Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2020, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.

R156. Commerce, Occupational and Professional Licensing.

Rule R156-28. Veterinary Practice Act Rule.

As in effect on January 1, 2020

Table of Contents

R156-28-101. Title.

This rule is known as the "Veterinary Practice Act Rule".

R156-28-102. Definitions.

In addition to the definitions in Title 58, Chapters 1 and 28, as used in Title 58, Chapters 1 and 28 or this rule:

(1) "In association with licensed veterinarians", as used in Subsection 58-28-307(6), means the out of state licensed veterinarian is performing veterinarian services in this state as the result of a request for assistance or consultation initiated by a Utah licensed veterinarian regarding a specific client or patient and the services provided by the out of state licensed veterinarian are limited to that specific request.

(2) "NBEC" means the National Board Examination Committee of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

(3) "Patient" means any animal receiving veterinarian services.

(4) "Practice of veterinary medicine, surgery, and dentistry" as defined in Subsection 58-28-102(11) does not include the implantation of any electronic device for the purpose of establishing or maintaining positive identification of animals.

(5) "Unprofessional conduct" as defined in Title 58, Chapters 1 and 28, is further defined in accordance with Subsection 58-1-203(1)(e) in Section R156-28-502.

(6) "Working under" as used in Subsection 58-28-102(13), means when an individual performs services in Utah as unlicensed assistive personnel while supervised by a licensed veterinarian, provided:

(a) the manner and means of work performance are subject to the right of control of, or are controlled by, a licensed veterinarian; and

(b) the delegated tasks are maintained in the supervising veterinarian's medical records.

R156-28-103. Authority - Purpose.

This rule is adopted by the division under the authority of Subsection 58-1-106(1)(a) to enable the division to administer Title 58, Chapter 28.

R156-28-104. Organization - Relationship to Rule R156-1.

The organization of this rule and its relationship to Rule R156-1 is as described in Section R156-1-107.

R156-28-302a. Qualifications for Licensure - Education Requirements.

In accordance with Subsections 58-1-203(1) and 58-1-301(3), the education requirements for licensure in Subsection 58-28-302 are defined, clarified, or established as follows.

(1) Each applicant for licensure as a veterinarian shall comply with one of the following:

(a) an official transcript demonstrating that the applicant has graduated from a veterinary college which held current accreditation by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) at the time of the applicant's graduation; or

(b) if the applicant received a veterinary degree in a foreign country, demonstrate that the applicant's foreign education is equivalent to the requirements of Subsection R156-28-302a(1)(a) by submitting a Certificate of Competence issued by the AVMA Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) or the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB) Program for Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalence (PAVE).

(2) Each applicant for licensure as a veterinarian intern shall demonstrate that the applicant has met the education provided in Subsection R156-28-302a(1); however, if the applicant has graduated, but the educational institution has not yet posted the degree on the official transcript, the applicant may submit the official transcript together with a notarized letter from the dean or registrar of the educational institution, which certifies that the applicant has obtained the degree but it is not yet posted to the official transcript.

R156-28-302b. Qualifications for Licensure - Experience Requirements.

In accordance with Subsections 58-1-203(1) and 58-1-301(3), the experience requirements for licensure in Subsection 58-28-302 are defined, clarified, or established as follows.

(1) Each applicant for licensure as a veterinarian shall:

(a) complete 1000 hours of experience while licensed as a veterinarian intern under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian in accordance with the following.

(i) Experience shall be earned in not less than six months and completed within two years of the date of the application.

(ii) Experience in the following settings is not acceptable to fulfill this experience requirement:

(A) temporary employment experiences of less than eight weeks in duration;

(B) part time experience of less than 20 hours per week; or

(C) experience completed while employed as unlicensed assistive personnel.

(iii) If the experience is completed in a jurisdiction outside of Utah which does not issue veterinarian, veterinarian intern, or comparable licenses, or else was completed in a setting which does not require licensure, the applicant shall demonstrate that the experience was:

(A) lawfully obtained;

(B) obtained after the applicant met the education requirement specified in Section R156-28-302a;

(C) supervised by a competent supervisor who was licensed as a veterinarian, or who was exempted from licensure but possessed substantially equivalent qualifications; and

(D) comparable to experience that would be obtained in a standard veterinarian practice setting in Utah.

(iv) Supervision of the intern by the licensed veterinarian may be obtained by "indirect supervision" as defined in Section 58-28-102 provided that the supervisor supplements the indirect supervision with routine face to face contact as the licensed veterinarian deems appropriate using professional judgment.

(v) Each applicant shall demonstrate completion of the experience required by submitting a verification of experience signed by the applicant and the applicant's supervising veterinarian on forms approved by the Division.

(vi) If a supervisor is unavailable or refuses to provide a certification of qualifying experience, the applicant shall submit a complete explanation of why the supervisor is unavailable and submit verification of the experience by alternative means acceptable to the board, which shall demonstrate that the work was profession-related work, competently performed, and sufficient accumulated experience for the applicant to be granted a license without jeopardy to the public health, safety or welfare.

(b) In accordance with Subsections 58-37-6(1)(a), 58-37-6(5)(b)(i) and R156-37-305(1), a veterinary intern is not eligible to obtain a controlled substance license during the internship.

R156-28-302c. Qualifications for Licensure - Examination Requirements.

In accordance with Subsections 58-1-203(1) and 58-1-301(3), the examination requirements for licensure in Subsection 58-28-302(1)(b) are defined, clarified, or established as follows:

(1) Applicants who passed examinations prior to May 1, 2000 shall submit documentation showing they passed:

(a) the National Board Examination (NBE) of the National Board Examination Committee (NBEC) of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) with a minimum passing score as determined by the NBEC; and

(b) the Clinical Competency Test (CCT) of the NBEC with a minimum passing score as determined by the NBEC.

(2) Applicants who passed examinations after May 1, 2000, shall submit documentation showing they passed the North American Veterinarian Licensing Examination (NAVLE) with a score as determined by the NBEC.

(3) To be eligible to sit for the NAVLE, an applicant shall submit the following to the International Council for Veterinary Assessment (ICVA), in the manner directed by the ICVA:

(a) an application for approval to sit for the NAVLE;

(b) the application fee; and

(c) documentation showing the applicant:

(i) has graduated from, or is enrolled in, a school or college of veterinary medicine accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA); or

(ii) holds a certificate issued by, or is enrolled in and has completed the Step 3 examination requirement for, one of the following programs:

(A) the Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG); or

(B) the Program for the Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalence (PAVE).

(4) An applicant who has not graduated from veterinary school at the time of application must have an expected graduation date no later than ten months from the last date of the applicable testing window.

(5) The following conditions apply to retaking the NAVLE exam:

(a) an applicant may not sit for the NAVLE more than five times;

(b) an applicant may not sit for the NAVLE at a date that is later than five years after the applicant's initial attempt; and

(c) each of the applicant's final two attempts must be at least one year from the previous attempt.

R156-28-303. Renewal Cycle - Procedures.

(1) In accordance with Subsection 58-1-308(1), the renewal date for the two-year renewal cycle applicable to licensees under Title 58, Chapter 28 is established by rule in Section R156-1-308a(1).

(2) Renewal procedures shall be in accordance with Section R156-1-308c.

(3) Applicants for renewal shall meet the continuing education requirements specified in Section R156-28-304.

R156-28-304. Continuing Professional Education.

In accordance with Section 58-28-306, there is created a continuing professional education requirement as a condition for renewal or reinstatement of licenses issued under Title 58, Chapter 28. Continuing professional education shall comply with the following criteria:

(1) During each two year period commencing on September 30 of each even-numbered year, a licensee shall be required to complete at least 24 hours of qualified continuing professional education directly related to the licensee's professional practice.

(2) If a licensee first becomes licensed during the two-year period, the licensee's required number of continuing professional education hours shall be decreased proportionately according to the date of licensure.

(3) Qualified continuing professional education under this section shall:

(a) have an identifiable clear statement of purpose and defined objective for the educational program directly related to the practice of a veterinarian;

(b) be relevant to the licensee's professional practice;

(c) be presented in a competent, well organized, and sequential manner consistent with the stated purpose and objective of the program;

(d) be prepared and presented by individuals who are qualified by education, training, and experience; and

(e) have a competent method of registration of individuals who actually completed the professional education program, with records of that registration and completion available for review.

(4) Credit for continuing professional education shall be recognized in accordance with the following:

(a) Unlimited hours shall be recognized for continuing professional education as a student or presenter, completed in blocks of time of not less than one hour in formally established classroom courses, seminars, lectures, wet labs, or specific veterinary conferences approved or sponsored by one or more of the following:

(i) the American Veterinary Medical Association;

(ii) the Utah Veterinary Medical Association;

(iii) the American Animal Hospital Association;

(iv) the American Association of Equine Practitioners;

(v) the American Association of Bovine Practitioners;

(vi) certifying boards recognized by the AVMA;

(vii) other state veterinary medical associations or state licensing boards; or

(viii) the Registry of Continuing Education (RACE) of the AASVB.

(b) No more than five continuing professional education hours may be counted for being the primary author of an article published in a peer reviewed scientific journal, and no more than two continuing professional education hours may be counted for being a secondary author.

(c) No more than six continuing professional education hours may be in practice management courses.

(d) Any continuing professional education where there is no instructor or where the instructor is not physically present, shall assure the licensee's participation and acquisition of the knowledge and skills intended by means of an examination. These types of continuing professional education courses include internet, audio/visual recordings, broadcast seminars, mail and other correspondence courses.

(5) A licensee shall be responsible for maintaining competent records of completed qualified continuing professional education for a period of four years after close of the two year period to which the records pertain. It is the responsibility of the licensee to maintain such information with respect to qualified continuing professional education to demonstrate it meets the requirements under this section.

(6) A licensee who is unable to complete the continuing professional education requirement for reasons such as a medical or related condition, humanitarian or ecclesiastical services, or extended presence in a geographical area where continuing education is not available, may be excused from the requirement for a period of up to three years as provided in Section R156-1-308d.

R156-28-502. Unprofessional Conduct.

Unprofessional conduct includes:

(1) deviating from the minimum standards of veterinary practice set forth in Section R156-28-503;

(2) permitting unlicensed assistive personnel to perform duties that the individual is not competent by education, training or experience to perform; and

(3) failing to conform to the generally accepted and recognized standards and ethics of the profession, including:

(a) the Principles of Veterinary Medical Ethics of the American Veterinarian Medical Association (AVMA), as approved by the AVMA Executive Board, revised April 2016, which are hereby incorporated by reference ("Principles"); and

(b) if a licensee fails to establish the veterinarian-client-patient relationship as required in Section II of the Principles, such failure shall not excuse the veterinarian from complying with all other duties that would be imposed on the veterinarian if the veterinarian had properly established the veterinarian-client-patient relationship.

R156-28-503. Minimum Standards of Practice.

In accordance with Subsection 58-28-102(14) and Section 58-28-603, a veterinarian shall comply with the following minimum standards of practice in addition to the generally recognized standards and ethics of the profession:

(1) A veterinarian shall compile and maintain records on each patient to minimally include:

(a) client's name, address and phone number, if telephone is available;

(b) patient's identification, such as name, number, tag, species, age and gender, except for herds, flocks or other large groups of animals which may be more generally defined;

(c) veterinarian's diagnosis or evaluation of the patient;

(d) treatments rendered including drugs used and dosages; and

(e) date of service.

(2) A veterinarian shall:

(a) maintain veterinary medical records under Subsection (1) above so that any veterinarian coming into a veterinary practice may, by reading the veterinary medical record of a particular animal, be able to proceed with the proper care and treatment of the animal; and

(b) maintain veterinary medical records under Subsection (1) above for a minimum of five years from the date that the animal was last treated by the veterinarian.

(3) A veterinarian shall maintain a sanitary environment to avoid sources and transmission of infection to include the proper routine disposal of waste materials and proper sterilization or sanitation of all equipment used in diagnosis and treatment.


veterinary medicine, licensing, veterinarian

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

March 25, 2019

Notice of Continuation

November 3, 2016

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

58-1-106(1)(a); 58-1-202(1)(a); 58-28-101

Additional Information


For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R156, please contact the promulgating agency (Commerce, Occupational and Professional Licensing). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.