Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2020, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R270. Crime Victim Reparations, Administration.
Rule R270-1. Award and Reparation Standards.
As in effect on January 1, 2020
Table of Contents
- R270-1-1. Authority and Purpose.
- R270-1-2. Definitions.
- R270-1-3. Funeral and Burial Award.
- R270-1-4. Negligent Homicide and Hit and Run Claims.
- R270-1-5. Counseling Awards.
- R270-1-6. Attorney Fees.
- R270-1-7. Reparation Awards.
- R270-1-8. Abortion.
- R270-1-9. Emergency Awards.
- R270-1-10. Loss of Earnings.
- R270-1-11. Moving, Transportation Expenses.
- R270-1-12. Collateral Source.
- R270-1-13. Record Retention.
- R270-1-14. Awards.
- R270-1-15. Essential Personal Property.
- R270-1-16. Subrogation.
- R270-1-17. Unjust Enrichment.
- R270-1-18. Prescription or Over-the-Counter Medications.
- R270-1-19. Peer Review Committee.
- R270-1-20. Medical Awards.
- R270-1-21. Misconduct.
- R270-1-22. Three Year Limitation.
- R270-1-23. Sexual Assault Forensic Examinations.
- R270-1-24. Loss of Support Awards.
- R270-1-25. Victim Services.
- R270-1-26. Nontraditional Cultural Services.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
As provided in Section 63M-7-506 the purpose of this rule is to provide interpretation and standards for the administration of crime victim reparations.
(1) Terms used in this rule are found in Section 63M-7-502.
(2) In addition:
(a) "APRN" means Advanced Practice Registered Nurse;
(b) "DOPL" means Utah Department of Commerce, Division of Professional and Occupational Licensing;
(c) "PEHP" means the Public Employees' Benefit and Insurance Program created in Section 49-20-103;
(d) "primary victim" means a victim who has been directly injured by criminal conduct;
(e) "program" means the Victim Services Grant Program, authorized under Section 63M-7-506(l)(i), which allocates money for other victim services once a sufficient reserve has been established for reparations claims; and
(f) "secondary victim" means a victim who is not a primary victim but who has a relationship with the victim and was traumatically affected by the criminally injurious conduct that occurred to the victim, including an immediate family member of a victim such as a spouse, father, mother, stepparents, grandparents, child, brother, sister, stepchild, stepbrother, stepsister, or legal guardian or other person who the reparations officer reasonably determines bears an equally significant relationship to the primary victim.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(f), total award for funeral and burial expenses is $7,000 for any reasonable and necessary charges incurred directly relating to the funeral and burial of a victim. This amount includes transportation of the deceased. Allowable expenses in this category may include the emergency acquisition of a burial plot for victims who did not previously possess or have available to them a plot for burial.
(2) Transportation of secondary victims to attend a funeral and burial service shall be considered as an allowable expense in addition to the $7,000.
(3) Loss of earnings for secondary victims to attend a funeral and burial service shall be allowed as follows:
(a) Three days in-state
(b) Five days out-of-state
(4) When a victim dies leaving no identifying information, claims made by a provider cannot be considered.
(1) Negligent homicide claims shall be considered criminally injurious conduct as defined in Subsection 63M-7-502(9).
(2) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-502(9)(a), criminally injurious conduct shall not include victims of hit and run crimes.
(1) Pursuant to Subsections 63M-7-502(21) and 63M-7-511(4)(c), out-patient mental health counseling awards are subject to limitations as follows:
(a) The reparation officer shall approve a standardized treatment plan.
(b) The cost of initial evaluation and testing may not exceed $300 and shall be part of the maximum allowed for counseling. For purposes herein, an evaluation shall be defined as diagnostic interview examination including history, mental status, or disposition, in order to determine a plan of mental health treatment.
(c)(i) Primary victims of a crime shall be eligible for the lesser of 25 aggregate individual and/or group counseling sessions or $2,500 maximum mental health counseling award.
(ii) Parents, children, spouses and siblings of homicide victims shall be considered at the same rate as primary victims for inpatient and outpatient counseling.
(d) All other secondary victims of a crime shall be eligible for the lesser of 15 aggregate individual and/or group counseling sessions or $1,250 maximum mental health counseling award.
(e) Extenuating circumstances warranting consideration of counseling beyond the maximum may be submitted by the mental health provider when it appears likely that the maximum award will be reached.
(f) Counseling costs will not be paid in advance but will be paid on an ongoing basis as victim is being billed.
(2) In-patient hospitalization shall only be considered for primary victims when the treatment has been recommended by a licensed therapist in life-threatening situations. Acute in-patient hospitalization shall not exceed $600 per day, which includes all ancillary expenses, and will be considered payment in full to the provider. Inpatient psychiatric visits will be limited to one visit per day with payment for the visit made to the institution at the highest rate of the individuals providing therapy as set by rule. Reimbursement for testing costs may also be allowed. Parents, children, spouses and siblings of homicide victims shall be considered at the same rate as primary victims for inpatient hospitalization. All other secondary victims of other crime types are excluded.
(3) Residential and day treatment shall only be considered for primary victims when the treatment has been recommended by a licensed therapist to stabilize the victim's behavior and symptoms. Only facilities with 24 hour nursing care or 24 hour on call nursing care will be compensated for residential and day treatment. Residential and day treatment shall not be used for extended care of dysfunctional families and containment placements. Residential treatment shall not exceed $300 per day and will be considered payment in full to the provider. Residential treatment shall be limited to 30 days, unless there are extenuating circumstances requiring extended care. All residential clients shall receive routine assessments from a psychiatrist and/or APRN at least once a week for medication management. Day treatment shall not exceed $200 per day and will be capped at $10,000. These charges will be considered payment in full to the provider. Parents, children, spouses and siblings of homicide victims shall be considered at the same rate as primary victims for residential and day treatment. All other secondary victims of other crime types are excluded.
(4) Wilderness programs shall not be covered as an appropriate treatment modality when considering inpatient hospitalization, residential or day treatment.
(5) The office shall not pay for treatment for an offender related to the perpetration of the criminally injurious conduct. Reparations officers shall establish a reasonable percentage regarding victimization treatment for outpatient, inpatient, residential and day treatment on a case by case basis upon review of the mental health treatment plan and treatment records.
(6) Payment for mental health counseling shall only be made to licensed therapists; or to individuals working towards a license that provide certified verification of satisfactory completion of an education and earned degree as required by the DOPL, working under the supervision of a supervisor approved by the DOPL. Student interns otherwise eligible under Subsection 58-1-307(1)(b) Exceptions from licensure, and/or the institution/facility/agency responsible for the supervision of the student, shall not be eligible for payment under this rule for counseling services provided by the student.
(7) Payment of hypnotherapy shall only be considered when treatment is performed by a licensed mental health therapist based upon an approved Treatment Plan.
(8) The following maximum amounts shall be payable for mental health counseling:
(a) up to $130 per hour for individual and family therapy performed by licensed psychiatrists, and up to $65 per hour for group therapy;
(b) up to $90 per hour for individual and family therapy performed by licensed psychologists and up to $45 per hour for group therapy;
(c) up to $70 per hour for individual and family therapy performed by a licensed master's level therapist or an APRN, and up to $35 per hour for group therapy. These rates shall also apply to therapists working towards a license and supervised by a licensed therapist;
(d) The above-mentioned rates shall apply to individuals performing treatment, and not those supervising treatment.
(9) Chemical dependency specific treatment will not be compensated unless the reparations officer determines that it is directly related to the crime. The board may review extenuating circumstance cases.
Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-524(2) attorney fees shall be made within the reparation award and not in addition to the award. If an award is paid in a lump sum, the attorney's fee shall not exceed 15% of the total award; if payments are awarded on an ongoing basis, attorney fees will be paid when warrants are generated but not to exceed 15%. When award denials are overturned, attorney fees shall be calculated only on the appealed reparation issue.
Pursuant to Section 63M-7-503, reparation awards can be made to victims of violent crime where restitution has been ordered by the court but appears unlikely the restitution can be paid within a reasonable time period. However, notification of the award will be sent to the courts, prosecuting attorneys, Board of Pardons or probation and parole counselors indicating any restitution monies collected up to the amount of the award will be forwarded to the fund.
Expenses for an abortion that is permitted pursuant to Sections 76-7-301 through 76-7-331 shall be eligible for a reparation award as long as all the requirements of Section 63M-7-511 have been met.
Pursuant to Section 63M-7-522, emergency awards up to $1000 can be granted. No time limit is required for filing an emergency claim. Processing of emergency claims is three to five days.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(d), the 66-2/3% of the person's weekly salary or wages is calculated on gross earnings.
(2) Loss of earnings for primary and secondary victims may be reimbursed for up to a maximum of twelve (12) weeks work loss, at an amount not to exceed the maximum allowed per week by Worker's Compensation guidelines in effect at the time of work loss. The board may review extenuating circumstances on loss of earnings claims for the purpose of consideration and authorization of extensions beyond set limits.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(a), victims of violent crime who suffer a traumatic experience or threat of bodily harm are allowed moving expenses up to $1,000. Board approval is needed where extenuating circumstances exist.
(2) Transportation expenses up to $1000 are allowed for crime-related travel including, but not limited to, participation in court hearings and parole hearings as well as medical or mental health visits for primary and secondary victims. The board may approve travel expenses in excess of $1000 where extenuating circumstances exist.
(1) Money from the fund shall be used before State Social Services contract monies when considering out-of-pocket expenses in child sexual abuse cases, if the individuals qualify as victims. If the victim qualifies for Medicaid, the contract monies should be used first.
(2) Money from the fund shall be used before money from the Utah Medical Assistance Program, established in Section 26-18-10, when considering allowable benefits for victims of violent crime.
(1) Retention of the UOVC annual report and crime victim case files shall be as follows:
(2) Annual reports and other statistical information shall be retained in office for a period of three years and then transferred to State Archives.
(3) Crime victim case files shall be retained in office as needed for administrative use. After closure or denial of a case file, case file shall be retained in office for one year and then transferred to the Utah Department of Administrative Services, Division of Archives and Records Service. Case files will be retained in the State Records Center for 99 years and then destroyed.
(1) Pursuant to Section 63M-7-521, when billing from the providers exceeds the maximum allowed, the reparations officer shall pay the bills by the date of service. The reparations officer shall solicit input from the victim when making this determination. When the services and the billings have occurred at the same time, the reparations officer shall determine payment on a percentage basis.
(2) Awards will only be granted for costs the reparations officer determines are directly related to or resulting from criminally injurious conduct.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(h), essential personal property covers all personal articles necessary and essential for the health and safety of the victim.
(2) The reparations officer may allow up to $5000 for medically necessary items such as eyeglasses, hearing aids, and wheelchairs. The board may approve expenses for medically necessary items in excess of $5000 where extenuating circumstances exist.
(3) The reparations officer may allow up to $1500 for essential personal property not included in Subsection (B) such as burglar alarms, door locks, crime scene cleanup, repair of walls and broken windows, etc. The board may approve expenses for essential personal property in excess of $1500 where extenuating circumstances exist.
(1) Pursuant to Section 63M-7-519, subrogation monies collected from the perpetrator, insurance, etc., will be placed in the fund and will not be credited toward a particular victim or claimant award amount.
(2) Pursuant to Subsections 63M-7-519(2), in such instances where a settlement against a third party appears imminent, the director may reduce by up to 33% the lesser of; (a) the amount paid by the state; or (b) the amount of the settlement. Reduction in excess of 33% shall be determined by the board with the concurrence of the director.
Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-510(1)(d), the following criteria shall be used when considering claims involving possible unjust enrichment of an offender:
(1) Unjust enrichment determination shall not be based solely on the presence of the offender in the household at the time of the award.
(2) Awards shall not be denied on the basis that the offender would be unjustly enriched, if the victim cooperates with investigation and prosecution of the crime and does what is possible to prevent access by the offender to substantial compensation.
(3) Payment to third party providers shall be made to prevent monies intended for victim expenses be used by or on behalf of the offender.
(4) Collateral resources such as court-ordered restitution and medical insurance that are available to the victim from the offender shall be examined. However, the victim shall not be penalized for failure of an offender to meet legal obligations to pay for the cost of the victim's recovery.
(5) Factors to be considered in determining whether enrichment is substantial or inconsequential include the amount of the award and whether a substantial portion of the compensation award will be used directly by or on behalf of the offender. If the offender has direct access to a cash award and/or if a substantial portion of it will be used to pay for his living expenses, that portion of the award that will substantially benefit the offender may be reduced or denied. When enrichment is inconsequential or minimal, the award shall not be reduced or denied.
(1) Reimbursement of prescription or over-the-counter medications and/or medication management services used in conjunction with mental health therapy shall be considered only for the duration of an approved Treatment Plan.
(2) Reimbursement of prescription or over-the-counter medications used in conjunction with medical treatment shall be considered only during the course of treatment by the physician.
(3) Medication management rates shall be limited to a maximum of $62.50 per thirty minute session.
(4) The office shall pay the amount that would be paid by PEHP for prescription medications dispensed by a pharmacy, not including those included in R270-1-23.
A volunteer Peer Review Committee may be established to review issues and/or provide input to office staff on out-patient mental health counseling claims. The composition, duties, and responsibilities of this Committee shall be defined by the board by written internal policy and procedure.
Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(b), medical awards are subject to limitations as follows:
(1) All medical costs must be related directly to the victimization and all treatment must be considered usual and customary.
(2) The reparations officer reserves the right to audit any and all billings associated with medical care.
(3) The reparations officer will not pay any interest, finance, or collection fees as part of the award.
(4)(i) If the claimant has no medical insurance or other collateral source for payment of the victim's medical bill, the office shall pay 60% of billed charges for eligible medical bills.
(ii) If the claimant has medical insurance or another collateral source for payment of the victim's medical bills, the office shall pay the portion of the eligible medical bills that the claimant is obligated to pay pursuant to the insurance agreement.
(iii) This rule does not apply to expenses governed by R270-1-5 or R270-1-23.
(5) This rule supersedes any other agreements regarding payment of medical bills by the office.
(6) Child endangerment examinations for children that have been exposed to drugs shall be paid for when the health and safety of the child is at risk and no other collateral source is available. The cost of the exam needs to be an expense incurred by the victim. The writing of evidentiary reports and any form of lab testing shall not be covered as part of the examination.
Pursuant to Subsections 63M-7-502(22) and 63M-7-512(1)(b) misconduct shall be considered conduct which contributed to the victim's injury or death or conduct which the victim could have reasonably foreseen could lead to injury or death. In determining whether the victim engaged in misconduct, the reparations officers shall consider any behavior of the victim that may have directly or indirectly contributed to the victim's injury or death including consent, provocation, verbal utterance, gesture, incitement, prior conduct of the victim or the ability of the victim to have reasonably avoided the incident upon which the claim is based. Reparations officers shall not consider any behavior or action of any victim that is committed by the victim while under the duress or experience of threat, exploitation, coercion or any circumstance absent the victim's own willful desire to participate or any behavior or action committed or perceived to have been committed by the victim of any sex crime when determining whether the victim engaged in misconduct.
Pursuant to Subsections 63M-7-506(1)(c) and 63M-7-525(2) a claim for benefits expires and no further payments will be made with regard to the claim after three years have elapsed from the date of application with the office. Reparations officers may extend claims that have been closed because of the Three Year Limitation rule if extenuating circumstances exist.
Pursuant to Subsections 63M-7-502(20) and 63M-7-511(4)(i), the cost of sexual assault forensic examinations for gathering evidence and providing treatment may be paid by the office in the amount of up to $750.00 for a full examination which must include photo documentation. Pursuant to Section 63M-7-521.5, the office may also pay for the cost of medication and/or pharmacological management and consultation provided for the purpose of obtaining free medications and 60% of the eligible hospital services and supplies. Payment to the hospital or other eligible facility for the rent or use of an examination room or space for the purpose of conducting a sexual assault forensic exam shall not exceed $350.00. The following agency guidelines need to be adhered to when making payments for sexual assault forensic examinations:
(1) A sexual assault forensic examination shall be reported by the health care provider who performs the examination to law enforcement.
(2) Victims shall not be charged for sexual assault forensic examinations.
(3) Victims shall not be required to participate in the criminal justice system or cooperate with law enforcement or prosecuting attorneys as a condition of being provided a sexual assault forensic examination or as a condition of payment being made pursuant to this rule.
(4) The agency may reimburse any licensed health care facility that provides services for sexual assault forensic examinations.
(5) The agency may reimburse licensed medical personnel trained to gather evidence of sexual assaults who perform sexual assault forensic examinations.
(6) The office may pay for the collection of evidence and not attempt to prove or disprove the allegation of sexual assault.
(7) A request for reimbursement shall include the law enforcement case number or be signed by a law enforcement officer, victim/witness coordinator or medical provider.
(8) The application or billing for the sexual assault forensic examination must be submitted to the office within one year of the examination.
(9) The billing for the sexual assault forensic examination shall:
(a) identify the victim by name, address, date of birth, Social Security number, telephone number, patient number;
(b) indicate the claim is for a sexual assault forensic examination; and
(c) itemize services and fees for services.
(10) All collateral sources that are available for payment of the sexual assault forensic examination shall be considered before money in the fund is used. Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-513(5), the director may determine that reimbursement for a sexual assault forensic examination will not be reduced even though a claim could be recouped from a collateral source.
(11) Evidence will be collected only with the permission of the victim or the legal guardian of the victim.
(12) Restitution for the cost of the sexual assault forensic examination may be pursued by the office.
(13) Payment for sexual assault forensic examinations shall be considered for the following:
(a) Fees for the collection of evidence, for forensic documentation only, to include:
(ii) physical; and
(iii) collection of specimens and wet mount for sperm.
(b) Emergency department services to include:
(i) emergency room, clinic room or office room fee;
(ii) cultures for gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomonas, and tests for other sexually transmitted disease;
(iii) serum blood test for pregnancy;
(iv) medications administered to the patient at the time of services, including:
(A) the morning after pill or high dose oral contraceptives for the prevention of pregnancy; and
(B) treatment for the prevention of sexually transmitted disease up to four weeks.
(14) The victim of a sexual assault that is requesting payment by the Office for services needed or rendered beyond the sexual assault forensic examination needs to submit an application for compensation to the office.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-511(4)(g), loss of support awards shall be covered on death claims only.
(2) Except as provided in R270-1-24(3), loss of support awards are available only to minor children of the deceased victim. Payment of the award may be made to the parent or guardian of the minor child on behalf of the minor child.
(3) The board may approve loss of support awards to persons who are not minor children, but were physically and financially dependent on the deceased victim.
(1) Pursuant to Subsection 63M-7-506(1)(i), the board may authorize the program when there is a surplus of money in the fund in addition to what is necessary to pay reparation awards and associated administrative costs for the upcoming year.
(2) When the program is authorized, the board:
(a) shall determine the amount available for the program for that year;
(b) shall announce the availability of program funds through a request for proposals or other similar competitive process approved by the board; and
(c) may establish funding priorities and shall include any priorities in the announcement of funds.
(3) Requests for funding shall be submitted on a form approved by the board.
(4) The board shall establish a process to review requests for funding and shall make final decisions regarding the approval, modification, or denial of requests for funding. The board may award less than the amount determined in R270-1-25(C)(2)(a). The decisions of the board may not be appealed.
(5) An award by the board shall not constitute a commitment for funding in future years. The board may limit funding for ongoing projects.
(6) Award recipients shall submit quarterly reports to the board on forms established by the director. The office staff shall monitor all victim services grants and provide regular reports to the board.
Cultural services rendered in accordance with recognized spiritual or religious methods of healing, legally available in the state of Utah, may be considered for payment. Since a reasonable and customary schedule of charges has not been established, the reparation officer may require the following: a written itemized description of each procedure, function and/or activity performed and an explanation of its benefit to the victim; the location and time involved to perform such services; and a summary of qualifications and experience which allows the service provider to perform the services. Services shall be requested in lieu of traditional treatment methods. Awards shall be deducted from the claimant's outpatient mental health award and shall remain within the allowed limits set upon that benefit. The fund will not pay for intoxicating or psychotropic substances unless prescribed by a medical practitioner licensed to do so. Claim will be denied if no healing benefit can be identified.
victim compensation, victims of crimes
June 7, 2017
June 15, 2016
Title 63M, Chapter 7, Part 5
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R270, please contact the promulgating agency (Crime Victim Reparations, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.