Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2020, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.

R311. Environmental Quality, Environmental Response and Remediation.

Rule R311-207. Accessing the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund for Leaking Petroleum Storage Tanks.

As in effect on January 1, 2020

Table of Contents

R311-207-1. Definitions.

Definitions are found in Section R311-200.

R311-207-2. Notification of Intent and Eligibility to Claim Against the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund.

(a) Any responsible party who is making any claim against the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund shall have previously satisfied the requirements of Section R311-206-3(a), have a valid certificate of compliance at the time of product release by the covered UST; and meet the requirements of 19-6-424.

(b) Except as provided in Section R311-207-2(c), a responsible party eligible to receive payments in accordance with Section 19-6-419 shall submit to the Director a written Eligibility Application to make a claim against the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund,

(1) during a period for which that tank was covered by the fund; or

(2) within one year after that fund-covered tank is closed; or

(3) within six months after the end of the period during which the tank was covered by the fund; or

(4) before the responsible party expends any amount over their share in eligible costs, whichever is sooner.

(c) For eligible releases that are discovered and reported to the Director after July 1, 1994, the responsible party is required to expend the first $10,000 in eligible costs as determined by the Director. For eligible releases that are discovered prior to July 1, 1994, the responsible party is required to expend the first $25,000 in eligible costs as determined by the Director.

(d) A completed eligibility application form submitted by the responsible party requesting coverage, within the time frames specified in R311-207-2(b), shall constitute a claim against the fund in accordance with Section 19-6-424.

(e) The responsible party's share of eligible costs shall remain the same, regardless of the number of responsible parties who are associated with a release and covered by the fund. Only one responsible party can claim against the fund per release in accordance with 19-6-419.

(f) When a facility has an open release and a subsequent PST Fund eligible release occurs at that facility, the PST Fund allowable coverage for the subsequent release will be limited to the amount required to investigate and remediate the subsequent release up to the maximum allowable by the Utah Underground Storage Tank Act 19-6-419. Additional PST Fund monies cannot be obtained for the investigation and remediation of the original release through the coverage of a subsequent release. The Director shall determine the allowable coverage for a subsequent release. When the Director has made a determination that the clean up standards established for the site pursuant to R311-211-5 have been achieved for a release, the release shall receive a "No Further Action" status. The maximum coverages allowed in 19-6-419 for a series of releases cannot be aggregated to provide additional reimbursement over the maximum for any release included in the series.

R311-207-3. Prerequisites for Submission of Requests for Reimbursement of Claims Against the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund.

(a) Upon making a claim for coverage under the fund, and after receiving notice from the Director of eligibility to claim against the fund, the responsible party shall respond to the compliance schedule issued by the Director with work plans. The work plans may address three phases of the compliance schedule as determined by the Director:

(1) tasks required to bring the site under control;

(2) tasks required to determine the extent and degree of the release; and

(3) tasks required to remediate the site until the Director is satisfied that remediation has achieved the clean up goals as described in Section R311-211 or until further remediation is not feasible as determined by the Director.

(b) The work plan shall include a budget for the work. The budget shall be in compliance with R311-207-4(e)(1) and (2). The budget shall include proposed costs in an itemized format as described in Section R311-207-4(a).

(c) The consultant must have a Statement of Qualification approved by the Director.

(1) The initial Statement of Qualification submittal shall include information about the qualifications of all certified UST consultants and other persons who will be performing investigation or corrective action activities in accordance with the work plans. The Statement of Qualification shall include at least three letters of reference from entities that have retained the services of the consultant, and shall document that:

(A) the consultant and other key personnel are of good character and reputation regarding such matters as control of costs, quality of work, ability to meet deadlines, and technical competence;

(B) the consultant and other key personnel have completed applicable Occupational Safety and Health Agency-approved safety training and any other applicable safety training, as required by federal and state law; and

(C) the consultant carries the following insurance:

(i) Commercial General Liability Insurance or Comprehensive General Liability Insurance, including coverage for premises and operation, explosion, collapse and underground hazards, products and completed operations, contractual, personal injury and death, and catastrophic, with limits of $1,000,000 minimum per occurrence, $2,000,000 minimum general aggregate, and $2,000,000 minimum products or completed operations aggregate;

(ii) Comprehensive Automobile Liability Insurance, with limits of $1,000,000 minimum and $2,000,000 aggregate; and

(iii) Workers' Compensation and Employers' Liability Insurance, as required by applicable state law.

(2) The Statement of Qualification shall be updated annually in January, and shall be approved by the Director for a period of one year. The update shall include changes in personnel and current documentation of compliance with Subsections R311-207-3(c)(1)(B) and (C).

(d) The work plan shall include information about the claimant's contract with any proposed consultant or other person performing remedial action in accordance with the work plans. That information shall demonstrate that the following requirements have been met, as determined by the Director:

(1) The contract shall be with the consultant, and shall specify the certified UST consultant and other key personnel for which qualifications are submitted under R311-207-3(c);

(2) The contract shall require a 100 percent payment bond through a United States Treasury-listed bonding company, or other equivalent assurance;

(3) The consultant shall have no cause of action against the state for payment;

(4) The contract will specify a subcontracting method consistent with the requirements of R311-207;

(5) The contract shall require, and include documentation that the consultant carries, the insurance specified in R311-207-3(c)(1)(C).

(6) Payment under the contract shall be limited to amounts that are customary, legitimate, and reasonable;

(7) The contract shall include a provision indicating that the State of Utah is not a party to the contract, unless the State of Utah is a responsible party; and

(8) Any other requirements specified by the Director.

(e) The work plan shall include any additional information required by 40 CFR 280.

(f) The Director may waive specific requirements of Section R311-207 if he determines there is good cause for a waiver, and that public health and the environment will be protected. The Director may also consider, in determining whether to grant a waiver, the extent to which the financial soundness of the fund will be affected.

(g) Once the responsible party's share of eligible costs has been spent in accordance with Section 19-6-419, the Director shall review and approve or disapprove work plans and the corrective action plan and all associated budgets. For costs to be covered by the fund, the Director must approve all work plans, corrective action plans, and associated budgets before a responsible party initiates any work, except as allowed by Sections 19-6-420(3)(b) and 19-6-420(6).

(h) A request for time and material reimbursement from the Fund must be received by the Director within one year from the date the included work was performed or reimbursement shall be denied. If there are any deficiencies in the request, the claimant shall have 90 days from the date of notification of the deficiency to correct the deficiency or the amount of the deficient item(s) shall not be reimbursed. If a release was initially denied eligibility and is subsequently found to be eligible, this provision shall apply only to the portion of work conducted following the determination that the release is eligible for reimbursement.

(i) The request for final reimbursement from the fund must be received by the Director within one year from the date of the "No Further Action" letter issued by the Director or reimbursement shall be denied. If a release is re-opened as provided for in the "No Further Action" letter, payments from the fund may be resumed when approved by the Director.

(j) For costs incurred by a consultant hired by a third party pursuant to Subsection 19-6-409(2)(e):

(1) the Director shall approve all work plans and associated budgets before the consultant initiates any work, and

(2) the contract shall comply with Subsections R311-207-3(d)(1), (3), (6), (7), and (8).

R311-207-4. Submission Requirements for Requests for Reimbursement of Claims Against the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund.

(a) In order to receive payment from the fund, a claimant shall submit an invoice to the Director. The invoice from the claimant to the fund shall be on the form or forms provided by the Director. Reimbursement may be on a pay for performance or on a time and material basis as approved in advance by the Director. All costs for time and material reimbursement shall be itemized at a minimum to show the following:

(1) amounts allocated to each approved work plan budget;

(2) employee name, date of work, task or description of work, labor cost and the number of hours spent on each task;

(3) sampling, reporting, and laboratory analysis costs;

(4) equipment rental and materials;

(5) utilities;

(6) other direct costs; and

(7) other items as determined by the Director.

(b) All itemized expenses shall indicate the full name and address of the company or contractor providing materials or performing services.

(c) All expenses for time and material reimbursement shall be documented on a monthly basis, or as otherwise directed by the Director, with a copy of the original bill provided to the Director by the claimant. The claimant shall provide documentation that claimed costs and associated work were reasonable, customary, and legitimate in accordance with Sections R311-207-5 and R311-207-4(e).

(d) For time and material based reimbursement, before receiving payment under Section 19-6-419, the claimant shall provide proof of past payments for services or construction rendered, in a form acceptable to, or as directed by, the Director, unless the Director has agreed to other arrangements. The responsible party shall remain primarily liable, however, for all costs incurred and should obtain lien releases from the company or contractor providing material or performing services.

(e) For time and material based reimbursement, documentation of expenses for construction or other services provided by a subcontractor retained by a consultant or contractor shall include one or more of the following items:

(1) a minimum of three competitive bids by responsive bidders. To be competitive:

(A) Two of the bids must be from bidders who are not related parties. "Related parties" for the purpose of this rule, shall mean organizations or persons related to the consultant by any of the following: marriage; blood; one or more partners in common with the consultant; one or more directors or officers in common with the consultant; more than 10% common ownership direct or indirect with the consultant.

(B) The bid specifications shall contain a clear and accurate description of the technical requirements for the material, product or service and shall not contain features which unduly restrict competition. The bid specifications shall include a statement of the qualitative nature of the material, product or service to be procured, and, when necessary shall set forth those minimum essential characteristics.

(C) For frequently used services such as drilling, competitive bid schedules may be taken by the consultant once each calendar year in January with the results provided to the Director. The prices from the lowest responsible bidder will be used for at least the following 12 months and will remain in effect until re-bid by the consultant and approved by the Director. The Director may reject bid prices that are not customary, reasonable and legitimate. The lowest bid from a responsible bidder will establish the maximum dollar amount the PST Fund will reimburse the claimant for these services, regardless of whether the claimant accepts that bid or another;

(2) sole source justification;

(A) Analytical laboratories may be justified based on service, data quality and cost;

(3) documentation that expenses have been for reasonable, customary, and legitimate purposes; or

(4) other documentation as required or requested by the Director.

(f) In accordance with Section 19-6-420, the Director may not authorize payment from the fund for services provided by consultants, contractors, or subcontractors which are in non-compliance with the requirements of Section R311-207 or any other applicable federal, state, or local law.

(g) Any third party claims brought against the responsible party or any occurrence likely to result in third party claims against the responsible party as a result of the release must be immediately reported to the State Risk Manager and to the Director.

(h) The Director may reimburse claimants based on pay for performance for the investigation, abatement or remediation of eligible PST fund sites. Under a pay for performance cleanup the claimant is reimbursed on a fixed price schedule as measurable contaminant level goals are reached. The claimant's reimbursement under pay for performance for the work anticipated shall be supported by competitive bidding, sole source justification or reasonable, customary and legitimate costs as approved by the Director. Itemization of expenses is not required for payment of a claim unless specifically required in a work plan by the Director.

R311-207-5. Customary, Reasonable and Legitimate Expenses.

(a) Costs claimed by the claimant in accordance with Section 19-6-419(1) must be customary, reasonable, and legitimate, and must be expended for customary, reasonable, and legitimate work, as determined by the Director. The Director may determine the amount of fund monies that will be reimbursed to a claimant for items including, but not limited to, labor, equipment, services, and tasks established according to the provisions of R311-207-7 or such other methods that are applicable to the item or task. As conditions require, costs of the following activities may be considered to be customary, reasonable, and legitimate: performing abatement, investigation, site assessment, monitoring, or corrective action activities; providing alternative drinking water supplies; and settling or otherwise resolving third party damage claims and settlements in accordance with Section 19-6-422.

(b) This rule incorporates by reference the TABLE OF UTAH PETROLEUM STORAGE TANK TRUST FUND TIME AND MATERIAL REIMBURSEMENT STANDARDS dated November 14, 2002. This document contains specific items that will and will not be reimbursed by the Fund.

(c) This rule incorporates by reference the UTAH PETROLEUM STORAGE TANK FUND, MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE RATE LIST FOR EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES as revised November 14, 2002. This document contains specific rates the Fund will reimburse the responsible party or consultant for the included items.

(d) If a claim that does not comply with the requirements of R311-207 is returned by the Director to a claimant or consultant for correction, the claimant or consultant shall not claim for reimbursement the costs expended to correct and re-submit the claim.

(e) The Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund may reimburse a responsible party or other eligible claimant for the use or purchase of the consultant's originally designed and manufactured equipment provided the cost is customary, reasonable, and legitimate as determined by the Director. The rate of reimbursement shall not exceed the consultant's direct labor hours for manufacturing at specified fixed hourly rates in the rate schedule approved by the Director and the materials at cost to the consultant. Material costs shall include adjustments for all available discounts, refunds, rebates and allowances which the consultant reasonably should take under the circumstances, and for credits for proceeds the consultant received or should have received from salvage and material returned to suppliers. In no event shall the price paid by the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund exceed the sales price of comparable equipment available to other customers through the consultant or through another source. The consultant's claimed direct labor hours for manufacturing and costs shall be documented through time sheets, original invoices or other documents acceptable to the Director. No reimbursement shall be made for undocumented labor hours and costs. No reimbursement shall be made for labor hours and costs associated with patenting or marketing.

R311-207-6. Subrogation.

When the State makes a payment from the Petroleum Storage Tank Trust Fund, the State shall have the right to sue or take other action as may be necessary and appropriate to recover the amount of payment from any third party who may be held responsible. The claimant who receives payment from the Fund must execute and deliver all necessary documents and cooperate as necessary to preserve the State's rights and do nothing to prejudice them.

R311-207-7. Consultant Labor Codes, Titles, Duties and Fee Schedules.

(a) This rule incorporates by reference the Consultant Personnel Qualifications and Task Descriptions table, dated May 1998, and consisting of standardized personnel qualification categories and task descriptions to be used for PST Fund-reimbursable activities. Consultants must assign to one of the categories listed in the table, any service time for an individual that is billed to a claimant or directly to the PST Fund and for which reimbursement is claimed, unless the duties of the individual are so unusual that they do not closely approximate any of the listed categories. By submitting a claim for reimbursement for a labor category, the consultant warrants that the person so claimed meets the described education, skills and experience.

(b) A consultant may file with the Director, and amend once a year in January (absent unusual circumstances), the hourly fees at which it bills clients in Utah for the service of its personnel as described in (a). The Director shall calculate new allowable reimbursement rates once a year. Consultant fees, reimbursement rate schedules and amendments must be maintained in confidence by and accessible only to the staff of the Director, as the consultant's expectation of privacy is reasonable and outweighs the merits of public disclosure. The calculated maximum allowable reimbursement rates must be maintained in confidence by and accessible only to the staff of the Director.

(c) When fee schedules, from companies who have performed work reimbursed by the Fund, have been filed in a number sufficient for meaningful statistical analysis, the Director shall compute a range of allowable reimbursement rates for each code listed in (a), the maximum of each range shall be the mean fee for each code plus one standard deviation (rounded up to the nearest whole dollar) unless modified as provided for in R311-207-7(e). The Director shall then notify each filing firm whether its fees exceed the range of allowable reimbursement rates. If they do exceed the allowable range, the firm shall then resubmit a revised fee schedule that is within the allowable range. The amount by which a consultant's fee for a particular code exceeds the allowable reimbursement rate will be presumed unreasonable and will not be reimbursed by the Fund.

(d) The Director may approve a range of reimbursement rates for a particular category when proposed by a consultant. However, the maximum of this range shall not exceed the maximum reimbursement rate as calculated in R311-207-7(c). When a range is proposed, the average of the range will be used for the calculations in R311-207-7(c).

(e) If a consultant's fees exceed the maximum of the range in not more than three categories but are lower in the other categories, the average of the maximum reimbursement rates as calculated in R311-207-7(c) for the categories for which that consultant provides services will be calculated. If the average of the consultant's fees is lower than this average, the Director may approve all of the fees as proposed.

(f) The Director may request a detailed explanation of fee structures when a submitted fee appears to vary significantly from those submitted by other consultants for the same code. The Director reserves the right not to use fees that significantly vary from similar fees submitted by other consultants, fees from consultants who have not submitted claims for reimbursement, fees from consultants who have not submitted proper documentation for claim reimbursement, fees from consultants that do not currently have key personnel holding valid certification as a Certified UST Consultant and other fees not deemed acceptable by the Director.

(g) A consultant not filing its schedule of fees must submit its invoices for services formatted in accordance with R311-207-7(a). Any fees which exceed the average of allowable reimbursement rates will be presumed unreasonable.

(h) A claimant or consultant may overcome the presumption that a fee is unreasonable by presenting clear and concise evidence to the Director that the fees are reasonable and customary. Excessive overhead factors will not meet this test.

(i) The Director may determine the amount of fund monies that will be reimbursed to a claimant for commonly performed tasks. The amount of fund monies that will be reimbursed for a particular task, item or activity may be established by R311-207-7(c), competitive bid, market survey or other applicable method as determined by the Director. Public comment will be taken before proposed reimbursement rates are adopted.

R311-207-8. Third Party Claims Apportionment.

To prioritize payments from the Petroleum Storage Tank Fund as required by Subsection 19-6-419(5)(a), yet promptly authorize the payment of third party claims prior to a determination that corrective action has been properly performed and completed, the Director may utilize budget projections to allocate coverage available for the payment of third party claims. The Director may amend budget projections as frequently as he deems appropriate. Costs among third party claimants shall be apportioned after the responsible party has agreed to the settlement and the state risk manager has approved the settlement. Apportionment and priority shall be based upon the order in which an approved and agreed upon claim is received by the Director.

R311-207-9. Consultants Hired by Third Parties.

(a) A certified UST consultant hired by a third party under Subsection 19-6-409(2)(e) shall:

(1) have an approved PST Trust Fund Statement of Qualification in accordance with Subsection R311-207-3(c), and

(2) have approved PST Trust Fund labor rates in accordance with Section R311-207-7.

(b) To ensure compliance with Subsection 19-6-409(4)(a)(ii), one consultant shall be designated by all known third parties claiming injury or damage from a release. The designation shall be made in writing to the Director.

(c) For the claimant to be eligible to receive payments from the Fund under Subsection 19-6-409(2)(e):

(1) all work plans and budgets shall be pre-approved by the Director in accordance with Subsection R311-207-3(j);

(2) the consultant shall comply with Sections R311-207-4 and R311-207-5; and

(3) requests for reimbursement from the Fund shall be made in accordance with Subsections R311-207-3(h) and (i).


financial responsibility, petroleum, underground storage tanks

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

October 17, 2011

Notice of Continuation

March 27, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

19-6-105; 19-6-403; 19-6-409; 19-6-419

Additional Information


For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R311, please contact the promulgating agency (Environmental Quality, Environmental Response and Remediation). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.