DAR File No. 41029
This rule was published in the December 15, 2016, issue (Vol. 2016, No. 24) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Emergency Medical Services
Trauma and EMS System Facility Designations
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 41029
Filed: 11/28/2016 09:12:34 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The amendment incorporates criteria for Level 1 and Level 2 trauma center designations. It is based on national guidance to promote efficiency, cost effectiveness, and better patient care objectives. The amendments were approved and supported by the Utah Trauma System Advisory Committee and the Utah EMS Committee.
Summary of the rule or change:
The amendments include the process whereby Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers applications can be made and evaluated for need. The intent is to provide a fair method of determining if additional Level 1 or Level 2 trauma centers are needed for a given population center. The process will reduce unnecessary over-designation. Excessive numbers of Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers would increase the cost to the overall system. It would not allow sufficient types of patients to be routinely treated, and thereby reduce the proficiency of specialized skill sets currently utilized in Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers.
Statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Title 26, Chapter 8a
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There is no anticipated fiscal impact to the state budget because amendments update and clarify designation requirements based on need for additional trauma centers.
There is no anticipated fiscal impact to local government budgets because amendments establish designation based on need for additional trauma centers.
There is no impact on small businesses. These amendments pertain to large hospitals at the highest designation levels.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There is no anticipated fiscal impacts. The amendments will establish hospital trauma designation levels based on need following national guidelines established by the American College of Surgeons. This prevents the designation of Level I and II trauma centers when none are required. It will allow for additional Level I and II trauma centers when the need is demonstrated.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Affected persons will not have any additional compliance costs. The amendments will possibly reduce the over-designation of higher levels of care, thereby maintaining current cost and preventing unnecessary costs.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The proposed amendment modifies the process of how an entity can apply to be a Level 1 or Level 2 trauma center and the criteria DOH will use in evaluating the applications for trauma center designations. The amendments were approved and supported by the Utah Trauma System Advisory Committee and the Utah EMS Committee. Since the rule clarifies the application procedures and internal evaluation criteria, it is anticipated that businesses will experience no fiscal impact beyond that required by current rule or statue. I approve publication of this proposed amendment to Rule R426-9.
Joseph Miner, MD, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Office of Administrative Rules, or at:Health
Family Health and Preparedness, Emergency Medical Services
3760 S HIGHLAND DR
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84106
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Guy Dansie at the above address, by phone at 801-273-6671, by FAX at 801-273-4165, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Joseph Miner, Executive Director
R426. Health, Family Health and Preparedness, Emergency Medical Services.
R426-9. Trauma and EMS System Facility Designations.
R426-9-100. Authority and Purpose for Trauma System Standards.
(1) Authority - This rule is established under Title 26, Chapter 8a, 252, Statewide Trauma System, which authorizes the Department to:
(a) establish and actively supervise a statewide trauma system;
(b) establish, by rule, trauma center designation requirements and model state guidelines for triage, treatment, transport, and transfer of trauma patients to the most appropriate health care facility; and
(c) designate trauma care facilities consistent with the trauma center designation requirements and verification process established by the Department and applicable statutes.
(2) This rule provides standards for the categorization of all hospitals and the voluntary designation of Trauma Centers to assist physicians in selecting the most appropriate physician and facility based upon the nature of the patient's critical care problem and the capabilities of the facility.
(3) It is intended that the categorization process be dynamic and updated periodically to reflect changes in national standards, medical facility capabilities, and treatment processes. Also, as suggested by the Utah Medical Association, the standards are in no way to be construed as mandating the transfer of any patient contrary to the wishes of his attending physician, rather the standards serve as an expression of the type of facilities and care available in the respective hospitals for the use of physicians requesting transfer of patients requiring skills and facilities not available in their own hospitals.
R426-9-200. Trauma System Advisory Committee.
(1) The trauma system advisory committee, created pursuant to 26-8a-251, shall:
(a) be a broad and balanced representation of healthcare providers and health care delivery systems; and
(b) conduct meetings in accordance with committee procedures.
(2) The Department shall appoint committee members to serve terms from one to four years.
(3) The Department may re-appoint committee members for one additional term in the position initially appointed by the Department.
(4) Causes for removal of a committee member include the following:
(a) more than two unexcused absences from meetings within 12 calendar months;
(b) more than three excused absences from meetings within 12 calendar months;
(c) conviction of a felony; or
(d) change in organizational affiliation or employment which may affect the appropriate representation of a position on the committee for which the member was appointed.
R426-9-300. Trauma Center Categorization Guidelines.
The Department adopts as criteria for Level I, Level II, Level III, IV and Pediatric trauma center designation, compliance with national standards published in the American College of Surgeons document: Resources for Optimal Care of the Injured Patient 2014.
R426-9-400. Trauma Center Review Process.
(1) The Department shall conduct a quality review site visit of trauma centers and applicants to verify compliance with standards set in R426-9-300. In conducting each evaluation, the Department may consult with experts from the following disciplines:
(a) trauma surgery;
(b) emergency medicine;
(c) emergency or critical care nursing; and
(d) hospital administration.
(2) A consultant shall not assist the Department in evaluating a facility in which the consultant is employed, practices, or has any financial interest.
R426-9-500. Trauma Center Categorization Process.
The Department shall:
(1) Develop a survey document based upon the Trauma Center Criteria described in R426-9-300.
(2) Periodically survey all Utah hospitals which provide emergency trauma care to determine the maximum level of trauma care which each is capable of providing.
(3) Disseminate survey results to all Utah
hospitals, and as appropriate, to [
state EMS agencies].
R426-9-600. Trauma Center Designation Process.
(1) Hospitals seeking voluntary designation and all
designated Trauma Centers desiring to remain designated, shall
apply for designation by submitting the following information to
the Department at least 30 days prior to the date of the
scheduled site visit: (a) A completed and signed application and appropriate
fees for trauma center verification; (b) a letter from the hospital administrator of continued
commitment to comply with current trauma center designation
standards as applicable to the applicant's designation
level; (c) the data specified under R426-9-700 are
current; (d) Level I and Level II Trauma Centers must submit a
copy of the Pre-review Questionnaire (PRQ) from the American
College of Surgeons in lieu of the application in 1a
above. (e) Level III Level IV and Level V trauma centers must
submit a complete Department approved application. (2) Hospitals desiring to be designated as Level I and
Level II Trauma Centers must be verified by the American College
of Surgeons (ACS) within three (3) months of the expiration date
of previous designation and must submit a copy of the full ACS
report detailing the results of the ACS site visit. A Department
representative must be present during the entire ACS verification
or consultation visit. Hospitals desiring to be Level III or
Level IV Trauma Centers must be designated by hosting a formal
site visit by the Department. (3) The Department and its consultants may conduct
observation, review and monitoring activities with any designated
trauma center to verify compliance with designation
requirements. (4) Trauma centers shall be designated for a period of
three years unless the designation is rescinded by the Department
for non-compliance to standards set forth in R426-9-600 or
adjusted to coincide with the American College of Surgeons
verification timetable. (5) The Department shall disseminate a list of designated
trauma centers to all Utah hospitals, and state EMS agencies, and
as appropriate, to hospitals in nearby states which refer patients
to Utah hospitals.]
R426-9-700. Data Requirements for an Inclusive Trauma System.
(1) All hospitals shall collect, and monthly submit to the Department, Trauma Registry information necessary to maintain an inclusive trauma system. Designated trauma centers shall provide such data in a standardized electronic format approved by the Department. The Department shall provide funds to hospitals, excluding designated trauma centers, for the data collection process. In order to ensure consistent patient data collection, a trauma patient is defined as a patient sustaining a traumatic injury and meeting the following criteria:
(a) At least one of the following injury diagnostic codes: ICD10 Diagnostic Codes: S00-S00 with 7th character modifiers of A, B, or C only, T07, T14, T20-T28 with 7th character modifier of A, T30-T32, T79.A1-T79.A9 with 7th character modifier of A excluding the following isolated injuries: S00, S10, S20, S30, S40, S50, S60, S70, S80, S90. Late effect codes, which are represented using the same range of injury diagnosis codes but with the 7th digit modifier code of D through S are also ex luded; and
(b) At least one of the following patient conditions:
Stay at a hospital greater than 12 hours (as measured from the Emergency Department arrival to patient discharge); transferred in or out of reporting hospital via EMS transport (including air ambulance); death resulting from the traumatic injury (independent of hospital admission or hospital transfer status.
(c) The Department adopt by reference the National Trauma Data Standard Data Dictionary for 2016 Admissions published by the American College of Surgeons, and the Utah Trauma Registry State Required Elements for 2016 published by the Department.
R426-9-800. Trauma Triage and Transfer Guidelines.
The Department adopts by reference the 2009 Resources and Guidelines for the Triage and Transfer of Trauma Patients published by the Utah Department of Health as model guidelines for triage, transfer, and transport of trauma patients. The guidelines do not mandate the transfer of any patient contrary to the judgment of the attending physician. They are a resource for pre-hospital and hospital providers to assist in the triage, transfer and transport of trauma patients to designated trauma centers or acute care hospitals which are appropriate to adequately receive trauma patients.
R426-9-900. Noncompliance to Trauma Standards.
(1) The Department may warn, reduce, deny, suspend, revoke, or place on probation a facility designation, if the Department finds evidence that the facility has not been or will not be operated in compliance to standards adopted under R426-9-300.
(2) A hospital, clinic, health care provider, or health care delivery system may not profess or advertise to be designated as a trauma center if the Department has not designated it as such pursuant to this rule.
R426-9-1000. Resource Hospital Minimum Designation Requirements.
A Resource Hospital shall meet the following minimum requirements for designation:
(1) Be licensed in Utah or another state as a general acute hospital or be a Veteran's Administration hospital operating in Utah;
(2) Have the ability to communicate with other EMS providers operating in the area;
(3) Provide on-line medical control for all pre-hospital EMS providers who request assistance for patient care, 24 hours-a-day, seven days a week;
(4) Create and abide by written pre-hospital emergency patient care protocols for use in providing on-line medical control for pre-hospital EMS providers;
(5) Train new staff on the protocols before the new staff is permitted to provide on-line medical control and annually review protocols with physician and nursing staff;
(6) Annually provide in-service training on the protocols to all physicians and nurses who provide on-line medical control;
(7) Make the protocols immediately available to staff for reference;
(8) Provide on-line medical control which shall include:
(a) direct voice communication with a physician; or
(b) a registered nurse or physician's assistant, who shall to be licensed in Utah, who is in voice contact with a physician;
(9) Implement a quality improvement process which shall include:
(a) representatives from local EMS providers that routinely transport patients to the resource hospital;
(b) quarterly meetings; and
(c) minutes of the quality improvement meetings which are available for Department review;
(10) Identify a coordinator for the pre-hospital quality improvement process;
(11) Cooperate with the pre-hospital EMS providers' off-line medical directors in the quality review process, including granting access to hospital medical records of patients served by the particular pre-hospital EMS provider;
(12) Participate in local and regional forums for performance improvement; and
(13) Assist the Department in evaluating EMS system effectiveness by submitting to the Department, in an electronic format quarterly data specified by the Department.
R426-9-1100. Stroke Treatment and Stroke Receiving Facility Minimum Designation Requirements.
(1) A Primary or Comprehensive Stroke Treatment Center or an Acute Stroke Ready Hospital shall be accredited by the Joint Commission or other nationally recognized accrediting body.
(2) A hospital designated as a Stroke Receiving Facility for receiving stroke patients via Emergency Medical Services shall meet the following requirements:
(a) Be licensed as an acute care hospital in Utah;
(b) Require physician response to the emergency department in less than thirty (30) minutes for treatment of stroke patients;
(c) Maintain the ability of physician and nursing staff to utilize a standardized assessment tool for ischemic stroke patients;
(d) Maintain and utilize approved thrombolytic medications for treatment of patients meeting criteria for administration of thrombolytic therapy;
(e) Establish a standardized acute stroke protocol and authorize appropriate emergency department staff to implement the protocol when appropriate;
(f) Have ancillary equipment and personnel available to diagnose and treat acute stroke patients in a timely manner;
(g) Establish patient transport protocols with designated stroke treatment centers;
(h) Have a performance improvement program for acute stroke care and report data as required by the Department; and
(i) Submit to a site visit by representatives of the Department.
(3) Upon designation, the Department may,
in consultation with off line EMS medical direction and protocol,
recommend direct transport of stroke patients to a Stroke Receiving
Center or a Stroke Treatment Center by [
an EMS agency].
R426-9-1200. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Center Minimum Designation Requirements.
(1) A Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
(PCI) Center, for the purpose of receiving acute ST-elevation
myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients via [
EMS], shall meet the following minimum designation
(a) Be licensed as an acute care hospital in Utah;
(b) Maintain an emergency department staffed by at least one (1) Physician and one (1) Registered Nurse at all times;
(c) Have the ability to receive 12 lead
EKG data from [
EMS agencies] transporting patients to the
hospital for treatment of ST Segment Elevation Myocardial
(d) Maintain the ability to provide cardiac catheterization and PCI of STEMI patients within ninety (90) minutes of patient arrival in the emergency department twenty four (24) hours a day and seven (7) days a week;
(e) Maintain a performance improvement program for STEMI care and report data to the Department as required by the Department; and
(f) Submit to a site visit by representatives of the Department.
(2) Upon designation, the Department may,
in consultation with offline EMS medical direction and protocol,
recommend direct transport of STEMI patients to a STEMI Treatment
Center by [
an EMS agency].
(3) The PCI designation and re-designation period shall be for a period of three years.
R426-9-1300. Patient Receiving Facility Minimum Designation Requirements.
(1) A Patient Receiving Facility shall meet the following minimum designation requirements:
(a) Have the ability to communicate with [
pre-hospital EMS] providers;
(b) Be staffed or have on-call physician, physician assistant, or nurse practitioner availability during designated hours with a response time of less than 20 minutes;
(c) Have and maintain ACLS and PALS certification;
(d) Attend meetings of the local EMS council, if one exists, to participate in the coordination and operations of local EMS providers;
(e) Abide by off-line protocols approved
by the [
EMS] provider's off-line medical
(f) Train staff on protocols used by the [
EMS] providers who transport patients to the
Patient Receiving Facility;
(g) Implement a quality improvement process of all patients received at the patient receiving facility with the local resource hospital or trauma center including access to medical records for patients transported by ambulance;
(h) Maintain equipment, services and medications on-site to provide Advanced Life Support (ALS) intervention and appropriate treatment. Equipment and services shall include:
(ii) ACLS medications;
(iii) laboratory services;
(iv) radiology services;
(v) oxygen delivery systems;
(vi) airway support equipment and supplies;
(vii) suction equipment and supplies; and,
(i) Submit to a yearly site visit by representatives of the Department; and
(j) Submit monthly data reports to the Department on all patients received by an ambulance, and in an electronic format provided by the Department.
(2) The Department may recommend the preferential transportation of STEMI patients by ambulance to a Patient Receiving Facility.
KEY: emergency medical services, trauma, reporting, trauma center designation
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
July 15, 2016]
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 26-8a-252
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Guy Dansie at the above address, by phone at 801-273-6671, by FAX at 801-273-4165, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Office of Administrative Rules.