Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.
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R277. Education, Administration.
Rule R277-211. Utah Professional Practices Advisory Commission (UPPAC), Rules of Procedure: Notification to Educators, Complaints and Final Disciplinary Actions.
As in effect on October 1, 2019
Table of Contents
- R277-211-1. Authority and Purpose.
- R277-211-2. Initiating Proceedings Against Educators.
- R277-211-3. Review of Notification of Alleged Educator Misconduct.
- R277-211-4. Expedited Hearings.
- R277-211-5. Complaints.
- R277-211-6. Proposed Consent to Discipline.
- R277-211-7. Default Procedures.
- R277-211-8. Disciplinary Letters and Dismissal.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
(1) This rule is authorized by:
(a) Utah Constitution Article X, Section 3, which vests general control and supervision over public education in the Board;
(b) Section 53E-6-506, which directs the Board to adopt rules regarding UPPAC duties and procedures; and
(c) Subsection 53E-3-401(4), which allows the Board to make rules to execute the Board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law.
(2) The purpose of this rule is to provide procedures regarding:
(a) notifications of alleged educator misconduct;
(b) review of notifications by UPPAC; and
(c) complaints, proposed stipulated agreements, approved stipulated agreements, and defaults.
(3) Except as provided in Subsection (4), Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act does not apply to this rule under the exemption of Subsection 63G-4-102(2)(d).
(4) UPPAC may invoke and use sections or provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act as necessary to adjudicate an issue.
(1) The Executive Secretary may refer a case to UPPAC to make a determination if an investigation should be opened regarding an educator:
(a) upon receiving a notification of alleged educator misconduct; or
(b) upon the Executive Secretary's own initiative.
(2) An informant shall submit an allegation to the Executive Secretary in writing, including the following:
(a) the informant's:
(ii) position, such as administrator, teacher, parent, or student;
(iii) telephone number;
(iv) address; and
(v) contact information;
(b) information of the educator against whom the allegation is made:
(ii) position, such as administrator, teacher, candidate; and
(iii) if known, the address and telephone number;
(c) the facts on which the allegation is based and supporting information; and
(d) signature of the informant and date.
(3) If an informant submits a written allegation of misconduct as provided in this rule, the informant may be notified of a final action taken by the Board regarding the allegation.
(4)(a) Proceedings initiated upon the Executive Secretary's own initiative may be based on information received through a telephone call, letter, newspaper article, media information, notice from another state, or by other means.
(b) The Executive Secretary may also recommend an investigation based on an anonymous allegation, notwithstanding the provisions of this rule, if the allegation bears sufficient indicia of reliability.
(5) The Executive Secretary shall maintain all written allegations, subsequent dismissals, actions, or disciplinary letters related to a case against an educator shall be maintained permanently in the UPPAC case file.
(1)(a) Upon receipt of a notification of alleged educator misconduct, the Executive Secretary shall recommend one of the following to UPPAC:
(i) dismiss the matter if UPPAC determines that alleged misconduct does not involve an issue that UPPAC should address; or
(ii) initiate an investigation if UPPAC determines that the alleged misconduct involves an issue that may be appropriately addressed by UPPAC and the Board.
(b) If the Executive Secretary recommends UPPAC initiate an investigation:
(i) UPPAC shall initiate an investigation; and
(ii) the Executive Secretary shall direct a UPPAC investigator to gather evidence relating to the allegations.
(2)(a) Prior to a UPPAC investigator's initiation of an investigation, the Executive Secretary shall send a letter to the following with information that UPPAC has initiated an investigation:
(i) the educator to be investigated;
(ii) the LEA that employs the educator; and
(iii) the LEA where the alleged activity occurred.
(b) A letter described in Subsection(2)(a) shall inform the educator and the LEA that an investigation shall take place and is not evidence of unprofessional conduct.
(c) UPPAC shall place a flag on the educator's CACTUS file after sending the notices as provided in this rule.
(3)(a) The investigator shall review relevant documentation and interview individuals who may have knowledge of the allegations.
(b) The investigator shall prepare an investigative report of the findings of the investigation and a recommendation for appropriate action or disciplinary letter.
(c) If the investigator discovers additional evidence of unprofessional conduct that could have been included in the original notification of alleged educator misconduct, the investigator may include the additional evidence of misconduct in the investigative report.
(d) The investigator shall submit the investigative report to the Executive Secretary.
(e) The Executive Secretary shall review the investigative report described in Subsection(3)(d) with UPPAC.
(f) The investigative report described in Subsection(3)(d) shall become part of the UPPAC case file.
(4) UPPAC shall review the investigative report and take one of the following actions:
(a) UPPAC determines no further action should be taken, UPPAC may recommend that the Board dismiss the case; or
(b) UPPAC may make an initial recommendation of appropriate action or disciplinary letter.
(5) After receiving an initial recommendation from UPPAC for action, the Executive Secretary shall direct a UPPAC attorney to:
(a) prepare and serve a complaint; or
(b) negotiate and prepare a proposed stipulated agreement.
(6)(a) Upon request of an educator, UPPAC will provide an electronic or paper copy of the UPPAC case file and evidence file to the educator.
(b) UPPAC may charge fees in accordance with R277-103-5 if the educator requests a paper copy.
(7)(a) A proposed stipulated agreement shall conform to the requirements set forth in Section R277-211-6.
(b) An educator may stipulate to any recommended disposition for an action.
(8) The Executive Secretary shall forward any proposed stipulated agreement to the Board for approval.
(1) In a case involving the report of an arrest, citation, or charge of a licensed educator, which requires self-reporting by the educator under Section R277-516-3, the Executive Secretary, with the consent of the educator, may schedule the matter for an expedited hearing in lieu of initially referring the matter to UPPAC.
(2)(a) The Executive Secretary shall hold an expedited hearing within 30 days of a report of an arrest, citation, or charge, unless otherwise agreed upon by both parties.
(b) The Executive Secretary or the Executive Secretary's designee shall conduct an expedited hearing with the following additional invited participants:
(i) the educator;
(ii) the educator's attorney or representative;
(iii) a UPPAC attorney;
(iv) a voting member of UPPAC; and
(v) a representative of the educator's LEA.
(3) The panel may consider the following matters at an expedited hearing:
(a) an educator's oral or written explanation of the events;
(b) a police report;
(c) a court docket or transcript;
(d) an LEA's investigative report or employment file; and
(e) additional information offered by the educator if the panel deems it probative of the issues at the expedited hearing.
(4) After reviewing the evidence described in Subsection (3), the expedited hearing panel shall make written findings and a recommendation to UPPAC to do one of the following:
(a) close the case;
(b) close the case upon completion of court requirements;
(c) recommend issuance of a disciplinary letter to the Board;
(d) open a full investigation; or
(e) recommend action by the Board, subject to an educator's due process rights under these rules.
(5) An expedited hearing may be recorded, but the testimony from the expedited hearing is inadmissible during a future UPPAC action related to the allegation.
(6) If the Board fails to adopt the recommendation of an expedited hearing panel, UPPAC shall open a full investigation.
(1) If UPPAC determines that an allegation is sufficiently supported by evidence discovered in the investigation, the Executive Secretary shall direct the UPPAC attorney to serve a complaint upon the educator being investigated.
(2) At a minimum, a complaint shall include:
(a) a statement of legal authority and jurisdiction under which the action is being taken;
(b) a statement of the facts and allegations upon which the complaint is based;
(c) other information that the investigator believes is necessary to enable the respondent to understand and address the allegations;
(d) a statement of the potential consequences if an allegation is found to be true or substantially true;
(e) a statement that the respondent shall answer the complaint and request a hearing, if desired, within 30 days of the date the complaint is mailed to the respondent;
(f) a statement that the respondent is required to file a written answer described in Subsection(2)(e) with the Executive Secretary;
(g) a statement advising the respondent that if the respondent fails to respond within 30 days, a default judgment for revocation or a suspension of the educator's license may occur for a term of five years or more;
(h) a statement that, if a hearing is requested, the hearing will be scheduled no less than 45 days, nor more than 180 days, after receipt of the respondent's answer, unless a different date is agreed to by both parties in writing; and
(i) a copy of the applicable hearing rules as required by Subsection 53E-6-607.
(3) On the Executive Secretary's own motion, the Executive Secretary, or the Executive Secretary's designee, with notice to the parties, may reschedule a hearing date.
(4)(a) A respondent may file an answer to a complaint by filing a written response signed by the respondent or the respondent's representative with the Executive Secretary within 30 days after the complaint is mailed.
(b) The answer may include a request for a hearing, and shall include:
(i) the file number of the complaint;
(ii) the names of the parties;
(iii) a statement of the relief that the respondent seeks; and
(iv) if not requesting a hearing, a statement of the reasons that the relief requested should be granted.
(c) As an alternative to filing an answer, the respondent may file a voluntary surrender pursuant to Rule R277-216.
(5)(a) As soon as reasonably practicable after receiving an answer, or no more than 30 days after receipt of an answer, the Executive Secretary shall schedule a hearing, if requested by the respondent, as provided in Rule R277-212.
(b) If the parties can reach an agreement prior to the hearing consistent with the terms of UPPAC's initial recommendation, the UPPAC attorney may negotiate a proposed stipulated agreement with the respondent.
(c) A proposed stipulated agreement described in Subsection(5)(b) shall be submitted to the Board for the Board's final approval.
(6)(a) If a respondent does not respond to the complaint within 30 days, the Executive Secretary may initiate default proceedings in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section R277-211-7.
(b) Except as provided in Subsection R277-211-7(3), if the Executive Secretary enters an order of default, the Executive Secretary shall make a recommendation to the Board for a revocation or a suspension of the educator's license for five years before the educator may request a reinstatement hearing.
(c) If a default results in a suspension, a default may include conditions that an educator shall satisfy before the educator may qualify for a reinstatement hearing.
(d) An order of default shall result in a recommendation to the Board for a revocation if the alleged misconduct is conduct identified in Subsection 53E-6-604(5)(b).
(1) At any time after UPPAC has made an initial recommendation, a respondent may accept UPPAC's initial recommendation, rather than request a hearing, by entering into a proposed consent to discipline.
(2) By entering into a proposed consent to discipline, a respondent waives the respondent's right to a hearing to contest the recommended disposition, contingent on final approval by the Board.
(3) At a minimum, the Executive Secretary shall include the following in a proposed consent to discipline:
(a) a summary of the facts, the allegations, the presumption described in Rule R277-215, mitigating or aggravating factors described in Rule R277-215, and the evidence relied upon by UPPAC in its recommendation;
(b) a statement that the respondent admits the facts recited in the proposed consent to discipline as true for purposes of the Board administrative action;
(c) a statement that the respondent:
(i) waives the respondent's right to a hearing to contest the allegations that gave rise to the investigation; and
(ii) agrees to limitations on the respondent's license or surrenders the respondent's license rather than contest the allegations;
(d) a statement that the respondent agrees to the terms of the proposed consent to discipline and other provisions applicable to the case, such as remediation, counseling, restitution, rehabilitation, and other conditions, if any, under which the respondent may request a reinstatement hearing or a removal of the letter of reprimand or termination of probation;
(e) if for suspension or revocation of a license, a statement that the respondent:
(i) may not seek or provide professional services in a public school in the state;
(ii) may not seek to obtain or use an educator license in the state; or
(iii) may not work or volunteer in a public K-12 setting in any capacity without express authorization from the UPPAC Executive Secretary, unless or until the respondent:
(A) first obtains a valid educator license or authorization from the Board to obtain such a license; or
(B) satisfies other provisions provided in the proposed consent to discipline;
(f) a statement that the action and the proposed consent to discipline shall be reported to other states through the NASDTEC Educator Information Clearinghouse and any attempt to present to any other state a valid Utah license shall result in further licensing action in Utah;
(g) a statement that respondent waives the respondent's right to contest the facts stated in the proposed consent to discipline at a subsequent reinstatement hearing, if any;
(h) a statement that all records related to the proposed consent to discipline shall remain permanently in the UPPAC case file;
(i) a statement reflecting the proposed consent to discipline classification under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act;
(j) a statement that information regarding the proposed letter of reprimand, suspension, or revocation may be included in an online licensing database that is available for public access in accordance with R277-512.
(k) a statement that a violation of the terms of an approved consent to discipline may result in additional disciplinary action and may affect the reinstatement process; and
(l) a statement that the educator understands that the Board is not bound by UPPAC's recommendation or the negotiated proposed stipulated agreement unless the Board approves the proposed consent to discipline.
(4)(a) The Executive Secretary shall forward a proposed consent to discipline to the Board for approval.
(b) If the Board does not approve a proposed consent to discipline, the Board may:
(i)(A) remand the case to UPPAC and may include issues that need to be addressed;
(B) offer respondent the opportunity for a hearing; or
(C) provide alternative terms and disposition to the Executive Secretary, that would be satisfactory to the Board to be submitted to the educator for consideration;
(ii) direct the Executive Secretary to issue a disciplinary letter or dismiss the matter; or
(iii) take other appropriate action consistent with due process and R277-215.
(5) If the respondent accepts a consent to discipline with alternative terms and disposition proposed by the Board, the consent to discipline, as modified, is a final Board administrative action without further Board consideration.
(6) If the terms approved by the Board are rejected by the respondent, the proceedings shall continue from the point under these procedures at which the agreement was negotiated, as if the stipulated agreement had not been submitted.
(7) If the Board remands to UPPAC to provide respondent the opportunity for a hearing under Subsection (4)(b)(i)(B), the Executive Secretary shall:
(a) notify the parties of the decision;
(b) direct a UPPAC attorney to issue a complaint; and
(c) direct the proceedings as if the proposed consent to discipline had not been submitted.
(8) If the Board approves a proposed consent to discipline, the approval is a final Board administrative action and the Executive Secretary shall:
(a) notify the parties of the decision;
(b) update CACTUS to reflect the action;
(c) report the action to the NASDTEC Educator Information Clearinghouse if the agreement results in:
(i) a revocation;
(ii) a suspension;
(iii) probation; or
(iv) a letter of reprimand;
(d) direct the appropriate penalties to begin; and
(e) notify the LEAs throughout the state.
(1) If a respondent does not respond to a complaint within 30 days from the date the complaint is served, the Executive Secretary may issue an order of default against the respondent consistent with the following:
(a) the Executive Secretary shall prepare and serve on the respondent an order of default including:
(i) a statement of the grounds for default; and
(ii) a recommended disposition if the respondent fails to file a response to a complaint;
(b) ten days following service of the order of default, a UPPAC attorney shall attempt to contact respondent by telephone or electronically;
(c) UPPAC shall maintain documentation of attempts toward written, telephonic, or electronic contact;
(d) the respondent has 20 days following service of the order of default to respond to UPPAC; and
(e) if UPPAC receives a response from respondent to a default order before the end of the 20 day default period, UPPAC shall allow respondent a final ten day period to respond to a complaint.
(2) Except as provided in Subsection (3), if an order of default is issued, the Executive Secretary shall make a recommendation to the Board for discipline in accordance with Rule R277-215.
(3) If an order of default is issued, the Executive Secretary shall make a recommendation to the Board for a revocation of the educator's license if the alleged misconduct is conduct identified in Subsection 53E-6-604(5)(b).
(1) If UPPAC recommends issuance of a disciplinary letter or dismissal, the Executive Secretary shall forward the case to the Board for review.
(2) If the Board does not approve a recommendation for a disciplinary letter or dismissal described in Subsection (1), the Board may:
(a) remand the case to UPPAC with:
(i) direction as to the issues UPPAC should address;
(ii) alternative terms and disposition that should be satisfactory to the Board to be submitted to the educator for consideration; and
(iii) the opportunity for the educator to participate in a hearing;
(b) direct the Executive Secretary to issue a different level of disciplinary letter;
(c) dismiss the matter; or
(d) take other appropriate action consistent with due process and Rule R277-215.
(3) If the Board approves a disciplinary letter, the Executive Secretary shall:
(a) prepare the disciplinary letter and mail it to the educator;
(b) place a copy of the disciplinary letter in the UPPAC case file; and
(c) update CACTUS to reflect that the investigation is closed.
teacher licensing, conduct, hearings
May 10, 2017
Art X Sec 3; 53E-6-506; 53E-3-401(4)
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R277, please contact the promulgating agency (Education, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.