DAR File No. 40631

This rule was published in the August 15, 2016, issue (Vol. 2016, No. 16) of the Utah State Bulletin.


Public Safety, Highway Patrol

Rule R714-160

Equipment Standards for Passenger Vehicle and Light Truck Safety Inspections

Notice of Proposed Rule

(Repeal and Reenact)

DAR File No.: 40631
Filed: 08/01/2016 12:06:10 PM

RULE ANALYSIS

Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:

Safety inspection requirements were reviewed to determine if they were related to vehicle crashes. Some items were identified that may not be direct contributors to vehicle crashes. The language and format of the rule has been updated also.

Summary of the rule or change:

In Section R714-160-1, Subsection 41-6a-1601(2) is added as a statute authorizing the rule. In Section R714-160-3, the title is changed to "Definitions". Sixteen definitions are added. In Section R714-160-4, the title is changed. This rule incorporates by reference the standards found in 49 CFR 571 as the minimum standards a motor vehicle must meet to pass a safety inspection unless state law provides a different standard. Building and equipment requirements are moved to Rule R714-158. In Section R714-160-5, the title is changed. This rule applies to all passenger vehicles and light trucks. In Section R714-160-6, the title is changed. The change requires the customer to be informed if a test drive is needed off the property of the inspection station. The inspector is required to determine whether the starter operates with the gear selector only in the "park" position or "neutral" on vehicles with automatic transmissions. In Section R714-160-7, the title is changed. Some of the wording for inspecting license plates is changed, but violations are still an "advise". License plate positioning is more clearly defined. In Section R714-160-8, the title is changed. Bead lock wheels are allowed if they meet the SAE J2530 Aftermarket Wheel Performance Requirements and Test Procedures. If the entire tire is not covered by a fender or fender flare, it is now an "advise". If the fender or fender flare does not cover the tire tread it is a "reject". Statute still requires the entire tire be covered. Missing or insufficient mud flaps on vehicles required to be equipped with them is not an "advise". Statute still requires certain vehicles to be equipped with appropriate mud flaps. If the top 50% of the tire is not covered by mud flaps, fenders, or body construction, it is now an "advise" rather than a reject. Statute still requires the top 50% of the tire to be covered. Studded snow tires on vehicles between April 1 and October 14 are now an "advise". Statute still prohibits studded snow tires during this time period. In Section R714-160-9, the title is changed. Conditions of the inspection of the steering system is added. This information is currently in the Safety Inspection Manual. In Section R714-160-10, the title is changed. In Section R714-160-11, the title is changed. Reference to the "Lighting Chart" in the Safety Inspection manual is removed. If the entire tire is not covered by a fender or fender flare, it is now an "advise". If the fender or fender flare does not cover the tire tread, it is a "reject". Statute still requires the entire tire be covered. If fenders do not cover the top 50% of the tire, it is now an "advise" rather than a reject. Statute still requires the top 50% of the tire to be covered. Missing or insufficient mud flaps on vehicles required to be equipped with them is not an "advise". Statute still requires certain vehicles to be equipped with appropriate mud flaps. In Section R714-160-12, the title is changed. Adds "whichever is less" when the master cylinder is below the add line or less than 3/4 full. Adds "whichever is less" when the fluid reservoir is below the add line or less than 3/4 full. Removes the language that described the process to check the integrated hydraulic booster. This language will still be in the Safety Inspection manual. "Incompatible" is added as a reject when checking for missing or defective mechanical components. In Section R714-160-13, the title is changed. If a headlamp does not meet federal standards, it is a reject. If a vehicle is originally equipped with High Intensity Discharge (HID) lights, HID lights can be used as replacements as long as they meet federal standards. If a vehicle was not originally equipped with HID lights, they cannot be used as replacements. Old language stated, "An aftermarket headlight (High Intensity Discharge Kit) must comply with Federal Standards, which states every replaceable light source must be designed to conform to the identical marking and dimensional and electrical specifications applicable to the type of light source that it replaces. A non-compatible headlight aftermarket kit (High Intensity Discharge Kit) can create excessive brightness". The word "minor" is added as it relates to advising for holes or cracks in a headlight lens. The criteria is changed so that if a factory installed light or cover is faded or painted to the point that components are not visible, it will be rejected. The removed language states that if a factory-installed light or cover is faded or painted to the point assembly will not comply with state code for visibility at 1,000 feet it is rejected. The statute does not require headlights to be visible at 1,000 feet. License plate lights are no longer need to be checked. Statute still requires the rear license plate be illuminated. Tinted lens covers are specifically addressed, rather than prohibiting lens covers. Auxiliary lighting is no longer checked during a safety inspection. A truck equipped with a camper shell at the time of the inspection that covers the center high-mounted stop lamp is acceptable. If the truck shell is manufactured with a center high-mounted stop lamp, it is required to function if the truck is equipped with a high-mounted stop lamp. Reference to Section 41-6a-1604 is added to allow flashing center high-mounted stop lamps that meet the requirements of the statute. In Section R714-160-14, the title is changed. It is now an "advise" if the horn is not securely fastened rather than a reject. Permanent connection wires need to be soldered and insulated instead of soldered "and/or" insulated. In Section R714-160-15, the title is changed. Rejection for damage or repairs that exceed an inch in the acute area of the windshield is now similar to the criteria for commercial motor vehicles. Windshields can be rejected for the following: any crack that intersects another crack within the acute area, any damage (i.e. star chip) in the acute area that cannot be covered by a disc 3/4 inch in diameter, or any damage that is within 3 inches of any other damage in the acute area. Non-transparent material is allowed in the lower left-hand corner of the windshield provided it does not extend more than 3 inches to the right of the left edge or more than 4 inches above the bottom edge of the windshield in accordance with Section 41-6a-1635. Windshield wipers that fail to return to the "park" position are now an "advise" instead of a reject. Streaking from wiper blades is not a "reject". The old rule directed inspectors to reject driver or passenger windows that failed to roll up to inspect light transmittance. The rule now directs inspectors to reject when the driver or front passenger window fails to roll up. Rear view mirrors are changed to reflect statute. A vehicle must have a left rear view mirror that meets OEM standards. A vehicle must have at least one other rear view and that one must be a right outside mirror if the vehicle has any amount of tint on its windows. In Section R714-160-16, the title is changed. A fender that have been removed or altered to the extent that it does not cover the entire width and upper 50% of the tire is now an "advise" instead of a reject. Inspectors will still check motorized seat belts, but the text describing the procedure is removed. Drilling that affects the strength or integrity of the frame is added as a "reject". Repairs to vehicle frame that do not meet OEM specifications is specifically listed as a "reject". Vehicle odometers no longer need to be checked to see if they?re functioning. In Section R714-160-17, the title is changed. In Section R714-160-18, the title is changed. The wording that indicates a propane container should be visually inspected each time it is filled is removed. Safety inspectors are not responsible for filling these containers. Wording that describes the CNG fuel container Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards certification is removed, along with warnings and other instructions associated with CNG vehicle inspections. The rule simply states that is a "reject" if a CNG fuel container is not current with its certification in accordance with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. In Section R714-160-19, the title is changed. In Section R714-160-20, the title is changed. In Section R714-160-21, the title is changed. The changes articulate that vintage vehicles do not require safety inspection pursuant to Subsection 53-8-205(1)(b)(iii). The current rule indicates a vintage vehicle means a vehicle that is 40 years old. The statute indicates 30 years old. The rule now references Section R873-22M-15 if a vehicle identification number is not stamped on the frame of a custom or replica vehicle. The title for Section R714-160-22 is "Low-Speed Vehicles". The rule now references Section 41-6a-1508 for inspection rather than listing all items to inspect on low-speed vehicles. The old rule stated that an operational braking system as designed by the manufacturer is needed. Section 41-6a-1508 references Title 41, Chapter 6a, Part 16, which includes braking system requirements. If the brakes on a low-speed vehicle do not meet those requirements, it is a "reject" on a safety inspection. The title for Section R714-150-23 is "Reconstructed/Salvaged Motor Vehicles". The rule now states that safety inspections for salvaged vehicles are required as stated in Subsection 53-8-205(3).

Statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:

  • Subsection 53-8-204(5)
  • Subsection 41-6a-1601(2)

Anticipated cost or savings to:

the state budget:

There is no anticipated cost or savings to the state budget. The changes that have been made do not affect the operating costs of the Utah Highway Patrol Safety Inspection Office.

local governments:

There is no anticipated cost or savings to local government. Some local governments do run fleet safety inspection stations, but it would be expected that they would comply with statute even though missing or insufficient mud flaps are an "advise" now and fender flares may be an "advise" instead of a "reject". This would include studded snow tires being used during months prohibited by statute.

small businesses:

Changes to mud flap, fenders, studded snow tires, and damaged windshields may affect businesses that supply or repair these items. The reason the changes might impact business is that if the repairs are not required to pass a safety inspection, the highway patrol is unsure as to how many individuals will choose to have the repairs done at the station doing the inspection, which could potentially result in a loss of revenue for the business. Missing or insufficient mud flaps are an "advise" now and fender flares may be an "advise" instead of a "reject." These items are still required by statute. Studded snow tires are no longer a "reject" during summer months. Studded snow tires are still prohibited by statute during the warmer months of the year.

persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:

There should be no impact because mud flaps and fender flares are required in statute on certain vehicles in spite of the fact that they are no longer required in order to pass safety inspection. The same would be true for studded snow tires since they are prohibited by statute during the warmer months of the year.

Compliance costs for affected persons:

There are no compliance costs associated with the changes in this rule.

Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:

There is a potential that the repeal and reenactment of this rule could result in a loss of revenue to some businesses if individuals do not choose to have repairs done at the station doing the inspection due to the fact that the repairs are not required in order to pass inspection.

Keith D. Squires, Commissioner

The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Office of Administrative Rules, or at:

Public Safety
Highway Patrol
CALVIN L RAMPTON COMPLEX
4501 S 2700 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84119-5994

Direct questions regarding this rule to:

  • Kim Gibb at the above address, by phone at 801-556-8198, by FAX at 801-964-4482, or by Internet E-mail at kgibb@utah.gov
  • Greg Willmore at the above address, by phone at 801-965-4889, by FAX at , or by Internet E-mail at gwillmor@utah.gov

Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:

09/14/2016

This rule may become effective on:

09/21/2016

Authorized by:

Steven Winward, Captain

RULE TEXT

R714. Public Safety, Highway Patrol.

[R714-160. Equipment Standards for Passenger Vehicle and Light Truck Safety Inspections.

R714-160-1. Authority.

A. This rule is authorized by Subsection 53-8-204(5)

 

R714-160-2. Purpose of Rule.

A. The purpose of this rule is to set minimum equipment standards governing passenger vehicle and light truck safety inspections in accordance with U.C.A. 41-6a-1601(2)(a).

 

R714-160-3. Inspection Procedures.

A. Initiating the inspection.

(1) Collection of appropriate paperwork (i.e. registration, title, bill of sale).

(2) Verification of vehicle identification number (VIN).

(3) Write the date of inspection on the inspection certificate.

(4) Write owner and vehicle information on inspection certificate.

(5) Record vehicle mileage.

(6) Inspectors must write their inspector number in the appropriate box.

(7) Identify requirement to test drive vehicle and the purpose of test drive.

B. Inspection of Vehicle Interior. (Can be done from the parking area to inspection area.)

(1) Inspect the windshield, side and rear windows.

(2) Identify mirror requirements and inspect mirrors.

(3) Inspect seats and seat belts.

(4) Inspect steering wheel/column, including horn and airbags.

(5) Inspect brake pedal assembly and emergency brake system.

(6) Inspect windshield wipers and washers.

(7) Inspect heater / defrost.

(8) Inspect dash - warning/ indicator lights- speedometer/ odometer.

(9) Inspect doors and door parts.

C. Inspection of Vehicle Exterior

(1) Inspect headlights high and low beams including aiming.

(2) Inspect parking lights, tail lights, signal lights, brake lights, marker lights and reflectors.

(3) Inspect for the proper color of lights.

(4) Inspect the wheels/lugs, looking for cracks and loose or missing lugs.

(5) Inspect tires for wear, damage and proper inflation.

(6) Inspect body of vehicle. (i.e. fenders, doors, hood, glass, bumpers etc.)

(7) Inspect for broken glass, parts and accessories.

(8) Inspect window tint with tint meter, measuring light transmittance on the front side windows and windshield. Then record readings onto the Safety Inspection Certificate.

D. Inspection Under Hood.

(1) Inspect belts and hoses.

(2) Inspect power steering system.

(3) Inspect battery and electrical wiring.

(4) Inspect exhaust system.

(5) Inspect master cylinder and braking system.

(6) Inspect the fuel system.

E. Inspection Under Vehicle.

(1) Inspect steering system. (i.e. wheel bearings, tie rods, rack and pinion, etc.)

(2) Inspect suspension components. (i.e. springs, shocks, etc.)

(3) Inspect exhaust and fuel system components.

(4) Inspect body and floor pans.

(5) Inspect engine, transmission mounts and drivetrain.

F. Inspection of Brakes.

(1) Inspect brake pads/shoes and record measurements.

(2) Inspect brake rotors/drums.

(3) Inspect brake components- hydraulic and mechanical.

(4) Inspect brake hoses, looking for fluid leaks.

(5) Record brake measurements onto the Safety Inspection certificate.

(6) Vehicles that fail a plate brake test, but have adequate pad and or shoe thickness, must still be rejected until repairs are made. Record actual brake pad measurement.

(7) When a visual inspection is performed, one front and one rear wheel must be removed to inspect brake components.

G. Inspection of Lifted Vehicles.

(1) Inspect that fenders cover full width of tire.

(2) Inspect for mud flaps. They must cover full width and top 50% of tire.

(3) Inspect frame height based on the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, GVWR.

(4) Inspect for body lift.

(5) Inspect for stacked blocks.

(6) Inspect for modification of brake hoses.

(7) Inspect headlight aim and vertical height. The headlight height must be between 22 inches and 54 inches to center of the low beam bulb.

(8) Inspect altered or modified steering and suspension parts that have been shortened or lengthened and/or welded.

H. Inspection of Lowered Vehicles.

(1) Inspect that fenders cover full width of tire.

(2) Inspect for mud flaps, when required. They must cover full width of tire.

(3) Inspect for minimum ground clearance.

(4) Inspect for removal of original suspension components.

(5) Inspect headlight aim and vertical height. The headlight height must be between 22 inches and 54 inches to center of the low beam bulb.

(6) Inspect altered or modified steering and suspension parts that have been shortened or lengthened and/or welded.

I. Reject Vehicle Procedures- Paper Certificates

(1) When a reject item is found, a full vehicle inspection must still be completed.

(2) If a vehicle fails an inspection and no repairs are made, give the owner the reject certificate.

(3) Do not sign the inspection certificate if a reject certificate is issued.

(4) A customer with a rejected vehicle has up to 15 calendar days to complete all repairs and return to any station that conducts on-line inspections to verify repairs at no charge, unless a waiver has been granted from the Safety Inspection Office. Customers may contact the Safety Inspection Office to request a waiver for additional fees if they exceed 15 days for circumstances beyond their control, such as back ordered parts.

(5) On rejected vehicles that fail to return, the State Tax and Owner copies must be returned to the Safety Inspection office within 45 days of the inspection date.

(6) Any item rejected and repaired during an inspection must be documented as repaired on the certificate.

(7) Any certified inspector at the inspection facility may verify repairs of rejected items.

(8) When all rejected items have been repaired, the verifying inspector must sign the safety inspection certificate.

(9) If the verifying inspector is not the original inspector, he/she must sign the safety inspection certificate, and enter their inspector license number on the safety inspection certificate.

J. Reject Vehicle Procedures- On-line Certificates

(1) When all rejected items have been repaired, the verifying inspector must sign the safety inspection certificate.

(2) If no repairs are made, print out and give the owner the reject certificate.

(3) Do not sign a reject certificate.

(4) A customer with a rejected vehicle has up to 15 calendar days to complete all repairs and return to the same station to verify repairs at no charge, unless a waiver has been granted from the Safety Inspection Office. Customers may contact the Safety Inspection Office to request a waiver for additional fees if they exceed 15 days for circumstances beyond their control, such as back ordered parts.

(5) Any item rejected and repaired during an inspection must be documented as repaired on the certificate.

(6) Any certified inspector and any inspection facility may certify rejected repairs. No additional charges may be added.

K. Passed Vehicle Procedures- Paper Certificates

(1) The inspector performing the inspection must sign the vehicle inspection certificate.

(2) The customer must receive the State Tax and Owner copies of the inspection certificate.

(3) Maximum Safety Inspection fees are as follows:

(a) $9.00 for motorcycles and ATV's.

(b) $17.00 for passenger vehicles and light trucks.

(c) $17.00 for heavy trucks and buses.

(d) $22.00 for any vehicle that requires disassembly of a front hub or removal of a rear axle for inspection.

L. Passed Vehicle Procedures- On-line Certificates

(1) Print out the on-line passed vehicle inspection certificate.

(2) The inspector performing the inspection must sign the vehicle inspection certificate.

(3) The customer must be given the passing inspection certificate.

(4) Maximum safety inspection fees are as follows:

(a) $9.00 for motorcycles and ATV's.

(b) $17.00 for passenger vehicles and light trucks.

(c) $17.00 for heavy trucks and buses.

(d) $22.00 for any vehicle that requires disassembly of a front hub or removal of a rear axle for inspection.

M. Inspection Report Procedure- Paper Certificates Only

(1) Report forms are to be completed as follows:

(a) Date the inspection was completed.

(b) Owner's name.

(c) Year and make of the vehicle.

(d) Vehicle identification number.

(e) Appropriate notation in any of the fifteen repair columns.

(f) Total cost of the repair, including the inspection fee.

(g) Certificate or sticker number.

(2) Certificate or sticker numbers of paper books must be listed in numerical order starting with the lowest number and listed in groups of 25.

(3) A separate report form must be used for the certificates and for the stickers.

(4) Duplicate certificates or stickers must be noted as "duplicate" on the report form. Not required with On-line inspections.

(5) Lost or stolen certificates or stickers must be listed as "lost or stolen" on the report form.

(6) Certificates and stickers rendered unusable through some mishap must be recorded as "voided" on the report form and certificates/stickers must be returned to the Vehicle Safety Inspection office. Not required with On-line inspections.

(7) Rejected vehicles that have not returned within 15 days to the original station must be listed in the same order and the words "rejected," printed on the same line. Not required with On-line inspections.

(8) Failure to submit the required reports will be considered grounds for suspension or revocation of a license. Not required with On-line inspections.

(9) Returning of Rejects with paper issued certificates:

(a) On rejected vehicles that fail to return for re-inspection, the State Tax and Owner copies must be returned to the Safety Inspection Office within 45 days of the original inspection date. Not required with On-line inspections.

 

R714-160-4. Building and Equipment Requirements.

A. The following conditions must be met before a license will be granted:

(1) The building (inspection site) must be capable of housing the vehicle that is being inspected.

(2) The station must have the following:

(a) A business sign of a permanent construction, properly displaying the business name that is listed on the business new station application.

(b) A level concrete or asphalt floor.

(c) The necessary hand tools to conduct an inspection.

(d) A hoist or heavy duty jack and jack stands to allow for the inspection of the undercarriage, front steering and suspension components. All new stations after January 1, 2009 will be required to have a hoist capable of lifting all four tires simultaneously off of the ground.

(d) Measuring gauges and instruments for determining minimum specifications in the inspection process.

(e) A two-piece approved light meter kit capable of measuring window light transmittance at a minimum of +/- 3%.

(f) A current safety inspection manual. This requirement may be met by a hard copy or a downloaded a copy to a file on the station's computer from the Safety Inspection website. Accessing the manual through the website does not meet this requirement.

(3) Any exceptions to the minimum building and equipment requirements must be submitted in writing to the Vehicle Safety Inspection office for approval.

(4) A $1,000.00 Surety Bond or Garage Keepers Insurance is required while the station is in business as an official Safety Inspection Station.

B. Passenger Vehicle, Light Truck Requirements:

(1) Hoist and/or heavy duty jack with jack stands. (All new stations after January 1, 2009 will be required to have a hoist capable of lifting all four tires simultaneously off of the ground.)

(2) Light meter (2 piece approved by division)

(3) Hand tools (wrenches, screwdrivers, ratchets, etc.)

(4) Dial indicator (for measuring ball joint and suspension component tolerances)

(5) Tire tread depth gauge

(6) Current safety inspection manual. This requirement may be met by a hard copy or a downloaded copy to a file on the station's computer from the Safety Inspection website. Accessing the manual through the website does not meet this requirement.

(7) Tire pressure gauge

(8) Tape measure

C. Brake gauges:

(1) Bonded

(2) Riveted

(3) Disc pad

(4) Rotor

(5) Drum

D. Tools can be purchased from any company that manufactures these types of tools.

E. Riveted brake lining gauge can be used for tire tread depth gauge.

 

R714-160-5. Registration.

A. Agreement Among Papers.

(1) Check vehicle registration certificate, identification number on vehicle, license plates and vehicle description for agreement. Record the manufacturers Vehicle Identification Number and license plate number on the safety inspection certificate.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Paperwork disagreements are accidental or clerical in nature.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Registration certificate, identification number, license plate and vehicle description are not in agreement.

(ii) Vehicle identification number is missing or obscured. Verification of Vehicle identification number is required on all inspections.

B. Plate Mounting

(1) If the vehicle is registered, inspect the license plates to see that they are securely mounted and clearly visible.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Plates are not securely fastened, obscured, or cannot be clearly identified.

(ii) Plates have tinted or colored covers. License plates must be displayed horizontally to be read left to right and visible from 100 feet.

(iii) Front plate is not mounted on front end of vehicle.

 

R714-160-6. Tires and Wheels.

A. Tire condition

(1) Check tires for cuts, cracks or sidewall plugs.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Tire has weather cracks, but no cords are showing.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Tires have sidewall plugs, cuts and/or cracks deep enough to expose cords.

(2) Check tires for indication of tread separations.

(a) Reject when:(i) Tire integrity has been compromised due to visible bumps, bulges or tire separation.

(3) Check tire pressure for proper inflation with tire pressure gauge.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tires are flat, has noticeable air leak, or are inflated to less than half (50%) of the vehicle manufacturer's recommended tire pressure.

(ii) Tire is over inflated.

B. Regrooved or recut tires.

(1) Check tires for regrooving or recutting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tires are regrooved and are not identifiable as regroovable.

C. Restricted markings.

(1) Tires must be checked for "restricted usage only" markings.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tires are marked "for farm use only", "off-highway use only", "for racing only", "for trailers only" or other non-highway use.

D. Mismatching

(1) Check tires for the same size and same type construction. All tires on the same axle must be of the same size and construction.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tires on the same axle are not the same size or construction. Mismatched tread design is allowed.

E. Tire Wear

(1) Check tire wear

(a) Advise when:

(i) Tread wear bars are touching the road surface.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Tread depth is less than 2/32 inch when measured in any two adjacent major tread grooves at three equally spaced intervals around the circumference of the tire. Do not measure on a tread wear bar.

(ii) Tire is worn to the extent secondary rubber is exposed in the tread or sidewall area.

F. Wheels

(1) Check wheels for damage and proper mounting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wheel bolts, nuts, studs or lugs are loose, missing or not properly fastened.

(ii) Wheels are bent, cracked, re-welded or have elongated bolt holes.

(iii) Spacers are used to increase the wheel track width.

(iv) Bead lock wheels are installed.

G. Tire size, tire width, fenders and mudflaps.

(1) Check vehicle tires for proper size and weight load ratings.

(2) Check that fenders and mudflaps are in place when required.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tires do not meet the proper load rating for the vehicles actual weight (Gross Vehicle Weight or GVW).

(ii) Tires are mounted on wheels that are not within tire manufacturer specifications.

(iii) Tire tread is not fully covered by existing fenders or fender extenders.

(iv) Rear tires do not have the top 50% of the tire covered by mudflaps, fenders or the vehicle body construction.

(v) Rear mudflaps are not directly aligned with the tire and at least as wide as the tire.

(vi) Tires make contact with any other vehicle parts or accessories.

(vii) Fender flares or mud flaps are not made of durable material.

(viii) Fender flares or mud flaps are not secured properly.

(b) Mud flaps are required on any vehicle modified from original OEM specifications. This includes larger tires or any alterations to the frame or suspension. Any tire size that was available as an option from the manufacturer is accepted as OEM equipment.

(c) A mud flap is not required if:

(i) the motor vehicle is designed and constructed so that the requirements are accomplished by means of fenders, or body construction.

H. Studded snow tires.

(1) Check for studded snow tires.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Studded snow tires are mounted on vehicle between April 1 and October 14 of any year.

 

R714-160-7. Steering.

A. Lash or free play

(1) Measure lash at steering wheel.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Steering wheel movement exceeds; power- 2 inches, manual- 3 inches and rack and pinion- 0.4 of an inch.

B. Size

(1) Check size of steering wheel.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Steering wheel is less than 13 inches in outside diameter or is not of full circular construction.

C. Travel

(1) Turn steering wheel through a full right and left turn, checking for binding or jamming conditions. (Brakes should not be applied during test.)

(a) Reject when:

(i) Steering is incapable of being turned fully from right to left.

(ii) One wheel turns before the opposite wheel.

D. Power Steering

(1) Check condition and tension of steering belts.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Steering belts are cracked or are not properly adjusted.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Belts are frayed or torn.

(2) Check the condition of the steering system, hoses, hose connections, cylinders, and valves.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hoses or hose connections have a dripping leak.

(ii) Cylinders or valves have a dripping leak.

(3) Check the condition of pump and check for secure mounting and proper fluid level in reservoir.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Pump mounting parts are loose or broken.

(ii) System is inoperative.

(iii) Reservoirs have a dripping leak.

(iv) Fluid level is below minimum fluid level indicators.

E. Steering Column/Wheel

(1) Check for separation of shear capsule from bracket and general looseness of wheel and column.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Shear capsule is separated from bracket.

(ii) Wheel and column can be moved as a unit.

(1) Check movement on tilt steering wheels.

(A) Reject when:

(i) Adjustable steering wheel cannot be secured in all positions.

(ii) Steering column has 3/4 inch or more movement at the center of the steering wheel when locked in position.

(iii) Steering wheel and column moved to the right side of the vehicle that is not OEM or possess a valid waiver from the safety inspection office.

F. Idler Arms and Tie Rods.

(1) Check the idler arms and tie rod ends for looseness in excess of OEM specifications.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Tie rod grease seals are cut, torn or otherwise damaged to the extent that lubricant will not be retained.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Has looseness in the tie rod ends or idler arm in excess of OEM specifications.

(ii) The tie rod is bent causing the vehicle to be out of alignment.

G. Rack and Pinion.

(1) A thorough inspection of the complete system is needed.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Has any looseness in excess of OEM specifications.

(ii) Has any looseness in the tie rod ends in excess of OEM specifications.

(iii) Has a dripping leak.

H. Gearbox

(1) Check steering gear box for proper function.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Has looseness at frame or mounting.

(ii) Has cracks

(iii) Mounting brackets are cracked.

(iv) Fasteners are missing.

(v) Has a dripping leak.

(vi) Any welded repair is present.

I. Pitman Arm

(1) Check pitman arm

(a) Reject when:

(i) Gearbox output shaft has movement inside pitman arm.

(ii) Any welded repair is present.

J. Wheel Bearings.

(1) Check all wheel bearings for looseness.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Bearing has movement of more than 1/8 inch when measured at the outer circumference of tire.

K. Cotter Pins.

(1) Check steering components and axle nuts for required cotter pins.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Cotter pins are missing or ineffective.

 

R714-160-8. Suspension.

A. Vehicles with Wear Indicating Ball Joints.

(1) Support vehicle with ball joints loaded and wheels straight ahead. Wipe grease fitting and check that surface is free of dirt and grease. Determine if checking surface extends beyond the surface of the ball joint cover.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Ball joint seals are cut, torn or otherwise damaged to the extent they will not retain lubricant.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Ball joint wear indicator is flush or inside the cover surface.

(ii) Ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications.

B. Vehicles without wear indicating Ball Joints.

(1) Unload the ball joints by raising the vehicle, if required. Check the ball joint seals.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Ball joint seals are cut, torn or otherwise damaged to the extent that they will not retain lubricant.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications.

C. Vertical Movement.

(1) Position a pry bar under the front tire and with a lifting motion, sufficient to overcome the weight of the wheel assembly only, move wheel up and down.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications.

D. Horizontal Movement.

(1) Grasp the tire and wheel assembly at the top and bottom. Move in and out to detect looseness. More horizontal movement is allowable because of the nature of most ball joint construction.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications.

E. Springs

(1) Visually inspect for broken or damaged leaf springs.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Springs are missing, cracked, broken, disconnected, or cut.

(ii) Springs are sagging and allow the body to come in contact with the tires.

Check the spring shackles.

Reject when:

(i) Shackles are damaged, loose or have been modified and do not meet or exceed OEM specifications.

(3) Check the U-bolts.

(a) Reject when:

(i) U-bolts are damaged, loose or the bolts are not at a minimum, flush with the nut.

(4) Check the coil springs.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Springs are broken or not properly attached.

(ii) Springs have been heated, cut, or otherwise missing or altered from OEM specifications.

F. Sway Bars, Torsion Bars, Tracking Components.

(1) Visually inspect for damage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Sway bar(s), torsion bar(s) or any tracking component(s) are loose, cracked, bent or disconnected.

(ii) Bushings are missing, worn, or distorted so that looseness is present.

G. Control Arms.

(1) Check for cracks, bends or breakage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Upper or lower control arms do not meet OEM specifications. (i.e. bent, cracked, welded, etc.)

(2) Check bushings for wear or distortion.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Bushings are missing, worn, or distorted so that looseness is present.

H. Check the spring mounted strut assembly. The strut must be inspected very closely for leakage, shaft binding and poor damping. (Moisture or dampness around strut assembly is not cause for rejection.)

(a) Advise when:

(i) Struts have poor damping or leakage.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Has any wear in the upper mount assembly.

(ii) Has any horizontal or vertical movement in the lower shaft mounting area.

(iii) Shaft is bent or binding.

I. Shock Absorbers

(1) Visually inspect shock absorbers for looseness of mounting brackets and bolts.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Shocks have poor damping or leakage.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Shock absorbers are missing or disconnected.

(ii) Mounting brackets, bolts, or bushings are loose, broken, or missing.

(iii) Shock is bent or binding.

J. CV Axle.

(1) Check CV Axle and axle boots.

(a) Advise when:

(i) CV boots are cracked or torn.

(b) Reject when:

(i) CV joint makes popping or clicking noise while turning during test drive.

K. U-joint.

(1) Check U-joint for wear.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Wear is found in U-joint.

(b) Reject when:

(i) U-joint, driveline, or supporting hardware is worn or damaged to the extent that component separation is imminent.

 

R714-160-9. Altered Vehicles.

A. Lowering Vehicle

(1) All replacement parts and equipment shall be equal to or greater in strength and durability as OEM parts.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Chassis or suspension components are less than three inches above the ground, excluding tires, rims or mudflaps.

(ii) Body or chassis contacts the roadway.

(iii) Fuel tank is exposed to damage without a skid plate.

(iv) Exhaust system brackets are not secure.

(v) Exhaust system is less than three (3) inches above the ground.

(vi) Wheels or tires make contact with the body or other vehicle component.

(vii) Tire tread is not fully covered by existing fenders or fender extenders.

(viii) Braking, steering, or suspension is modified, disconnected, or changed in any manner that may impair the safe operation of the vehicle.

(ix) Main springs or shocks have been removed to accommodate a hydraulic or air suspension system.

(x) Headlamps are less than 22 inches from the ground when measured from the ground to the center of the low beam bulb.

(xi) Any light does not meet mounting height specifications as outlined in the Lighting Chart found in the Lighting Section of this manual (page 50).

(xii) Chassis or suspension components have been altered or changed from OEM that reduces the vehicle stability and safety integrity.

B. Raising Vehicles.

(1) Check the braking and steering system components.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Braking or steering systems have been altered, modified, disconnected or changed in any manner that may impair the safe operation of the vehicle.

(2) Check vehicle lift. The vehicle must be on a flat surface and unladen for all measurements. Frame height measurement is from the ground to the bottom of the frame and should be taken on the left side of the vehicle under the driver's seat. (If the door certification plate has been removed, the vehicle shall be considered to be 4,500 lbs.)

(a) Reject when:

(i) Frame height is greater than 24 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR less than 4,500 lbs.

(ii) Frame height is greater than 26 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR of 4,500 lbs and less than 7,500 lbs.

(iii) Frame height is greater than 28 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR of 7,500 lbs or more

(3) Check the body lifts above the frame.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Lowest part of body floor is raised more than 3 inches above top of frame.

(4) Check vehicle for front and rear axle blocks. Two blocks that have been welded together are still considered to be stacked blocks.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Axle blocks have been added to the front axle.

(ii) There are stacked blocks on the rear axle. The stacking of axle blocks is prohibited.

(iii) There are stacked frames.

(5) Check vehicle tire width and wheel track. Fender flares or fender extenders are required to cover both front and rear tires when tire tread extends beyond the vehicle body.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tire tread protrudes beyond the original fender or fender extenders.

(ii) Spacers are used.

(6) Check the mudflaps when vehicle has been altered. Mudflaps are required on the rear wheels of all vehicles that are altered from their original OEM specifications. This includes the addition of larger tires and suspension lift kits.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Fenders do not cover the top 50% of the tire.

(ii) Mudflaps are not present when required.

(iii) Rear mudflaps are not directly aligned with the tire and at least as wide as the tire.

(7) Check lights for proper height requirements.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Any light does not meet mounting height specifications as outlined in the Lighting Chart found in the FMVSS.

(8) Check fuel tank.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Fuel tank is exposed with no impact protection.

 

R714-160-10. Brakes.

A. Procedure for Plate Brake Testers.

(1) Station owner/operators are not required to use a computerized brake testing device as a mandatory piece of inspection equipment, however, when used in the Safety Inspection Program, stations/inspectors are required to:

(a) Follow equipment manufacturer procedures for testing.

(b) Be certified by the equipment manufacturer and/or an authorized agent of the Utah Highway Patrol Safety Inspection Section. Inspector certifications must be renewed every three years.

(c) Display in a prominent location their inspector certification card for the equipment being used.

(d) Display in a prominent location the computerized brake testing equipment certification. The manufacturer must certify equipment annually.

(e) Pull two wheels upon the failure of the plate brake test to check brake components. Vehicles that have adequate pad and or shoe thickness must still be rejected until repairs are made.

(f) Do a visual two-wheel inspection of brake components when requested by a customer.

(g) Display the following sign in a conspicuous location. The sign must be 14" X 24". Lettering will be one inch in vertical height and not less than one quarter of an inch in width and display the following message.

(i) Station Name and Station Number "only uses a computerized Plate Brake Tester to inspect the braking system efficiency of a vehicle for a safety inspection. This test does not measure brake lining thickness or condition of the drum / rotor. However, at the customer's request, we will pull two wheels for a visual check of the braking system (per Utah Safety Inspection requirements)."

(h) If failed on a plate brake tester, the vehicle must pass safety inspection on a plate brake tester.

B. Procedure for Visual Inspection.

(1) When a visual inspection is performed, it is required that at least one front and one rear wheel be removed for a brake inspection on all vehicles less than 10,000 lbs. GVWR. Always inspect brake drum, linings, pads, discs, calipers, and the condition of all mechanical components. Visual inspection through the wheel openings is not an approved inspection procedure.

(2) Vehicles over 10,000 lbs. GVWR are not required to have wheels pulled if the vehicle is equipped with inspection ports/slots (adjustment slots are not adequate for inspecting brakes) or if the vehicle has open brake drums.

C. Hydraulic System

(1) Test Pedal Reserve. A few manufacturers allow less than 20% pedal reserve, which is normal under their OEM specifications. If you find any vehicle with less than 20%, contact the manufacturer for their specifications.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Has less than 1/5 (20%) of the total available pedal travel when the brakes are fully applied.

(2) Check the wheel cylinders for leakage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wheel cylinders leak.

(3) Inspect hydraulic hoses and tubes for exposed fabric cord, flattened, restricted or unsecured lines.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hoses or tubing are cracked, leaking or show exposed fabric cord, flattened, restricted, or are unsecured.(Brake hoses must be DOT approved and cannot be altered.)

(4) Inspect master cylinder for leakage and fluid level.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Master cylinder leaks or fails to operate properly.

(ii) Master cylinder is below the add line or less than 3/4 full.

(iii) Master cylinder gasket is damaged.

D. Dual Hydraulic Circuits.

(1) Check vehicles equipped with a brake warning light. Test for operation of light.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Warning light remains illuminated or comes on when brake pedal is depressed.

(ii) Warning light does not operate when required. (Most vehicles can be checked by turning the key to the on position).

E. Brakes with Vacuum Assist.

(1) Check the condition of vacuum system for collapsed, broken, badly chafed, improperly supported tubes and loose or broken hose clamps.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hoses, tubes, or booster is leaking.

(ii) System is collapsed, broken, badly chafed, showing metal or fabric cord.

(iii) System is improperly supported or loose.

(iv) Hoses or tubes are exposed to damage from excessive heat, debris, or rubbing.

(2) Determine if system is operating. First, turn off engine. Second, depress brake pedal several times to deplete all vacuum in the system. Third, while maintaining pedal force, start engine and observe if pedal falls slightly when engine starts.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Service brake pedal does not fall slightly as engine is started and while pressure is maintained on pedal.

F. Brakes with Hydraulic Booster.

(1) Check the integrated Hydraulic Booster. With the ignition key in the off position, depress brake pedal a minimum of 25 times (50 times on jeeps with anti-lock brakes) to deplete all residual stored pressure in the accumulator. Depress pedal with a light foot-force (25 lbs). Place the ignition key in the on position and allow 60 seconds for the brake warning lights to go out indicating the electric pump has fully charged the accumulator.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Brake pedal does not move down slightly as the pump builds pressure.

(ii) The brake warning lights remain on longer than 60 seconds.

(2) Check the braking system, while fully charged, for leaks and proper fluid levels.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Fluid reservoir is below the add line or less than 3/4 full.

(ii) Has broken, kinked or restricted fluid lines or hoses.

(iii) Has any leakage of fluid at the pump or brake booster, or on any of the lines or hoses in the system.

G. Brake Drums

(1) Check the condition of the drum friction surface for substantial cracks, damage and contamination. Short hairline heat cracks should not be considered.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Has substantial cracks on the friction surface extending to the open edge of the drum.

(ii) Missing or is in danger of falling away.

(2) Check for cracks on the outside of drum.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Brake drums have external cracks. Short hairline cracks should not be considered.

(3) Check for mechanical damage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) There is evidence of mechanical damage other than wear.

(4) Check for leaks at all grease or oil seals.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Leakage of oil, grease or brake fluid contaminates brake components.

(5) Check drum diameter.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Drum is turned or worn beyond manufacturer's specifications.

H. Brake Rotors.

(1) Check the condition of the rotor friction surface for substantial cracks. Short hairline cracks should not be considered.

(a) Reject when:

(i) There are substantial cracks on the friction surface extending to open edge of rotor.

(ii) Friction surface is contaminated with oil or grease.

(iii) Missing or are in danger of falling away.

(2) Check rotor thickness.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Rotor thickness is less than manufacturer's specifications.

I. Bonded Lining and Pads.

(1) Check the primary and secondary lining thickness at the thinnest point.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Lining thickness is worn to 2/32 inch.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Lining thickness is worn to less than 2/32 inch.

J. Riveted Lining and Pads.

(1) Check for loose or missing rivets.

(2) Lining thickness is worn to less than 2/32 inch.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Rivets are loose or missing.

(2) Check the primary and secondary lining thickness above rivet head by measuring at the thinnest point. Calipers must be removed to accurately measure riveted pads.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Lining thickness is less than 2/32 inch above any rivet head.

K. All Linings.

(1) Check for broken or cracked linings.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Linings are broken, cracked or not firmly and completely attached to shoe.

(2) Check for contamination of friction surface.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Friction surface is contaminated with oil, grease, or brake fluid. Once a brake lining has been contaminated, replacement is required.

(3) Check for uneven lining wear.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Lining is uneven or grooved.

L. Mechanical Brake Components.

(1) Check for missing or defective mechanical components.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Mechanical parts are missing, broken or badly worn.

(2) Check for frozen calipers, rusted or inoperative components, missing spring clips and defective grease retainers.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Mechanical parts are frozen, inoperative, missing or defective.

(ii) Backing plate or brake shoe is damaged, restricting free movement of brake shoe.

(3) Check for restriction of shoe movement at backing plate and for binding between brake shoe and anchor pins.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Shoes and anchor pins are improperly positioned or misaligned.

M. Parking Brake.

(1) Check holding ability.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Parking brake does not operate or fails to hold vehicle.

(2) Check ratchet or the locking device.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Ratchet, pawl or other locking device fails to hold brake in an applied position.

N. Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS System)

(1) Check ABS warning light and system for proper operation.

(a) Advise when:

(i) ABS light fails to light, fails to shut off after 60 seconds or when 5 rapid beeps are heard when ignition switch is turned to the on position.

(ii) ABS components are broken, missing or disconnected.

 

R714-160-11. Lighting.

A. Headlamps

(1) Check headlamp for proper mounting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Mounting brackets are loose, missing or damaged in any way so that headlamp cannot be properly and securely mounted.

(ii) Vehicle headlamps are lower than 22 inches or exceed 54 inches, measured from the ground to the center of the headlamp.

(2) Check headlamp for proper aim and lighting.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Daytime running lights are inoperative

(b) Reject when:

(i) Headlamps are not aimed properly. Mechanical Headlight aiming devices are no longer required, but are acceptable. Headlight aiming can now be checked at 10 feet measured from the front of the vehicle to a wall, the headlight aim cannot deviate more than four inches in any direction. The headlamp must be between 22 to 54 inches measured from the ground to the center of the low beam.

(ii) Headlamps fail to light properly.

(iii) Headlamps project other than white light.

(iv) Headlamp is not marked USDOT approved.

(v) An aftermarket headlight (High Intensity Discharge Kit) must comply with Federal Standards, which states every replaceable light source must be designed to conform to the identical marking and dimensional and electrical specifications applicable to the type of light source that it replaces. A non-compatible headlight aftermarket kit (High Intensity Discharge Kit) can create excessive brightness.

(3) Check headlamps for holes, breakage and non-factory colored covers or non-transparent covers.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Headlamp has holes in headlight lens. (The holes may be sealed with silicone.)

(b) Reject when:

(i) Headlamp covering, not authorized by the Department, are placed on or in front of any headlamp. Factory installed lights/covers are faded or painted to the point assembly will not comply with state code for visibility at 1,000 feet.

(ii) Headlamp cover is broken or missing.

(iii) Headlamp cover is tinted, colored, or painted (other than clear).

B. Headlamps- High and Low Beams.

(1) Check dimmer switch for proper functioning. Both high and low beams are required to function.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Dimmer switch fails to work properly.

C. Backup Lights/License Plate Light.

(1) Check the backup lights for proper functioning.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Backup lights or rear license plate lights are missing or fails to light.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Backup lights remain illuminated when transmission is not in reverse.

D. Hazard Warning Lamps.

(1) Check hazard warning lamps for proper functioning.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hazard warning lamps fail to function properly.

(ii) Any cover over the lens

E. Interior Indicator Lamps.

(1) Check interior lamps for proper functioning.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Turn signal indicators, high beam indicator or brake warning indicator fail to function.

F. Parking Lamps.

(1) Check parking lamps for proper functioning.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Parking lamps fail to function properly or display an unapproved color.

G. Side Marker Lamps (Side Reflex Reflectors).

(1) Check side marker lamps for proper functioning and color.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Side marker lamps are not functioning properly.

(ii) Side marker lamps or side reflectors are incorrect color. They must be yellow or amber on the front and red on the rear.

(iii) Any cover over the lens.

H. Auxiliary Lighting.

(1) Check auxiliary lamps for proper mounting and aiming. Auxiliary lights must meet FMVSS 108, mounted between 15" and 56" in height, have separate switch to operate, and may ONLY be white, yellow or amber in color.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Auxiliary lamps are improperly mounted, aimed and/or fail to direct light properly. (Auxiliary lamps may not be aimed higher than the low beam headlight.)

(ii) Auxiliary lamps are other than white, yellow or amber.

I. Tail Lamp Assembly.

(1) Check tail lamp assembly for proper lens and required reflex reflectors.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Rear lenses do not produce red light, painted or are covered by any cover.

(ii) Lenses are missing required reflectors.

(iii) Tinting or material that obstructs the original design of the light.

(2) Check lens covers for breakage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tail lamp lens are broken to the extent that any white light shows through broken area.(Lens that are patched with another lens piece is an acceptable repair, so long as it is glued on and permanent. (Tinted covers and temporary patches must be rejected.)

(3) Check for the proper operation.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Tail lamps fail to light properly.

(4) Check for proper mounting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Lamps are not securely mounted.

(5) Check for visibility.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Lamps are not visible from a distance of 500 feet in normal light.

J. Stop Lamps.

(1) Check stop lamps for proper color.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Stop lamp lens does not produce a steady burning red light, or painted, or are covered by any cover. (Blue dot taillights are illegal).

(ii) Tinting or material that obstructs the original design of the light.

(2) Check the stop lamps for breakage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Stop lamps are broken to the extent that white light is visible to the rear. Lens that are patched with another lens piece is an acceptable repair, so long as it is glued on and permanent. (Tinted covers and temporary patches must be rejected.)

(3) Check for the correct operation of stop lamps.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Stop lamps do not operate when required

(ii) Stop lamp fail to light properly.

(4) Check for proper stop lamp mounting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Stop lamps are not securely mounted.

(5) Check the visibility of stop lamps.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Stop lamps are not visible from a distance of 500 feet in normal light.

(ii) LED lights have less than 50% of diodes illuminated.

(iii) Lens does not produce a steady burning red light, or painted, or are covered by any cover.

(6) Check center high mounted stop lamps. Center high mounted stop lamps are required on all passenger vehicles manufactured after September 1985. Trucks whose overall width is less than 80 inches and GVWR is 10,000 pounds or less, manufactured after September 1, 1993, must be equipped with a high-mounted stop lamp (FMVSS 571.108). Trucks greater than 80 inches in overall width and 10,000 pounds GVWR, do not require a high mounted stop lamp (FMVSS 571.108). A truck that has a camper shell at the time of the inspection that covers the center high mounted stop lamp is acceptable. However, a truck shell that was manufactured with a center high mounted stop lamp is required to function.

(i) Center high mounted stop lamp is not present or does not light.

(ii) Any aftermarket tint has been applied over the center highmounted stop lamp.

(iii) LED lights have less than 50% of diodes illuminated.

K. Turn Signal Operation.

(1) Check the turn signals on all vehicles manufactured in 1956 and later.

(a) Advise when:

(i) One of the two bulbs fails to illuminate on a two bulb system.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Vehicle is not equipped with proper signals.

(ii) Turn signals fail to function.

(2) Check switch for proper functioning.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Switch does not cancel automatically for 1956 and later vehicles.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Turn signal lever needs to be held in the on position.

(3) Check condition of lens.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Turn signal lens are tinted, painted, broken or missing.

(ii) Any cover or foreign material over the lens. Lens that are patched with another lens piece is an acceptable repair, so long as it is glued on and permanent. (Tinted covers and temporary patches must be rejected.)

(4) Check for proper mounting.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Turn signals are not securely mounted.

(5) Check for proper color of lens and bulbs.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Turn signal colors are not red, yellow or amber in the rear or amber in the front.

(ii) Turn signal lens or bulbs are painted.

(6) Check for visibility of lens.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Turn signals are not visible from a distance of 100 feet in normal light.

L. Lighting- General Requirements on all vehicles.

(2) Any lens that is patched, taped or covered with a foreign substance MUST BE REJECTED. Lights must conform to manufacturer's specifications, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) and Utah State Laws. The use of a clear cover for headlamps are acceptable. Xenon bulbs that are USDOT approved are acceptable.

 

R714-160-12. Electrical System.

A. Electrical Items.

(1) Check the horn.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Horn is not securely fastened.

(ii) Horn does not function properly. (Must be audible under normal conditions at a distance of not less than 200 feet.)

(2) Check the electrical switches and wiring.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Electrical switches fail to function as designed for OEM required equipment.

(ii) Connections show signs of corrosion.

(iii) Permanent connection wires are not soldered and/or insulated.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Wiring insulation is worn or rubbed bare.

(3) Automatic/manual transmission safety starting switch is inoperative. An automatic transmission, check the neutral starting switch to determine that the starter operates only with the gear selector in "P" or "N". A manual transmission, when originally equipped with a neutral safety switch, must only start with the clutch depressed.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Starter operates in any gear other than "P" or "N".

(4) Check for battery securement.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Battery is not properly secured.

 

R714-160-13. Vehicle Windows.

A. Windshield.

(1) Check windshield for appropriate "AS" certification number.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Windshield is missing.

(ii) Windshield does not have AS-1, AS-10, or AS-14 markings.

(2) Visually inspect windshield for scratches, cloudiness, etching, or other marks.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Windshield glass is scratched, discolored, clouded or pitted to the point vision is obscured.

(ii) Windshield cloudiness is more than one inch from each side edge, more than four inches down from the top edge or more than three inches up from the bottom edge.

(iii) Windshield has decorative etching that is not OEM.

(3) Check windshield for damage, unauthorized tinting, signs or other non-transparent materials.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Windshield has outright breakage, shattered glass on either the inside or outside surface or any broken glass leaving sharp or jagged edges.

(ii) Damage or repairs in the acute area that exceeds one inch in length or diameter. (The acute area measured on the outside) of the windshield is defined vertically by measuring six inches down from the top edge of glass where it meets the molding, six inches up from the bottom edge of glass where it meets the molding. Horizontally, by measuring six inches in from the left side edge of glass where it meets the molding and six inches in from the right side edge of glass where it meets the molding.)

(iii) Windshield allows less than 70% light transmittance or any sign, poster or other non-transparent material is present below the AS-1 line or four inches down from the top of the windshield, whichever is lower.

(iv) Any transparent material that becomes obscured or impairs the drivers vision (more than 1" in from each side edge, more than 4" down from the top edge or more than 3" up from the bottom edge.

B. Windshield Defroster.

(1) Turn on windshield defroster fan switch and inspect for heated air blowing over the inside of the windshield. All vehicles manufactured after January 1, 1969 must be equipped with a windshield defroster system.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Defroster fan fails to function or fan functions but a stream of heated air cannot be felt blowing against the proper area of the windshield. (Engine must be warm and all elements of the defroster system must be on.)

C. Windshield Wipers.

(1) Check for satisfactory operation. (If vacuum operated, engine must be idling.)

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wipers fail to function properly or fail to return to the park position automatically.

(ii) When vehicle was originally equipped with two windshield wipers, both must function properly.

(b) Two or more speed system is required after January 1968.

(2) Check wiper blades for damaged, torn or hardened rubber elements.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wiper blades show signs of physical breakdown of rubber wiping element.

(3) Check for damaged metal parts of wiper blades or arms.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wiper blades or arms are missing or damaged to the extent that they do not function properly.

(4) Check for proper contact of blades with windshield.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wiper blade fails to contact the windshield firmly.

D. Windshield Washers. All vehicles are required to have windshield washer systems after May 1966.

(1) Check for proper operation of hand or foot control and that an effective amount of fluid is delivered to the windshield.

(a) Reject when:

(i) System fails to function properly. (i.e. fluid reservoir unable to hold fluid, cracked or broken hoses)

E. Left/Right Front Windows- All Vehicles.

(1) Check operation of window at drivers left side and right side.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Left front window cannot be readily opened to permit arm signals.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Driver and/or passenger windows fail to roll up to inspect light transmittance.

(2) Check the windows to the left and right of driver for tinting or shading, scratches, discoloration and/or cloudiness.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Side windows are scratched, discolored or clouded but the driver's view of the side mirrors is not obscured.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Has any tinting, or non-transparent material added to the window(s) to the immediate left or right of the drivers' seat that allows less than 43% light transmittance. (All light transmittance testing cannot exceed a 3% variance.)

(ii) Front left and right side windows are scratched, discolored, clouded or etched with other than OEM markings to the point where the drivers' view of the side mirrors is obstructed.

(iii) Right side mirror is missing when any window is tinted.

(iv) Windows are covered by or treated with a material, which presents a metallic or mirrored appearance when viewed from the outside of the vehicle.

(3) Check the windows to the left and right of the driver for breakage.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Glass is broken, shattered or jagged.

(4) Check the wind deflectors (bubbles) when present on some vehicles.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Wind deflector is tinted to allow less than 43% light transmittance, or when deflector and window are both tinted to allow less than 43% light transmittance. This only applies to wind deflectors on the front left and right windows of the driver, which block visibility to the left and/or right outside mirror.

F. Windows Behind Driver/passenger doors- All Vehicles.

(1) Check windows behind the driver/passenger doors for tinting or for material that presents a metallic or mirrored appearance.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Windows are covered by or treated with a material, which presents a metallic or mirrored appearance when viewed from the outside of the vehicle.

(2) All windows behind the driver do not have window tint limits. If aftermarket window tint is on the rear window, the center high mounted brake light must not be covered.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Glass is broken, shattered or jagged.

(ii) Windows do not meet AS standards.

(iii) Center high mounted brake light is covered with aftermarket window tint or is not visible.

(iv) Has tint that shows a metallic or mirrored appearance.

(3) Check for left and right outside rearview mirror.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Missing a left(OEM) required rearview mirror.

(ii) Missing the right outside rearview mirror, which is required on vehicles with any tint. Right outside rearview mirrors are optional on vehicles with no tint.

 

R714-160-14. Body.

A. Protruding Metal/Parts and Accessories.

(1) Check for protruding metal parts, moldings, etc. which may protrude from vehicle, creating a hazard.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Metal, molding or any other body part is protruding from the surface of the vehicle, creating a hazard.

(2) Check parts and accessories for proper securement.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Parts or accessories are not properly secured.

B. Bumpers.

(1) Check bumpers to make sure that they meet OEM specifications in vertical height, and are centered on the vehicle's centerline. Bumpers must be connected securely to the vehicle frame, and extend the entire width of the vehicle wheel track.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Bumpers are not 4.5 inches in vertical height.

(ii) Bumpers do not extend to the entire width of original body wheel track.

(iii) Bumpers are missing, improperly attached, broken, or have portions protruding which create a hazard.

(iv) Bumpers are not made from a material that is strong enough to effectively transfer impact.

(b) Pickup trucks are designed and manufactured for a rear bumper with OEM standards. However, pickup trucks can be sold and may be purchased without a rear bumper. The vehicle owner has the responsibility for compliance with Utah Law when the vehicle is operated on Utah roads.

(c) Roll pans are not bumpers and are only acceptable when a material is concealed behind the roll pan that meets the strength, vertical height and securing requirements of a rear bumper. This material must extent the width of the wheel track and must meet all of the requirements of a rear bumper.

C. Fenders.

(1) Check for removal or alteration of front or rear fenders.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Any fender has been removed or altered to such extent that it does not cover the entire width and upper 50% of the tire.

D. Seats and Seatbelts.

(1) Check seats for proper operation of adjusting mechanism and to see that the seats are securely anchored to the floor.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Seats are not anchored to the floorboard.

(ii) Seat adjusting mechanism slips out of set position.

(iii) Seat adjusting mechanism does not function properly.

(iv) Any driver or passenger seat back is broken or disconnected from the base so that it will not support a person's full weight.

(v) Seat belts are not installed when required or are inoperative when present. (Seat belts are required in all vehicles manufactured after July 1, 1966.)

(vi) Seat belts are cut, torn, frayed, or otherwise damaged.

(2) Check the motorized safety belts. Enter the vehicle and close the door, insert the key into the ignition and turn to the on position. A motor causes the shoulder belt to slide along a track starting at the front body "A" pillar and moving rearward to its locked position at the "B" pillar. The shoulder belt warning indicator lamp should illuminate from four to eight seconds.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Motorized seat belts do not function as designed.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Motorized seat belts fail to lock in the rear position.

E. Air bags.

(1) Check the Air Bag Readiness Light. Turn the key to the on position. The light will indicate normal system operation by lighting for 6-8 seconds then turning off.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Air bag indicator fails to light in the manner prescribed by the manufacturer, continuously flashes, remains illuminated, or if five sets of "beeps" are heard concurrent with indicator failing to light.

(2) Check Air Bag.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Air Bag has been deployed or is not present when originally equipped on the vehicle.

F. Floorboards.

(1) Check the floorboard in both occupant compartment and trunk for rusted out areas, or holes, which could permit entry of exhaust gases, or will not support occupants adequately.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Any area of the floorboard is rusted through sufficiently to cause a hazard to an occupant, or exhaust gases could enter the occupant compartment or trunk.

(2) Check the space between the floor pan and frame for body lifts.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Lowest part of body floor is raised more than three inches above top of frame.

G. Doors.

(1) Check doors and door components for proper operation.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Doors are missing when not designed by the original manufacturer to be removed.

(ii) Door parts are missing, broken or sagging to the extent that the door cannot be opened and closed properly.

(iii) Interior and exterior door handles are not present and function as designed by the manufacture.

(b) Missing door parts include the outside and inside door handles. Shaved door handles with automatic releases are allowed provided that when the engine is running, and the vehicle is in drive, the wireless remote cannot activate door release switch.

H. Hood.

(1) Check all vehicles for hood or engine cover. All vehicles must have a hood or engine cover.

(2) Check hood and open to check safety catch for proper operation.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hood or engine cover is missing or hood is unable to be opened.

(ii) Secondary or safety catch does not function properly.

(3) Close hood and check for proper operation.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hood latch does not securely hold hood in its proper fully closed position.

(4) Check for aftermarket hood scoop or air intake.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Hood scoop, air intake or any engine component is higher than four inches above the top of the hood.

(ii) Moving parts are exposed above hood.

I. Frame.

(1) Check the frame, repairs must meet OEM specifications.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Has any broken or cracked frame component.

(ii) Frame is rusted through.

(iii) Frame has been cut or portions of the frame have been removed or bent affecting the strength or integrity of the frame.

J. Motor Mounts/Transmission Mounts/Drive Train Mounts.

(1) Check all mount components.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Heat cracks are present.

(b) Reject when:

(i) Mount bolts or nuts are broken, loose or missing.

(ii) Rubber cushion is separated from the metal plate of the mount.

(iii) There is a split through the rubber cushion.

(iv) Engine or transmission is sagging to the point where you hear the mount bottom out or engine misalignment to the point of drive train component compromise.

(v) Fluid filled mounts are leaking (Leakage must be verified from the mount.)

K. Exterior Rearview Mirrors.

(1) From the driver's position, check exterior mirror(s) for a clear and reasonably unobstructed view to the rear.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Required mirrors are not present.

(b) One mirror on driver's side is required on all vehicles manufactured after January 1968. In addition, a mirror on the passenger side is required when tinting is present or the rear view is obstructed.

(2) Check to see that mirrors are in the correct location and are mounted securely. Check for cracks, sharp edges or unnecessary protrusion.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Mirrors are loose enough that rear vision could be impaired.

(ii) Mirrors are cracked, pitted, or clouded to the extent that rear vision is obscured.

(iii) Mirrors will not maintain a set adjustment.

(iv) Mirrors do not allow 200 feet of rear visibility.

L. Interior Rearview Mirror.

(1) When an interior rearview mirror is required, check mirror for proper mounting, location, cracks, sharp edges, and ease of adjustment.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Interior mirror is loosely mounted.

(ii) Interior mirror obstructs the drivers' forward vision.

(iii) Interior mirror does not provide a clear view of the highway at least 200 feet to rear.

(iv) Interior mirror is cracked, broken, has sharp edges or rear vision is obscured.

(v) Mirror will not maintain a set adjustment.

(b) All vehicles are required to have two rear facing mirrors, one mirror on the driver's side on all vehicles manufactured after January 1968 and an interior or passenger exterior mirror. A mirror on the passenger side is required when tinting is present or the rear view is obstructed.

M. Speedometer/Odometer

(1) Check vehicle to be sure that it is equipped with a properly functioning speedometer and odometer. Although not a cause to reject, all vehicles are required to have a working odometer in order to be registered in the State of Utah.

(a) Advise when:

(i) Speedometer or odometer is not functional or is disconnected.

 

R714-160-15. Exhaust System.

A. Exhaust System

(1) Check the manifold, exhaust or header pipe, mufflers, tail pipes and the supporting hardware.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Muffler is missing.

(ii) Exhaust system has leaks of any kind on any part of the system. (Excluding drain holes installed by the manufacturer.)

(iii) Any part of the system is not securely fastened or secured in a manner that is likely to fail.(i.e. rope securing tail pipe.)

(iv) Tail pipes do not extend beyond the outer periphery of the passenger compartment or discharges at any point forward of the passenger compartment or are severely bent or broken.

(v) Exhaust system passes through any occupant compartment.

(vi) Muffler cutout or similar device is installed.

(vii) Any part of the exhaust system that is located or exposed in a manner that a person will likely be burned or injured.

(viii) No part of the exhaust system shall be located that would likely result in burning, charring or damaging the electrical wiring, the fuel supply, or any combustible part of the motor vehicle.

 

R714-160-16. Fuel System.

A. Diesel/Gasoline

(1) Check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube(rubber, plastic, metal), tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, fuel filler.

(a) Reject when:

(i) There is fuel leakage at any point or there are escaping gases detected in the system.

(ii) The fuel tank filler cap is missing.

(iii) Any part of the system is not securely fastened or supported.

(iv) Has physical damage to any fuel system component.

(v) Crossover line is not protected and drops more than two (2) inches below fuel tanks.

B. Liquid Propane Gas (NFPA-58)

(1) Check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube (rubber, plastic, metal), tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, fuel filler cap and conversion kit installations.

(a) Reject when:

(i) There is fuel leakage at any point or there are escaping gases detected in the system. The mere presence of a propane odor (Ethyl Mercaptan) does not necessarily mean that a leak exists. An inspection utilizing the soap test with antifreeze must be utilized. Leaks are commonly found in the vaporizer, fuel lines, or fuel line connections.

(ii) The fuel tank filler cap is missing. (This is the cap over the fueling receptacle, not the door to the receptacle.)

(iii) Any part of the system is not securely fastened, supported or the tank valve is not shielded. Fuel containers shall be installed to prevent their jarring loose, and slipping or rotating. The piping system shall be designed, installed, supported, and secured in such a manner as to minimize damage due to expansion, contraction, vibration, strains and wear. Container valves, appurtenances, and connections shall be protected to prevent damage due to accidental contacts with stationary objects or from stones, mud, or ice and from damage due to an overturn or similar vehicular accident. This must be done by locating the container so that parts of the vehicle furnish the necessary protection, or by the use of a fitting guard furnished by the manufacturer of the container, or by other means to provide equivalent protection.

(iv) Has physical damage to any fuel system component. Containers cannot have excessive denting, bulging, gouging, or corrosion and the fuel lines cannot have any corrosion. Welding is only permitted on saddle plates, lugs, pads or brackets that are attached to the container by the container manufacturer. Some surface rust on the tank is permitted, so long as the tank paint coating is in good condition to prevent corrosion.

(v) There is any installation hazard present which may cause a potential hazard during a collision. Containers shall be located to minimize the possibility of damage to the container and its fittings. They shall not be mounted directly on roofs or ahead of the front axle or beyond the rear bumper of a vehicle. No part of a container or its appurtenances shall protrude beyond the sides or top of the vehicle. Containers located less than 18 inches from the exhaust system, the transmission, or a heat-producing component of the internal combustion engine shall be shielded by a vehicle frame member or by a noncombustible baffle with an air space on both sides of the frame member or baffle. For tanks that are installed inside a passenger compartment, they shall be installed in an enclosure that is securely mounted to the vehicle, such as a trunk which is gastight with respect to the passenger compartment and is vented to the outside of the vehicle. Manual shutoff valves shall be designed to provide positive closure under service conditions and shall be equipped with an internal excess-flow check valve designed to close automatically at the rated flows of vapor. The manual shutoff valve when put in the closed position shall stop all flow to and from the container and should be readily accessible without the use of tools, or other equipment. A check valve will not meet this requirement.

(vi) Vehicle does not have a weather-resistant, diamond shaped label located on the right rear of the vehicle, identifying the vehicle as 'PROPANE' fueled vehicle.

(vii) A propane fuel tank does not have a data plate (saddle plate) present or is not legible. Any aftermarket data plates welded on the tank are not permitted. ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) containers are installed permanently to vehicles and are not subject to the DOT inspection requirements. The container should be visually inspected each time it is filled. All containers fabricated to earlier editions of regulations, rules, or codes listed in NFPA 5.2.1.1 and of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Rules for Construction of Unified Pressure Vessels, prior to April 1, 1967, shall be permitted to continue to be used in accordance with Section 1.4. Containers that have been involved in a fire and show no distortion shall be re-qualified by a manufacturer of that type of cylinder or by a repair facility approved by DOT, before being used or reinstalled. Welding is only permitted on saddle plates, lugs, pads or brackets that are attached to the container by the container manufacturer.

C. Natural Gas (NFPA-52)

(1) Check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube (rubber, plastic, metal), tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, fuel filler cap and conversion kit installations.

(a) Reject when:

(i) There is fuel leakage at any point or escaping gases are detected in the system. (Odor will be present.)

(ii) The fuel tank filler cap/cover is missing.

(iii) Any part of the system is not securely fastened, supported or shielded to prevent damage from the road hazards, slippage, loosening or rotations. Make sure that the fuel tank is not exposed or unprotected. Tanks that are installed under a vehicle may not be mounted ahead of the front axle or behind the point of attachment of the rear bumper. Tanks shall be protected from physical damage using the vehicle structure, valve protectors or a suitable plastic or metal shield. A tank that is installed in the bed of a truck must be protected with a shield over the top and down any exposed sides. Shields shall be installed in a manner that prevents direct contact between the shield and the fuel tank. The shield shall also prevent the trapping of solid materials or liquids between the shield and tank that could damage the container or its coating.

(iv) There is any physical damage to a fuel system component.

(v) There is any installation hazard present which may cause a potential hazard during a collision. Fuel tanks shall be permitted to be located within, below, or above the driver or passenger compartment, provided all connections to the container(s) are external to, or sealed and vented from, these compartments. All tanks that are installed in the passenger compartment shall be vented to the outside of the vehicle with a boot or heavy plastic bag and shall not exit into a wheel well. Every tank and fuel line shall be mounted and braced away from the exhaust system and supported to minimize vibration and to protect against damage, corrosion, or breakage. No part of the fuel tank or its appurtenances shall protrude beyond the sides or top of any vehicle where the tanks can be struck or punctured.

(vi) Vehicle is not labeled in accordance with National Fire Protection Association Pamphlet 52. Each CNG vehicle shall be identified with a weather-resistant, diamond-shaped label located on an exterior vertical surface or near-vertical surface on the lower right rear of the vehicle (e.g., on the trunk lid of a vehicle so equipped, but not on the bumper of any vehicle) inboard from any other markings. The label shall be a minimum of 4.72 inches long by 3.27 inches high. Where a manual valve is used the valve location shall be accessible and indicated with the words "MANUAL SHUTOFF VALVE". A vehicle equipped with a CNG fuel system shall bear a label readily visible and located in the engine compartment with identification as a CNG-fueled vehicle, system service pressure, installer's name or company, container retest date(s) or expiration date and the total container water volume in gallons. There shall also be a label located at the fueling connection receptacle with identification as a CNG-fueled vehicle, system working pressure and container retest date(s) or expiration date. If both labels are located in one of the above areas, the labels shall be permitted to be combined into a single label.

(vii) A CNG fuel container is not current on its certification in accordance with FMVSS. Each CNG fuel container shall be permanently labeled and should be visually inspected after a motor vehicle accident or fire and at least every 36 months or 36,000 miles, whichever comes first, for damage and deterioration. Disassembly of the tanks protective shield is not required to verify the label on the tank; it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to provide documentation for a current CNG tank Inspection from a CNG certified inspector. The documentation must identify the vehicle and list the CNG tank certification number. LPG and CNG leaks may accumulate at ground level. Use extreme caution when around these systems. At no time shall an inspector attempt to conduct maintenance or alterations to any alternative fuel system, unless that inspector is currently certified and trained in alternative fuel conversion installations. Working around these systems is extremely dangerous and requires extensive training.

 

R714-160-17. Trailers.

A. Light duty trailers or any trailer, regardless of GVWR, used in the capacity of a Commercial Motor Vehicle as defined in Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations must be inspected per procedures found in Tractor/Trailer/Bus Safety Inspection Manual. These inspections must only be performed by personnel certified in Tractor/Trailer/Bus categories.

 

R714-160-18. Off Road Vehicles/"Sand"/"Dune" Buggies.

A. Check vehicles that have been modified for off-road use for compliance with Safety Inspection Rules, Utah State Law and Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

(a) Reject when:

(i) Does not meet all inspection requirements for regular passenger vehicles.

(ii) Does not provide an enclosure or cockpit for driver and occupants.

(iii) Has a Baja or T-bar style bumper.

 

R714-160-19. Custom Vehicles (Replica Vehicles).

A. Definitions:

(1) "Custom Vehicle" means: a motor vehicle that is at least 25 years old and of a model year after 1948; orwas manufactured to resemble a vehicle that is at least 25 years old and of a model year after 1948; and has been altered from the manufacturer's original design; or has a body constructed of non-original materials. A custom vehicle is primarily a collector's item that is used for: club activities; exhibitions; tours; parades; occasional transportation; and other similar uses. A custom vehicle does not include a motor vehicle that is used for general, daily transportation or is a vintage vehicle.

(2) "Vintage Vehicle" means a motor vehicle that is 40 years old or older, from the current year, primarily a collector's item, and used for participation in club activities, exhibitions, tours, parades, occasional transportation, and similar uses, but that is not used for general daily transportation.

B. Minimum Safety Equipment Requirements:

(1) Hydraulic service brakes on all wheels with current vehicle brake and stopping standards.

(2) Parking brake operating on at least two wheels on the same axle.

(3) Seat belts for all passengers and driver.

(4) Sealed beam or halogen headlamps.

(5) Brake Lamps.

(6) Turn signal lamps and switch.

(7) AS-1 safety glass or Lexan.

(8) Electric or vacuum windshield wiper in front of the drivers view.

C. Reject when:

(1) Any of the above requirements are not met.

D. Exhaust systems may discharge along the side provided they discharge at a point behind the rear edge of the door and exhaust is directed away from the vehicle. The vehicle identification for a custom vehicle shall be a number stamped on the frame of the vehicle. If no such numbers exist, then the requirements as established pursuant to the Department of vehicle Rules must be followed.

E. All safety equipment of a replica vehicle shall at least meet the safety standards applicable to the model year of the vehicle being replicated. Any replacement equipment shall comply with the design standards of the replacement equipment's manufacture (UCA 41-6a-1507).

 

R714-160-20. Low-Speed Vehicles.

A. Definitions:

(1) "Low-Speed Vehicles": A four wheeled electric motor vehicle that is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver. "Low-Speed Vehicle" does not include a gold car or an off-highway vehicle.

(2) "Equipment Compliance": The minimum safety equipment must meet the requirements of Utah Safety Inspection Rules and Utah State Tax Commission Rules.

B. Minimum Safety Equipment Requirements:

(1) Headlights

(2) Front and rear turn signals, tail lamps, and stop lights.

(3) Reflectors one on the rear of the vehicle and one on the left and right side as far to the rear as practical.

(4) A parking brake.

(5) A windshield that meets the standards of the motor vehicle code, including a device for cleaning rain, snow or other moisture from the windshield.

(6) An exterior rearview mirror on the drivers' side and either an interior rearview mirror or an exterior rearview mirror on the passenger side.

(7) A low-speed vehicle shall not be altered from the original manufacturer's design.

(8) Safety belt (as set in Utah state law.

(9) A slow-moving vehicle identification emblem displayed on the rear of the vehicle.

10) An operational braking system as designed by the manufacturer (OEM).

(a) Reject when:

(i) Any of the above are not met.

 

R714-160-21. Reconstructed/Salvaged Motor Vehicles.

A. Check all components.

(1) Reject when:

(a) Components and repairs are not made or installed in accordance with applicable provisions for the particular chassis from the original manufacturer.]

R714-160. Equipment Standards for Passenger Vehicle and Light Truck Safety Inspections.

R714-160-1. Authority.

This rule is authorized by Subsections 53-8-204(5) and 41-6a-1601(2).

 

R714-160-2. Purpose.

The purpose of this rule is to set minimum equipment standards governing passenger vehicle and light truck inspections in accordance with Sections 53-8-204 and 41-6a-1601.

 

R714-160-3. Definitions.

(1) Terms used in this rule are found in Sections 41-1a-102, 41a-6a-102, and 49 C.F.R. 571, et seq.

(2) In addition:

(a) "acute area" means the area of a windshield inside a 6 inch border measured from the edge of the glass where it meets the molding around the entire outside of the windshield;

(b) "CNG" means compressed natural gas;

(c) "custom vehicle" means a motor vehicle as defined in Subsection 41-6a-1507(1);

(d) "division" means the Vehicle Safety Inspection section of the Utah Highway Patrol;

(e) "GVWR" means gross vehicle weight rating;

(f) "inspector" means a person with a valid certificate who is employed by a licensed station;

(g) "lifted vehicle" means a vehicle that has been raised from the original manufacturer's frame height;

(h) "lowered vehicle" means a vehicle that has been lowered from the original manufacturer's height;

(i) "online inspection certificate" means an inspection certificate created electronically through the Vehicle Safety Inspection System;

(j) "online inspection program" means the web-based inspection program used to record safety inspections;

(k) "OEM" means original equipment manufacturer;

(l) "paper inspection certificate" means an inspection certificate created by paper form;

(m) "passenger vehicle" means a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating less than 26,001 pounds that transports passengers, including the driver, or property, or any combination thereof;

(n) "salvage vehicle" means any vehicle as defined in Subsection 41-1a-1001(8);

(o) "station" means a business or government facility located in Utah that is managed or operated by a valid permit holder and conducts safety inspections; and

(p) "vintage vehicle" means a motor vehicle or trailer as defined in Section 41-21-1.

 

R714-160-4. Incorporation of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

This rule incorporates by reference the standards found in 49 C.F.R. Part 571 as the minimum standards a motor vehicle must meet to pass a safety inspection, unless state law provides a different standard.

 

R714-160-5. Applicability of Rule.

This rule applies to all passenger vehicles and light trucks.

 

R714-160-6. Inspection Procedures.

(1) The inspector shall complete the following tasks prior to inspecting the vehicle:

(a) collect the appropriate paperwork such as registration, title, and bill of sale;

(b) verify the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN);

(c) record the owner's full name and complete vehicle information;

(d) record vehicle mileage;

(e) enter the inspection date and inspector number if using a paper form of the inspection certificate; and

(f) determine whether the motor vehicle needs a test drive and the purpose of test;

(i) if a test drive is needed off the station's property, the customer shall be informed.

(2) The inspector shall examine the vehicle's interior by completing the following tasks:

(a) inspect the windshield, side, and rear windows;

(b) identify mirror requirements and inspect mirrors;

(c) inspect seats and seat belts;

(d) inspect steering wheel/column, including horn and airbags;

(e) inspect brake pedal assembly and emergency brake system;

(f) inspect windshield wipers and washers;

(g) inspect heater and defrost;

(h) inspect dash, including warning indicator lights and speedometer;

(i) inspect doors and door parts; and

(j) check the neutral starting switch to determine whether the starter operates with the gear selector only in park or neutral on vehicles with automatic transmissions.

(3) The inspector shall examine the vehicle's exterior by completing the following tasks:

(a) inspect headlight high and low beams, including aiming;

(b) inspect parking lights, tail lights, signal lights, brake lights, marker lights, and reflectors;

(c) inspect for the proper color of lights;

(d) inspect the wheels and lugs, looking for cracks and loose or missing lugs;

(e) inspect tires for wear, damage, and proper inflation;

(f) inspect body of vehicle, including fenders, doors, hood, glass, and bumpers;

(g) inspect for broken glass, parts, and accessories; and

(h) inspect window tint with a tint meter, measuring light transmittance on the front side windows and windshield;

(i) the inspector shall record the tint readings on the certificate using the online inspection program or on the Safety Inspection Certificate if not using the online program.

(4) The inspector shall examine items under the vehicle's hood by completing the following tasks:

(a) inspect belts and hoses;

(b) inspect power steering system;

(c) inspect battery and electrical wiring;

(d) inspect exhaust system;

(e) inspect master cylinder and braking system; and

(f) inspect the fuel system.

(5) The inspector shall examine items under the vehicle by completing the following tasks:

(a) inspect steering system, including the wheel bearings, tie rods, rack, and pinion;

(b) inspect suspension components, including the springs and shocks;

(c) inspect exhaust and fuel system components;

(d) inspect body and floor pans; and

(e) inspect engine, transmission mounts, and drivetrain.

(6) The inspector shall examine the braking system by completing the following tasks:

(a) inspect brake pads/shoes;

(b) inspect brake rotors/drums;

(c) inspect brake components, both hydraulic and mechanical;

(d) inspect brake hoses for fluid leaks;

(e) record brake measurements using the online inspection program or on the Safety Inspection certificate if not using the online inspection program;

(f) issue a rejection inspection certificate on vehicles that fail a plate brake test but have adequate pad and or shoe thickness;

(g) if issuing a rejection inspection certificate, record the brake pad measurement on the certificate; and

(h) if a visual inspection is performed, remove one front and one rear wheel to inspect brake components.

(7) When inspecting a lifted vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) inspect fenders and verify that each one covers the full width of the tire;

(b) inspect mud flaps;

(c) inspect frame height based on the GVWR;

(d) inspect for body lift;

(e) inspect for stacked blocks;

(f) inspect for modification of brake hoses;

(g) inspect headlight aim and vertical height; and

(h) inspect altered or modified steering and suspension parts that have been shortened, lengthened, welded.

(8) When inspecting lowered vehicles, the inspector shall:

(a) inspect that fenders cover full width of tire;

(b) inspect for mud flaps, when required;

(c) inspect for minimum ground clearance;

(d) inspect for removal of original suspension components;

(e) inspect headlight aim and vertical height; and

(f) inspect altered or modified steering and suspension parts that have been shortened, lengthened, or welded.

(9) The following procedures apply when a vehicle fails the safety inspection and the inspector is using a paper inspection certificate:

(a) the inspector shall complete a full vehicle inspection even after a reject item is found;

(b) if a vehicle fails an inspection and no repairs are immediately made at that station, then the inspector shall give the customer a rejection inspection certificate;

(c) the inspector shall not sign the rejection inspection certificate;

(d) a customer with a rejected vehicle has up to 15 calendar days to complete all repairs and return to the same station to verify repairs at no charge;

(i) customers may contact the division to request a waiver of additional fees if they exceed 15 days for circumstances beyond their control, such as backordered parts;

(e) the inspector shall return the State Tax and Owner copies to the division within 45 days of the inspection date for rejected vehicles that fail to return to the inspecting station;

(f) the inspector shall document any item rejected and repaired during an inspection as repaired on the inspection certificate;

(g) any inspector at a station may verify repairs of rejected items;

(h) if all rejected items have been repaired, the verifying inspector shall sign the safety inspection certificate; and

(i) if the verifying inspector is not the original inspector, the verifying inspector shall sign the safety inspection certificate, and enter his or her inspector license number on the Safety Inspection Certificate.

(10) The following procedures apply when a vehicle fails the safety inspection and the inspector is using an online inspection certificate:

(a) if all rejected items have been repaired, the verifying inspector shall sign the safety inspection certificate;

(b) if no repairs are made, the inspector shall print the rejection inspection certification and give it to the customer;

(c) the inspector shall not sign a rejection inspection certificate;

(d) a customer with a rejected vehicle has up to 15 calendar days to complete all repairs and return to any station that conducts online inspections to verify repairs at no charge;

(i) customers may contact the division to request a waiver of additional fees if they exceed 15 days for circumstances beyond their control, such as back ordered parts;

(e) the inspector shall document any item rejected and repaired during an inspection as repaired on the inspection certificate; and

(f) any inspector at any station that conducts online inspections may certify repairs made to rejected items. No additional charges may be added.

(11) The following procedures apply when a vehicle passes the safety inspection and the inspector is using a paper inspection certificate:

(a) the inspector performing the inspection shall sign the vehicle inspection certificate; and

(b) the customer shall be given the State Tax and Owner copies of the inspection certificate.

(12) The following procedures apply when a vehicle passes the safety inspection and the inspector is using an online inspection certificate:

(a) the inspector shall print the vehicle inspection certificate and give it to the customer; and

(b) the inspector performing the inspection shall sign the printed inspection certificate prior to giving it to the customer.

(13) The following inspection report procedures apply when the inspector is using paper inspection certificates:

(a) the report forms shall include the following information:

(i) date the inspection was completed;

(ii) owner's name;

(iii) year and make of the vehicle;

(iv) vehicle identification number;

(v) appropriate notation in any of the repair columns;

(vi) total cost of the repair, including the inspection fee; and

(vii) inspection certificate or sticker number;

(b) inspection certificate or sticker numbers of paper books shall be listed in numerical order starting with the lowest number and listed in groups of 25;

(c) a separate report form shall be used for the inspection certificates and for the stickers;

(d) duplicate inspection certificates or stickers shall be noted as "duplicate" on the report form;

(e) lost or stolen inspection certificates or stickers shall be listed as "lost or stolen" on the report form;

(f) inspection certificates and stickers rendered unusable through mishap shall be recorded as "voided" on the report form and inspection certificates and stickers shall be returned to the Vehicle Safety Inspection office;

(g) rejected vehicles that have not returned within 15 days to the original station shall be listed in the same order, and the words "rejected" printed on the same line;

(h) failure to submit the required reports may result in suspension or revocation of a permit; and

(i) the inspector shall return the State Tax and Owner copies to the division within 45 days of the original inspection date for rejected vehicles that fail to return for re-inspection.

 

R714-160-7. Registration.

(1) When reviewing vehicle registration papers, the inspector shall:

(a) check the vehicle registration certificate, identification number on the vehicle, license plates, and vehicle description for agreement;

(b) enter the manufacturer's vehicle identification number and license plate number into the online program or record on the safety inspection certificate if not using the online program;

(c) advise the customer when paperwork disagreements are accidental or clerical in nature; and

(d) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(i) the registration certificate, vehicle identification number, license plate, and vehicle description are not in agreement; or

(ii) the vehicle identification number is missing or obscured.

(2) The inspector shall examine the vehicle's license plates and complete the following requirements:

(a) if the vehicle is registered, verify the license plates are securely mounted and clearly visible; and

(b) advise the customer when:

(i) a license plate is not securely fastened to the front and rear of the vehicle, in a horizontal position, not less than 12 inches from the ground when measured from the bottom of the license plate;

(ii) a license plate is not located in a clearly visible position; or

(iii) a license plate is covered with foreign material or otherwise not clearly legible.

 

R714-160-8. Tires and Wheels.

(1) When examining the tire and wheels, the inspector shall:

(a) check tires for cuts, cracks, or sidewall plugs; and

(i) advise the customer when a tire has weather cracks, but no cords showing; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a tire has sidewall plugs, cuts, or cracks deep enough to expose cords;

(b) check tires for indication of tread separations; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when tire integrity has been compromised due to visible bumps, bulges, or tire separation;

(c) check tire pressure for proper inflation with tire pressure gauge; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a tire is flat, has a noticeable air leak, or is inflated to less than half, or 50% of the vehicle manufacturer's recommended tire pressure; or

(B) a tire is over inflated;

(d) check tires for regrooving or recutting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a tire is regrooved and is not identifiable as regroovable;

(e) check tires for "restricted usage only" markings; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a tire is marked "for farm use only", "off-highway use only", "for racing only", "for trailers only", or other non-highway use;

(f) check tires for the same size and same type of construction, but mismatched tread design is allowed; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when tires on the same axle are not the same size or construction;

(g) check tire wear; and

(i) advise the customer when tread wear bars are touching the road surface; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the tread depth is less than 2/32 inch when measured in any two adjacent major tread grooves at three equally spaced intervals around the circumference of the tire. Tread depth measurement shall not use a tread wear bar; or

(B) secondary rubber is exposed in the tread or sidewall area;

(h) check wheels for damage and proper mounting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) wheel bolts, nuts, studs, or lugs are loose, missing, or not properly fastened;

(B) wheels are bent, cracked, re-welded, or have elongated bolt holes;

(C) spacers are used to increase the wheel track width; or

(D) bead lock wheels are installed that do not meet the SAE J2530 Aftermarket Wheel Performance Requirements and Test Procedures;

(i) check vehicle tires for proper size and weight load ratings; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) tires do not meet the proper weight load rating for the vehicles actual gross vehicle weight; or

(B) tires are mounted on wheels that are not within tire manufacturer specifications;

(j) check that fenders and mudflaps are in place when required; and

(i) advise the customer when:

(A) fenders or fender extenders do not cover the full width of a tire;

(B) rear tires do not have the top 50% of the tire covered by mudflaps, fenders, or the vehicle body construction when required; or

(C) rear mudflaps are not directly aligned with the tire and at least as wide as the tire when required; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) tire tread is not fully covered by existing fenders or fender extenders;

(B) tires make contact with any other vehicle parts or accessories;

(C) fender flares or mud flaps are not made of durable material; or

(D) fender flares or mud flaps are not secured properly; and

(k) check for studded snow tires; and

(i) advise the customer when studded snow tires are mounted on a vehicle between April 1 and October 14 of any year.

 

R714-160-9. Steering.

(1) The steering system must be inspected to determine if excessive wear or maladjustment of the linkage or steering gear exist. Vehicle must be on a smooth, dry, level surface. On vehicles equipped with power steering, the engine must be running and the fluid level, belt tension and condition must be adequate before testing.

(2) When inspecting the vehicle's steering system, the inspector shall:

(a) measure lash at steering wheel; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when steering wheel movement exceeds 2 inches for power steering, 3 inches for manual steering, or 0.4 of an inch for rack and pinion;

(b) check the size of steering wheel; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when steering wheel is less than 13 inches in outside diameter or is not of full circular construction;

(c) check for binding or jamming conditions by turning the steering wheel through a full right and left turn without the brake being applied; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) steering is incapable of being turned fully from right to left; or

(B) one wheel turns before the opposite wheel;

(d) check the condition and tension of steering belts if the vehicle is equipped with power steering; and

(i) advise the customer when steering belts are cracked or are not properly adjusted; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when steering belts are frayed or torn;

(e) check the condition of the power steering system, hoses, hose connections, cylinders, and valves; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) hoses or hose connections have a dripping leak; or

(B) cylinders or valves have a dripping leak;

(f) check the condition of the pump and check for secure mounting and proper fluid level in the reservoir; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) pump mounting parts are loose or broken;

(B) the system is inoperative;

(C) reservoirs have a dripping leak; or

(D) the fluid level is below minimum fluid level indicators;

(g) check for separation of the shear capsule from bracket and general looseness of steering wheel and column; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the shear capsule is separated from bracket; or

(B) the wheel and column can be moved as a unit;

(h) check movement on tilt steering wheels; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) adjustable steering wheel cannot be secured in all positions;

(B) steering column has 3/4 inch or more movement at the center of the steering wheel when it is in locked in position; or

(C) steering wheel and column is on the right side of the vehicle that is not OEM or the owner does not possess a valid waiver from the safety inspection office;

(i) check the idler arms and tie rod ends for looseness in excess of OEM specifications; and

(i) advise the customer when tie rod grease seals are cut, torn, or otherwise damaged to the extent that lubricant will not be retained; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is looseness in the tie rod ends or idler arm in excess of OEM specifications; or

(B) the tie rod is bent, causing the vehicle to be out of alignment;

(j) conduct a thorough inspection of the complete rack and pinion system; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is any looseness in excess of OEM specifications;

(B) there is any looseness in the tie rod ends in excess of OEM specifications; or

(c) there is a dripping leak;

(k) check the steering gear box for proper function; and

(i) advise when the gearbox on a vehicle with manual steering has a dripping leak; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is looseness at the frame or mounting;

(B) there are any cracks;

(C) any mounting brackets are cracked;

(D) any fasteners are missing;

(E) there is a dripping leak; or

(F) any welded repair is present;

(l) check the pitman arm; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the gearbox output shaft has movement inside the pitman arm; or

(B) any welded repair is present;

(m) check all wheel bearings for looseness; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when any bearing has movement of more than 1/8 inch when measured at the outer circumference of the tire; and

(n) check all the steering components and axle nuts for required cotter pins; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when any cotter pins are missing or ineffective.

 

R714-160-10. Suspension.

(1) When inspecting the vehicle's suspension, the inspector shall:

(a) support vehicle with the ball joints loaded and wheels straight ahead, wipe the grease fitting and check to ensure the surface is free of dirt and grease and determine if checking surface extends beyond the surface of the ball joint cover; and

(i) advise the customer when any ball joint seal is cut, torn, or otherwise damaged to the extent it will not retain lubricant; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a ball joint wear indicator is flush or inside the cover surface; or

(B) ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications;

(b) if the vehicle does not have a wear indicating ball joint, unload the ball joints by raising the vehicle and checking the ball joint seals; and

(i) advise the customer when any ball joint seals is cut, torn, or otherwise damaged to the extent that it will not retain lubricant; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications;

(c) position a pry bar under the front tire and with a lifting motion, sufficient to overcome the weight of the wheel assembly only, and move the wheel up and down; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the ball joint movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications;

(d) grasp the tire and wheel assembly at the top and bottom and move the assembly in and out to detect looseness; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when movement is in excess of manufacturer's specifications;

(e) visually inspect for broken or damaged leaf springs; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) springs are missing, cracked, broken, disconnected, or cut; or

(B) springs are sagging and allow the body to come in contact with the tires;

(f) check the spring shackles; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the shackles are damaged, loose, or have been modified and do not meet OEM specifications; or

(B) the shackles do not otherwise meet OEM specifications;

(g) check the U-bolts; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the U-bolts are damaged, loose, or the bolts are not at least flush with the nut;

(h) check the coil springs; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) springs are broken or not properly attached; or

(B) springs have been heated, cut, are missing, or altered from OEM specifications;

(i) visually inspect the sway bars, torsion bars, and tracking components for damage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any sway bar, torsion bar, or any tracking component is loose, cracked, bent, or disconnected; or

(B) bushings are missing, worn, or distorted so that looseness is present;

(j) check the control arms for cracks, bends or breakage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the upper or lower control arms are bent, cracked, welded, or otherwise do not meet OEM specifications;

(k) check the bushings for wear or distortion; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the bushings are missing, worn, or distorted so that looseness is present;

(l) check the spring mounted strut assembly, which must be inspected very closely for leakage, shaft binding, and poor damping; and

(i) advise the customer when the struts have poor damping or leakage; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is any wear in the upper mount assembly;

(B) there is any horizontal or vertical movement in the lower shaft mounting area; or

(C) a shaft is bent or binding;

(m) visually inspect shock absorbers for looseness of mounting brackets and bolts; and

(i) advise the customer when the shocks have poor damping or leakage; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) shock absorbers are missing or disconnected;

(B) Mounting brackets, bolts, or bushings are loose, broken, or missing; or

(C) a shock is bent or binding;

(n) check the CV Axle and axle boots; and

(i) advise the customer when the CV boots are cracked or torn; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a CV joint makes popping or clicking noise while turning during test drive; and

(o) check the U-joint for wear; and

(i) advise the customer when wear is found in the U-joint;

or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the U-joint, driveline, or supporting hardware is worn or damaged to the extent that component separation is imminent.

 

R714-160-11. Altered Vehicles.

(1) When inspecting lowered vehicles, the inspector shall:

(a) ensure that all replacement parts and equipment are equal to or greater in strength and durability as OEM parts; and

(i) advise the customer when fenders or fender extenders do not cover full width of a tire; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any part of the vehicle, other than tires, rims, or mudflaps, are less than three inches above the ground or contact the ground;

(B) the fuel tank is exposed to damage without a skid plate;

(C) exhaust system brackets are not secure;

(D) wheels or tires make contact with the body or other vehicle component;

(E) tire tread is not fully covered by existing fenders or fender extenders;

(F) braking, steering, or suspension is modified, disconnected, or changed in any manner that may impair the safe operation of the vehicle;

(G) main springs or shocks have been removed to accommodate a hydraulic or air suspension system;

(H) headlamps are less than 22 inches from the ground when measured from the ground to the center of the low beam bulb;

(I) any light does not meet mounting height specifications as outlined in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; or

(J) chassis or suspension components have been altered or changed from OEM that reduces the vehicle stability and safety integrity.

(2) When inspecting lifted vehicles, the inspector shall:

(a) check the braking and steering system components; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the braking or steering systems have been altered, modified, disconnected, or changed in any manner that may impair the safe operation of the vehicle;

(b) check vehicle lift by frame height measuring from the ground to the bottom of the frame on the left side of the vehicle under the driver's seat. If the door certification plate has been removed, the vehicle shall be considered to be 4,500 pounds; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the frame height is greater than 24 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR less than 4,500 pounds;

(B) the frame height is greater than 26 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR of 4,500 pounds and less than 7,500 pounds; or

(C) the frame height is greater than 28 inches on a vehicle with a GVWR of 7,500 pounds or more;

(c) check the body lifts above the frame; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the lowest part of the body floor is raised more than 3 inches above the top of the frame;

(d) check the vehicle for front and rear axle blocks; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) axle blocks have been added to the front axle;

(B) there are stacked blocks on the rear axle, which includes two blocks that have been welded together; or

(C) there are stacked frames;

(e) check vehicle tire width and wheel track; and

(i) advise the customer when a fender or fender extender does not cover the full width of a tire; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the tire tread protrudes beyond the original fender or fender extender; or

(B) spacers are used;

(f) check the mudflaps if the vehicle has been altered, which includes the addition of larger tires and suspension lift kits; and

(i) advise the customer when:

(A) fenders do not cover the top 50% of the tire when required;

(B) mudflaps are not present on the rear wheels of a vehicle that has been altered from its original OEM specifications; or

(C) rear mudflaps are not directly aligned with the tire and do not cover the full width of the rear tires and have a ground clearance of not more than 50% of the diameter of a rear-axle wheel, under any conditions of loading the vehicle;

(g) check lights for proper height requirements; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when any light does not meet mounting height specifications as outlined in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; and

(h) check fuel tank; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the fuel tank is exposed with no impact protection.

 

R714-160-12. Brakes.

(1) Safety inspection stations are not required to use a computerized brake testing device as a mandatory piece of inspection equipment.

(2) When using a plate brake tester, Safety inspection stations and inspectors shall:

(a) follow the equipment manufacturer procedures for testing;

(b) be certified by the equipment manufacturer or an authorized agent of the division;

(c) renew the inspector certification every three years;

(d) display the inspector certification card for the equipment being used in a prominent location;

(e) display the computerized brake testing equipment certification in a prominent location;

(f) ensure the manufacturer has certified the equipment annually;

(g) pull two wheels upon the failure of the plate brake test to check brake components; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate on vehicles failing the plate brake test, even if the vehicle has adequate pad and or shoe thickness;

(h) complete a visual two-wheel inspection of brake components when requested by a customer; and

(i) display at the station a sign in a conspicuous location with the following components:

(i) the sign must be 14 x 24 inches;

(ii) lettering shall be one inch in vertical height and not less than one quarter of an inch in width; and

(iii) the sign must contain a statement with the Station name and station number followed by the quotation "only uses a computerized plate brake tester to inspect the braking system efficiency of a vehicle for a safety inspection. This test does not measure brake lining thickness or condition of the drum / rotor; however, at the customer's request, we will pull two wheels for a visual check of the braking system (per Utah Safety Inspection requirements)".

(j) If the vehicle failed on a plate brake tester, then it must pass safety inspection on a plate brake tester.

(3) When conducting a visual inspection of a vehicle's brake system, the inspector shall:

(a) remove at least one front and one rear wheel for a brake inspection on all vehicles less than 10,000 pounds GVWR;

(i) vehicles over 10,000 pounds GVWR are not required to have wheels pulled if the vehicle is equipped with inspection ports/slots; and

(b) inspect the brake drum, linings, pads, discs, calipers, and the condition of all mechanical components;

(i) visual inspection through the wheel openings is not an approved inspection procedure; and

(ii) adjustment slots are not adequate for inspecting brakes or if the vehicle has open brake drums.

(4) When inspecting the hydraulic brake system of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) test the pedal reserve according to the manufacture's specifications; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when there is less than 20% of the total available pedal travel when the brakes are fully applied;

(b) check the wheel cylinders for leakage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when any wheel cylinders leak;

(c) inspect hydraulic hoses and tubes for exposed fabric cord, flattened, restricted, or unsecured lines; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when hoses or tubing are cracked, leaking, or show exposed fabric cord, flattened, restricted, or are unsecured; or

(ii) brake hoses are not DOT approved or have been altered; and

(d) inspect master cylinder for leakage and fluid level; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) master cylinder leaks or fails to operate properly;

(B) master cylinder is below the add line or less than 3/4 full, whichever is less; or

(C) master cylinder gasket is damaged.

(5) When inspecting the dual hydraulic circuits of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check any vehicles equipped with a brake warning light and test for operation of light; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a warning light remains illuminated or comes on when brake pedal is depressed; or

(B) a warning light does not operate when required.

(6) When inspecting brakes with vacuum assist of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the condition of vacuum system for collapsed, broken, badly chafed, improperly supported tubes, and loose or broken hose clamps; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) hoses, tubes, or booster are leaking;

(B) the system is collapsed, broken, badly chafed, showing metal or fabric cord;

(C) the system is improperly supported or loose; or

(D) hoses or tubes are exposed to damage from excessive heat, debris, or rubbing; and

(b) determine if the system is operating by turning off engine and depressing the brake pedal several times to deplete all vacuum in the system, and then starting the engine while maintaining pedal force and observe if the pedal falls slightly when the engine starts; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the service brake pedal does not fall slightly as engine is started and while pressure is maintained on pedal.

(7) When inspecting brakes with a hydraulic booster of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the integrated hydraulic booster; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the brake pedal does not move down slightly as the pump builds pressure; or

(B) the brake warning lights remain on longer than 60 seconds; and

(b) check the braking system, while fully charged, for leaks and proper fluid levels; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) fluid reservoir is below the add line or less than 3/4 full, whichever is less;

(B) braking system has broken, kinked or restricted fluid lines or hoses; or

(C) braking system has any leakage of fluid at the pump or brake booster, or on any of the lines or hoses in the system.

(8) When inspecting brake drums of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the condition of the drum friction surface for damage, contamination, and substantial cracks; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there are substantial cracks, other than short hairline heat cracks, on the friction surface extending to the open edge of the drum; or

(B) any part of the brake drum missing or is in danger of falling away;

(ii) a vehicle may pass inspection with short hairline heat cracks;

(b) check for cracks on the outside of drum; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a brake drum has external cracks, other than short hairline cracks;

(c) check for mechanical damage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when there is evidence of mechanical damage other than wear;

(d) check for leaks at all grease or oil seals; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the leakage of oil, grease, or brake fluid contaminates the brake components; and

(e) check the drum diameter; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the drum is turned or worn beyond the manufacturer's specifications.

(9) When inspecting brake rotors of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the condition of the rotor friction surface for substantial cracks; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there are substantial cracks, other than short hairline cracks, on the friction surface extending to open edge of rotor;

(B) the friction surface is contaminated with oil or grease; or

(C) any part of the brake rotor is missing or is in danger of falling away; and

(b) check the rotor thickness; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the rotor thickness is less than the manufacturer's specifications.

(10) When inspecting the bonded lining and pads of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the primary and secondary lining thickness at the thinnest point; and

(i) advise the customer when the lining thickness is worn to 2/32 inch; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the lining thickness is worn to less than 2/32 inch.

(11) When inspecting the riveted lining and pads of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check for loose or missing rivets; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any rivets are loose or missing; or

(B) the lining thickness is worn to less than 2/32 inch; and

(b) check the primary and secondary lining thickness above the rivet head by measuring at the thinnest point with the calipers removed; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the lining thickness is less than 2/32 inch above any rivet head.

(12) When inspecting the brake linings of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check for broken or cracked linings; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the linings are broken, cracked, or not firmly and completely attached to shoe;

(b) check for contamination of the friction surface; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the friction surface is contaminated with oil, grease, or brake fluid;

(ii) once a brake lining has been contaminated, replacement is required; and

(c) check for uneven lining wear; and

(i) advise the customer when the lining is uneven or grooved.

(13) When inspecting the mechanical brake components of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check for missing or defective mechanical components; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when mechanical parts are missing, incompatible, broken, or badly worn;

(b) check for frozen calipers, rusted or inoperative components, missing spring clips, and defective grease retainers; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any mechanical parts are frozen, inoperative, missing, or defective; or

(B) the backing plate or brake shoe is damaged, restricting free movement of the brake shoe; and

(c) check for restriction of shoe movement at the backing plate and for binding between the brake shoe and anchor pins; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the shoes and anchor pins are improperly positioned or misaligned.

(14) When inspecting the parking brake of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check holding ability; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the parking brake does not operate or fails to hold the vehicle; and

(b) check the ratchet or the locking device; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the ratchet, pawl or other locking device fails to hold the brake in an applied position.

(15) When inspecting the Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the ABS warning light and system for proper operation; and

(i) advise the customer when:

(A) the ABS light fails to light, fails to shut off after 60 seconds, or when 5 rapid beeps are heard when ignition switch is turned to the on position; or

(B) ABS components are broken, missing, or disconnected.

 

R714-160-13. Lighting.

(1) When inspecting the headlamps of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check headlamps for proper mounting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) mounting brackets are loose, missing, or damaged in any way so that a headlamp cannot be properly and securely mounted; or

(B) a vehicle headlamp is lower than 22 inches or exceed 54 inches, measured from the ground to the center of the headlamp;

(b) check headlamp for proper aim and lighting using a mechanical headlamp aiming device or by checking light at 10 feet measured from the front of the vehicle to a wall; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) headlamp aim deviates more than four inches in any direction;

(B) a headlamp is less than 22 inches or greater than 54 inches measured from the ground to the center of the low beam;

(C) a headlamp fails to light properly;

(D) a headlamp projects other than white light; or

(E) a headlamp does not comply with federal standards; and

(c) check headlamps for holes, breakage, and non-factory colored covers or non-transparent covers; and

(i) advise the customer when a headlamp has minor holes or cracks in the headlight lens; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a headlamp covering not approved by the department is placed on or in front of any headlamp, or a factory-installed light or cover is faded or painted to the point that components inside are not distinguishable;

(B) a headlamp cover is broken or missing; or

(C) a headlamp cover is tinted, colored, or painted other than clear; and

(d) check the dimmer switch for proper functioning and ensure that both high and low beams function; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the dimmer switch fails to work properly.

(2) When inspecting the backup lights of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the backup lights for proper functioning; and

(i) advise the customer when the backup lights are missing or fail to light; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the backup lights remain illuminated when transmission is not in reverse.

(3) When inspecting the hazard warning lamps of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the hazard warning lamps for proper functioning; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the hazard warning lamps fail to function properly; or

(B) there is any tinted cover over the lens.

(4) When inspecting a vehicle's interior lamps, the inspector shall:

(a) check the interior lamps for proper functioning; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when turn signal indicators, high beam indicator, or brake warning indicator fail to function.

(5) When inspecting the vehicle's parking lamps, the inspector shall:

(a) check the parking lamps for proper functioning; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) parking lamps fail to function properly or display an unapproved color; or

(B) any tinted cover is over the lens.

(6) When inspecting the side marker lamps of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the side marker lamps for proper functioning and color; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) side marker lamps are not functioning properly;

(B) side marker lamps or side reflectors are not the correct color, which must be yellow or amber on the front of the vehicle and red on the rear of the vehicle; or

(C) there is any tinted cover over the lens.

(7) When inspecting the tail lamp assembly of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the tail lamp assembly for proper lens and required reflex reflectors; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) rear lenses do not produce red light, are painted, or covered by any tinted cover;

(B) lenses are missing required reflectors; or

(C) there is tinting or material that obstructs the original design of the light;

(b) check lens covers for breakage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a tail lamp lens is broken to the extent that any white light shows through the broken area; or

(B) there is a tinted cover or temporary patch;

(c) check for the proper operation; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when tail lamps fail to light properly;

(d) check for proper mounting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when tail lamps are not securely mounted; and

(e) check for visibility; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when lamps are not visible from a distance of 500 feet in normal light.

(8) When inspecting the stop lamps of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the stop lamps for proper color; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a stop lamp lens does not produce a steady burning red light;

(B) a stop lamp is painted or tinted;

(C) a stop lamp has any cover that partially or entirely obstructs the original design of the light; or

(D) a stop lamp has a blue dot tail light;

(b) check the stop lamps for breakage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a stop lamp lens is broken to the extent that white light is visible to the rear; or

(B) there is a tinted cover or a temporary patch;

(c) check for the correct operation of stop lamps; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a stop lamp do not operate when required; or

(B) a stop lamp fails to light properly;

(d) check for proper stop lamp mounting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a stop lamps are not securely mounted;

(e) check the visibility of stop lamps; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a stop lamp is not visible from a distance of 500 feet in normal light;

(B) LED lights have less than 50% of the diodes illuminated;

(C) a stop lamp lens does not produce a steady burning red light;

(D) a stop lamp is painted or tinted; or

(E) a stop lamp has any cover that partially or entirely obstructs the original design of the light; and

(f) check center high-mounted stop lamps, if applicable; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a center high-mounted stop lamp is not present when required;

(B) a center high-mounted lamp fails to light;

(C) any aftermarket tint has been applied over the center high-mounted stop lamp;

(D) LED lights have less than 50% of diodes illuminated; or

(E) a lens does not produce a steady burning red light, except as provided in Section 41-6a-1604;

(F) a lens is painted; or

(G) a lens has a cover that partially or entirely obstructs the original design of the light;

(ii) center high-mounted stop lamps are required on all passenger vehicles manufactured after September 1985;

(iii) trucks whose overall width is less than 80 inches and GVWR is 10,000 pounds or less, manufactured after September 1, 1993, must be equipped with a high-mounted stop lamp.

(iv) trucks greater than 80 inches in overall width and 10,000 pounds GVWR do not require a high-mounted stop lamp;

(v) a truck equipped with a camper shell at the time of the inspection that covers the center high-mounted stop lamp is acceptable; and

(vi) a truck shell that was manufactured with a center high-mounted stop lamp is required to function if the truck is equipped with a high-mounted stop lamp.

(9) When inspecting the turn signal operation of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the turn signals on all vehicles manufactured in 1956 and later; and

(i) advise the customer when one of the two bulbs fails to illuminate in a two-bulb system; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the vehicle is not equipped with proper signals; or

(B) a turn signal fails to function;

(b) check the switch for proper functioning; and

(i) advise the customer when the switch does not cancel automatically for vehicles manufactured in 1956 or later; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the turn signal lever needs to be held in the on position;

(c) check the condition of the lens; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a turn signal lens is tinted, painted, broken or missing;

(B) any tinted cover or foreign material is over the lens; or

(C) there is a temporary patch on the cover or lens;

(d) check for proper mounting; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the turn signals are not securely mounted;

(e) check for the proper color of lens and bulbs; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) turn signal colors are not red, yellow, or amber in the rear of the vehicle;

(B) turn signal color is not amber in the front of the vehicle; or

(C) a turn signal lens or bulb is painted; and

(f) check for visibility of lens; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when turn signals are not visible from a distance of 100 feet in normal light.

 

R714-160-14. Electrical System.

(1) When inspecting the electrical system of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the horn; and

(i) advise the customer when the horn is not securely fastened; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the horn does not function properly or is not audible under normal conditions at a distance of at least 200 feet;

(b) check the electrical switches and wiring; and

(i) advise the customer when:

(A) electrical switches fail to function as designed for OEM required equipment;

(B) connections show signs of corrosion; or

(C) permanent connection wires are not soldered and insulated; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when wiring insulation is worn or rubbed bare;

(c) check the automatic or manual transmission safety starting switch; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the starter operates in any gear other than "P" or "N" for an automatic transmission; or

(B) the vehicle starter operates without the clutch depressed for a manual transmission, when equipped with a neutral safety switch; and

(d) check for battery securement; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a battery is not properly secured.

 

R714-160-15. Vehicle Windows.

(1) When inspecting the windshield of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the windshield for appropriate "AS" certification number; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the windshield is missing; or

(B) the windshield does not have AS-1, AS-10, or AS-14 markings;

(b) visually inspect the windshield for scratches, cloudiness, etching, or other marks; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the windshield glass is scratched, discolored, clouded, or pitted to a level that obscures vision;

(B) the windshield cloudiness is more than one inch from each side edge, more than four inches down from the top edge, or more than three inches up from the bottom edge; or

(C) the windshield has decorative etching that is not OEM; and

(c) check the windshield for damage, unauthorized tinting, signs, or other non-transparent materials; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the windshield has outright breakage, which includes shattered glass on either the inside or outside surface, or any broken glass leaving sharp or jagged edges;

(B) any crack intersects with another crack within the acute area;

(C) any damage within the acute area that cannot be covered by a disc 3/4 inch in diameter;

(D) any damage in the acute area that is within 3 inches of any other damage in the acute area;

(E) windshield allows less than 70% light transmittance or any sign, poster, or other non-transparent material is present below the AS-1 line or four inches down from the top of the windshield, whichever is lower; or

(F) any transparent material becomes obscured or impairs the drivers vision and is more than one inch in from each side edge, more than four inches down from the top edge, or more than three inches up from the bottom edge.

(d) Non-transparent material is allowed in the lower left-hand corner of the windshield provided it does not extend more than 3 inches to the right of the left edge or more than 4 inches above the bottom edge of the windshield in accordance with Section 41-6a-1635.

(2) When inspecting the windshield defroster of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) verify a vehicle manufactured after January 1, 1969 is equipped with a windshield defroster system; and

(b) if applicable, turn on windshield defroster fan switch and inspect for heated air blowing over the inside of the windshield; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a vehicle manufactured after January 1, 1969 is not equipped with a windshield defroster system; or

(B) the defroster fan fails to function or the fan functions but a stream of heated air cannot be felt blowing against the proper area of the windshield.

(3) When inspecting the windshield wipers of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check for satisfactory operation of the windshield wipers, if vacuum operated, the engine must be idling; and

(i) advise the customer when wipers fail to return to the park position; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any wiper fails to function properly, other than streaking from wiper blades;

(B) a vehicle originally equipped with two windshield wipers has been modified to use one wiper; or

(C) a vehicle manufactured after January 1968 does not have a two or more speed system;

(b) check the wiper blades for damaged, torn, or hardened rubber elements; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the wiper blades show signs of physical breakdown of the rubber wiping element;

(c) check for damaged metal parts of wiper blades or arms; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the wiper blades or arms are missing or damaged to the extent that they do not function properly; and

(d) check for proper contact of blades with windshield; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a wiper blade fails to contact the windshield firmly.

(4) When inspecting the windshield washers of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) verify a vehicle manufactured after May 1966 is equipped with a windshield washer system; and

(b) if applicable, check for proper operation of hand or foot control and that an effective amount of fluid is delivered to the windshield; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a vehicle manufactured after May 1966 is not equipped with a windshield washer system; or

(B) the windshield washer system fails to function properly, including cracked hoses, broken hoses, or if the fluid reservoir is unable to hold fluid.

(5) When inspecting the front side windows of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the operation of the driver window and front passenger window; and

(i) advise the customer when the driver window cannot be readily opened to permit arm signals; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the driver or front passenger window fails to roll up;

(b) check the driver and front passenger windows for tinting or shading, scratches, discoloration, and cloudiness; and

(i) advise the customer when either the driver or front passenger window is scratched, discolored, or clouded, but the driver's view of the side mirrors is unobscured; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is any tinting or non-transparent material added to the windows to the immediate left or right of the driver's seat that allows less than 43% light transmittance;

(B) the front left and right side windows are scratched, discolored, clouded, or etched with non-OEM markings to a level that obstructs the drivers' view of the side mirrors;

(C) the right side mirror is missing when any window is tinted; or

(D) windows are covered by or treated with a material, which presents a metallic or mirrored appearance when viewed from the outside of the vehicle;

(c) check the driver and front passenger windows for breakage; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when any glass is broken, shattered, or jagged; and

(d) check the wind deflectors, or bubbles, when present; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when a wind deflector on the driver or front passenger window is tinted to allow less than 43% light transmittance, or when deflector and window are both tinted to allow less than 43% light transmittance.

(A) This standard only applies to wind deflectors on the front left and right windows, which block driver visibility to the left and/or right outside mirror.

(6) When inspecting the rear side window of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the windows behind the driver and passenger doors for tinting or for material that presents a metallic or mirrored appearance; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any window is covered by or treated with a material that presents a metallic or mirrored appearance when viewed from the outside of the vehicle;

(B) any glass is broken, shattered, or jagged;

(C) windows do not meet AS standards; or

(D) center high-mounted brake light is covered with aftermarket window tint or is not visible;

(ii) window tint limits do not apply to windows located behind the driver;

(c) check the vehicle for rearview mirrors; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the vehicle lacks a left rearview mirror that meets OEM standards;

(B) the vehicle has only one review mirror; or

(C) the vehicle lacks a right outside rearview mirror if the vehicle has any amount of tint on its windows.

 

R714-160-16. Body.

(1) When inspecting the body of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the vehicle body for protruding metal parts, moldings, and other body parts that may protrude from vehicle, creating a hazard; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when metal, molding, or any other body part protrudes from the surface of the vehicle and creates a hazard;

(b) check parts and accessories for proper securement; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when parts or accessories are not properly secured.

(2) When inspecting bumpers of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check bumpers to ensure they meet OEM specifications in vertical height, are centered on the vehicle's centerline, connected securely to the vehicle frame, and extend the entire width of the vehicle wheel track; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) bumpers are not 4.5 inches in vertical height;

(B) bumpers do not extend to the entire width of original body wheel track;

(C) bumpers are missing, improperly attached, broken, or have portions protruding which create a hazard; or

(D) bumpers are not made from a material that is strong enough to effectively transfer impact.

(ii) A pickup truck is required to meet the requirements of this section even though it may be sold or purchased without a rear bumper meeting OEM standards.

(iii) Roll pans are not bumpers and are only acceptable when a material is concealed behind the roll pan that meets the strength, vertical height, and securing requirements of a rear bumper.

(A) The material must extend the width of the wheel track and must meet all of the requirements of a rear bumper.

(3) When inspecting the fenders of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check for removal or alteration of front and rear fenders; and

(i) advise the customer when any fender has been removed or altered to such extent that it does not cover the entire width and upper 50% of the tire.

(4) When inspecting the seats of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check seats for proper operation of adjusting mechanism and to see that the seats are securely anchored to the floor; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) seats are not anchored to the floorboard;

(B) the seat adjusting mechanism slips out of set position;

(C) the seat adjusting mechanism does not function properly;

(D) any driver or passenger seat back is broken or disconnected from the base so that it will not support a person's full weight;

(E) seat belts are not installed on vehicles manufactured after July 1, 1966 or are inoperative when present; or

(F) seat belts are cut, torn, frayed, or otherwise damaged; and

(b) check the motorized safety belts for proper function; and

(i) advise the customer when a motorized seat belt does not function as designed; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when motorized seat belts fail to lock in the rear position.

(5) When inspecting the air bags of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the Air Bag Readiness Light; and

(i) advise the customer when air bag indicator fails to light in the manner prescribed by the manufacturer, continuously flashes, remains illuminated, or if five sets of "beeps" are heard concurrent with indicator failing to light; and

(b) check the air bags; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when an air bag has been deployed or is not present when originally equipped on the vehicle.

(6) When inspecting the floorboards of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the floorboard in both the occupant compartment and trunk for rusted areas or holes that could permit entry of exhaust gases or will not support occupants adequately; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any area of the floorboard is rusted through sufficiently to cause a hazard to an occupant; or

(B) exhaust gases could enter the occupant compartment or trunk; and

(b) check the space between the floor pan and frame for body lifts; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the lowest part of body floor is raised more than three inches above the top of the frame.

(7) When inspecting the doors of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the doors and door components for proper operation; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) doors are missing, unless the vehicle manufacturer specially designed the doors to be removed;

(B) door parts are missing, broken, or sagging to the extent that the door cannot be opened and closed properly; or

(C) any interior and exterior door handles are not present or do not function as designed by the manufacturer.

(ii) Shaved door handles with automatic releases are allowed provided that when the engine is running and the vehicle is in drive, the wireless remote cannot activate the door release switch.

(8) When inspecting the hood of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check all vehicles for hood or engine cover; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the hood or engine cover is missing; or

(B) the hood is unable to be opened;

(b) check the hood and open it to check the safety catch for proper operation; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the secondary or safety catch does not function properly;

(c) check for proper hood operation; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when the hood latch does not securely hold the hood in its proper fully closed position; and

(d) check for aftermarket hood scoop or air intake; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) a hood scoop, air intake, or any engine component is higher than four inches above the top of the hood; or

(B) moving parts are exposed above the hood.

(9) When inspecting the frame of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the frame and ensure that any repairs made to the frame meet OEM specifications; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is any broken or cracked frame component;

(B) the frame is rusted through;

(C) the frame has been cut or portions of the frame have been removed, drilled, or bent, affecting the strength or integrity of the frame; or

(D) repairs made to the frame that do not meet OEM specifications.

(10) When inspecting the mounts of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check all mount components, including motor mounts, transmission mounts, and drive train mounts; and

(i) advise the customer when heat cracks are present; or

(ii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) any mount bolts or nuts are broken, loose, or missing;

(B) the rubber cushion is separated from the metal plate of any mount;

(C) there is a split through the rubber cushion;

(D) the engine or transmission is sagging to the point where the mount bottoms out or there is engine misalignment to the point of a drive train component compromise; or

(E) fluid-filled mounts are leaking, leakage must be verified from the mount.

(11) When inspecting the exterior rearview mirrors of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check exterior mirrors from the driver's position for a clear and reasonably unobstructed view to the rear; and

(i) verify a driver-side mirror that meets OEM standards is equipped on a vehicle manufactured after January 1968, and the vehicle is also equipped with either an interior mirror or a passenger exterior mirror;

(ii) verify a passenger-side mirror is equipped on a vehicle with tinted windows or an obstructed rear view; and

(iii) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the required mirrors are not present; or

(B) driver-side mirror does not meet OEM standards;

(b) Verify mirrors are in the correct location and are mounted securely; and

(c) check for cracks, sharp edges, or unnecessary protrusion; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) mirrors are loose enough that the driver's rear vision could be impaired;

(B) mirrors are cracked, pitted, or clouded to a level that the obscures the driver's rear vision;

(C) mirrors will not maintain a set adjustment; or

(D) mirrors do not allow 200 feet of rear visibility.

(12) When inspecting the interior rearview mirror, if an interior rearview mirror is required, the inspector shall:

(a) check the mirror for proper mounting, location, cracks, sharp edges, and ease of adjustment; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the interior mirror is loosely mounted;

(B) the interior mirror obstructs the drivers' forward vision;

(C) the interior mirror does not provide a clear view of the highway at least 200 feet to rear;

(D) the interior mirror is cracked, broken, has sharp edges, or rear vision is obscured; or

(E) the interior mirror will not maintain a set adjustment.

(13) When inspecting the speedometer of a vehicle, the inspector shall:

(a) check the vehicle to ensure that it is equipped with a properly functioning speedometer; and

(i) advise the customer when the speedometer is not functioning properly.

 

R714-160-17. Exhaust System.

(1) The inspector shall examine the vehicle's exhaust system and comply with the following requirements:

(a) check the manifold, exhaust or header pipe, mufflers, tail pipes, and the supporting hardware; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) the muffler is missing;

(B) the exhaust system has leaks of any kind on any part of the system, excluding drain holes installed by the manufacturer.

(C) any part of the system is not securely fastened or is secured in a manner that is likely to fail, such as using a rope to secure the tail pipe;

(D) the tail pipes do not extend beyond the outer periphery of the passenger compartment, discharge at any point forward of the passenger compartment, or are severely bent or broken;

(E) the exhaust system passes through any occupant compartment;

(F) a muffler cutout or similar device is installed on the vehicle;

(G) any part of the exhaust system that is located or exposed in a manner that a person will likely be burned or injured; or

(H) any part of the exhaust system is located so that it would likely result in burning, charring, or damaging the electrical wiring, the fuel supply, or any combustible part of the motor vehicle.

 

R714-160-18. Fuel System.

(1) If the fuel system uses diesel or gasoline, the inspector shall:

(a) check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube, tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, and fuel filler; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is fuel leakage at any point or there are escaping gases detected in the system;

(B) the fuel tank filler cap is missing;

(C) any part of the system is not securely fastened or supported;

(D) there is physical damage to any fuel system component; or

(E) the crossover line is not protected and drops more than two inches below fuel tanks.

(2) If the fuel system uses liquid propane gas, the inspector shall:

(a) check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube, tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, fuel filler cap, and conversion kit installations;

(b) check for leaks by using the soap test with antifreeze;

(c) check that the fuel container is installed in a way to prevent it from jarring loose, slipping, or rotating;

(d) check that containers are located to minimize the possibility of damage to the container and its fittings;

(e) check that containers located less than 18 inches from the exhaust system, the transmission, or a heat-producing component of the internal combustion engine are shielded by a vehicle frame member or by a noncombustible baffle with an air space on both sides of the frame member or baffle;

(f) check that the piping system is installed, supported, and secured in such a manner as to minimize damage due to expansion, contraction, vibration, strains, and wear;

(i) protection to the piping system may be achieved by parts of the vehicle furnishing the necessary protection, a fitting guard furnished by the manufacturer of the container, or by other means to provide equivalent protection;

(g) check that container valves, appurtenances, and connections are protected to prevent damage from accidental contact with stationary objects or from stones, mud, ice, and from damage from the vehicle's overturn or similar accident;

(h) For a tank installed inside a passenger compartment, check that it is installed in an enclosure that is securely mounted to the vehicle, such as a trunk which is gas-tight with respect to the passenger compartment and is vented to the outside of the vehicle;

(i) check that manual shutoff valves provide positive closure under service conditions, are equipped with an internal excess-flow check valve designed to close automatically at the rated flows of vapor, stop all flow to and from the container when put in the closed position, and are readily accessible without the use of tools or other equipment. A check valve will not meet this requirement; and

(j) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(i) there is fuel leakage at any point or there are escaping gases detected in the system;

(ii) the fuel tank filler cap is missing;

(iii) any part of the system is not securely fastened, supported, or the tank valve is not shielded;

(iv) there is physical damage, such as excessive denting, corrosion, bulging, or gouging to any fuel system component;

(v) the fuel lines have any corrosion;

(vi) welding is present, with the exception of being on saddle plates, lugs, pads or brackets that are attached to the container by the container manufacturer;

(vii) excessive surface rust is present on the tank or tank paint coating is in poor condition;

(viii) there is any installation hazard present that may cause a potential hazard during a collision;

(ix) a container is mounted directly on the roof, or ahead of the front axle or beyond the rear bumper of a vehicle;

(x) a container or its appurtenance protrudes beyond the sides or top of the vehicle;

(xi) the vehicle does not have a weather-resistant, diamond shaped label located on the right rear of the vehicle identifying the vehicle as a 'PROPANE' fueled vehicle;

(xi) a data plate or saddle plate is not present or is not legible on a propane tank;

(xii) any aftermarket data plates are welded on the tank; or

(xiii) a check valve is used for a manual shutoff valve.

(3) American Society of Mechanical Engineers "ASME" containers are installed permanently to vehicles and are not subject to the DOT inspection requirements.

(4) All liquefied propane gas containers fabricated to earlier editions of regulations, rules, or codes listed in NFPA 5.2.1.1 and of the Interstate Commerce Commission "ICC" Rules for Construction of Unified Pressure Vessels, prior to April 1, 1967, shall be permitted to continue to be used in accordance with Section 1.4 of NFPA.

(5) Containers that have been involved in a fire and show no distortion shall be re-qualified by a manufacturer of that type of cylinder or by a repair facility approved by DOT, before being used or reinstalled.

(6) When inspecting a fuel system that uses either CNG or liquefied natural gas, the inspector shall:

(a) check the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube, tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tube, fuel filler cap, and conversion kit installations;

(b) check the tank to verify it is protected from physical damage using the vehicle structure, valve protectors or a suitable plastic or metal shield;

(c) check that fuel tank shields do not have direct contact with fuel tanks and prevent trapping of materials that could damage the tanks or its coatings;

(d) for fuel tanks installed above, below, or within the passenger compartment, check to verify connections are external or sealed and vented from the compartment;

(e) for fuel tanks installed within the passenger compartment, check to verify tanks are vented to the outside of the vehicle with a boot or heavy plastic bag and shall not exit into a wheel well;

(f) check tanks and fuel lines to verify mounting and bracing is away from the exhaust system and supported to minimize vibration and to protect against damage, corrosion, or breakage;

(g) check for identification with a weather-resistant, diamond-shaped label located on an exterior vertical surface or near-vertical surface on the lower right rear of the vehicle, excluding the bumper, inboard from any other markings;

(i) the label shall be a minimum of 4.72 inches long by 3.27 inches high;

(h) check that when a manual valve is used, the valve location is accessible, indicated with the words "MANUAL SHUTOFF VALVE";

(i) check that the vehicle bears in the engine compartment a label readily visible identification as a CNG-fueled vehicle, system service pressure, installer's name or company, container retest dates or expiration date, and the total container water volume in gallons;

(j) check for a label located at the fueling connection receptacle with identification as a CNG-fueled vehicle, system working pressure, and container retest dates or expiration date;

(k) check that CNG fuel containers are permanently labeled;

(i) disassembly of the tanks protective shield is not required to verify the label on the tank;

(ii) it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to provide documentation for a current CNG tank Inspection from a CNG certified inspector; and

(iii) the documentation must identify the vehicle and list the CNG tank certification number; and

(l) visually inspect CNG fuel containers for damage and deterioration; and

(i) issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(A) there is fuel leakage at any point or escaping gases are detected in the system, odor will be present;

(B) the fuel tank filler cap or cover is missing;

(C) any part of the system is not securely fastened, supported, or shielded to prevent damage from road hazards, slippage, loosening, or rotations;

(D) the fuel tank is exposed or unprotected;

(E) tanks that are installed under a vehicle are mounted ahead of the front axle or behind the point of attachment of the rear bumper;

(F) there is any physical damage to a fuel system component;

(G) there is any installation hazard present that may cause a potential hazard during a collision;

(H) any part of the fuel tank or its appurtenances protrudes beyond the sides or top of any vehicle where the tanks can be struck or punctured;

(I) the vehicle is not labeled as described in Subsection C of this section or in accordance with National Fire Protection Association Pamphlet 52; or

(J) a CNG fuel container is not current with its certification in accordance with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

 

R714-160-19. Trailers.

(1) Light duty trailers or any trailer, regardless of GVWR, used in the capacity of a commercial motor vehicle as defined in Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations shall be inspected per procedures found in Rule R714-162, Equipment Standards for Heavy Truck, Trailer and Bus Safety Inspections.

(a) These inspections shall only be performed by personnel certified in Tractor/Trailer/Bus categories.

 

R714-160-20. Off-Highway Vehicles.

(1) The inspector shall check vehicles that have been modified for off-road use for compliance with the safety inspection rules, Utah state law, and federal motor vehicle safety standards:

(a) the inspector shall issue a rejection inspection certificate when:

(i) a vehicle does not meet all inspection requirements for a regular passenger vehicle;

(ii) a vehicle does not provide an enclosure or cockpit for the driver and occupants; or

(iii) the vehicle has a Baja or T-bar style bumper.

 

R714-160-21. Vintage Vehicles, Custom Vehicles, and Replica Vehicles.

(1) A vintage vehicle does not require a safety inspection pursuant to Subsection 53-8-205(1)(b)(iii).

(2) The following are minimum safety equipment requirements for a custom vehicle:

(a) hydraulic service brakes on all wheels with current vehicle brake and stopping standards;

(b) parking brake operating on at least two wheels on the same axle;

(c) seat belts for all passengers and driver;

(d) sealed beam or halogen headlamps;

(e) brake Lamps;

(f) turn signal lamps and switch;

(g) AS-1 safety glass or Lexan; and

(h) electric or vacuum windshield wiper in front of the drivers view.

(3) The inspector shall issue a rejection inspection certificate when any of the above requirements are not met.

(4) Exhaust systems may discharge along the side of the vehicle provided they discharge at a point behind the rear edge of the door and exhaust is directed away from the vehicle.

(5) The vehicle identification for a custom vehicle shall be a number stamped on the frame of the vehicle.

(a) If no such numbers exist, then the requirements as established pursuant to Rule R873-22M-15 must be followed in order to pass inspection.

(6) All safety equipment of a replica vehicle shall comply with the requirements in Subsection 41-6a-1507(3).

 

R714-160-22. Low-Speed Vehicles.

(1) A low-speed vehicle shall meet the requirements found in Section 41-6a-1508.

(a) The inspector shall issue a rejection inspection certificate when any of the requirements in Section 41-6a-1508 or 49 C.F.R. 571.500 are not met.

 

R714-160-23. Reconstructed/Salvaged Motor Vehicles.

(1) Safety inspection for a salvaged vehicle is required as stated in Subsection 53-8-205(3).

(2) The inspector shall check all components and follow the requirements in this Rule.

(a) The inspector shall issue a rejection inspection certificate when any components and repairs are not made or installed in accordance with applicable provisions for the particular chassis from the original manufacturer.

 

KEY: motor vehicle safety, safety inspection manual

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [February 9, 2011]2016

Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 53-8-204; 53-8-205; 41-6a-1601 ; 41-6a-1507; 41-6a-1508


Additional Information

More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.

The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2016/b20160815.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.

Text to be deleted is struck through and surrounded by brackets ([example]). Text to be added is underlined (example).  Older browsers may not depict some or any of these attributes on the screen or when the document is printed.

For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Kim Gibb at the above address, by phone at 801-556-8198, by FAX at 801-964-4482, or by Internet E-mail at kgibb@utah.gov; Greg Willmore at the above address, by phone at 801-965-4889, by FAX at , or by Internet E-mail at gwillmor@utah.gov.  For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Office of Administrative Rules.