DAR File No. 41428
This rule was published in the April 15, 2017, issue (Vol. 2017, No. 8) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy
Treatment of Trusts
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 41428
Filed: 03/31/2017 08:09:12 AM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this change is to implement a provision of the 21st Century Cures Act that allows individuals to establish their own Special Needs Trust.
Summary of the rule or change:
This amendment implements a provision of the 21st Century Cures Act that allows individuals to establish their own Special Needs Trust.
Statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 26-1-5
- 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(A)
- Section 26-18-3
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
There is no impact to the state budget because this change neither increases nor decreases the number of individuals who may become eligible for Disabled Medicaid.
There is no impact to local governments because they neither fund nor make eligibility determinations for the Medicaid program.
There is no impact to small businesses because this change neither increases nor decreases the number of individuals who may become eligible for Disabled Medicaid.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
There is no impact to Medicaid providers and to Medicaid clients because this change neither increases nor decreases the number of individuals who may become eligible for Disabled Medicaid.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
There is no impact to a single Medicaid provider or to a Medicaid client because this change neither increases nor decreases the number of individuals who may become eligible for Disabled Medicaid.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
There is no fiscal impact to business because the changes do not affect Medicaid eligibility or coverage of services by Medicaid providers.
Joseph K. Miner, MD, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Office of Administrative Rules, or at:Health
Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy
CANNON HEALTH BLDG
288 N 1460 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3231
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Craig Devashrayee at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6641, by FAX at 801-538-6099, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
This rule may become effective on:
Joseph Miner, Executive Director
R414. Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy.
R414-305-7. Treatment of Trusts.
(1) The eligibility agency shall apply the
criteria in [
Section 1902(k) of the Compilation of the Social Security
Laws, 1993 ed.], to determine the availability of trusts
established before August 11, 1993.
(a) A Medicaid qualifying trust is a trust, or similar legal device, established (other than by will) by an individual (or an individual's spouse) under which the individual may be the beneficiary of all or part of the payments from the trust. The distribution of payments is determined by one or more trustees who are permitted to exercise some amount of discretion with respect to the distribution to the individual.
(b) The amount of the trust property that is counted as an available resource to the individual who established the trust (or whose spouse established the trust) is the maximum amount that the trustee is permitted to distribute under the terms of the trust for the individual's benefit. This amount of property is counted as available whether or not it is actually disbursed by the trustee or received by the beneficiary. It does not matter whether the trust is irrevocable or whether it is established for a purpose other than to qualify for Medicaid.
(c) Payments made from the available portion of the trust do not count as income because the available portion of the trust is counted as a resource. If payments are made from any portion of the trust that is not counted as a resource, the payments are counted as income in the month received.
(2) The Department adopts the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(A) concerning trusts for a Disabled Person under Age 65. These trusts are commonly known as a special needs trust for a disabled person. Assets held in a trust that complies with the provisions in Subsection R414-305-7(2) and (4) do not count as available resources.
The individual trust beneficiary must meet the disability
criteria found in 42 U.S.C. 1382c(a)(3). The trust must be
established and assets transferred to the trust before the disabled
individual reaches age 65. (b) ]The trust must be established solely for the
benefit of the disabled individual by
a parent, grandparent, legal guardian of the
individual, or [ the] court.
c]) [ The trust may only contain the assets of the disabled
individual.]The eligibility agency shall treat any
additions to the trust corpus with assets not belonging to the
disabled trust beneficiary as a gift to the trust beneficiary. The
additions irrevocably become part of the trust corpus and are
subject to all provisions of Medicaid restrictions that govern
special needs trusts.
d]) The trust must be irrevocable. No one may have any right
or power to alter, amend, revoke, or terminate the trust or any of
its terms, except that the trust may include language that provides
that the trust may be amended but only if necessary to conform with
subsequent changes to the requirements of 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(A)
or synonymous state law.
e]) The trust cannot be altered or converted from an
individual trust to a "pooled trust" under 42 U.S.C.
f]) The trust must terminate upon the death of the disabled
individual or exhaustion of trust corpus and must include language
that specifically provides that upon the death of the beneficiary
or early termination of the trust, whichever occurs first, the
trustees will notify Medicaid and will pay all amounts remaining in
the trust to the State up to the total amount of medical assistance
the State has paid on behalf of the individual. The trust shall
comply fully with this obligation to first repay the State without
requiring the State to take any action except to establish the
amount to be repaid.
g]) The sole lifetime beneficiary of the trust must be the
disabled individual, and the Medicaid agency must be the preferred
remainder beneficiary. Distributions from the trust during the
beneficiary's lifetime may be made only to or for the benefit
of the disabled individual.
h]) The eligibility agency shall continue to exclude assets
held in the trust from countable resources after the disabled
individual reaches age 65. Subsequent additions to the trust other
than interest on the corpus after the person turns 65 are not
assets of an individual under age 65 and the agency shall treat the
transfer as a transfer of resources for less than fair market
value, which may create a period of ineligibility for certain
i]) A trust that provides benefits to other persons is not an
individual special needs trust and does not the meet the criteria
to be excluded from resources.
j]) A corporate trustee may charge a reasonable fee for
k]) The trust may compensate a guardian only as provided by
law. The trust may not compensate the parent of a minor child from
the trust as the child's guardian.
l]) Additional trusts cannot be created within the special
(3) The Department adopts the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(C) concerning pooled trusts for disabled individuals. A pooled trust is a specific trust for disabled individuals that meets all of the following conditions:
(a) The trust contains the assets of disabled individuals;
(b) The trust must be established and managed by an entity that has been granted non-profit status by the Internal Revenue Service. The non-profit entity must submit to the State a letter documenting the non-profit status with the trust documents;
(c) The trustees must maintain a separate account for each disabled beneficiary whose assets are placed in the pooled trust; however, for the purposes of investment and management of the funds, the trust may pool the funds from the individual accounts. If someone other than the beneficiary transfers assets to the pooled trust administrator to be used on behalf of that beneficiary of the pooled trust, the eligibility agency shall treat the assets as a gift to that beneficiary, which the administrator must add to and manage as part of the balance of the beneficiary's account and which are subject to all provisions of Medicaid restrictions that govern pooled trusts.
(d) Accounts in the trust must be established solely for the benefit of individuals who are disabled as defined in 42 U.S.C. 1382c(a)(3).
(e) The trust must be irrevocable; accounts set up in the trust must be irrevocable.
(f) Individual accounts may be established only by the parent, grandparent or legal guardian of the individual, by the individual, or by a court.
(g) An initial transfer of funds or any additions or augmentations to a pooled trust account by an individual 65 years of age or older is a transfer of assets for less than fair market value and may create a period of ineligibility for certain Medicaid services.
(h) The disabled individual cannot control any spending by the trust.
(i) Individual trust accounts may not be liquidated before the death of the beneficiary without first making payment to the State for medical assistance paid on behalf of the individual.
(j) The trust must include language that specifically provides that upon the death of the trust account beneficiary, the trustees will notify the Medicaid agency and will pay all amounts remaining in the beneficiary's account to the State up to the total medical assistance paid on behalf of the beneficiary. The trust may retain a maximum of 50% of the amount remaining in the beneficiary's account at death to be used for other disabled individuals if the trust has established provisions by which it will assure that the retained funds are used only for individuals meeting the disability criteria found in 42 U.S.C. 1382c(a)(3).
(k) A pooled trust that retains some portion of a deceased beneficiary's trust funds must describe how retained funds are used for other disabled persons. Any funds that are placed in an individual beneficiary's account or that are used to set up an account for an individual beneficiary who does not otherwise have funds to place in the pooled trust are subject to all of the provisions of Medicaid restrictions that govern pooled trusts. The pooled trust may include a plan for using retained funds only for incidental, one-time services to qualified disabled individuals who do not have accounts in the pooled trust.
(4) The following provisions apply to both individual trusts and pooled trusts described in Subsection R414-305-7(2) and (3):
(a) No expenditures may be made after the death of the beneficiary before repayment to the State, except for federal and state taxes and necessary and reasonable administrative costs of the trust incurred in closing the trust;
(b) The trust must provide that if the beneficiary has received Medicaid benefits in more than one state, each state that provided Medicaid benefits shall be repaid. If the remaining balance is insufficient to repay all benefits paid, then each state will be paid its proportionate share;
(c) The trust or an attached schedule must identify the amount and source of the initial trust property. The disabled individual must report subsequent additions to the trust corpus to the eligibility agency;
(d) If the trust is funded, in whole or in part, with an annuity or other periodic payment arrangement, the State must be named in controlling documents as the preferred remainder beneficiary in the first position up to the total amount of medical assistance paid on behalf of the individual;
(i) Any funds remaining after full repayment of the medical assistance can be paid to a secondary remainder beneficiary;
(ii) The eligibility agency shall treat any provision or action that does or will divert payments or principal from the annuity or payment arrangement to someone other than the excluded trust or the Medicaid agency as a transfer of assets for less than fair market value with the exception that any remainder after the Medicaid agency has been fully repaid may be paid to a secondary beneficiary;
(e) The eligibility agency shall count cash distributions from the trust as income in the month received;
(f) The eligibility agency shall count retained distributed amounts as resources beginning the month which follows the month that the amounts are distributed. The agency shall apply the applicable resource rules to assets purchased with trust funds and given to the beneficiary as his or her personal possessions. The disabled individual must report the receipt of payments or assets from the trust within ten days of receipt. The agency shall exclude assets purchased with trust funds if the trust retains ownership;
(g) The eligibility agency shall count distributions from the trust covering the individual's expenses for food or shelter as in-kind income to determine Medicaid eligibility in the month paid;
(h) If expenditures made from the trust also incidentally provide an ongoing and continuing benefit to other persons, those other persons who also benefit must contribute a pro-rata share to the trust for the expenses associated with their use of the acquisition;
(i) Contracts to provide personal services to the disabled individual must be in writing, describe the services to be provided, pay fair market rate consistent with rates charged in the community for the type and quality of services to be provided, and be executed in advance of any services being provided and paid. The eligibility agency may require a statement of medical need for the services from the individual's medical practitioner. If the person who is to provide the services is a family member or friend, the eligibility agency may require verification of the person's ability to carry out the needed services;
(j) Distributions from the trust made to or for the benefit of a third party that are not for the benefit of the disabled individual are treated as a transfer of assets for less than fair market value and may create a period of ineligibility for certain Medicaid services. This includes such things as payments of the expenses or travel costs of persons other than a medically necessary attendant;
(k) The beneficiary must submit an annual accounting of trust income and expenditures and a statement of trust assets to the eligibility agency upon request or upon any change of trustee.
(5) The eligibility agency may not count assets held in a pooled trust that comply with the provisions in Subsection R414-305-7(3) and (4) as available resources.
(6) 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(B), provides for an exemption from the trust provisions for qualified income trusts (also known as Miller Trusts). Special provisions for this form of trust apply, under federal law, only in those states that do not provide medically needy coverage for nursing facility services. Because Utah covers services in nursing facilities under the medically needy coverage group of the Medicaid program, the establishment of a qualified income trust shall be treated as an asset transfer for the purposes of qualifying for Medicaid. This presumption shall apply whether the individual is seeking nursing facility services or home and community-based services under one of the waiver programs.
KEY: Medicaid, resources
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
July 1, 2016]
Notice of Continuation: January 23, 2013[
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 26-18-3
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Craig Devashrayee at the above address, by phone at 801-538-6641, by FAX at 801-538-6099, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Office of Administrative Rules.