Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R277. Education, Administration.
Rule R277-214. Utah Professional Practices Advisory Commission Criminal Background Review.
As in effect on October 1, 2019
Table of Contents
- R277-214-1. Authority and Purpose.
- R277-214-2. Initial Submission and Evaluation of Information.
- R277-214-3. Alcohol and Drug Related Offenses of an Individual Who Does Not Hold Licensing.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
(1) This rule is authorized by:
(a) Utah Constitution Article X, Section 3, which vests general control and supervision over public education in the Board;
(b) Section 53E-6-506, which directs the Board to adopt rules regarding UPPAC duties and procedures; and
(c) Subsection 53E-3-401(4), which allows the Board to make rules to execute the Board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law.
(2) The purpose of this rule is:
(a) to establish procedures for an applicant to proceed toward licensing; or
(b) be denied to continue when an application or recommendation for licensing or renewal identifies offenses in the applicant's criminal background check.
(3) The standards and procedures of the Utah Administrative Procedures Act do not apply to this rule under the exemption of Subsection 63G-4-102(2)(d).
(1) The Executive Secretary shall review all information received as part of a criminal background review.
(2) The Executive Secretary may request any of the following information from an educator in determining how to process a criminal background review:
(a) a letter of explanation for each reported offense that details the circumstances, the final disposition, and any explanation for the offense the applicant may want to provide UPPAC, including any advocacy for approving licensing;
(b) official documentation regarding each offense, including court records and police reports for each offense, or if both court records and police reports are not available, a letter on official police or court stationery from the appropriate court or police department involved, explaining why the records are not available; and
(c) any other information that the Executive Secretary considers relevant under the circumstances in a criminal background review.
(3)(a) The Executive Secretary may only process a criminal background review after receipt of all letters of explanation and documentation requested in good faith by the Executive Secretary.
(b) The Executive Secretary shall provide timely notice if the information provided by an applicant is incomplete.
(4) If an applicant is under court supervision of any kind, including parole, informal or formal probation, or plea in abeyance, the Executive Secretary may not process the background check review until the Executive Secretary receives proof that court supervision has terminated.
(5) It is the applicant's sole responsibility to provide any requested material to the Executive Secretary.
(6) The Executive Secretary shall process criminal background reviews subject to the following criteria:
(a) the Executive Secretary may clear a criminal background review without further action if the arrest, citation, or charge resulted in a dismissal, unless the dismissal resulted from a plea in abeyance agreement;
(b) the Executive Secretary shall forward a recommendation to clear the following criminal background reviews directly to the Board:
(i) singular offenses committed by an applicant, excluding offenses identified in Subsection(6)(c), if the arrest occurred more than two years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC for review;
(ii) more than two offenses committed by the applicant, excluding offenses identified in Subsection(6)(c), if at least one arrest occurred more than five years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC for review; or
(iii) more than two offenses committed by the applicant, excluding offenses identified in Subsection(6)(c), if all arrests for the offenses occurred more than 10 years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC for review;
(c) the Executive Secretary shall forward the following criminal background reviews to UPPAC, which shall make a recommendation to the Board for final action:
(i) convictions or pleas in abeyance for any offense where the offense date occurred less than two years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC;
(ii) convictions or pleas in abeyance for multiple offenses where all offenses occurred less than five years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC;
(iii) convictions or pleas in abeyance for felonies;
(vi) arrests, convictions, or pleas in abeyance for sex-related or lewdness offenses;
(v) convictions or pleas in abeyance for alcohol-related offenses or drug-related offenses where the offense date was less than five years prior to the date of submission to UPPAC;
(vi) convictions or pleas in abeyance involving children in any way; and
(vii) convictions or pleas in abeyance involving any other matter which the Executive Secretary determines, in his discretion, warrants review by UPPAC and the Board; and
(d) If the criminal background review involves a conviction for an offense requiring mandatory revocation under Subsection 53E-6-604(5)(b) or meeting the definition of sex offender under Subsection 77-41-102(17), the Executive Secretary shall forward a recommendation directly to the Board that clearance be denied.
(7) The Executive Secretary shall use reasonable discretion to interpret the information received from the Bureau of Criminal Identification to comply with the provisions of this rule.
(8) In Board review of recommendations of the Executive Secretary and UPPAC for criminal background checks, the following shall apply:
(a) the Board shall consider a criminal background review in accordance with the standards described in Section 53E-6-603;
(b) the Board may uphold any recommendation of the Executive Secretary or UPPAC, which action shall be the final agency action of USOE;
(c) the Board may substitute its own judgment in lieu of the recommendation of the Executive Secretary or UPPAC, which action shall be the final agency action of USOE; and
(d) if the Board chooses to substitute its own judgment in a criminal background review, the Board shall adopt findings articulating its reasoning.
(9) If a criminal background review arises as a result of conduct that was cleared in a prior criminal background review by the Executive Secretary, UPPAC, or the Board, the prior action shall be deemed final, and the Executive Secretary shall clear the criminal background review.
(10) If a criminal background review results in an applicant's denial, the applicant may request to be heard, and to have the matter reconsidered by the Board, consistent with the requirements of Subsection 53E-6-603(4).
(1)(a) If as a result of a background check, it is discovered that an applicant has been convicted of an alcohol related offense or a drug related offense within five years of the date of the background check, the minimum conditions described in this Subsection (1) shall apply.
(b) One conviction--the individual shall be denied clearance for a period of one year from the date of the conduct giving rise to the charge.
(c) Two convictions--the individual shall be denied clearance for a period of two years from the date of the conduct giving rise to the most recent charge and the applicant shall present documentation of clinical assessment and recommended treatment before clearance shall be considered.
(d) Three convictions--the individual shall be denied clearance for a period of five years from the date of the conduct giving rise to the most recent charge, and the applicant shall present documentation of clinical assessment and recommended treatment before clearance shall be considered.
(2) UPPAC or the Board may take action in excess of the minimum conditions specified in Subsection (1) if aggravating circumstances exist as set forth in Subsection R277-215-2(9).
educator licenses, background reviews, background checks
August 12, 2016
Art X Sec 3; 53E-6-506; 53E-3-401(4)
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R277, please contact the promulgating agency (Education, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.