
Alan Matheson, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
Waste Management and Radiation Control, Waste ManagementRoom Second Floor
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3097
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Ralph Bohn at the above address, by phone at 801-536-0212, by FAX at 801-536-0222, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Scott Anderson, Director
R315. Environmental Quality, Waste Management and Radiation Control, Waste Management.
R315-260. Hazardous Waste Management System.
(a) Terms used in Rules R315-15, R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, R315-273, and Rule R315-101 are defined in Sections 19-1-103 and 19-6-102.
(b) Terms used in Rule R315-15 are also defined in Sections 19-6-703 and 19-6-706(b).
(c) Additional terms used in Rules R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, R315-273, and Rule R315-101 are defined as follows:
(1) "Above ground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 and that is situated in such a way that the entire surface area of the tank is completely above the plane of the adjacent surrounding surface and the entire surface area of the tank, including the tank bottom, is able to be visually inspected.
(2) "Active life" of a facility means the period from the initial receipt of hazardous waste at the facility until the Director receives certification of final closure.
(3) "Active portion" means that portion of a facility where treatment, storage, or disposal operations are being or have been conducted after November 19, 1980 and which is not a closed portion. See also "closed portion" and "inactive portion."
(4) "Approved hazardous waste management facility" or "approved facility" means a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility which has received an EPA permit in accordance with federal requirements, has been approved under Section 19-6-108 and Rule R315-270, or has been permitted or approved under any other EPA authorized hazardous waste state program.
(5) "Ancillary equipment" means any device including, but not limited to, such devices as piping, fittings, flanges, valves, and pumps, that is used to distribute, meter, or control the flow of hazardous waste from its point of generation to a storage or treatment tank(s), between hazardous waste storage and treatment tanks to a point of disposal onsite, or to a point of shipment for disposal off-site.
(6) "Aquifer" means a geologic formation, group of formations, or part of a formation capable of yielding a significant amount of ground water to wells or springs.
(7) "Authorized representative" means the person responsible for the overall operation of a facility or an operational unit, i.e., part of a facility, e.g., the plant manager, superintendent or person of equivalent responsibility.
(8) "Battery" means a device consisting of one or more electrically connected electrochemical cells which is designed to receive, store, and deliver electric energy. An electrochemical cell is a system consisting of an anode, cathode, and an electrolyte, plus such connections, electrical and mechanical, as may be needed to allow the cell to deliver or receive electrical energy. The term battery also includes an intact, unbroken battery from which the electrolyte has been removed.
(9) "Boiler" means an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion and having the following characteristics:
(i)(A) The unit shall have physical provisions for recovering and exporting thermal energy in the form of steam, heated fluids, or heated gases; and
(B) The unit's combustion chamber and primary energy recovery sections(s) shall be of integral design. To be of integral design, the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section(s), such as waterwalls and superheaters, shall be physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit. A unit in which the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section(s) are joined only by ducts or connections carrying flue gas is not integrally designed; however, secondary energy recovery equipment, such as economizers or air preheaters, need not be physically formed into the same unit as the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section. The following units are not precluded from being boilers solely because they are not of integral design: process heaters, units that transfer energy directly to a process stream, and fluidized bed combustion units; and
(C) While in operation, the unit shall maintain a thermal energy recovery efficiency of at least 60 percent, calculated in terms of the recovered energy compared with the thermal value of the fuel; and
(D) The unit shall export and utilize at least 75 percent of the recovered energy, calculated on an annual basis. In this calculation, no credit shall be given for recovered heat used internally in the same unit. Examples of internal use are the preheating of fuel or combustion air, and the driving of induced or forced draft fans or feedwater pumps; or
(ii) The unit is one which the Board has determined, on a case-by-case basis, to be a boiler, after considering the standards in Section R315-260-32
(10) "Carbon dioxide stream" means carbon dioxide that has been captured from an emission source, e.g., power plant, plus incidental associated substances derived from the source materials and the capture process, and any substances added to the stream to enable or improve the injection process.
(11) "Carbon regeneration unit" means any enclosed thermal treatment device used to regenerate spent activated carbon.
(12) "Cathode ray tube" or "CRT" means a vacuum tube, composed primarily of glass, which is the visual or video display component of an electronic device. A used, intact CRT means a CRT whose vacuum has not been released. A used, broken CRT means glass removed from its housing or casing whose vacuum has been released.
(13) "Certification" means a statement of professional opinion based upon knowledge and belief.
(14) "Closed portion" means that portion of a facility which an owner or operator has closed in accordance with the approved facility closure plan and all applicable closure requirements. See also "active portion" and "inactive portion".
(15) "Component" means either the tank or ancillary equipment of a tank system.
(16) "Confined aquifer" means an aquifer bounded above and below by impermeable beds or by beds of distinctly lower permeability than that of the aquifer itself; an aquifer containing confined ground water.
(17) "Contained" means held in a unit, including a land-based unit as defined in R315-260-10, that meets the following criteria:
(i) The unit is in good condition, with no leaks or other continuing or intermittent unpermitted releases of the hazardous secondary materials to the environment, and is designed, as appropriate for the hazardous secondary materials, to prevent releases of hazardous secondary materials to the environment. Unpermitted releases are releases that are not covered by a permit, such as a permit to discharge to water or air, and may include, but are not limited to, releases through surface transport by precipitation runoff, releases to soil and groundwater, wind-blown dust, fugitive air emissions, and catastrophic unit failures;
(ii) The unit is properly labeled or otherwise has a system, such as a log, to immediately identify the hazardous secondary materials in the unit; and
(iii) The unit holds hazardous secondary materials that are compatible with other hazardous secondary materials placed in the unit and is compatible with the materials used to construct the unit and addresses any potential risks of fires or explosions.
(iv) Hazardous secondary materials in units that meet the applicable requirements of Rules R315-264 or 265 are presumptively contained.
(18) "Container" means any portable device in which a material is stored, transported, treated, disposed of, or otherwise handled.
(19) "Containment building" means a hazardous waste management unit that is used to store or treat hazardous waste under the provisions of Subsections R315-264-1100 through 1102 or 40 CFR 265.1100 through 1102, which are adopted and incorporated by reference.
(20) "Contingency plan" means a document setting out an organized, planned, and coordinated course of action to be followed in case of a fire, explosion, or release of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents which could threaten human health or the environment.
(21) "Corrosion expert" means a person who, by reason of his knowledge of the physical sciences and the principles of engineering and mathematics, acquired by a professional education and related practical experience, is qualified to engage in the practice of corrosion control on buried or submerged metal piping systems and metal tanks. Such a person shall be certified as being qualified by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) or be a registered professional engineer who has certification or licensing that includes education and experience in corrosion control on buried or submerged metal piping systems and metal tanks.
(22) "CRT collector" means a person who receives used, intact CRTs for recycling, repair, resale, or donation.
(23) "CRT glass manufacturer" means an operation or part of an operation that uses a furnace to manufacture CRT glass.
(24) "CRT processing" means conducting all of the following activities:
(i) Receiving broken or intact CRTs; and
(ii) Intentionally breaking intact CRTs or further breaking or separating broken CRTs; and
(iii) Sorting or otherwise managing glass removed from CRT monitors.
(25) "Designated facility" means:
(i) A hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility which:
(A) Has received a permit, or interim status, in accordance with the requirements of Rule R315-270 and 124;
(B) Has received a permit, or interim status, from a State authorized in accordance with 40 CFR 27 ; or
(C) Is regulated under Subsection R315-261-6(c)(2) or Section R315-266-70; and
(D) That has been designated on the manifest by the generator pursuant to Section R315-262-20.
(ii) "Designated facility" also means a generator site designated on the manifest to receive its waste as a return shipment from a facility that has rejected the waste in accordance with Subsections R315-264-72(f) or 40 CFR 265.72(f), which is adopted and incorporated by reference.
(iii) If a waste is destined to a facility in an authorized State which has not yet obtained authorization to regulate that particular waste as hazardous, then the designated facility shall be a facility allowed by the receiving State to accept such waste.
(26) "Destination facility" means a facility that treats, disposes of, or recycles a particular category of universal waste, except those management activities described in Subsection R315-273-13(a) and (c) and Section R315-273-33. A facility at which a particular category of universal waste is only accumulated, is not a destination facility for purposes of managing that category of universal waste.
(27) "Dike" means an embankment or ridge of either natural or man-made materials used to prevent the movement of liquids, sludges, solids, or other materials.
(28) "Dioxins and furans (D/F)" means tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, and octa-chlorinated dibenzo dioxins and furans.
(29) "Discharge" or "hazardous waste discharge" means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of hazardous waste into or on any land or water.
(30) "Disposal facility" means a facility or part of a facility at which hazardous waste is intentionally placed into or on any land or water, and at which waste will remain after closure. The term disposal facility does not include a corrective action management unit into which remediation wastes are placed.
(31) "Division" means the Division of Waste Management and Radiation Control.
(32) "Drip pad" is an engineered structure consisting of a curbed, free-draining base, constructed of non-earthen materials and designed to convey preservative kick-back or drippage from treated wood, precipitation, and surface water run-on to an associated collection system at wood preserving plants.
(33) "Elementary neutralization unit" means a device which:
(i) Is used for neutralizing wastes that are hazardous only because they exhibit the corrosivity characteristic defined in Section R315-261-22, or they are listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35 only for this reason; and
(ii) Meets the definition of tank, tank system, container, transport vehicle, or vessel in Sections R315-260-10.
(34) "Electronic manifest, or e-Manifest" means the electronic format of the hazardous waste manifest that is obtained from EPA's national e-Manifest system and transmitted electronically to the system, and that is the legal equivalent of EPA Forms 8700-22, Manifest, and 8700-22A, Continuation Sheet.
(35) "Electronic Manifest System, or e-Manifest System" means EPA's national information technology system through which the electronic manifest may be obtained, completed, transmitted, and distributed to users of the electronic manifest and to regulatory agencies.
(36) "EPA hazardous waste number" means the number assigned by EPA to each hazardous waste listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35 and to each characteristic identified in Sections R315-261-20 through 24.
(37) "EPA identification number" means the number assigned by EPA to each generator, transporter, and treatment, storage, or disposal facility.
(38) "EPA region" means the states and territories found in any one of the following ten regions:
(i) Region I-Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
(ii) Region II-New York, New Jersey, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
(iii) Region III-Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
(iv) Region IV-Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida.
(v) Region V-Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana and Ohio.
(vi) Region VI-New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.
(vii) Region VII-Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa.
(viii) Region VIII-Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Colorado.
(ix) Region IX-California, Nevada, Arizona, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
(x) Region X-Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska.
(39) "Equivalent method" means
any testing or analytical method approved by the Director under
(40) "Existing hazardous waste management (HWM) facility" or "existing facility" means a facility which was in operation or for which construction commenced on or before November 19, 1980. A facility has commenced construction if:
(i) The owner or operator has obtained the Federal, State and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction; and either
(ii)(A) A continuous on-site, physical construction program has begun; or
(B) The owner or operator has entered into
---]which cannot be cancelled or modified without substantial
loss[ ---]for physical construction of the facility to be completed
within a reasonable time.
(41) "Existing portion" means that land surface area of an existing waste management unit, included in the original Part A permit application, on which wastes have been placed prior to the issuance of a permit.
(42) "Existing tank system" or "existing component" means a tank system or component that is used for the storage or treatment of hazardous waste and that is in operation, or for which installation has commenced on or prior to July 14, 1986, or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315. A non-HSWA existing tank system or non-HSWA tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1. Installation shall be considered to have commenced if the owner or operator has obtained all Federal, State, and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction of the site or installation of the tank system and if either:
(i) a continuous on-site physical construction or installation program has begun; or
(ii) the owner or operator has entered
into contractual obligations[
---] which cannot be canceled or modified without substantial
loss[ ---] for physical construction of the site or installation of
the tank system to be completed within a reasonable time.
(43) "Facility" means:
(i) All contiguous land, and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land, used for treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous waste, or for managing hazardous secondary materials prior to reclamation. A facility may consist of several treatment, storage, or disposal operational units, e.g., one or more landfills, surface impoundments, or combinations of them.
(ii) For the purpose of implementing
corrective action under Section R315-264-101, all contiguous
property under the control of the owner or operator seeking a
permit under Section 19-6-108. This definition also applies to
facilities implementing corrective action under [
(iii) Notwithstanding Subsection R315-1-10(43)(ii), a remediation waste management site is not a facility that is subject to Section R315-264-101, but is subject to corrective action requirements if the site is located within such a facility.
(44) "Federal agency" means any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the Federal Government, any independent agency or establishment of the Federal Government including any Government corporation, and the Government Printing Office.
(45) "Federal, State and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction" means permits and approvals required under Federal, State or local hazardous waste control statutes, regulations or ordinances.
(46) "Final closure" means the closure of all hazardous waste management units at the facility in accordance with all applicable closure requirements so that hazardous waste management activities under Rules R315-264 and 265 are no longer conducted at the facility unless subject to the provisions in Section R315-262-34.
(47) "Food-chain crops" means tobacco, crops grown for human consumption, and crops grown for feed for animals whose products are consumed by humans.
(48) "Free liquids" means liquids which readily separate from the solid portion of a waste under ambient temperature and pressure.
(49) "Freeboard" means the vertical distance between the top of a tank or surface impoundment dike, and the surface of the waste contained therein.
(50) "Generator" means any person, by site, whose act or process produces hazardous waste identified or listed in Rule R315-261 or whose act first causes a hazardous waste to become subject to regulation.
(51) "Ground water" means water below the land surface in a zone of saturation.
(52) "Hazard class" means:
(i) The DOT hazard class identified in 49 CFR 172; and
(ii) If the DOT hazard class is "OTHER REGULATED MATERIAL," ORM, the EPA hazardous waste characteristic exhibited by the waste and identified in Sections R315-261-20 through 24.
(53) "Hazardous secondary material" means a secondary material, e.g., spent material, by-product, or sludge, that, when discarded, would be identified as hazardous waste under Rule R315-261.
(54) "Hazardous secondary material
generator" means any person whose act or process produces
hazardous secondary materials at the generating facility. For
purposes of Subsection R315-260-10(c)([
59]), "generating facility" means all contiguous
property owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by the hazardous
secondary material generator. For the purposes of Subsections
R315-261-2(a)(2)(ii) and R315-261-4(a)(23), a facility that
collects hazardous secondary materials from other persons is not
the hazardous secondary material generator.
(55) "Hazardous waste constituent" means a constituent that caused the Board to list the hazardous waste in Sections R315-261-30 through 35, or a constituent listed in table 1 of Section R315-261-24.
(56) "Hazardous waste management unit" is a contiguous area of land on or in which hazardous waste is placed, or the largest area in which there is significant likelihood of mixing hazardous waste constituents in the same area. Examples of hazardous waste management units include a surface impoundment, a waste pile, a land treatment area, a landfill cell, an incinerator, a tank and its associated piping and underlying containment system and a container storage area. A container alone does not constitute a unit; the unit includes containers and the land or pad upon which they are placed.
(57) "In operation" refers to a facility which is treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous waste.
(58) "Inactive portion" means that portion of a facility which is not operated after November 19, 1980. See also "active portion" and "closed portion".
(59) "Incinerator" means any enclosed device that:
(i) Uses controlled flame combustion and neither meets the criteria for classification as a boiler, sludge dryer, or carbon regeneration unit, nor is listed as an industrial furnace; or
(ii) Meets the definition of infrared incinerator or plasma arc incinerator.
(60) "Incompatible waste" means a hazardous waste which is unsuitable for:
(i) Placement in a particular device or facility because it may cause corrosion or decay of containment materials, e.g., container inner liners or tank walls; or
(ii) Commingling with another waste or material under uncontrolled conditions because the commingling might produce heat or pressure, fire or explosion, violent reaction, toxic dusts, mists, fumes, or gases, or flammable fumes or gases.
(61) "Individual generation site" means the contiguous site at or on which one or more hazardous wastes are generated. An individual generation site, such as a large manufacturing plant, may have one or more sources of hazardous waste but is considered a single or individual generation site if the site or property is contiguous.
(62) "Industrial furnace" means any of the following enclosed devices that are integral components of manufacturing processes and that use thermal treatment to accomplish recovery of materials or energy:
(i) Cement kilns;
(ii) Lime kilns;
(iii) Aggregate kilns;
(iv) Phosphate kilns;
(v) Coke ovens;
(vi) Blast furnaces;
(vii) Smelting, melting and refining furnaces, including pyrometallurgical devices such as cupolas, reverberator furnaces, sintering machine, roasters, and foundry furnaces;
(viii) Titanium dioxide chloride process oxidation reactors;
(ix) Methane reforming furnaces;
(x) Pulping liquor recovery furnaces;
(xi) Combustion devices used in the recovery of sulfur values from spent sulfuric acid;
(xii) Halogen acid furnaces (HAFs) for the production of acid from halogenated hazardous waste generated by chemical production facilities where the furnace is located on the site of a chemical production facility, the acid product has a halogen acid content of at least 3%, the acid product is used in a manufacturing process, and, except for hazardous waste burned as fuel, hazardous waste fed to the furnace has a minimum halogen content of 20% as-generated.
(xiii) Such other devices as the Board may, after notice and comment, add to this list on the basis of one or more of the following factors:
(A) The design and use of the device primarily to accomplish recovery of material products;
(B) The use of the device to burn or reduce raw materials to make a material product;
(C) The use of the device to burn or reduce secondary materials as effective substitutes for raw materials, in processes using raw materials as principal feedstocks;
(D) The use of the device to burn or reduce secondary materials as ingredients in an industrial process to make a material product;
(E) The use of the device in common industrial practice to produce a material product; and
(F) Other factors, as appropriate.
(63) "Infrared incinerator" means any enclosed device that uses electric powered resistance heaters as a source of radiant heat followed by an afterburner using controlled flame combustion and which is not listed as an industrial furnace.
(64) "Inground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 whereby a portion of the tank wall is situated to any degree within the ground, thereby preventing visual inspection of that external surface area of the tank that is in the ground.
(65) "Injection well" means a well into which fluids are injected. See also "underground injection".
(66) "Inner liner" means a continuous layer of material placed inside a tank or container which protects the construction materials of the tank or container from the contained waste or reagents used to treat the waste.
(67) "Installation inspector" means a person who, by reason of his knowledge of the physical sciences and the principles of engineering, acquired by a professional education and related practical experience, is qualified to supervise the installation of tank systems.
(68) "Intermediate facility" means any facility that stores hazardous secondary materials for more than 10 days, other than a hazardous secondary material generator or reclaimer of such material.
(69) "International shipment" means the transportation of hazardous waste into or out of the jurisdiction of the United States.
(70) "Lamp," also referred to as "universal waste lamp", is defined as the bulb or tube portion of an electric lighting device. A lamp is specifically designed to produce radiant energy, most often in the ultraviolet, visible, and infra-red regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Examples of common universal waste electric lamps include, but are not limited to, fluorescent, high intensity discharge, neon, mercury vapor, high pressure sodium, and metal halide lamps.
(71) "Land-based unit" means an area where hazardous secondary materials are placed in or on the land before recycling. This definition does not include land-based production units.
(72) "Landfill" means a disposal facility or part of a facility where hazardous waste is placed in or on land and which is not a pile, a land treatment facility, a surface impoundment, an underground injection well, a salt dome formation, a salt bed formation, an underground mine, a cave, or a corrective action management unit.
(73) "Landfill cell" means a discrete volume of a hazardous waste landfill which uses a liner to provide isolation of wastes from adjacent cells or wastes. Examples of landfill cells are trenches and pits.
(74) "Land treatment facility" means a facility or part of a facility at which hazardous waste is applied onto or incorporated into the soil surface; such facilities are disposal facilities if the waste will remain after closure.
(75) "Leachate" means any liquid, including any suspended components in the liquid, that has percolated through or drained from hazardous waste.
(76) "Leak-detection system" means a system capable of detecting the failure of either the primary or secondary containment structure or the presence of a release of hazardous waste or accumulated liquid in the secondary containment structure. Such a system shall employ operational controls, e.g., daily visual inspections for releases into the secondary containment system of aboveground tanks, or consist of an interstitial monitoring device designed to detect continuously and automatically the failure of the primary or secondary containment structure or the presence of a release of hazardous waste into the secondary containment structure.
(77) "Liner" means a continuous layer of natural or man-made materials, beneath or on the sides of a surface impoundment, landfill, or landfill cell, which restricts the downward or lateral escape of hazardous waste, hazardous waste constituents, or leachate.
(78) "Management" or "hazardous waste management" means the systematic control of the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, processing, treatment, recovery, and disposal of hazardous waste.
(79) "Manifest" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(14) and is further defined as: the shipping document EPA Form 8700-22, including, if necessary, EPA Form 8700-22A, or the electronic manifest, originated and signed in accordance with the applicable requirements of Rules R315-262 through 265.
(80) "Manifest tracking number" means: The alphanumeric identification number, i.e., a unique three letter suffix preceded by nine numerical digits, which is pre-printed in Item 4 of the Manifest by a registered source.
(81) "Mercury-containing equipment" means a device or part of a device, including thermostats, but excluding batteries and lamps, that contains elemental mercury integral to its function.
(82) "Mining overburden returned to the mine site" means any material overlying an economic mineral deposit which is removed to gain access to that deposit and is then used for reclamation of a surface mine.
(83) "Miscellaneous unit" means a hazardous waste management unit where hazardous waste is treated, stored, or disposed of and that is not a container, tank, surface impoundment, pile, land treatment unit, landfill, incinerator, boiler, industrial furnace, underground injection well with appropriate technical standards under 40 CFR 146, containment building, corrective action management unit, unit eligible for a research, development, and demonstration permit under Section R315-270-65, or staging pile.
(84) "Monitoring" means all procedures used to systematically inspect and collect data on operational parameters of the facility or on the quality of the air, ground water, surface water, or soils.
(85) "Movement" means that hazardous waste transported to a facility in an individual vehicle.
(86) "New hazardous waste management facility" or "new facility" means a facility which began operation, or for which construction commenced after November 19, 1980. See also "Existing hazardous waste management facility".
(87) "New tank system" or "new tank component" means a tank system or component that will be used for the storage or treatment of hazardous waste and for which installation has commenced after July 14, 1986; except, however, for purposes of Subsections R315-264-193(g)(2) and 40 CFR 265.193(g)(2), which is adopted and incorporated by reference, a new tank system is one for which construction commences after July 14, 1986, or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315; except, however, for purposes of 40 CFR 265-193(g)(2), which is adopted and incorporated by reference, and Subsection R315-264-193(g)(2), a new tank system is one which construction commences after July 14, 1986. A non-HSWA new tank system or non-HSWA new tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1. See also "existing tank system."
(88) "No free liquids, as used in Subsections R315-261-4(a)(26) and R315-261-4(b)(18)", means that solvent-contaminated wipes may not contain free liquids as determined by Method 9095B, Paint Filter Liquids Test, included in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods," EPA Publication SW-846, and that there is no free liquid in the container holding the wipes. No free liquids may also be determined using another standard or test method as defined by the Director.
(89) "On ground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 and that is situated in such a way that the bottom of the tank is on the same level as the adjacent surrounding surface so that the external tank bottom cannot be visually inspected.
(90) "On-site" means the same or geographically contiguous property which may be divided by public or private right-of-way, provided the entrance and exit between the properties is at a cross-roads intersection, and access is by crossing as opposed to going along, the right-of-way. Non-contiguous properties owned by the same person but connected by a right-of-way which he controls and to which the public does not have access, is also considered on-site property.
(91) "Open burning" means the combustion of any material without the following characteristics:
(i) Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion,
(ii) Containment of the combustion-reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion, and
(iii) Control of emission of the gaseous combustion products. See also "incineration" and "thermal treatment".
(92) "Operator" means the person responsible for the overall operation of a facility.
(93) "Owner" means the person who owns a facility or part of a facility.
(94) "Partial closure" means the closure of a hazardous waste management unit in accordance with the applicable closure requirements of Rules R315-264 and 265 at a facility that contains other active hazardous waste management units. For example, partial closure may include the closure of a tank, including its associated piping and underlying containment systems, landfill cell, surface impoundment, waste pile, or other hazardous waste management unit, while other units of the same facility continue to operate.
(95) "Polychlorinated biphenyl, PCB" and "PCBs" means any chemical substance that is limited to the biphenyl molecule that has been chlorinated to varying degrees or any combination of substances which contains such substance. PCB and PCBs as contained in PCB items are defined in Section R315-260-10. For any purposes under Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273, R315-15, and R315-5-101, inadvertently generated non-Aroclor PCBs are defined as the total PCBs calculated following division of the quantity of monochlorinated biphenyls by 50 and dichlorinated biphenyls by 5.
(96) "PCB Item" means any PCB Article, PCB Article Container, PCB Container, PCB Equipment, or anything that deliberately or unintentionally contains or has as a part of it any PCB or PCBs.
(97) "Permit" means the plan approval as required by subsection 19-6-108(3)(a), or equivalent control document issued by the Director to implement the requirements of the Utah Solid and Hazardous Waste Act;
(98) "Permittee" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(18) and includes any person who has received an approval of a hazardous waste operation plan under Section 19-6-108 and Rule R315-262 or a Federal RCRA permit for a treatment, storage, or disposal facility.
(99) "Person" means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, Federal Agency, corporation, including a government corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a State, or any interstate body.
(100) "Personnel" or "facility personnel" means all persons who work at, or oversee the operations of, a hazardous waste facility, and whose actions or failure to act may result in noncompliance with the requirements of Rules R315-264 or 265.
(101) "Pesticide" means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest, or intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant, other than any article that:
(i) Is a new animal drug under FFDCA section 201(w), or
(ii) Is an animal drug that has been determined by regulation of the Secretary of Health and Human Services not to be a new animal drug, or
(iii) Is an animal feed under FFDCA
section 201(x) that bears or contains any substances described by
107])(i) or (ii).
(102) "Pile" means any non-containerized accumulation of solid, nonflowing hazardous waste that is used for treatment or storage and that is not a containment building.
(103) "Plasma arc incinerator" means any enclosed device using a high intensity electrical discharge or arc as a source of heat followed by an afterburner using controlled flame combustion and which is not listed as an industrial furnace.
(104) "POHC's" means principle organic hazardous constituents.
(105) "Point source" means any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyance, including, but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged. This term does not include return flows from irrigated agriculture.
(106) "Precipitation run-off" means water generated from naturally occurring storm events. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste defined in Sections R315-261-20 through 24, it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" if the water does not exhibit any of the characteristics identified in Section R315-261-20 through 24. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35, then it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" when the water has been excluded under Section R315-260-22. Water containing any leachate does not qualify as "precipitation run-off".
(107) "Publicly owned treatment works" or "POTW" means any device or system used in the treatment, including recycling and reclamation, of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature which is owned by the State or a political subdivision within the State. This definition includes sewers, pipes, or other conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW providing treatment.
(108) "Qualified Ground-Water Scientist" means a scientist or engineer who has received a baccalaureate or post-graduate degree in the natural sciences or engineering, and has sufficient training and experience in ground-water hydrology and related fields as may be demonstrated by state registration, professional certifications, or completion of accredited university courses that enable that individual to make sound professional judgements regarding ground-water monitoring and contaminant fate and transport.
(109) "RCRA" means the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, 42 U.S.C. section 6901 et seq.
(110) "Remanufacturing" means processing a higher-value hazardous secondary material in order to manufacture a product that serves a similar functional purpose as the original commercial-grade material. For the purpose of this definition, a hazardous secondary material is considered higher-value if it was generated from the use of a commercial-grade material in a manufacturing process and can be remanufactured into a similar commercial-grade material.
(111) "Remediation waste" means all solid and hazardous wastes, and all media, including ground water, surface water, soils, and sediments, and debris, that are managed for implementing cleanup.
(112) "Remediation waste management site" means a facility where an owner or operator is or will be treating, storing or disposing of hazardous remediation wastes. A remediation waste management site is not a facility that is subject to corrective action under Section R315-264-101, but is subject to corrective action requirements if the site is located in such a facility.
(113)(i) "Replacement unit" means a landfill, surface impoundment, or waste pile unit:
(A) from which all or substantially all of the waste is removed; and
(B) that is subsequently reused to treat, store, or dispose of hazardous waste.
(ii) "Replacement unit" does not apply to a unit from which waste is removed during closure, if the subsequent reuse solely involves the disposal of waste from that unit and other closing units or corrective action areas at the facility, in accordance with a closure plan approved by the Director or a corrective action approved by the Director.
(114) "Representative sample" means a sample of a universe or whole, e.g., waste pile, lagoon, ground water, which can be expected to exhibit the average properties of the universe or whole.
(115) "Run-off" means any rainwater, leachate, or other liquid that drains over land from any part of a facility.
(116) "Run-on" means any rainwater, leachate, or other liquid that drains over land onto any part of a facility.
(117) "Saturated zone" or "zone of saturation" means that part of the earth's crust in which all voids are filled with water.
(118) "Sludge" means any solid, semi-solid, or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility exclusive of the treated effluent from a wastewater treatment plant.
(119) "Sludge dryer" means any enclosed thermal treatment device that is used to dehydrate sludge and that has a maximum total thermal input, excluding the heating value of the sludge itself, of 2,500 Btu/lb of sludge treated on a wet-weight basis.
(120) "Small Quantity Generator" means a generator who generates less than 1000 kg of hazardous waste in a calendar month.
(121) "Solid Waste Management Unit" means any discernible unit at which solid wastes have been placed at any time, irrespective of whether the unit was intended for the management of solid or hazardous waste. Such units Include any area at a facility at which solid wastes have been routinely and systematically released.
(122) "Solvent-contaminated wipe" means:
(i) A wipe that, after use or after cleaning up a spill, either:
(A) Contains one or more of the F001 through F005 solvents listed in Section R315-261-31 or the corresponding P- or U- listed solvents found in Section R315-261-33;
(B) Exhibits a hazardous characteristic found in Sections R315-261-20 through 24 when that characteristic results from a solvent listed in Rule R315-261; and/or
(C) Exhibits only the hazardous waste characteristic of ignitability found in Section R315-261-21 due to the presence of one or more solvents that are not listed in Rule R315-261.
(ii) Solvent-contaminated wipes that contain listed hazardous waste other than solvents, or exhibit the characteristic of toxicity, corrosivity, or reactivity due to contaminants other than solvents, are not eligible for the exclusions at Subsections R315-261-4(a)(26) and R315-261-4(b)(18).
(123) "Sorbent" means a material that is used to soak up free liquids by either adsorption or absorption, or both.
(124) "Sorb" means to either adsorb or absorb, or both.
(125) A "spent material" is any material that has been used and as a result of contamination can no longer serve the purpose for which it was produced without processing.
(126) "Spill" means the accidental discharging, spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, releasing, or dumping of hazardous wastes or materials which, when spilled, become hazardous wastes, into or on any land or water.
(127) "Staging pile" means an accumulation of solid, non-flowing remediation waste, as defined in Section R315-260-10, that is not a containment building and that is used only during remedial operations for temporary storage at a facility. Staging piles shall be designated by the Director according to the requirements of Section R315-264-554.
(128) "State" means the state of Utah.
(129) "Storage" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(20) and includes the holding of hazardous waste for a temporary period, at the end of which the hazardous waste is treated, disposed of, or stored elsewhere.
(130) "Sump" means any pit or reservoir that meets the definition of tank and those troughs/trenches connected to it that serve to collect hazardous waste for transport to hazardous waste storage, treatment, or disposal facilities; except that as used in the landfill, surface impoundment, and waste pile rules, "sump" means any lined pit or reservoir that serves to collect liquids drained from a leachate collection and removal system or leak detection system for subsequent removal from the system.
(131) "Surface impoundment" or "impoundment" means a facility or part of a facility which is a natural topographic depression, man-made excavation, or diked area formed primarily of earthen materials, although it may be lined with man-made materials, which is designed to hold an accumulation of liquid wastes or wastes containing free liquids, and which is not an injection well. Examples of surface impoundments are holding, storage, settling, and aeration pits, ponds, and lagoons.
(132) "Tank" means a stationary device, designed to contain an accumulation of hazardous waste which is constructed primarily of non-earthen materials, e.g., wood, concrete, steel, plastic, which provide structural support.
(133) "Tank system" means a hazardous waste storage or treatment tank and its associated ancillary equipment and containment system.
(134) "TEQ" means toxicity equivalence, the international method of relating the toxicity of various dioxin/furan congeners to the toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.
(135) "Thermal treatment" means the treatment of hazardous waste in a device which uses elevated temperatures as the primary means to change the chemical, physical, or biological character or composition of the hazardous waste. Examples of thermal treatment processes are incineration, molten salt, pyrolysis, calcination, wet air oxidation, and microwave discharge. See also "incinerator" and "open burning".
(136) "Thermostat" means a temperature control device that contains metallic mercury in an ampule attached to a bimetal sensing element, and mercury-containing ampules that have been removed from these temperature control devices in compliance with the requirements of Subsections R315-273-13(c)(2) or R315-273-33(c)(2).
(137) "Totally enclosed treatment facility" means a facility for the treatment of hazardous waste which is directly connected to an industrial production process and which is constructed and operated in a manner which prevents the release of any hazardous waste or any constituent thereof into the environment during treatment. An example is a pipe in which waste acid is neutralized.
(138) "Transfer facility" means any transportation-related facility, including loading docks, parking areas, storage areas and other similar areas where shipments of hazardous waste or hazardous secondary materials are held during the normal course of transportation.
(139) "Transport vehicle" means a motor vehicle or rail car used for the transportation of cargo by any mode. Each cargo-carrying body; trailer, railroad freight car, etc.; is a separate transport vehicle.
(140) Transportation" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(21) and includes the movement of hazardous waste by air, rail, highway, or water.
(141) "Transporter" means a person engaged in the offsite transportation of hazardous waste by air, rail, highway, or water.
(142)(i) "Treatability Study" means a study in which a hazardous waste is subjected to a treatment process to determine:
(A) Whether the waste is amenable to the treatment process,
(B) what pretreatment, if any, is required,
(C) the optimal process conditions needed to achieve the desired treatment,
(D) the efficiency of a treatment process for a specific waste or wastes, or
(E) the characteristics and volumes of residuals from a particular treatment process.
(ii) Also included in this definition for the purpose of the Subsection R315-261-4 (e) and (f) exemptions are liner compatibility, corrosion, and other material compatibility studies and toxicological and health effects studies.
(iii) A "treatability study" is not a means to commercially treat or dispose of hazardous waste.
(143) "Treatment" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(22) and includes any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any hazardous waste so as to neutralize such waste, or so as to recover energy or material resources from the waste, or so as to render such waste non-hazardous, or less hazardous; safer to transport, store, or dispose of; or amenable for recovery, amenable for storage, or reduced in volume.
(144) "Treatment zone" means a soil area of the unsaturated zone of a land treatment unit within which hazardous constituents are degraded, transformed, or immobilized.
(145) "Underground injection" means the subsurface emplacement of fluids through a bored, drilled or driven well; or through a dug well, where the depth of the dug well is greater than the largest surface dimension. See also "injection well".
(146) "Underground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 whose entire surface area is totally below the surface of and covered by the ground.
(147) "Unfit-for use tank system" means a tank system that has been determined through an integrity assessment or other inspection to be no longer capable of storing or treating hazardous waste without posing a threat of release of hazardous waste to the environment.
(148) "United States" means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
(149) "Universal waste" means any of the following hazardous wastes that are managed under the universal waste requirements of Rule R315-273:
(i) Batteries as described in Section R315-273-2;
(ii) Pesticides as described in Section R315-273-3;
(iii) Mercury-containing equipment as described in Section R315-273-4;
(iv) Lamps as described in Section R315-273-5;
(v) Antifreeze as described in Subsection R315-273-6(a); and
(vi) Aerosol cans as described in Subsection R315-273-6(b).
(150) Universal Waste Handler
(A) A generator of universal waste; or
(B) The owner or operator of a facility, including all contiguous property, that receives universal waste from other universal waste handlers, accumulates universal waste, and sends universal waste to another universal waste handler, to a destination facility, or to a foreign destination.
(ii) Does not mean:
(A) A person who treats, except under the provisions of Subsection R315-273-13(a) or (c), or R315-273-33(a) or (c), disposes of, or recycles universal waste; or
(B) A person engaged in the off-site transportation of universal waste by air, rail, highway, or water, including a universal waste transfer facility.
(151) "Universal Waste Transporter" means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of universal waste by air, rail, highway, or water.
(152) "Unsaturated zone" or "zone of aeration" means the zone between the land surface and the water table.
(153) "Uppermost aquifer" means the geologic formation nearest the natural ground surface that is an aquifer, as well as lower aquifers that are hydraulically interconnected with this aquifer within the facility's property boundary.
(154) Used oil is defined in Subsection 19-6-703(19).
(155) "User of the electronic manifest system" means a hazardous waste generator, a hazardous waste transporter, an owner or operator of a hazardous waste treatment, storage, recycling, or disposal facility, or any other person that:
(i) Is required to use a manifest to comply with:
(A) Any federal or state requirement to track the shipment, transportation, and receipt of hazardous waste or other waste material that is shipped from the site of generation to an off-site designated facility for treatment, storage, recycling, or disposal; or
(B) Any federal or state requirement to track the shipment, transportation, and receipt of rejected wastes or regulated container residues that are shipped from a designated facility to an alternative facility, or returned to the generator; and
(ii) Elects to use the system to obtain, complete and transmit an electronic manifest format supplied by the EPA electronic manifest system, or
(iii) Elects to use the paper manifest form and submits to the system for data processing purposes a paper copy of the manifest, or data from such a paper copy, in accordance with Subsections R315-264-71(a)(2)(v) or 40 CFR 265.71(a)(2)(v) which is adopted and incorporated by reference. These paper copies are submitted for data exchange purposes only and are not the official copies of record for legal purposes.
(156) "Vessel" includes every description of watercraft, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water.
(157) "Waste management area" means the limit projected in the horizontal plane of the area on which waste will be placed during the active life of a regulated unit. The waste management area includes horizontal space taken up by any liner, dike, or other barrier designed to contain waste in a regulated unit. If the facility contains more than one regulated unit, the waste management area is described by an imaginary line circumscribing the several regulated units.
(158) "Wastewater treatment unit" means a device which:
(i) Is part of a wastewater treatment facility that is subject to regulation under either section 402 or 307(b) of the Clean Water Act; and
(ii) Receives and treats or stores an influent wastewater that is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3, or that generates and accumulates a wastewater treatment sludge that is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3, or treats or stores a wastewater treatment sludge which is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3; and
(iii) Meets the definition of tank or tank system in Section R315-260-10.
(159) "Water, bulk shipment" means the bulk transportation of hazardous waste which is loaded or carried on board a vessel without containers or labels.
(160) "Well" means any shaft or pit dug or bored into the earth, generally of a cylindrical form, and often walled with bricks or tubing to prevent the earth from caving in.
(161) "Well injection": See "underground injection"
(162) "Wipe" means a woven or non-woven shop towel, rag, pad, or swab made of wood pulp, fabric, cotton, polyester blends, or other material.
(163) "Zone of engineering control" means an area under the control of the owner/operator that, upon detection of a hazardous waste release, can be readily cleaned up prior to the release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents to ground water or surface water.
R315-260-12. Definitions for Rule R315-101.
(a) For purposes of Rule R315-101 regarding cleanup action and Risk-Based Closure Standards, the following terms are defined:
(1) "Acceptable Risk" means Cancer Risk greater
than 1 x 10-6 but less than or equal 1 x 10-4 or a Hazard Index
less than or equal to one with justifiable, reasonable and
practicable measures in place to reduce and control risk within the
range. (2) "Appropriate Site Management Activities"
means measures that are reasonable and practical that will be
taken to control and reduce risks greater than 1 x 10-6 and less
than 1 x 10-4 for carcinogen and Hazard Index equal to or less
than one for non-carcinogens under both current and reasonably
anticipated future land use conditions, e.g. institutional
controls, engineering controls, groundwater monitoring,
post-closure care, or corrective action and ensuring that all
assumptions made in the estimation of Cancer Risk and non-cancer
hazard in the risk assessment report are not violated. (3) "Area of Contamination" means a Hazardous
Waste Management Unit or a Solid Waste Management Unit or an area
where a release has occurred. (4) "The boundary" is defined as the furthest
extent where contamination from a defined source has migrated in
any medium at the time the release is first identified. (5) "Cleanup" Means the range of corrective
action activities that occur in the context of addressing
environmental contamination at RCRA sites to lower contaminant
concentration or decrease chemical toxicity. Activities may
include waste removal, contaminated media removal or source
reduction (e.g. excavation, pumping), in-place treatment of waste
or contaminated media (e.g. bioremediation), containment of waste
or contaminated media, (e.g. barrier walls, low permeability
covers, liners), or various combination of these approaches.
Waste cover up or capping is not considered waste
cleanup. (6) "Concentration Term - 95% Upper Confidence
Limit" or "C" means the intake variable and it is
an estimate of the arithmetic average concentration for a
contaminant based on a set of site sampling results. Because of
the uncertainty associated with estimating the true average
concentration at a site, the 95% Upper Confidence Limit of the
arithmetic mean is used to represent this variable and provides
reasonable confidence that the true site average will not be
underestimated. (7) "Contaminate" means to render a medium
polluted through the introduction of hazardous waste or hazardous
constituents as identified in Rule R315-261, Appendix
VIII. (8) "Corrective Action" means the cleanup
process or program under RCRA and all activities related to the
investigation, characterization, and cleanup of release of
hazardous waste or hazardous constituents from Solid Waste
Management Units or Hazardous Waste Management Units at a
permitted or interim status Treatment Storage Disposal Facilities
or any environmental medium. (9) "Corrective Action Complete With Controls"
is a condition of a Solid Waste Management Unit, a Hazardous
Waste Management Unit, an Area of Contamination or a contaminated
site at closure meeting the requirements of
R315-101-6(k)(4). (10) "Corrective Action Complete Without
Controls" is a condition of a Solid Waste Management Unit, a
Hazardous Waste Management Unit, or a contaminated site at
closure equivalent to a no further action meeting the
requirements of R315-101-6(k)(5) or R315-101-6(f) or
R315-101-6(j). (11) Environment means the surroundings or conditions in
which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates. (12) "Hazard Index" means the sum of Hazard
Quotients. (13) "Hazard Quotient" means the ratio of
exposed dose to some Reference Dose or Reference
Concentration. (14) "Natural Resources" means land, fish,
wildlife, biota, air, water, ground water, drinking water
supplies, and other such resources. (15) "No Further Action" means the state of a
Solid Waste Management Unit, a Hazardous Waste Management Unit,
or a contaminated site at closure meeting the requirements in
R315-101-6(f) or R315-101-6(j) and it is equivalent to Corrective
Action Complete Without Controls if the site was under corrective
action activities. No further action is equivalent to
unrestricted land use. (16) "Potentially Complete Exposure Pathway" is
a pathway which, due to current site conditions is incomplete,
but could become complete at a future time because of changing
site practices. An example would be the ingestion pathway of
groundwater from a residential well in a high total dissolved
solids aquifer. This pathway could be complete if treatment
technologies like reverse osmosis become economically feasible
and are observed to be employed successfully in that
aquifer. (17) "Reasonable Maximum Exposure" means the
highest exposure that is reasonably expected to occur at a site.
Reasonable Maximum Exposure combines upper-bound and mid-range
exposure factors so that the result represents an exposure
scenario that is both protective and reasonable; not the worst
possible case. (18) "Release" means spill or discharge of
hazardous waste, hazardous constituents, or material that becomes
hazardous waste when released to the environment. (19) "Responsible Party" means the owner or
operator of a facility, or any other person responsible for the
release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents. (20) "Risk-Based Clean Closure" means closure
of a site where hazardous waste was managed or any medium that
has been contaminated by a release of hazardous waste or
hazardous constituents, and where hazardous waste or hazardous
constituents remain at the site in any medium at concentrations
determined, in this rule, to cause minimal levels of risk to
human health and the environment so as to require no further
action or monitoring on the part of the Responsible Party nor any
notice of hazardous waste management on the deed to the
property. (21) "Risk Based Concentration" means the
concentration of a contaminant the values of which are derived
from equations combining toxicity factors with standard exposure
scenarios to calculate chemical concentrations corresponding to
some fixed levels of risks in any media (water, air, fish tissue,
sediment, and soil). (22) "Robust Statistic" means a statistic that
is resistant to errors in the results, produced by deviations
from assumptions, e.g., of normality. This means that the limits
are not susceptible to outliers, or distributional assumptions.
For example, if the limits are centered on the median, instead of
on the mean, or on a modified, "robust mean", and
constructed with suitable weighting, or influence, function, they
could be considered "robust." (23) "Site" means the Area of Contamination and
any other area that could be impacted by the released
contaminants, or could influence the migration of those
contaminants, regardless of whether the site is owned by the
Responsible Party. (24) "Target Risk" means any specified risk
R315-260-21. Petitions for Equivalent Testing or Analytical Methods.
(a) Any person seeking to add a testing or analytical method to Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265 may petition for a regulatory amendment under Section R315-260-21 and Section R315-260-20. To be successful, the person shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Board that the proposed method is equal to or superior to the corresponding method prescribed in Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265, in terms of its sensitivity, accuracy, and precision, i.e., reproducibility.
(b) Each petition shall include, in addition to the information required by Section R315-260-20:
(1) A full description of the proposed method, including all procedural steps and equipment used in the method;
(2) A description of the types of wastes or waste matrices for which the proposed method may be used;
(3) Comparative results obtained from using the proposed method with those obtained from using the relevant or corresponding methods prescribed in Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265;
(4) An assessment of any factors which may interfere with, or limit the use of, the proposed method; and
(5) A description of the quality control procedures necessary to ensure the sensitivity, accuracy and precision of the proposed method.
(c) After receiving a petition for an
equivalent method, the Board may request any additional information
on the proposed method which [
he] may reasonably require to evaluate the method.
(d) If the Board amends the rules to permit use of a new testing method, the method shall be incorporated by reference in Section R315-260-11.
(e) Petitioner may, alternatively, proceed under the provisions of 40 CFR 260.21 to have an alternative analytical method approved by EPA. In the event approval is granted, the petitioner shall so notify the Board and the Director and the decision of EPA shall be binding upon the Board and the Director.
KEY: hazardous waste
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: 2016
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-1-301; 19-6-105; 19-6-106; 63G-4-201 through 63G-4-205; 63G-4-503
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2016/b20160501.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Ralph Bohn at the above address, by phone at 801-536-0212, by FAX at 801-536-0222, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Division of Administrative Rules.