DAR File No. 42082
This rule was published in the October 1, 2017, issue (Vol. 2017, No. 19) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Commerce, Occupational and Professional Licensing
Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act Rule
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 42082
Filed: 09/12/2017 12:00:55 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
The purpose of this rule filing is to make the following changes recommended by the Utah Board of Accountancy: 1) change the reporting system for continuing professional education (CPE) from a manual to an online process; 2) remove the prorated CPE requirement for the first renewal period following initial licensure or reinstatement of licensure; 3) define carryover of CPE hours; 4) incorporate the newest "Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews" promulgated 04/01/2017, by the AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accountants); 5) incorporate the updated AICPA Code of Professional Conduct, as revised, effective 12/15/2014; 6) align the CPE reporting period with the license renewal deadline, so that both end on December 31 of even years; and implement this new date by: a) extending the current renewal date from 09/30/2018 to 12/31/2018 and requiring renewal on December 31 of even years thereafter; and b) prorating the CPE hours required for the first renewal period after implementation; and 7) make nonsubstantive technical changes throughout the rule to reorganize and renumber the rule for clarity.
Summary of the rule or change:
In Subsection R156-26a-303a(5), this proposed amendment incorporates the newest "Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews� promulgated 04/01/2017 by the AICPA to be utilized when conducting peer reviews. These standards are available online at http://www.aicpa.org. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(2)(a), these proposed amendments: 1) increase the CPE requirement from 80 to 120 hours for the reporting period ending on 12/31/2018 to accommodate the three-year reporting period following implementation and the effective date of the adopted rule; 2) eliminate CPE from being required at the first renewal after initial licensure; and 3) make formatting changes for clarification. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(5), this proposed amendment changes the CPE reporting period from January 31 of even-numbered years to December 31 of even-numbered years, in order to align the CPE reporting period with the license renewal deadline. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(8)(a), first, these proposed amendments remove the CPE requirement of 10 hours per calendar quarter for individuals who become licensed or certified between renewal periods. Second, these proposed amendments provide an implementation period for discontinuing the existing September 30 CPE reporting date, and instituting the new December 31 reporting date, by: 1) extending all license renewal dates from 09/30/2018 to 12/31/2018; and 2) extending the first CPE reporting deadline from 12/31/2017 to 12/31/2018 and allowing all CPE hours completed from 12/31/2015 through 12/31/2018 to be carried forward to the 12/31/2018 reporting period. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(8)(b), this proposed amendment further defines the CPE carry forward provision to include that any CPE hours carried forward from the previous reporting period shall qualify as CPE hours only for the current reporting period. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(8)(c), this proposed amendment deletes unnecessary language for better comprehension, and deletes the extra "penalty" CPE hour requirement for licensees who do not timely complete their minimum required CPE. New language states that a licensee who does not complete the CPE requirement will be unable to renew their license until the CPE has been completed and reported. In Subsection R156-26a-303b(8)(d), this proposed amendment mandates online CPE reporting on the Division website to streamline the reporting process for licensees and the Division. In Section R156-26a-307, this proposed amendment deletes the provision for prorated CPE hours per full calendar quarter remaining in the current CPE renewal period after reinstatement. Minor formatting changes are made for clarification. In Section R156-26a-501, this proposed amendment incorporates the updated AICPA "Code of Professional Conduct", as revised, effective 12/15/2014 which defines Unprofessional Conduct. These standards are available online at http://www.aicpa.org.
Statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Subsection 58-1-106(1)(a)
- Section 58-26a-101
- Subsection 58-1-202(1)(a)
This rule or change incorporates by reference the following material:
- Updates AICPA Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews, published by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), April 1, 2017
- Updates AICPA Code of Professional Conduct, published by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), December 15, 2014
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
The following proposed changes will have a fiscal impact on the state budget: first, the changes to Subsection R156-26a-303b(8)(d) mandating online reporting will require an online reporting system to be created to accommodate the process for CPA licensees. This system will be created by the IT staff of the Department of Commerce. The cost estimate includes 100 hours of staff time at a billing rate of $77.58/hour, for a one-time cost to the Division of $7,758. There will also be substantial ongoing savings to the Division with these proposed changes. The current rule requires the Division to manually audit and upload the CPE record of each CPA licensee. This requires approximately five minutes per CPA license in each two-year reporting period. There are approximately 5,200 licensees which results in approximately 433 staff hours to process the CPE records. At an average staff rate of $27/hour based on an estimated $18/hour employee auditor wage and the cost of employment taxes and benefits, these changes will result in an ongoing savings to the Division of $11,691 each two-year period. Second, the proposed changes to Rule R156-26a will necessitate written notification to all licensees. Currently, there are approximately 5,200 CPA licensees and 670 CPA firms. At a printing/mailing cost of $1 per licensee, this will be a one-time cost of $5,870. Third, the proposed amendments extending the renewal period one time from 09/30/2018 to 12/31/2018 may result in a one-time cost to the Division from license fee reductions. Each CPA firm may realize a 25% or $13 license fee reduction on a one-time basis; with approximately 670 licensed CPA firms, this could amount to a potential maximum of $8,710 in savings for these businesses, with a corresponding cost to the state. Similarly, each licensed CPA may realize a 25% or $15.75 license fee reduction on a one-time basis, and with approximately 5,200 licensed CPAs, this could amount to a potential maximum of $81,900 in savings for these CPAs, with a corresponding cost to the Division. However, the exact amount of this potential one-time cost cannot be determined as it will vary depending on circumstances. The cost will only reach these maximum estimates if every single licensee utilizes the three-month extension and then renews their license, and not all licensees are expected to do so. Finally, the Division will also incur minimal costs of $75 to print and distribute the rule once the proposed rule becomes effective. The Division will not incur any costs resulting from incorporating the AICPA's "Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews" promulgated 04/01/2017 or the AICPA's "Code of Professional Conduct", as revised, effective 12/15/2014, because both of these standards are available online at http://www.aicpa.org.
This rule change does not affect local governments, nor will it require any services from local governments; therefore, there will be no cost impact on local governments.
The proposed changes to Rule R156-26a will provide a minimal cost savings to those small businesses who are licensed in Utah as a CPA (certified public accountant) firm. With the initial extension of the renewal period from 09/30/2018 to 12/31/2018 each CPA firm may realize a 25% or $13 license fee reduction on a one-time basis. The Division does not track the size of a CPA firm for licensing purposes. With approximately 670 licensed CPA firms, this savings could amount to an aggregate maximum of $8,710 in savings for businesses, if every licensed firm utilizes the three-month extension and then renews the firm's license. The Division estimates that all other changes to the rule will have no other cost effect on small businesses or businesses of any size. Those businesses who provide CPA services will continue to provide services at the same pricing schedule regardless of when the CPAs and/or CPA firms report their CPE hours and renew their licenses. On the other side of the coin, those businesses who utilize CPA services will continue to receive services at the same pricing schedule they are currently experiencing, regardless of when the CPAs and/or CPA firms report their CPE hours and renew their licenses.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
Proposed changes to Rule R156-26a may provide some cost savings for individual CPA licensees. With the initial extension of the renewal period from 09/30/2018 to 12/31/2018 each CPA may realize a 25% or $15.75 license fee reduction on a one-time basis. With approximately 5,200 licensed CPAs, this savings could amount to an aggregate maximum savings of $81,900 for these other persons, if every CPA utilizes the three-month extension and then renews their license. Additionally, the proposed changes will also result in a cost savings to CPAs who obtain initial licensure during any renewal cycle. It provides an exemption of the CPE requirement for the first renewal after their initial licensure. Currently, the requirement prorates the CPE to 10 hours per calendar quarter for partial two-year renewal periods following initial licensure or reinstatement. This change results in a cost savings of approximately $20/CPE hour and would have a potential savings impact between $200 and $1,200 per new/reinstated licensee, realized at the time of the first renewal, based upon date of initial licensure or reinstatement.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
The proposed changes to Rule R156-26a will have no other cost effect on individuals. Those individuals who utilize CPA services will continue to receive services at the same pricing schedule they are currently experiencing, regardless of when the CPAs or CPA firms report their CPE hours and renew their licenses.
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
The proposed amendments to Rule R156-26a change certain matters relating to continuing professional education (CPE) for certified public accountants, and the reporting of the CPE. Reporting is now to be made online; the reporting period is now to end on December 31st of each even year; and the rule incorporates the newest "Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Review", effective 04/01/2017 and the updated AICPA "Code of Professional Conduct", effective 12/15/2014. None of these rule changes will increase any costs to small businesses. A one time insignificant ($13) windfall of savings will accrue to each accounting firm whose reporting period is changed by the rule from September 30th to December 31st.
Francine A. Giani, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Office of Administrative Rules, or at:Commerce
Occupational and Professional Licensing
HEBER M WELLS BLDG
160 E 300 S
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84111-2316
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Robyn Barkdull at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6727, by FAX at 801-530-6511, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
Interested persons may attend a public hearing regarding this rule:
- 10/04/2017 01:30 PM, Heber Wells Bldg, 160 E 300 S, Conference Room 402 (fourth floor), Salt Lake City, UT
This rule may become effective on:
Mark Steinagel, Director
R156. Commerce, Occupational and Professional Licensing.
R156-26a. Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act Rule.
R156-26a-303a. Renewal Requirements - Peer Review.
In accordance with Subsections 58-1-308(3)(b) and 58-26a-303(2)(b), there is created a peer review requirement as a condition for renewal of licenses issued under the Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act, providing for review of the work products of CPA and CPA firm licensees.
(a) The purpose of the program is to monitor compliance with professional standards.
(b) The program shall emphasize education and may include other remedial actions when non-compliance is found.
(c) If a licensee is unwilling or unable to comply with or intentionally disregards professional standards, the administering organization shall refer the matter to the Division for consultation and determination of appropriate action.
(2) Scheduling of the Peer Review.
(a) A firm's initial peer review shall be assigned a due date to require that the initial review be started no later than 18 months after the date of the issuance of its initial report as defined in Subsection 58-26a-102(20).
(b) Not less than once in each three years a firm engaged in the practice of public accounting shall undergo, at its own expense, a peer review commensurate in scope with its practice.
(c) The administering organization will assign the year of review.
(d) A portion of the peer review may be performed by a regulatory body if the Utah Board of Accountancy approves the regulatory body as an administering organization. This does not by itself satisfy the peer review requirement unless the other standards as specified in this rule are fulfilled by the regulatory body.
(3) Selection of a Peer Reviewer or inspector in the case of inspections mandated by law or regulatory bodies.
A firm scheduled for peer review shall engage a reviewer qualified to conduct the peer review. Regulatory bodies will assign inspectors.
(4) Qualifications of a Peer Reviewer and inspectors.
(a) Peer reviewers must provide evidence of one of the two following minimum qualifications to the administering organization:
(i) acceptance as a peer reviewer by the AICPA; or
(ii) compliance with the qualifications required by the AICPA to qualify as a peer reviewer.
(b) Peer reviewers must be licensed or hold a permit to practice as a CPA in the state of Utah or another state or jurisdiction of the United States.
(c) The administering organization will approve reviewers for those reviews not administered by the AICPA.
(d) Regulatory bodies will determine the qualifications of inspectors.
(5) Conduct of the Peer Review or inspection. Peer reviews shall be conducted as follows:
(a) Peer reviews shall be conducted
according to the "Standards for Performing and Reporting on
Peer Reviews" promulgated by the AICPA, effective [
January 1, 2009] as amended, which are hereby incorporated by
reference and adopted as the minimum standards for peer reviews of
all firms. This section shall not require any firm or licensee to
become a member of the AICPA or any administering organization.
(b) The Utah Board of Accountancy may review the standards used by the regulatory body to determine if those standards are sufficient to satisfy all or part of the peer review requirements, or what additional review may be required to meet the peer review requirements under this rule.
(6) If an administering organization finds that a peer review was not performed in accordance with this rule or the peer review results in a pass with deficiencies or fail report, the Peer Review Committee may require remedial action to assure that the review or performance of the CPA or CPA firm being reviewed meets the objectives of the peer review program.
(7) Review of Multi-State Firms.
(a) With respect to a multi-state firm, the Division may accept a peer review based solely upon work conducted outside of this state as satisfying the requirement to undergo peer review under this rule, if:
(i) the peer review is conducted during the year scheduled or rescheduled under R156-26a-303a(2);
(ii) the peer review is performed in accordance with requirements equivalent to those of this state;
(iii) the peer review:
(A) studies, evaluates and reports on the quality control system of the firm as a whole in the case of system reviews; or
(B) results in an evaluation and report on selected engagements in the case of engagement reviews;
(iv) the firm's internal inspection procedures require that the firm's personnel from another office outside the state perform the inspection of the office located in this state not less than once in each three year period; and
(v) at the conclusion of the peer review, the peer reviewer issues a report equivalent to that required by R156-26a-303a(5) or in the case of an approved regulatory body, a report is issued under their standards.
(b) A multi-state firm seeking approval under R156-26a-303a(7)(a) shall submit an application to the administering organization by February 1 of the year of review establishing that the peer review it proposes to undergo meets all of the requirements of R156-26a-303a(5).
(8) A firm which does not perform services encompassed in the scope of minimum standards as set out in R156-26a-303a(5)(a) or (b) is exempt from peer review and shall notify the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing of the exemption at the time of renewal of its registration. A firm which begins providing these services must commence a peer review within 18 months of the date of the issuance of its initial report as defined in Subsection 58-26a-102(16).
(9) Mergers, Combinations, Dissolutions or Separations.
(a) Mergers or combinations: In the event that two or more firms are merged or sold and combined, the surviving firm shall retain the year of review of the largest firm.
(b) Dissolutions or separations: In the event that a firm is divided, the new firms shall retain the year of review of the former firm. In the event that this period is less than 12 months, a new year shall be assigned so that the review occurs after 12 months of operation.
(c) Upon application to the administering organization and a showing of hardship caused solely by compliance with R156-26a-303a(10), the Division may authorize a change in a firm's year of review.
(10) If the firm can demonstrate that the time established for the conduct of a peer review will create an unreasonable hardship upon the firm, the Division may approve an extension not to exceed 180 days from the date the peer review was originally scheduled. A request for extension shall be addressed in writing by the firm to the Division with a copy to the administering organization responsible for administration of that firm's peer review. The written request for extension must be received by the Division and the administering organization not less than 30 days prior to the date of scheduled review or the request will not be considered. The Division shall inform the administering organization of the approval of any extension.
(11) Retention of Documents Relating to Peer Reviews.
(a) All documentation necessary to establish that each peer review was performed in conformity with peer review standards adopted by the Board, including the peer review working papers, the peer review report, comment letters and related correspondence indicating the firm's concurrence or nonconcurrence, and any proposed remedial actions and related implementation shall be maintained.
(b) The documents described in R156-26a-303a(11)(a) shall be retained for a period of time corresponding to the designated retention period of the relevant administering organization. In no event shall the retention period be less than 120 days.
(12) Costs and Fees for Peer Review.
(a) All costs associated with firm-on-firm reviews will be negotiated between the firm and the reviewer and paid directly to the reviewer. All costs associated with committee assigned review team (CART) reviews will be set by the administering organization. The administering organization will collect the fees associated with CART reviews and pay the reviewer.
(b) All costs associated with the administration of the review process will be paid from fees charged to the firms. The fees will be collected by the administering organization. The schedule of fees will be included in the administering organization's proposal. The fee schedule will specify how much is to be paid each year and will be based on the firm size.
(13) All financial statements, working papers, or other documents reviewed are confidential. Access to those documents shall be limited to being made available, upon request, to the Peer Review Committee or the technical reviewer for purposes of assuring that peer reviews are performed according to professional standards.
(1) All CPAs are required to maintain current knowledge, skills, and abilities in all areas in which they provide services in order to provide services in a competent manner. To maintain or to obtain the knowledge, skills and abilities to competently provide services, a CPA may be required to obtain CPE above and beyond the 80 minimum CPE credits specified in Section 58-26a-304.
The following standards have been broadly stated in recognition of the diversity of practice and experience among CPAs. They establish a framework for the development, presentation, measurement, and reporting of CPE programs and thereby help to ensure that CPAs maintain the required knowledge, skills and abilities necessary to competently provide services and to enable to the CPA to provide evidence of meeting the minimum CPE requirements specified under this rule.
(2) General Standards for CPAs.
(a) Standard No. 1. All CPAs must
participate in CPE learning activities that maintain and/or improve
their professional competence. This CPE must include a minimum of
80 hours of CPE in each two-year period ending on December 31 of
80] hours shall include at least
one hour of education on the Utah Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act and Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act Rule and
at least ]three hours of ethics education [ which shall ]cover one or more of the following areas:
the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct[
case-based instruction focusing on real-life
ethical dilemmas faced by accounting professionals[
(i ) The term "must", as used in these standards, means departure from those specific standards is not permitted. The term "should", as used in these standards, means that CPAs and CPE program sponsors are expected to follow such standards as written and are required to justify any departures from such standards when unusual circumstances warrant such departures.
(ii ) Selection of CPE learning activities should be a thoughtful, reflective process addressing the individual CPA's current and future professional plans, current knowledge and skills level, and desired or needed additional competence to meet future opportunities and/or professional responsibilities.
iii]) A CPA's field of employment does not limit the need
for CPE. CPAs performing professional services need to have a broad
range of knowledge, skills, and abilities. Thus, the concept of
professional competence should be interpreted broadly. Accordingly,
acceptable continuing education encompasses programs contributing
to the development and maintenance of both technical and
non-technical professional skills.
i]v) Acceptable CPE subjects include accounting,
assurance/auditing, consulting services, specialized knowledge and
applications, management, taxation, and ethics. Other subjects,
including personal development, may also be acceptable if they
maintain and/or improve the CPA's professional competence. Such
subjects may include, but are not limited to: accounting and
auditing, taxation, management advisory services, information
technology, communication arts, mathematics, statistics,
probability and quantitative analysis, economics, business law and
litigation support, functional fields of business such as finance,
production, marketing, personnel relations, development and
management, business management and organizations, social
environment of business, and specialized areas of industry such as
film industry, real estate, or farming.
(v ) To help guide their professional development, CPAs may find it useful to develop a learning plan. The learning plan can be used to evaluate learning and professional competence development.
(A) A learning plan means a structured process that helps guide CPAs in their professional development. A learning plan is used to evaluate and document learning and professional competence development. A learning plan should be reviewed regularly and modified as a CPA's professional competence needs change. A learning plan should include:
(I) a self-assessment of the gap between current and needed knowledge, skills, and abilities;
(II) a set of learning objectives arising from this assessment; and
(III) learning activities to be undertaken to fulfill the learning plan.
(b) Standard No 2. CPAs should comply with all applicable CPE requirements and should claim CPE credit only for CPE programs when the CPE program sponsors have complied with the Standards for CPE Program Presentation (Nos. 8 - 11) and Standard for CPE Program Reporting No. 17.
(i) In addition to minimum CPE requirements specified in this rule, CPAs are responsible for compliance with all applicable CPE requirements, rules, and regulations of other state licensing bodies, other governmental entities and other professional organizations or bodies who have standard setting authority. CPAs should contact each appropriate entity to which they report to determine its specific requirements or any exceptions it may have to the standards presented herein.
(ii) Periodically, CPAs may participate in learning activities which do not comply with all applicable CPE requirements, for example specialized industry programs offered through industry sponsors. If CPAs propose to claim credit for such learning activities, they should retain all relevant information regarding the program to provide documentation to the Division, other state licensing bodies, and/or all other professional organizations or bodies showing that the learning activity is equivalent to one which meets all these or other applicable Standards.
(c) Standard No. 3. CPAs are responsible for accurate reporting of CPE credits earned and should retain appropriate documentation of their participation in learning activities, including: name and contact information of CPE program sponsor, title and description of content, date of program, location and number of CPE credits, all of which should be included in documentation provided by the CPE program sponsor.
(i) Although CPAs are required to document a minimum level of CPE hours, through periodic reporting of CPE, the objective of CPE must always be maintenance/enhancement of professional competence, not just attainment of minimum credits.
(ii) Compliance with regulatory and other requirements mandates that CPAs keep documentation of their participation in activities designed to maintain and/or improve professional competence. In the absence of legal or other requirements for longer retention, a CPA must retain documentation for a minimum of five years from the end of the year in which the learning activities were completed.
(iii) Participants must document their claims of CPE credit. Examples of acceptable evidence of completion include:
(A) For group and independent study programs, a certificate or other verification supplied by the CPE program sponsor.
(B) For self-study programs, a certificate supplied by the CPE program sponsor after satisfactory completion of an examination.
(C) For instruction credit, a certificate or other verification supplied by the CPE program sponsor.
(D) For a university or college course that is successfully completed for credit, a record or transcript of the grade the participant received.
(E) For university or college non-credit courses, a certificate of attendance issued by a representative of the university or college.
(F) For published articles, books, or CPE programs, (1) a copy of the publication (or in the case of a CPE program, course development documentation) that names the writer as author or contributor, (2) a statement from the writer supporting the number of CPE hours claimed, and (3) the name and contact information of the independent reviewer or publisher.
(d) Standard No. 4. CPAs who complete sponsored learning activities that maintain or improve their professional competence should claim the CPE credits recommended by CPE program sponsors.
(i) CPAs may participate in a variety of sponsored learning activities, such as workshops, seminars and conferences, self-study courses, Internet-based programs, and independent study. While CPE program sponsors determine credits, CPAs should claim credit only for activities through which they maintained or improved their professional competence. CPAs who participate in only part of a program should claim CPE credit only for the portion they attended or completed.
(ii) In order to qualify as CPE, an Internet-based program must qualify as a group program as provided in Subsection R156-26a-303b(3)(b)(i) or as a self-study program as provided in Subsection R156-26a-303b(3)(g).
(e) Standard No. 5. CPAs may engage in independent study under the direction of a CPE program sponsor who has met the applicable standards for CPE program sponsors when the subject matter and level of study maintain or improve their professional competence.
(i) Independent study is an educational process designed to permit a participant to learn a given subject under the guidance of a CPE program sponsor one-on-one. Participants in an independent study program should:
(A) Enter into a written learning contract with a CPE program sponsor who must comply with the applicable standards for CPE program sponsors.
(B) Accept the written recommendation of the CPE program sponsor as to the number of credits to be earned upon successful completion of the proposed learning activities. CPE credits will be awarded only if:
(I) all the requirements of the independent study as outlined in the learning contract are met;
(II) the CPE program sponsor reviews and signs the participant's report;
(III) the CPE program sponsor reports to the participant the actual credits earned; and
(IV) the CPE program sponsor provides the participant with contact information.
(ii) The credits to be recommended by an independent study CPE program sponsor should be agreed upon in advance and should be equated to the effort expended to improve professional competence. The credits cannot exceed the time devoted to the learning activities and may be less than the actual time involved.
(iii) Retain the necessary documentation to satisfy regulatory requirements as to the content, inputs, and outcomes of the independent study.
(iv) Complete the program of independent study in 15 weeks or less.
(3) Standards for CPE Program Sponsors (Standard 1), Standards for CPE Program Development(Standards 2-7), Standards for CPE Program Presentation (Standards 8-11), Standards for Program Measurement (Standards 12-16), and Standards for CPE Program Reporting (Standards 17-18). "CPE sponsor", as used herein, means the individual or organization responsible for setting learning objectives, developing the program materials to achieve such objectives, offering a program to participants, and maintaining the documentation required by these standards. The term "CPE program sponsor" may include associations of CPAs, whether formal or informal, as well as employers who offer in-house programs.
(a) Standard No. 1. CPE program sponsors are responsible for compliance with all applicable standards and other CPE requirements.
(i) In addition to the minimum requirements under this rule, CPE program sponsors may have to meet specific CPE requirements of other state licensing bodies, other governmental entities, and/or other professional organizations or bodies. CPE program sponsors should contact the appropriate entity to determine requirements.
(b) Standard No. 2. Sponsored learning activities must be based on relevant learning objectives and outcomes that clearly articulate the knowledge, skills, and abilities that can be achieved by participants in the learning activities.
(i) Learning activities, meaning an educational endeavor that improves or maintains professional competence, provided by CPE program sponsors for the benefit of CPAs, should specify the level, content, and learning objectives so that potential participants can determine if the learning activities are appropriate to their professional competence development needs. Learning activity levels include, for example, basic, intermediate, advanced, update, and overview as defined as follows:
(A) Advanced. Learning activity level most useful for individuals with mastery of the particular topic. This level focuses on the development of in-depth knowledge, a variety of skills, or a broader range of applications. Advanced level programs are often appropriate for seasoned professionals within organizations; however, they may also be beneficial for other professionals with specialized knowledge in a subject area.
(B) Basic. Learning activity level most beneficial to CPAs new to a skill or an attribute. These individuals are often at the staff or entry level in organizations, although such programs may also benefit a seasoned professional with limited exposure to the area.
(C) Intermediate. Learning activity level that builds on a basic program, most appropriate for CPAs with detailed knowledge in an area. Such persons are often at a mid-level within the organization, with operational and/or supervisory responsibilities.
(D) Overview. Learning activity level that provides a general review of a subject area from a broad perspective. These programs may be appropriate for professionals at all organizational levels.
(E) Update. Learning activity level that provides a general review of new developments. This level is for participants with a background in the subject area who desire to keep current.
(c) Standard No. 3. CPE program sponsors should develop and execute learning activities in a manner consistent with the prerequisite education, experience, and/or advance preparation of participants.
(i) To the extent it is possible to do so, CPE program sponsors should make every attempt to equate program content and level with the backgrounds of intended participants. All programs must clearly identify prerequisite education, experience, and/or advance preparation, if any, in precise language so that potential participants can readily ascertain whether they qualify for the program.
(d) Standard No. 4.CPE program sponsors must use activities, materials, and delivery systems that are current, technically accurate, and effectively designed, and may include discussions of ethical issues that may apply to the subject matter. CPE program sponsors must be qualified in the subject matter.
(i) To best facilitate the learning process, sponsored programs and materials must be prepared, presented and updated in a timely manner. Learning activities must be developed by individuals or teams having expertise in the subject matter. Expertise may be demonstrated through practical experience or education.
(ii) CPE program sponsors must review the course materials periodically to ensure that they are accurate and consistent with currently accepted standards relating to the program's subject matter.
(e) Standard No. 5. CPE program sponsors of group and self-study programs must ensure learning activities are reviewed by qualified persons other than those who developed them to ensure that the program is technically accurate and current and addresses the stated learning objectives. These reviews must occur before the first presentation of these materials and again after each significant revision of the CPE programs.
(i) Individuals or teams qualified in the subject matter must review programs. When it is impractical to review certain programs in advance, such as lectures given only once, greater reliance should be placed on the recognized professional competence of the instructors or presenters. Using independent reviewing organizations familiar with these standards may enhance quality assurance.
(f) Standard No. 6. CPE program sponsors of independent study learning activities must be qualified in the subject matter.
(i) A CPE program sponsor of independent study learning activities must have expertise in the specific subject area related to the independent study. The CPE program sponsor must also:
(A) Review, evaluate, approve and sign the proposed independent study learning contract, including agreeing in advance on the number of credits to be recommended upon successful completion.
(B) Review and sign the written report developed by the participant in independent study.
(C) Retain the necessary documentation to satisfy regulatory requirements as to the content, inputs, and outcomes of the independent study.
(g) Standard No. 7. Self-study programs must employ learning methodologies that clearly define learning objectives, guide the participant through the learning process, and provide evidence of a participant's satisfactory completion of the program.
(i) To guide participants through a learning process, CPE program sponsors of self-study programs must elicit participant responses to test for understanding of the material, offer evaluative feedback to incorrect responses, and provide reinforcement feedback to correct responses. To provide evidence of satisfactory completion of the course, CPE program sponsors of self-study programs must require participants to successfully complete a final examination with a minimum-passing grade of at least 70 percent before issuing CPE credit for the course.
(A) Evaluative feedback, as used in this subsection, means: specific response to incorrect answers to questions in self-study programs. Unique feedback must be provided for each incorrect response, as each one is likely to be wrong for differing reasons.
(B) Reinforcement feedback, as used in this subsection, means: specific responses to correct answers to questions in self-study programs. Such feedback restates why the answer selected was correct.
(ii) Examinations may contain questions of varying format (for example, multiple-choice, essay and simulations.) If objective type questions are used, at least five questions per CPE credit must be included on the final examination. For example, the final examination for a five-credit course must include at least 25 questions.
(iii) Self-study programs must be based on materials specifically developed for instructional use. Self-study programs requiring only the reading of general professional literature, IRS publications, or reference manuals followed by a test will not be acceptable. However, the use of the publications and reference materials in self-study programs as supplements to the instructional materials could qualify if the self-study program complies with each of the CPE standards.
(h) Standard No. 8. CPE program sponsors must provide descriptive materials that enable CPAs to assess the appropriateness of learning activities. To accomplish this, CPE program sponsors must inform participants in advance of: learning objectives, prerequisites, program level, program content, advance preparation, instructional delivery methods, recommended CPE credit, and course registration requirements. Instructional delivery methods, as used in this subsection, means: delivery strategies such as case studies, computer-assisted learning, lectures, group participation, programmed instruction, teleconferencing, use of audiovisual aids, or work groups employed in group, self-study, or independent study programs.
(i) For potential participants to effectively plan their CPE, the program sponsor should disclose the significant features of the program in advance (e.g., through the use of brochures, Internet notices, invitations, direct mail, or other announcements). When CPE programs are offered in conjunction with non-educational activities, or when several CPE programs are offered concurrently, participants should receive an appropriate schedule of events indicating those components that are recommended for CPE credit. The CPE program sponsor's registration policies and procedures should be formalized, published, and made available to participants.
(ii) CPE program sponsors should distribute program materials in a timely manner and encourage participants to complete any advance preparation requirements. All programs should clearly identify prerequisite education, experience, and/or advance preparation requirements, if any, in the descriptive materials. Prerequisites should be written in precise language so that potential participants can readily ascertain whether they qualify for the program.
(i) Standard No. 9. CPE program sponsors must ensure instructors are qualified with respect to both program content and instructional methods used.
(i) Instructors are key ingredients in the learning process for any group program. Therefore, it is imperative that CPE program sponsors exercise great care in selecting qualified instructors for all group programs. Qualified instructors are those who are capable, through training, education, or experience of communicating effectively and providing an environment conducive to learning. They should be competent and current in the subject matter, skilled in the use of the appropriate instructional methods and technology, and prepared in advance. As used in this subsection, Group Program means: An educational process designed to permit a participant to learn a given subject through interaction with an instructor and other participants either in a classroom or conference setting or by using the Internet.
(ii) CPE program sponsors should evaluate the instructor's performance at the conclusion of each program to determine the instructor's suitability to serve in the future.
(j) Standard No. 10. CPE program sponsors must employ an effective means for evaluating learning activity quality with respect to content and presentation, as well as provide a mechanism for participants to assess whether learning objectives were met.
(i) The objectives of evaluation are to assess participant satisfaction with specific programs and to increase subsequent program effectiveness. Evaluations, whether written or electronic, should be solicited from participants and instructors for each program session, including self-study, to determine, among other things, whether:
(A) Stated learning objectives were met.
(B) If applicable, prerequisite requirements were appropriate.
(C) Program materials were accurate.
(D) Program materials were relevant and contributed to the achievement of the learning objectives.
(E) Time allotted to the learning activity was appropriate.
(F) If applicable, individual instructors were effective.
(G) Facilities and/or technological equipment was appropriate.
(H) Handout or advance preparation materials were satisfactory.
(I) Audio and video materials were effective.
(ii) CPE program sponsors should periodically review evaluation results to assess program effectiveness and should inform developers and instructors of evaluation results.
(k) Standard No. 11 . CPE program sponsors must ensure instructional methods employed are appropriate for the learning activities. Instructional methods means: delivery strategies such as case studies, computer-assisted learning, lectures, group participation, programmed instruction, teleconferencing, use of audiovisual aids, or work groups employed in group, self-study, or independent study programs. Learning activities should be presented in a manner consistent with the descriptive and technical materials provided.
(i) CPE program sponsors should evaluate the instructional methods employed for the learning activities to determine if the delivery is appropriate and effective. Integral aspects in the learning environment that should be carefully monitored include the number of participants and the facilities and technologies employed in the delivery of the learning activity.
(ii) CPE program sponsors are expected to present learning activities that comply with course descriptions and objectives. Appropriate supplemental materials may also be used.
(l) Standard No. 12. Sponsored learning activities are measured by program length, with one 50-minute period equal to one CPE credit. One-half CPE credit increments (equal to 25 minutes) are permitted after the first credit has been earned in a given learning activity.
(i) For learning activities in which individual segments are less than 50 minutes, the sum of the segments should be considered one total program. For example, five 30-minute presentations would equal 150 minutes and should be counted as three CPE credits.
(ii) When the total minutes of a sponsored learning activity are greater than 50, but not equally divisible by 50, the CPE credits granted should be rounded down to the nearest one-half credit. Thus, learning activities with segments totaling 140 minutes should be granted two and one-half CPE credits.
(iii) While it is the participant's responsibility to report the appropriate number of credits earned, CPE program sponsors must monitor group learning activities to assign the correct number of CPE credits.
(iv) For university or college credit courses that meet these CPE Standards, each unit of college credit shall equal the following CPE credits: semester system 15 credits; quarter system 10 credits.
(v) For university or college non-credit courses that meet these CPE standards, CPE credits shall be awarded only for the actual classroom time spent in the non-credit course.
(vi) Credit is not granted to participants for preparation time.
(vii) Only the portions of committee or staff meetings that are designed as programs of learning and comply with these standards qualify for CPE credit.
(m) Standard No. 13. CPE credit for self-study learning activities must be based on a pilot test of the average completion time.
(i) A sample of intended professional participants should be selected to test program materials in an environment and manner similar to that in which the program is to be presented. The sample group of at least three individuals must be independent of the program development group and possess the appropriate level of knowledge before taking the program.
(ii) The sample does not have to ensure statistical validity. CPE credits should be recommended based on the average completion time for the sample. If substantive changes are subsequently made to program materials, further pilot tests of the revised program materials should be conducted to affirm or amend, as appropriate, the average completion time.
(n) Standard No. 14. Instructors or discussion leaders of learning activities should receive CPE credit for both their preparation and presentation time to the extent the activities maintain or improve their professional competence and meet the requirements of these CPE standards.
(i) Instructors, discussion leaders, or speakers who present a learning activity for the first time should receive CPE credit for actual preparation time up to two times the number of CPE credits to which participants would be entitled, in addition to the time for presentation. For example, for learning activities in which participants could receive 8 CPE credits, instructors may receive up to 24 CPE credits (16 for preparation plus 8 for presentation).
(ii) For repeat presentations, CPE credit can be claimed only if it can be demonstrated that the learning activity content was substantially changed and such change required significant additional study or research.
(iii) The maximum credit for instructors, discussion leaders or speakers cannot exceed 50 percent of the CPE requirement.
(o) Standard No. 15. Writers of published articles, books, or CPE programs should receive CPE credit for their research and writing time to the extent it maintains or improves their professional competence.
(i) Writing articles, books, or CPE programs for publication is a structured activity that involves a process of learning. For the writer to receive CPE credit, the article, book, or CPE program must be formally reviewed by an independent party. CPE credits should be claimed only upon publication.
(ii) The maximum credit for books or articles cannot exceed 25 percent of the CPE requirement.
(p) Standard No. 16. CPE credits recommended by a CPE program sponsor of independent study must not exceed the time the participant devoted to complete the learning activities specified in the learning contract.
(i) The credits to be recommended by an independent study CPE program sponsor should be agreed upon in advance and should be equated to the effort expended to improve professional competence. The credits cannot exceed the time devoted to the learning activities and may be less than the actual time involved.
(q) Standard No. 17. CPE program sponsors must provide program participants with documentation of their participation, which includes the following: CPE program sponsor name and contact information, participant's name, course title, course field of study, date offered or completed, if applicable, location, the name of the CPE registry issuing approval, and the approval number assigned to that program by the Registry, type of instructional/delivery method used, amount of CPE credit recommended, verification by CPE program sponsor representative.
(i) CPE program sponsors should provide participants with documentation to support their claims of CPE credit. Acceptable evidence of completion includes:
(A) For group and independent study programs, a certificate or other verification supplied by the CPE program sponsor.
(B) For self-study programs, a certificate supplied by the CPE program sponsor after satisfactory completion of an examination.
(C) For instruction credit, a certificate or other verification supplied by the CPE program sponsor.
(D) For a university or college course that is successfully completed for credit, a record or transcript of the grade the participant received.
(E) For university or college non-credit courses, a certificate of attendance issued by a representative of the university or college.
(F) For published articles, books, or CPE programs: (1) a copy of the publication (or in the case of a CPE program, course development documentation) that names the writer as author or contributor, (2) a statement from the writer supporting the number of CPE hours claimed, and (3) the name and contact information of the independent reviewer(s) or publisher.
(r) Standard No. 18. CPE program sponsors must retain adequate documentation for five years to support their compliance with these standards and the reports that may be required of participants.
(i) Evidence of compliance with responsibilities set forth under these Standards which is to be retained by CPE program sponsors includes, but is not limited to: records of participation, dates and locations, instructor names and credentials, number of CPE credits earned by participants, and results of program evaluations.
(ii) Information to be retained by developers includes copies of program materials, evidence that the program materials were developed and reviewed by qualified parties, and a record of how CPE credits were determined.
(iii) For CPE program sponsors offering self-study programs, appropriate pilot test records must be retained regarding the following:
(A) When the pilot test was conducted.
(B) The intended participant population.
(C) How the sample was determined.
(D) Names and profiles of sample participants.
(E) A summary of participants' actual completion time.
(4) Programs or Activities Which Do Not Qualify. The following activities do not satisfy the standards for programs of this section and are not eligible for satisfaction of CPE requirements:
(a) Personal study: personal study includes reading professional journals and publications, studying and researching matters such as tax code revisions, practicing software programs on a computer and watching video movies of a conference; and
(b) Committee meetings, dinner and luncheon meetings, firm meetings or other activities that do not meet the standards outlined in this section.
(5) Reporting Requirements. Each licensee
applying for license renewal shall report, by [
January] 31 of each even numbered year, demonstrating
completion of at least the minimum number of credits required in
Section 58-26a-304 for qualified continuing professional education
hours completed for the preceding two [ calendar ]years. Each person applying for license
reinstatement shall file a report at the time of application
demonstrating completion of the CPE required under Subsection
(a) Such report shall be by means of one of the following:
(i) certification from an approved continuing professional education registry of the hours of qualified continuing education completed; or
(ii) a report to the Division for review and approval of continuing professional education.
(b) It is the responsibility of the applicant or licensee to demonstrate to the Division that the applicant or licensee successfully completed all CPE reported and meets the requirements of this section or that the CPE has been approved by an approved continuing professional education registry and that reported courses maintained or increased the professional competence of the applicant or licensee.
(6) Continuing Professional Education Registry. To obtain approval as a continuing professional education registry, an organization shall:
(a) be a professional association primarily consisting of individuals licensed as certified public accountants;
(b) be organized and in good standing according to the laws of the state;
(c) enter into a written agreement with the Division under which the organization agrees to:
(i) review and approve only those programs which meet the standards set forth under this section;
(ii) publish and disseminate to their members or other CPAs on request, listings of continuing professional education programs which meet the standards and are approved for qualified continuing professional education credit;
(iii) maintain accurate records of qualified continuing professional education completed by each of its registrants and provide each of its registrants with a certificate on a timely basis to permit the registrant to file that certificate with the registrant's application to the Division for renewal or reinstatement of his license as a certified public accountant. The certificate shall contain the name of the instructor, the date of the program, location of the program, title of the program, the name of the sponsor, the name of the CPE registry issuing approval, and the approval number assigned to that program by the Registry, and the number of CPE hours granted; and
(iv) make records of approved of qualified continuing professional education programs and records of qualified continuing professional education completed by registrants available for audit by representatives of the Division, the Board or peer advisory committees of the board.
(7) Fees. A registry may charge a reasonable fee to registrants for services provided for approval of courses. Sponsors of approved courses may charge a lower fee to members of the sponsoring association for participation as a registrant than it charges to non-members of the association.
(8) Other CPE requirements and failure to complete CPE requirements.
Interim Licensure CPE requirements. Those individuals who
become licensed or certified between renewal periods shall be
required to complete CPE based upon ten hours per calendar quarter
for the remaining quarters of the reporting period.]
(b) Carry Forward Provision.
A licensee who completes more than [
80] hours of CPE during the [ two year ]reporting period may carry forward up to
40 hours to the next succeeding reporting period.
(c) Failure to comply with CPE requirements.
(i) Failure to meet the [
80] hour requirement. An individual holding a current
Utah license who fails to complete the required [ 80 hours of] CPE by the reporting deadline will not be allowed to
renew their license
[ unless they complete and report to the Division at least 30
days prior to their expiration date two times the number of CPE
hours the license holder was short for the reporting period
(penalty hours). The penalty hours shall not be considered to
satisfy in whole or part any of the CPE hours required for
subsequent renewal of the license. (ii) Non-Qualifying or Disqualified CPE hours. An
individual who reports nonqualifying hours or who has hours
disqualified by the Utah Board of Accountancy shall not be allowed
to renew their license unless they complete and report to the
Division, within 60 days of receiving notification by the Division
of their shortage and the relevant penalty hours requirement under
i]) Waiver for Medical Reasons. A licensee may
request the Board to waive the requirements or grant an extension
for continuing professional education on the basis that the
licensee was not able to complete the continuing professional
education due to medical or related conditions confirmed by a
qualified health care provider. Such medical confirmation shall
include the beginning and ending dates during which the medical
condition would have prevented the licensee from completing the
continuing professional education, the extent of the medical
condition and the effect that the medical condition had upon the
ability of the licensee to continue to engage in the practice of
accountancy. The Board in determining whether the waiver is
appropriate shall consider whether or not the licensee continued to
be engaged in the practice of accountancy practice on a full or
part time basis during the period specified by the medical
confirmation. Granting a waiver of meeting the minimum CPE hours
shall not be construed as a waiver of a CPA being required to
provide services in a competent manner with current knowledge,
skill and ability. When medical or other conditions prevent the CPA
from providing services in a competent manner, the CPA shall
refrain from providing such services.
R156-26a-307. Reinstatement of Licenses.
(1) An individual having held a Utah license which has expired for failure to renew for nonpayment of fees, or an individual applying for reinstatement from emeritus status, may be relicensed upon satisfactory completion of:
(a) submission of an application on forms supplied by the Division which shall contain information as to why the person allowed their license to lapse;
(b) 80 hours of acceptable CPE, completed within the 12 months preceding the submission of an application for reinstatement, which shall include a minimum of 16 hours in accounting or auditing or both and shall include successful completion of the AICPA Ethics Self-Study Examination and the Utah Law and Rules Examination with a minimum score of at least the minimum score required for initial licensure. Successful completion of the two examinations will count as eight hours of CPE towards the 80 hour requirement.
(i) The requirements in Subsection R156-26-307(1)(b) are waived if the reinstatement applicant has not been practicing within the state of Utah since the expiration of the license being reinstated, the reinstatement applicant has continuously since the expiration been licensed and practicing in another state and the reinstatement applicant demonstrates that the applicant has met all the CPE requirements that would have been applicable in the state of Utah during the time the license was expired in the state of Utah.
(ii) The requirements in Subsection R156-26a-307(1)(b) are waived, if the applicant failed to renew because of inadvertent failure to pay the renewal fees, to sign application documents, or to meet similar technical application requirements and the application for reinstatement is filed with the Division within 24 months after expiration date of the license and at time of application for reinstatement the applicant demonstrates by proof of attendance at acceptable CPE courses that at all times the applicant was in full compliance with the CPE requirements.
A licensee who reinstates their license must obtain ten
hours of CPE per full calendar quarter remaining in the current CPE
reporting period after reinstatement is granted. (3) ]The number of hours required to reinstate [ the] license shall not [ be considered to ]satisfy in whole or part any of
the [ 80] hours of CPE
required for subsequent renewal of the
R156-26a-501. Unprofessional Conduct.
"Unprofessional conduct" includes:
a licensee ]willfully failing to comply with
continuing professional education or fraudulently reporting
continuing professional education;[ or]
(2) commission of an act or omission that
fails to conform to the accepted and recognized standards and
ethics of the profession including those stated in the [
"] Code of Professional Conduct
[ " of the American Institute of Certified Public
Accountants (AICPA) as adopted June 1, 2008], which is
hereby incorporated by reference; or
(3) a CPA firm using the name of a person who is not a licensed certified public accountant as part of the CPA firm name with the exception that a CPA firm may continue to use the name of a former owner who was a CPA but who has retired or is no longer active in the CPA firm.
KEY: accountants, licensing, peer review, continuing professional education
Notice of Continuation: October 6, 2016
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 58-26a-101; 58-1-106(1)(a); 58-1-202(1)(a)
More information about a Notice of Proposed Rule is available online.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull_pdf/2017/b20171001.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Robyn Barkdull at the above address, by phone at 801-530-6727, by FAX at 801-530-6511, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com. For questions about the rulemaking process, please contact the Office of Administrative Rules.