Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.

Rule R307-361. Architectural Coatings.

As in effect on October 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R307-361-1. Purpose.

(1) The purpose of R307-361 is to limit volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions from architectural coatings.

(2) This rule specifies architectural coatings storage, cleanup, and labeling requirements.

R307-361-2. Applicability.

R307-361 applies to any person who supplies, sells, offers for sale, applies, or solicits the application of any architectural coating, or who manufactures, blends or repackages any architectural coating for use within Box Elder, Cache, Davis, Salt Lake, Tooele, Utah, and Weber counties.

R307-361-3. Definitions.

The following additional definitions apply only to R307-361.

"Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together other than by mechanical means.

"Aerosol coating product" means a pressurized coating product containing pigments or resins that dispenses product ingredients by means of a propellant, and is packaged in a disposable can for hand-held application or for use in specialized equipment for ground traffic/marking applications.

"Aluminum roof coating" means a coating labeled and formulated exclusively for application to roofs and containing at least 84 grams of elemental aluminum pigment per liter of coating (at least 0.7 pounds per gallon).

"Appurtenance" means any accessory to a stationary structure coated at the site of installation, whether installed or detached, including, but not limited to, bathroom and kitchen fixtures; cabinets; concrete forms; doors; elevators; fences; hand railings; heating equipment, air conditioning equipment, and other fixed mechanical equipment or stationary tools; lampposts; partitions; pipes and piping systems; rain gutters and downspouts; stairways, fixed ladders, catwalks, and fire escapes; and window screens.

"Architectural coating" means a coating to be applied to stationary structures or their appurtenances at the site of installation, to portable buildings at the site of installation, to pavements, or to curbs.

(1) Coatings applied in shop applications or to non-stationary structures such as airplanes, ships, boats, railcars, and automobiles, and adhesives are not considered architectural coatings for the purposes of this rule.

"Basement specialty coating" means a clear or opaque coating that is labeled and formulated for application to concrete and masonary surfaces to provide a hydrostatic seal for basements and other below-grade surfaces, meeting the following criteria:

(1) Coating must be capable of withstanding at least 10 psi of hydrostatic pressure, as determined in accordance with ASTM D7088-04 and;

(2) Coating must be resistant to mold and mildew growth and must achieve a microbial growth rating of 8 or more, as determined in accordance with ASTM D3273-00 and ASTM D3274-95.

"Bitumens" means black or brown materials including, but not limited to, asphalt, tar, pitch, and asphaltite that are soluble in carbon disulfide, consist mainly of hydrocarbons, and are obtained from natural deposits or as residues from the distillation of crude petroleum or coal.

"Bituminous roof coating" means a coating that incorporates bitumens and that is labeled and formulated exclusively for roofing for the primary purpose of preventing water penetration.

"Bituminous roof primer" means a primer that incorporates bitumens and that is labeled and formulated exclusively for roofing and intended for the purpose of preparing a weathered or aged surface or improving adhesion of subsequent surface components.

"Bond breaker" means a coating labeled and formulated for application between layers of concrete to prevent a freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the layer over which it is poured.

"Calcimine recoaters" means a flat solvent borne coating formulated and recommended specifically for coating calcimine-painted ceilings and other calcimine-painted substrates.

"Coating" means a material applied onto or impregnated into a substrate for protective, decorative, or functional purposes, and such materials include, but are not limited to, paints, varnishes, sealers, and stains.

"Colorant" means a concentrated pigment dispersion in water, solvent, or binder that is added to an architectural coating after packaging in sale units to produce the desired color.

"Concrete curing compound" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to freshly poured concrete to retard the evaporation of water and or harden or dustproof the surface of freshly poured concrete.

"Concrete/masonry sealer" means a clear or opaque coating that is labeled and formulated primarily for application to concrete and masonry surfaces to prevent penetration of water, provide resistance against abrasion, alkalis, acids, mildew, staining, or ultraviolet light, or harden or dustproof the surface of aged or cured concrete.

"Concrete surface retarder" means a mixture of retarding ingredients such as extender pigments, primary pigments, resin, and solvent that interact chemically with the cement to prevent hardening on the surface where the retarder is applied allowing the retarded mix of cement and sand at the surface to be washed away to create an exposed aggregate finish.

"Conjugated oil varnish" means a clear or semi-transparent wood coating, labeled as such, excluding lacquers or shellacs, based on a natural occurring conjugated vegetable oil (tung oil) and modified with other natural or synthetic resins; a minimum of 50% of the resin solids consisting of conjugated oil.

"Conversion varnish" means a clear acid coating with an alkyd or other resin blended with amino resins and supplied as a single component or two-component product.

"Department of Defense military technical data" means a specification that specifies design requirements, such as materials to be used, how a requirement is to be achieved, or how an item is to be fabricated or constructed.

"Driveway sealer" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to worn asphalt driveway surfaces to fill cracks, seal the surface to provide protection, or to restore or preserve the appearance.

"Dry fog coating" means a coating labeled and formulated only for spray application such that overspray droplets dry before subsequent contact with incidental surfaces in the vicinity of the surface coating activity.

"Faux finishing coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to meet one or more of the following criteria:

(1) A glaze or textured coating used to create artistic effects, including, but not limited to, dirt, suede, old age, smoke damage, and simulated marble and wood grain;

(2) A decorative coating used to create a metallic, iridescent, or pearlescent appearance and that contains at least 48 grams of pearlescent mica pigment or other iridescent pigment per liter of coating as applied (at least 0.4 pounds per gallon); or

(3) A decorative coating used to create a metallic appearance and that contains less than 48 grams of elemental metallic pigment per liter of coating as applied (less than 0.4 pounds per gallon); or

(4) A decorative coating used to create a metallic appearance and that contains greater than 48 grams of elemental metallic pigment per liter of coating as applied (greater than 0.4 pounds per gallon) and which requires a clear topcoat to prevent the degradation of the finish under normal use conditions; or

(5) A clear topcoat to seal and protect a faux finishing coating that meets the requirements of (1) through (4) of this definition, and these clear topcoats shall be sold and used solely as part of a faux finishing coating system.

"Fire-resistive coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to protect structural integrity by increasing the fire endurance of interior or exterior steel and other structural materials. The Fire-Resistive coating category includes sprayed fire resistive materials and intumescent fire resistive coatings that are used to bring structural materials into compliance with federal, state, and local building code requirements. The fire-resistant coatings shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E119-08.

"Flat coating" means a coating that is not defined under any other definition in this rule and that registers gloss less than 15 on an 85 degree meter or less than 5 on a 60 degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

"Floor coating" means an opaque coating that is labeled and formulated for application to flooring, including, but not limited to, decks, porches, steps, garage floors, and other horizontal surfaces that may be subject to foot traffic.

"Form-release compound" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to a concrete form to prevent the freshly poured concrete from bonding to the form which may consist of wood, metal, or some material other than concrete.

"Graphic arts coating or sign paint" means a coating labeled and formulated for hand-application by artists using brush, airbrush, or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs, excluding structural components, and murals including lettering enamels, poster colors, copy blockers, and bulletin enamels.

"High-temperature coating" means a high performance coating labeled and formulated for application to substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above 204 degrees Celsius (400 degrees Fahrenheit).

"Impacted immersion coating" means a high performance maintenance coating formulated and recommended for application to steel structures subject to immersion in turbulent, debris-laden water. These coatings are specifically resistant to high-energy impact damage by floating ice or debris.

"Industrial maintenance coating" means a high performance architectural coating, including primers, sealers, undercoaters, intermediate coats, and topcoats, formulated for application to substrates, including floors exposed to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions:

(1) Immersion in water, wastewater, or chemical solutions (aqueous and non-aqueous solutions), or chronic exposure of interior surfaces to moisture condensation;

(2) Acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic or acidic agents, or to chemicals, chemical fumes, or chemical mixtures or solutions;

(3) Frequent exposure to temperatures above 121 degrees Celsius (250 degrees Fahrenheit);

(4) Frequent heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and frequent scrubbing with industrial solvents, cleansers, or scouring agents; or

(5) Exterior exposure of metal structures and structural components.

"Low solids coating" means a coating containing 0.12 kilogram or less of solids per liter (1 pound or less of solids per gallon) of coating material as recommended for application by the manufacturer.

"Magnesite cement coating" means a coating labeled and formulated for application to magnesite cement decking to protect the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water.

"Manufacturer's maximum thinning recommendation" means the maximum recommendation for thinning that is indicated on the label or lid of the coating container.

"Mastic texture coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities, and is applied in a single coat of at least 10 mils (at least 0.010 inch) dry film thickness.

"Medium density fiberboard (MDF)" means a composite wood product, panel, molding, or other building material composed of cellulosic fibers, usually wood, made by dry forming and pressing of a resinated fiber mat.

"Metallic pigmented coating" means a coating that is labeled and formulated to provide a metallic appearance and must contain at least 48 grams of elemental metallic pigment (excluding zinc) per liter of coating as applied (at least 0.4 pounds per gallon), when tested in accordance with SCAQMD Method 318-95, but does not include coatings applied to roofs, or zinc-rich primers.

"Multi-color coating" means a coating that is packaged in a single container and that is labeled and formulated to exhibits more than one color when applied in a single coat.

"Non-flat coating" means a coating that is not defined under any other definition in this rule and that registers a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85-degree meter and five or greater on a 60-degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

"Non-flat/high-gloss coating" means a non-flat coating that registers a gloss of 70 or greater on a 60-degree meter according to ASTM D523-89 (1999).

"Nuclear coating" means a protective coating formulated and recommended to seal porous surfaces such as steel or concrete that otherwise would be subject to intrusion by radioactive materials. These coatings must be resistant to long-term cumulative radiation exposure according to ASTM Method 4082-02, relatively easy to decontaminate, and resistant to various chemicals to which the coatings are likely to be exposed according to ASTM Method D 3912-95 (2010).

"Particleboard" means a composite wood product panel, molding, or other building material composed of cellulosic material, usually wood, in the form of discrete particles, as distinguished from fibers, flakes, or strands, which are pressed together with resin.

"Pearlescent" means exhibiting various colors depending on the angles of illumination and viewing, as observed in mother-of-pearl.

"Plywood" means a panel product consisting of layers of wood veneers or composite core pressed together with resin and includes panel products made by either hot or cold pressing (with resin) veneers to a platform.

"Post-consumer coating" means a finished coatings generated by a business or consumer that have served their intended end uses, and are recovered from or otherwise diverted from the waste stream for the purpose of recycling.

"Pre-treatment wash primer" means a primer that contains a minimum of 0.5% acid, by weight, when tested in accordance with ASTM D1613-06, that is labeled and formulated for application directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and to promote adhesion of subsequent topcoats.

"Primer, sealer, and undercoater" means a coating labeled and formulated to provide a firm bond between the substrate and the subsequent coatings, prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate, provide a smooth surface for the subsequent application of coatings, provide a clear finish coat to seal the substrate, or to block materials from penetrating into or leaching out of a substrate.

"Reactive penetrating sealer" means a clear or pigmented coating that is formulated for application to above-grade concrete and masonry substrates to provide protection from water and waterborne contaminants, including, but not limited to, alkalis, acids, and salts.

(1) Reactive penetrating sealers penetrate into concrete and masonry substrates and chemically react to form covalent bonds with naturally occurring minerals in the substrate.

(2) Reactive penetrating sealers line the pores of concrete and masonry substrates with a hydrophobic coating but do not form a surface film.

(3) Reactive penetrating sealers shall meet all of the following criteria:

(a) The reactive penetrating sealer must improve water repellency at least 80% after application on a concrete or masonry substrate, and this performance shall be verified on standardized test specimens in accordance with one or more of the following standards: ASTM C67-07, ASTM C97-02, or ASTM C140-06.

(b) The reactive penetrating sealer shall not reduce the water vapor transmission rate by more than 2% after application on a concrete or masonry substrate, and this performance must be verified on standardized test specimens, in accordance with ASTM E96/E96M-05.

(c) Products labeled and formulated for vehicular traffic surface chloride screening applications shall meet the performance criteria listed in the National Cooperative Highway Research Report 244 (1981).

"Reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealer" means a clear or pigmented coating that is labeled and formulated for application to above-grade carbonate stone substrates to provide protection from water and waterborne contaminants, including but not limited to, alkalis acids, and salts and that penetrates into carbonate stone substrates and chemically reacts to form covalent bonds with naturally occurring minerals in the substrate. They must meet all of the following criteria:

(1) Improve water repellency at least 80% after application on a carbonate stone substrate. This performance shall be verified on standardized test specimens, in accordance with one or more of the following standards: ASTM C67-07, ASTM C97-02, or ASTM C140-06; and

(2) Not reduce the water vapor transmission rate by more than 10% after application on a carbonate stone substrate. This performance shall be verified on standardized test specimens in accordance with one or more of the following standards: ASTM E96/E96M-05.

"Recycled coating" means an architectural coating formulated such that it contains a minimum of 50% by volume post-consumer coating, with a maximum of 50% by volume secondary industrial materials or virgin materials.

"Residential" means areas where people reside or lodge, including, but not limited to, single and multiple family dwellings, condominiums, mobile homes, apartment complexes, motels, and hotels.

"Roof coating" means a non-bituminous coating labeled and formulated for application to roofs for the primary purpose of preventing water penetration, reflecting ultraviolet light, or reflecting solar radiation.

"Rust preventative coating" means a coating that is for metal substrates only and is formulated to prevent the corrosion of metal surfaces for direct-to-metal coating or a coating intended for application over rusty, previously coated surfaces but does not include coatings that are required to be applied as a topcoat over a primer or coatings that are intended for use on wood or any other nonmetallic surface.

"Secondary industrial materials" means products or by-products of the paint manufacturing process that are of known composition and have economic value but can no longer be used for their intended purpose.

"Semitransparent coating" means a coating that contains binders and colored pigments and is formulated to change the color of the surface but not conceal the grain pattern or texture.

"Shellac" means a clear or opaque coating formulated solely with the resinous secretions of the lac beetle (Laciffer lacca) and formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction.

"Shop application" means an application of a coating to a product or a component of a product in or on the premises of a factory or a shop as part of a manufacturing, production, or repairing process (e.g., original equipment manufacturing coatings).

"Solicit" means to require for use or to specify by written or oral contract.

"Specialty primer, sealer, and undercoater" means a coating that is formulated for application to a substrate to block water-soluble stains resulting from fire damage, smoke damage, or water damage.

"Stain" means a semi-transparent or opaque coating labeled and formulated to change the color of a surface but not conceal the grain pattern or texture.

"Stone consolidant" means a coating that is labeled and formulated for application to stone substrates to repair historical structures that have been damaged by weathering or other decay mechanisms.

(1) Stone consolidants must penetrate into stone substrates to create bonds between particles and consolidate deteriorated material.

(2) Stone consolidants must be specified and used in accordance with ASTM E2167-01.

"Swimming pool coating" means a coating labeled and formulated to coat the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals.

"Thermoplastic rubber coating and mastic" means a coating or mastic formulated and recommended for application to roofing or other structural surfaces that incorporates no less than 40% by weight of thermoplastic rubbers in the total resin solids and may also contain other ingredients, including, but not limited to, fillers, pigments, and modifying resins.

"Tint base" means an architectural coating to which colorant is added after packaging in sale units to produce a desired color.

"Traffic marking coating" means a coating labeled and formulated for marking and striping streets, highways, or other traffic surfaces, including, but not limited to, curbs, berms, driveways, parking lots, sidewalks, and airport runways.

"Tub and tile refinish coating" means a clear or opaque coating that is labeled and formulated exclusively for refinishing the surface of a bathtub, shower, sink, or countertop and that meets the following criteria:

(1) Has a scratch hardness of 3H or harder and a gouge hardness of 4H or harder, determined on bonderite 1000, in accordance with ASTM D3363-05;

(2) Has a weight loss of 20 milligrams or less after 1,000 cycles, determined with CS-17 wheels on bonderite 1000, in accordance with ASTM D4060-07;

(3) Withstands 1,000 hours or more of exposure with few or no #8 blisters, determined on unscribed bonderite in accordance with ASTM D4585-99, and ASTM D714-02e1; and

(4) Has an adhesion rating of 4B or better after 24 hours of recovery, determined on unscribed bonderite in accordance with ASTM D4585-99 and ASTM D3359-02.

"Veneer" means thin sheets of wood peeled or sliced from logs for use in the manufacture of wood products such as plywood, laminated veneer lumber, or other products.

"Virgin Materials" means materials that contain no post-consumer coatings or secondary industrial materials.

"VOC actual" means the weight of VOC per volume of coating and applies to coatings in the low solids coatings category and it is calculated with the following equation:

VOC Actual = (Ws - Ww - Wec)/(Vm)

Where, VOC actual = the grams of VOC per liter of coating (also known as "Material VOC");

Ws = weight of volatiles, in grams;

Ww = weight of water, in grams;

Wec = weight of exempt compounds, in grams; and

Vm = volume of coating, in liters

"VOC content" means the weight of VOC per volume of coating and is VOC regulatory for all coatings except those in the low solids category.

(1) For coatings in the low solids category, the VOC Content is VOC actual.

(2) If the coating is a multi-component product, the VOC content is VOC regulatory as mixed or catalyzed.

(3) If the coating contains silanes, siloxanes, or other ingredients that generate ethanol or other VOCs during the curing process, the VOC content must include the VOCs emitted during curing.

(4) VOC content must include maximum amount of thinning solvent recommended by the manufacturer.

"VOC regulatory" means the weight of VOC per volume of coating, less the volume of water and exempt compounds. It is calculated with the following equation:

VOC Regulatory = (Ws - Ww - Wec)/(Vm - Vw - Vec)

Where, VOC regulatory = grams of VOC per liter of coating, less water and exempt compounds (also known as "Coating VOC");

Ws = weight of volatiles, in grams;

Ww = weight of water, in grams;

Wec = weight of exempt compounds, in grams;

Vm = volume of coating, in liters;

Vw = volume of water, in liters; and

Vec = volume of exempt compounds, in liters

VOC regulatory must include maximum amount of thinning solvent recommended by the manufacturer.

"Waterproofing membrane" means a clear or opaque coating that is labeled and formulated for application to concrete and masonry surfaces to provide a seamless waterproofing membrane that prevents any penetration of liquid water into the substrate.

(1) Waterproofing membranes are intended for the following waterproofing applications: below-grade surfaces, between concrete slabs, inside tunnels, inside concrete planters, and under flooring materials.

(2) The waterproofing membrane category does not include topcoats that are included in the concrete/masonry sealer category (e.g., parking deck topcoats, pedestrian deck topcoats, etc.).

(3) Waterproofing Membranes shall:

(a) Be applied in a single coat of at least 25 mils (at least 0.025 inch) dry film thickness; and

(b) Meet or exceed the requirements contained in ASTM C836-06.

"Wood coatings" means coatings labeled and formulated for application to wood substrates only and include clear and semitransparent coatings: lacquers; varnishes; sanding sealers; penetrating oils; clear stains; wood conditioners used as undercoats; and wood sealers used as topcoats. The Wood Coatings category also includes the following opaque wood coatings: opaque lacquers, opaque sanding sealers, and opaque lacquer undercoaters but do not include clear sealers that are labeled and formulated for use on concrete/masonry surfaces or coatings intended for substrates other than wood.

"Wood preservative" means a coating labeled and formulated to protect exposed wood from decay or insect attack that is registered with the U.S. EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 136, et seq.).

"Wood substrate" means a substrate made of wood, particleboard, plywood, medium density fiberboard, rattan, wicker, bamboo, or composite products with exposed wood grain but does not include items comprised of simulated wood.

"Zinc-rich primer" means a coating that contains at least 65% metallic zinc powder or zinc dust by weight of total solids and is formulated for application to metal substrates to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent applications of coatings and are intended for professional use only.

R307-361-4. Exemptions.

The coatings described in R307-361-4(1) through (3) are exempt from the requirements of R307-361.

(1) Any architectural coating that is supplied, sold, offered for sale, or manufactured for use outside of the counties in R307-361-2 or for shipment to other manufacturers for reformulation or repackaging.

(2) Any aerosol coating product.

(3) Any architectural coating that is sold in a container with a volume of one liter (1.057 quarts) or less, including kits containing containers of different colors, types or categories of coatings and two component products and including multiple containers of one liter or less that are packaged and shipped together with no intent or requirement to ultimately be sold as one unit.

(a) The exemption in R307-361-4(3) does not include bundling of containers one liter or less, which are sold together as a unit with the intent or requirement that they be combined into one container.

(b) The exemption in R307-361-4(3) does not include packaging from which the coating cannot be applied. This exemption does include multiple containers of one liter or less that are packaged and shipped together with no intent or requirement to ultimately sell as one unit.

(4) The requirements of R307-361-5 Table 1 do not apply to operations that are exclusively covered by Department of Defense military technical data and performed by a Department of Defense contractor and or on site at installations owned and or operated by the United States Armed Forces.

R307-361-5. Standards.

(1) Except as provided in R307-361-4, no person shall manufacture, blend, or repackage, supply, sell, or offer for sale within the counties in R307-361-2; or solicit for application or apply within those counties any architectural coating with a VOC content in excess of the corresponding limit specified in Table 1.

                                                    TABLE 1

VOC Content Limit for Architectural and Industrial Maintenance
Coatings

(Limits are expressed as VOC content, thinned to the
manufacturer's maximum thinning recommendation, excluding any
colorant added to tint bases.)

COATING CATEGORY                     VOC Content Limit
                                      (grams/liter)
Flat coatings                              50
Non-flat coatings                         100
Non-flat/high-gloss coatings              150
Specialty Coatings
     Aluminum roofing                     450
     Basement Specialty Coatings          400
     Bituminous Specialty Coatings        400
     Bituminous roof coatings             270
     Bituminous roof primers              350
     Bond beakers                         350
     Calcimine recoaters                  475
     Concrete curing compounds            350
     Concrete/masonary sealer             100
     Concrete surface retarders           780
     Conjugated oil varnish               450
     Conversion varnish                   725
     Driveway sealers                      50
     Dry fog coatings                     150
     Faux finishing coatings              350
     Fire resistive coatings              350
     Floor coatings                       100
     Form-release compounds               250
     Graphic arts coatings                500
       (sign paints)
     High temperature coatings            420
     Impacted Immersion Coatings          780
     Industrial maintenance coatings      250
     Low solids coatings                  120
     Magnesite cement coatings            450
     Mastic texture coatings              100
     Metallic pigmented coatings          500
     Multi-color coatings                 250
     Nuclear coatings                     450
     Pre-treatment wash primers           420
     Primers, sealers, and                100
       undercoaters
     Reactive penetrating sealer          350
     Reactive penetrating                 500
      carbonate stone sealer
     Recycled coatings                    250
     Roof coatings                        250
     Rust preventative coatings           250
     Shellacs:
       Clear                              730
       Opaque                             550
     Specialty primers, sealers,          100
       and undercoaters
     Stains                               250
     Stone consolidant                    450
     Swimming pool coatings               340
     Thermoplastic rubber coatings        550
       and mastic
     Traffic marking coatings             100
     Tub and tile refinish                420
     Waterproofing membranes              250
     Wood coating                         275
     Wood Preservatives                   350
     Zinc-Rich Primer                     340
                                                            

(2) If a coating is recommended for use in more than one of the specialty coating categories listed in Table 1, the most restrictive (lowest) VOC content limit shall apply.

(a) This requirement applies to usage recommendations that appear anywhere on the coating container, anywhere on any label or sticker affixed to the container, or in any sales, advertising, or technical literature supplied by a manufacturer or anyone acting on their behalf.

(b) R307-361-5(2) does not apply to the following coating categories:

(i) Aluminum roof coatings

(ii) Bituminous roof primers

(iv) High temperature coatings

(v) Industrial maintenance coatings

(vi) Low-solids coatings

(vii) Metallic pigmented coatings

(viii) Pretreatment wash primers

(ix) Shellacs

(x) Specialty primers, sealers and undercoaters

(xi) Wood Coatings

(xii) Wood preservatives

(xiii) Zinc-rich primers

(xiv) Calcimine recoaters

(xv) Impacted immersion coatings

(xvi) Nuclear coatings

(xvii) Thermoplastic rubber coatings and mastic

(xviii) Concrete surface retarders

(xix) Conversion varnish

(3) Sell-through of coatings. A coating manufactured prior to January 1, 2015, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale for up to three years after January 1, 2015.

(a) A coating manufactured before January 1, 2015, may be applied at any time.

(b) R307-361-5(3) does not apply to any coating that does not display the date or date code required by R307-361-6(1)(a).

(4) Painting practices. All architectural coating containers used when applying the contents therein to a surface directly from the container by pouring, siphoning, brushing, rolling, padding, ragging or other means, shall be closed when not in use. These architectural coating containers include, but are not limited to, drums, buckets, cans, pails, trays or other application containers. Containers of any VOC-containing materials used for thinning and cleanup shall also be closed when not in use.

(5) Thinning. No person who applies or solicits the application of any architectural coating shall apply a coating that is thinned to exceed the applicable VOC limit specified in Table 1.

(6) Rust preventative coatings. No person shall apply or solicit the application of any rust preventative coating manufactured before January 1, 2015 for industrial use, unless such a rust preventative coating complies with the industrial maintenance coating VOC limit specified in Table 1.

(7) Coatings not listed in Table 1. For any coating that does not meet any of the definitions for the specialty coatings categories listed in Table 1, the VOC content limit shall be determined by classifying the coating as a flat, non-flat, or non-flat/high gloss coating, based on its gloss, as defined in R307-361-3 and the corresponding flat, non-flat, or non-flat/high gloss coating VOC limit in Table 1 shall apply.

R307-361-6. Container Labeling Requirements.

(1) Each manufacturer of any architectural coating subject to R307-361 shall display the information listed in R307-361-6(1)(a) through (c) on the coating container (or label) in which the coating is sold or distributed.

(a) Date Code.

(i) The date the coating was manufactured, or a date code representing the date, shall be indicated on the label, lid or bottom of the container.

(ii) If the manufacturer uses a date code for any coating, the manufacturer shall file an explanation of each code with the director upon request.

(b) Thinning Recommendations.

(i) A statement of the manufacturer's recommendation regarding thinning of the coating shall be indicated on the label or lid of the container.

(ii) This requirement does not apply to the thinning of architectural coatings with water.

(iii) If thinning of the coating prior to use is not necessary, the recommendation shall specify that the coating is to be applied without thinning.

(c) VOC Content.

(i) Each container of any coating subject to this rule shall display one of the following values, in grams of VOC per liter of coating:

(A) Maximum VOC content as determined from all potential product formulations;

(B) VOC content as determined from actual formulation data; or

(C) VOC content as determined using the test methods in R307-361-8.

(ii) If the manufacturer does not recommend thinning, the container shall display the VOC Content, as supplied.

(iii) If the manufacturer recommends thinning, the container shall display the VOC Content, including the maximum amount of thinning solvent recommended by the manufacturer.

(iv) If the coating is a multicomponent product, the container shall display the VOC content as mixed or catalyzed.

(v) If the coating contains silanes, siloxanes, or other ingredients that generate ethanol or other VOCs during the curing process, the VOC content shall include the VOCs emitted during curing.

(2) Faux finishing coatings. The labels of all clear topcoat faux finishing coatings shall prominently display the statement, "This product can only be sold or used as part of a faux finishing coating system."

(3) Industrial maintenance coatings. The label of all industrial maintenance coatings shall prominently display at least one of the following statements:

(a) "for industrial use only;"

(b) "for professional use only;" or

(c) "not for residential use" or "not intended for residential use."

(4) Rust preventative coatings. The labels of all rust preventative coatings shall prominently display the statement, "For metal substrates only."

(5) Non-flat/high-gloss coatings. The labels of all non-flat/high-gloss coatings shall prominently display the words "high gloss."

(6) Specialty primers, sealers and undercoaters. The labels of all specialty primers, sealers and undercoaters shall prominently display one or more of the following descriptions:

(a) "For blocking stains;"

(b) "For smoke-damaged substrates;"

(c) "For fire-damaged substrates;"

(d) "For water-damaged substrates;" or

(e) "For excessively chalky substrates."

(7) Reactive penetrating sealers. The labels of all reactive penetrating sealers shall prominently display the statement, "Reactive penetrating sealer."

(8) Reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealers. The labels of all reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealers shall prominently display the statement, "Reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealer."

(9) Stone consolidants. The labels of all stone consolidants shall prominently display the statement, "Stone consolidant -For professional use only."

(10) Wood coatings. The labels of all wood coatings shall prominently display the statement, "For wood substrates only."

(11) Zinc rich primers. The labels of all zinc rich primers shall prominently display one or more of the following descriptions:

(a) "For professional use only;"

(b) "For industrial use only;" or

(c) "Not for residential use" or "Not intended for residential use."

R307-361-7. Reporting Requirements.

(1) Within 180 days of written request from the director, the manufacturer shall provide the director with data concerning the distribution and sales of architectural coatings, including, but not limited to:

(a) The name and mailing address of the manufacturer;

(b) The name, address and telephone number of a contact person;

(c) The name of the coating product as it appears on the label and the applicable coating category;

(d) Whether the product is marketed for interior or exterior use or both;

(e) The number of gallons sold in counties listed in R307-361-2 in containers greater than one liter (1.057 quart) and equal to or less than one liter (1.057 quart);

(f) The VOC actual content and VOC regulatory content in grams per liter;

(i) If thinning is recommended, list the VOC actual content and VOC regulatory content after maximum recommended thinning.

(ii) If containers less than one liter have a different VOC content than containers greater than one liter, list separately.

(iii) If the coating is a multi-component product, provide the VOC content as mixed or catalyzed.

(g) The names and CAS numbers of the VOC constituents in the product;

(h) The names and CAS numbers of any compounds in the product specifically exempted from the VOC definition in R307-101;

(i) Whether the product is marketed as solvent-borne, waterborne, or 100% solids;

(j) Description of resin or binder in the product;

(k) whether the coating is a single-component or multi-component product;

(l) The density of the product in pounds per gallon;

(m) The percent by weight of: solids, all volatile materials, water, and any compounds in the product specifically exempted from the VOC definition in R307-101; and

(n) The percent by volume of: solids, water, and any compounds in the product specifically exempted from the VOC definition in R307-101.

R307-361-8. Test Methods.

(1) Determination of VOC content.

(a) For the purpose of determining compliance with the VOC content limits in Table 1, the VOC content of a coating shall be calculated by following the appropriate formula found in the definitions of VOC actual, VOC content, and VOC regulatory found in R307-361-3.

(b) The VOC content of a tint base shall be determined without colorant that is added after the tint base is manufactured.

(c) If the manufacturer does not recommend thinning, the VOC content shall be calculated for the product as supplied.

(d) If the manufacturer recommends thinning, the VOC content shall be calculated including the maximum amount of thinning solvent recommended by the manufacturer.

(e) If the coating is a multi-component product, the VOC content shall be calculated as mixed or catalyzed.

(f) The coating contains silanes, siloxanes, or other ingredients that generate ethanol or other VOC during the curing process, the VOC content shall include the VOCs emitted during curing.

(2) VOC content of coatings.

(a) To determine the VOC content of a coating, the manufacturer may use EPA Method 24, SCAQMD Method 304-91 (revised February1996), or an alternative method, formulation data, or any other reasonable means for predicting that the coating has been formulated as intended (e.g., quality assurance checks, recordkeeping).

(b) If there are any inconsistencies between the results of EPA Method 24 test and any other means for determining VOC content, the EPA Method 24 test results will govern.

(c) The exempt compounds content shall be determined by ASTM D 3960-05, SCAQMD Method 303-91 (Revised 1993), BAAQMD Method 43 (Revised 1996), or BAAQMD Method 41 (Revised 1995), as applicable.

(3) Methacrylate traffic marking coatings. Analysis of methacrylate multicomponent coatings used as traffic marking coatings shall be conducted according to a modification of EPA Method 24 (40 CFR 59, subpart D, Appendix A), which has not been approved for methacrylate multicomponent coatings used for purposes other than as traffic marking coatings or for other classes of multicomponent coatings.

(4) Flame spread index. The flame spread index of a fire-retardant coating shall be determined by ASTM E84-10, "Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials."

(5) Fire resistance rating. The fire resistance rating of a fire-resistive coating shall be determined by ASTM E119-08, "Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials."

(6) Gloss determination. The gloss of a coating shall be determined by ASTM D523-89 (1999), "Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss."

(7) Metal content of coatings. The metallic content of a coating shall be determined by SCAQMD Method 318-95, "Determination of Weight Percent Elemental Metal in Coatings by X-Ray Diffraction, SCAQMD Laboratory Methods of Analysis for Enforcement Samples."

(8) Acid content of coatings. The acid content of a coating shall be determined by ASTM D1613-06, "Standard Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products."

(9) Drying times. The set-to-touch, dry-hard, dry-to-touch and dry-to-recoat times of a coating shall be determined by ASTM D1640-95 (1999), "Standard Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature," and the tack-free time of a quick-dry enamel coating shall be determined by the Mechanical Test Method of ASTM D1640-95.

(10) Surface chalkiness. The chalkiness of a surface shall be determined by using ASTM D4214-07, "Standard Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films."

(11) Exempt compounds-siloxanes. Exempt compounds that are cyclic, branched, or linear, completely methylated siloxanes, shall be analyzed as exempt compounds by methods referenced in ASTM D 3960-05, "Standard Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings" or by BAAQMD Method 43, "Determination of Volatile Methylsiloxanes in Solvent-Based Coatings, Inks, and Related Materials," BAAQMD Manual of Procedures, Volume III, adopted November 6, 1996.

(12) Exempt compounds-parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF). The exempt compound PCBTF, shall be analyzed as an exempt compound by methods referenced in ASTM D 3960-05 "Standard Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings" or by BAAQMD Method 41, "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Solvent Based Coatings and Related Materials Containing Parachlorobenzotriflouride," BAAQMD Manual of Procedures, Volume III, adopted December 20, 1955.

(13) Tub and tile refinish coating adhesion. The adhesion of tub and tile coating shall be determined by ASTM D4585-99, "Standard Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation" and ASTM D3359-02, "Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test."

(14) Tub and tile refinish coating hardness. The hardness of tub and tile refinish coating shall be determined by ASTM D3363-05, "Standard Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test."

(15) Tub and tile refinish coating abrasion resistance. Abrasion resistance of tub and tile refinish coating shall be analyzed by ASTM D4060-07, "Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser."

(16) Tub and tile refinish coating water resistance. Water resistance of tub and tile refinish coatings shall be determined by ASTM D4585-99, "Standard Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation" and ASTM D714-02e1, "Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints."

(17) Waterproofing membrane. Waterproofing membrane shall be tested by ASTM C836-06, "Standard Specification for High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane for Use with Separate Wearing Course."

(18) Reactive penetrating sealer and reactive carbonate stone sealer water repellency. Reactive penetrating sealer and reactive carbonate stone sealer water repellency shall be analyzed by ASTM C67-07, "Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile;" ASTM C97-02, "Standard Test Methods for Absorption and Bulk Specific Gravity of Dimension Stone;" or ASTM C140-06, "Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units."

(19) Reactive penetrating sealer and reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealer water vapor transmission. Reactive penetrating sealer and reactive penetrating carbonate stone sealer water vapor transmission shall be analyzed ASTM E96/E96M-05, "Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials."

(20) Reactive penetrating sealer -chloride screening applications. Reactive penetrating sealers shall be analyzed by National Cooperative Highway Research Report 244 (1981), "Concrete Sealers for the Protection of Bridge Structures."

(21) Stone consolidants. Stone consolidants shall be tested by using ASTM E2167-01, "Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Stone Consolidants."

(22) Radiation resistance -nuclear coatings. The radiation resistance of a nuclear coating shall be determined by ASTM D 4082-02, "Standard Test Method for Use in Light Water Nuclear Power Plants."

(23) Chemical resistance-nuclear coatings. The chemical resistance of nuclear coatings shall be determined by ASTM D3912-95 (2001), "Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings Used in Light Water Nuclear Power Plants."

R307-361-9. Compliance Schedule.

Persons subject to this rule shall be in compliance by January 1, 2015.

KEY

air pollution, emission controls, architectural coatings

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

October 31, 2013

Notice of Continuation

October 4, 2018

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

19-2-104(1); 19-2-101


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R307, please contact the promulgating agency (Environmental Quality, Air Quality). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.