Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2020, please see the codification segue page.

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R277. Education, Administration.

Rule R277-615. Standards and Procedures for Student Searches.

As in effect on January 1, 2020

Table of Contents
R277-615-1. Authority and Purpose.

(1) This rule is authorized by:

(a) Utah Constitution Article X, Section 3, which vests general control and supervision of public education in the Board;

(b) Section 53G-8-509, which directs the Board and LEAs to adopt rules to protect students against unreasonable and excessive intrusion of personal rights; and

(c) Subsection 53E-3-401(4), which allows the Board to make rules to execute the Board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law.

(2) The purpose of this rule is to direct LEAs to adopt policies to protect student rights with procedures and provisions that balance students' rights and privacy with the responsibility of school officials for the safety and protection of students and adults while on school property or at school-sponsored events.

R277-615-2. Definitions.

(1) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as provided in Subsection 58-37-2(1)(f).

(2)(a) "Law enforcement authorities" means officers working under the direct supervision and in the employment of police or law enforcement, as opposed to under the supervision of an LEA.

(b) Law enforcement authorities have received police officer training and are acting in that capacity.

(3) "LEA," for purposes of this rule, includes the Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind.

(4) "Weapon" means any item capable of causing death or serious bodily injury or a facsimile or representation of the item.

R277-615-3. Superintendent Responsibilities.

(1) The Superintendent shall provide consistent definitions for LEAs to include in search and seizure policies.

(2) The Superintendent shall develop a model search and seizure policy as guidance for LEAs.

(3) The Superintendent shall require an assurance from LEAs in the Utah Consolidated Report regarding the student search policy required under Section 53G-8-509.

R277-615-4. LEA Responsibilities.

(1) An LEA shall develop a policy for searching students for controlled substances and weapons.

(2) An LEA shall include appropriate interested parties in the development of student search policies, including:

(a) parents;

(b) school employees; and

(c) licensed school employees.

(3) An LEA policy developed pursuant to Subsection (1) shall ensure protection of individual student rights against excessive and unreasonable intrusion.

(4) An LEA shall make policies available electronically and in and in printed form to parents and students upon enrollment.

(5) An LEA shall provide adequate training to appropriate classes of employees for fair and consistent implementation of student search policies.


students, searches

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

May 10, 2017

Notice of Continuation:

March 15, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

Art X Sec 3; 53G-8-509; 53E-3-401(4)

Additional Information

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R277, please contact the promulgating agency (Education, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from https://rules.utah.gov/help-rules-who-to-contact/.