Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Office of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2017, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R315. Environmental Quality, Waste Management and Radiation Control, Waste Management.

Rule R315-260. Hazardous Waste Management System.

As in effect on October 1, 2017

Table of Contents

R315-260-1. Purpose, scope, and applicability.

(a) Rule R315-260 provides definitions of terms, general standards, and overview information applicable to Rules R315-260 through 265 and 268.

R315-260-2. Availability of Information and Confidentiality of Information.

(a) Any information provided to The Director under Rules R315-15 and 101; Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270 and 273 will be made available to the public to the extent and in the manner authorized by Sections 63G-2-101 through 901.

(b) Except as provided under Subsection R315-260-2(c), any person who submits information to the Director in accordance with Rules R315-15 and 101; Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270 and 273 may assert a claim of business confidentiality covering part or all of that information by following the procedures set forth in Section 63G-2-309. Information covered by such a claim shall be disclosed by the Director only to the extent, and by means of the procedures, set forth Sections 63G-2-101 through 901 except that information required by Subsection R315-262-53(a) and Subsection R315-262-83 that is submitted to EPA in a notification of intent to export a hazardous waste shall be provided to the U.S. Department of State and the appropriate authorities in the transit and receiving or importing countries regardless of any claims of confidentiality. However, if no claim under Sections 63G-2-101 through 804 accompanies the information when it is received by the Director, it may be made available to the public without further notice to the person submitting it.

(c)(1) After August 6, 2014, no claim of business confidentiality may be asserted by any person with respect to information entered on a Hazardous Waste Manifest, EPA Form 8700-22, a Hazardous Waste Manifest Continuation Sheet, EPA Form 8700-22A, or an electronic manifest format that may be prepared and used in accordance with Subsection R315-262-20(a)(3).

(2) EPA shall make any electronic manifest that is prepared and used in accordance with Subsection R315-262-20(a)(3), or any paper manifest that is submitted to the system under Subsection R315-264-71(a)(6) or Subsection 40 CFR 265.71(a)(6), which is adopted by reference, available to the public under Section R315-260-2 when the electronic or paper manifest is a complete and final document. Electronic manifests and paper manifests submitted to the system are considered by EPA to be complete and final documents and publicly available information after 90 days have passed since the delivery to the designated facility of the hazardous waste shipment identified in the manifest.

R315-260-4. References to Other Statutes and Regulations.

(a) Federal statutes and regulations that are cited in Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273 and 124 that are not specifically adopted by reference shall be used as guidance in interpreting the Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273 and 124.

(b) Any reference to the "Department of Transportation" or "DOT" in Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273 and 124 shall mean the "U.S. Department of Transportation".

R315-260-5. Inspections.

Any duly authorized officer, employee or representative of the Department or the Director may, in accordance with Section 19-6-109, enter upon and inspect any property, premise, or place on or at which solid or hazardous wastes are generated, transported, stored, treated or disposed of for the purpose of ascertaining the compliance with Rules R315-15, R315-101, R315-124, R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, and R315-273. Inspectors may also inspect any waste and obtain samples thereof, including samples from any vehicle in which wastes are being transported or samples of any containers or labels. Inspectors may also have access to and the right to make copies of any records, either in hard copy or electronic format, relating to compliance with Rules R315-15, R315-101, R315-124, R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, and R315-273. Inspectors may also take photographs and make video and audio recordings while conducting authorized activities.

R315-260-10. Definitions.

(a) Terms used in Rules R315-15, R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, R315-273, and Rule R315-101 are defined in Sections 19-1-103 and 19-6-102.

(b) Terms used in Rule R315-15 are also defined in Sections 19-6-703 and 19-6-706(b).

(c) Additional terms used in Rules R315-260 through 266, R315-268, R315-270, R315-273, and Rule R315-101 are defined as follows:

(1) "Above ground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 and that is situated in such a way that the entire surface area of the tank is completely above the plane of the adjacent surrounding surface and the entire surface area of the tank, including the tank bottom, is able to be visually inspected.

(2) "Acute hazardous waste" means hazardous wastes that meet the listing criteria in Subsection R315-261-11(a)(2) and therefore are either listed in Section R315-261-31 with the assigned hazard code of (H) or are listed in Subsection R315-261-33(e).

(3) "Active life" of a facility means the period from the initial receipt of hazardous waste at the facility until the Director receives certification of final closure.

(4) "Active portion" means that portion of a facility where treatment, storage, or disposal operations are being or have been conducted after November 19, 1980 and which is not a closed portion. See also "closed portion" and "inactive portion."

(5) "Approved hazardous waste management facility" or "approved facility" means a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility which has received an EPA permit in accordance with federal requirements, has been approved under Section 19-6-108 and Rule R315-270, or has been permitted or approved under any other EPA authorized hazardous waste state program.

(6) "Ancillary equipment" means any device including, but not limited to, such devices as piping, fittings, flanges, valves, and pumps, that is used to distribute, meter, or control the flow of hazardous waste from its point of generation to a storage or treatment tank(s), between hazardous waste storage and treatment tanks to a point of disposal onsite, or to a point of shipment for disposal off-site.

(7) "Aquifer" means a geologic formation, group of formations, or part of a formation capable of yielding a significant amount of ground water to wells or springs.

(8) "Authorized representative" means the person responsible for the overall operation of a facility or an operational unit, i.e., part of a facility, e.g., the plant manager, superintendent or person of equivalent responsibility.

(9) "Battery" means a device consisting of one or more electrically connected electrochemical cells which is designed to receive, store, and deliver electric energy. An electrochemical cell is a system consisting of an anode, cathode, and an electrolyte, plus such connections, electrical and mechanical, as may be needed to allow the cell to deliver or receive electrical energy. The term battery also includes an intact, unbroken battery from which the electrolyte has been removed.

(10) "Boiler" means an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion and having the following characteristics:

(i)(A) The unit shall have physical provisions for recovering and exporting thermal energy in the form of steam, heated fluids, or heated gases; and

(B) The unit's combustion chamber and primary energy recovery sections(s) shall be of integral design. To be of integral design, the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section(s), such as waterwalls and superheaters, shall be physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit. A unit in which the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section(s) are joined only by ducts or connections carrying flue gas is not integrally designed; however, secondary energy recovery equipment, such as economizers or air preheaters, need not be physically formed into the same unit as the combustion chamber and the primary energy recovery section. The following units are not precluded from being boilers solely because they are not of integral design: process heaters, units that transfer energy directly to a process stream, and fluidized bed combustion units; and

(C) While in operation, the unit shall maintain a thermal energy recovery efficiency of at least 60 percent, calculated in terms of the recovered energy compared with the thermal value of the fuel; and

(D) The unit shall export and utilize at least 75 percent of the recovered energy, calculated on an annual basis. In this calculation, no credit shall be given for recovered heat used internally in the same unit. Examples of internal use are the preheating of fuel or combustion air, and the driving of induced or forced draft fans or feedwater pumps; or

(ii) The unit is one which the Board has determined, on a case-by-case basis, to be a boiler, after considering the standards in Section R315-260-32

(11) "Carbon dioxide stream" means carbon dioxide that has been captured from an emission source, e.g., power plant, plus incidental associated substances derived from the source materials and the capture process, and any substances added to the stream to enable or improve the injection process.

(12) "Carbon regeneration unit" means any enclosed thermal treatment device used to regenerate spent activated carbon.

(13) "Cathode ray tube" or "CRT" means a vacuum tube, composed primarily of glass, which is the visual or video display component of an electronic device. A used, intact CRT means a CRT whose vacuum has not been released. A used, broken CRT means glass removed from its housing or casing whose vacuum has been released.

(14) "Central accumulation area" means any on-site hazardous waste accumulation area with hazardous waste accumulating in units subject to either Section R315-262-16, for small quantity generators, or Section R315-262-17, for large quantity generators. A central accumulation area at an eligible academic entity that chooses to operate under Sections R315-262-200 through 216 is also subject to Section R315-262-211 when accumulating unwanted material or hazardous waste, or both.

(15) "Certification" means a statement of professional opinion based upon knowledge and belief.

(16) "Closed portion" means that portion of a facility which an owner or operator has closed in accordance with the approved facility closure plan and all applicable closure requirements. See also "active portion" and "inactive portion".

(17) "Component" means either the tank or ancillary equipment of a tank system.

(18) "Confined aquifer" means an aquifer bounded above and below by impermeable beds or by beds of distinctly lower permeability than that of the aquifer itself; an aquifer containing confined ground water.

(19) "Contained" means held in a unit, including a land-based unit as defined in R315-260-10, that meets the following criteria:

(i) The unit is in good condition, with no leaks or other continuing or intermittent unpermitted releases of the hazardous secondary materials to the environment, and is designed, as appropriate for the hazardous secondary materials, to prevent releases of hazardous secondary materials to the environment. Unpermitted releases are releases that are not covered by a permit, such as a permit to discharge to water or air, and may include, but are not limited to, releases through surface transport by precipitation runoff, releases to soil and groundwater, wind-blown dust, fugitive air emissions, and catastrophic unit failures;

(ii) The unit is properly labeled or otherwise has a system, such as a log, to immediately identify the hazardous secondary materials in the unit; and

(iii) The unit holds hazardous secondary materials that are compatible with other hazardous secondary materials placed in the unit and is compatible with the materials used to construct the unit and addresses any potential risks of fires or explosions.

(iv) Hazardous secondary materials in units that meet the applicable requirements of Rules R315-264 or 265 are presumptively contained.

(20) "Container" means any portable device in which a material is stored, transported, treated, disposed of, or otherwise handled.

(21) "Containment building" means a hazardous waste management unit that is used to store or treat hazardous waste under the provisions of Subsections R315-264-1100 through 1102 or 40 CFR 265.1100 through 1102, which are adopted and incorporated by reference.

(22) "Contingency plan" means a document setting out an organized, planned, and coordinated course of action to be followed in case of a fire, explosion, or release of hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents which could threaten human health or the environment.

(23) "Corrosion expert" means a person who, by reason of his knowledge of the physical sciences and the principles of engineering and mathematics, acquired by a professional education and related practical experience, is qualified to engage in the practice of corrosion control on buried or submerged metal piping systems and metal tanks. Such a person shall be certified as being qualified by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) or be a registered professional engineer who has certification or licensing that includes education and experience in corrosion control on buried or submerged metal piping systems and metal tanks.

(24) "CRT collector" means a person who receives used, intact CRTs for recycling, repair, resale, or donation.

(25) "CRT glass manufacturer" means an operation or part of an operation that uses a furnace to manufacture CRT glass.

(26) "CRT processing" means conducting all of the following activities:

(i) Receiving broken or intact CRTs; and

(ii) Intentionally breaking intact CRTs or further breaking or separating broken CRTs; and

(iii) Sorting or otherwise managing glass removed from CRT monitors.

(27) "Designated facility" means:

(i) A hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility which:

(A) Has received a permit, or interim status, in accordance with the requirements of Rule R315-270 and 124;

(B) Has received a permit, or interim status, from a State authorized in accordance with 40 CFR 271; or

(C) Is regulated under Subsection R315-261-6(c)(2) or Section R315-266-70; and

(D) That has been designated on the manifest by the generator pursuant to Section R315-262-20.

(ii) "Designated facility" also means a generator site designated on the manifest to receive its waste as a return shipment from a facility that has rejected the waste in accordance with Subsections R315-264-72(f) or 40 CFR 265.72(f), which is adopted and incorporated by reference.

(iii) If a waste is destined to a facility in an authorized State which has not yet obtained authorization to regulate that particular waste as hazardous, then the designated facility shall be a facility allowed by the receiving State to accept such waste.

(28) "Destination facility" means a facility that treats, disposes of, or recycles a particular category of universal waste, except those management activities described in Subsection R315-273-13(a) and (c) and Section R315-273-33. A facility at which a particular category of universal waste is only accumulated, is not a destination facility for purposes of managing that category of universal waste.

(29) "Dike" means an embankment or ridge of either natural or man-made materials used to prevent the movement of liquids, sludges, solids, or other materials.

(30) "Dioxins and furans (D/F)" means tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, and octa-chlorinated dibenzo dioxins and furans.

(31) "Discharge" or "hazardous waste discharge" means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of hazardous waste into or on any land or water.

(32) "Disposal facility" means a facility or part of a facility at which hazardous waste is intentionally placed into or on any land or water, and at which waste will remain after closure. The term disposal facility does not include a corrective action management unit into which remediation wastes are placed.

(33) "Division" means the Division of Waste Management and Radiation Control.

(34) "Drip pad" is an engineered structure consisting of a curbed, free-draining base, constructed of non-earthen materials and designed to convey preservative kick-back or drippage from treated wood, precipitation, and surface water run-on to an associated collection system at wood preserving plants.

(35) "Elementary neutralization unit" means a device which:

(i) Is used for neutralizing wastes that are hazardous only because they exhibit the corrosivity characteristic defined in Section R315-261-22, or they are listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35 only for this reason; and

(ii) Meets the definition of tank, tank system, container, transport vehicle, or vessel in Sections R315-260-10.

(36) "Electronic manifest, or e-Manifest" means the electronic format of the hazardous waste manifest that is obtained from EPA's national e-Manifest system and transmitted electronically to the system, and that is the legal equivalent of EPA Forms 8700-22, Manifest, and 8700-22A, Continuation Sheet.

(37) "Electronic Manifest System, or e-Manifest System" means EPA's national information technology system through which the electronic manifest may be obtained, completed, transmitted, and distributed to users of the electronic manifest and to regulatory agencies.

(38) "EPA hazardous waste number" means the number assigned by EPA to each hazardous waste listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35 and to each characteristic identified in Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(39) "EPA identification number" means the number assigned by EPA to each generator, transporter, and treatment, storage, or disposal facility.

(40) "EPA region" means the states and territories found in any one of the following ten regions:

(i) Region I-Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.

(ii) Region II-New York, New Jersey, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

(iii) Region III-Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and the District of Columbia.

(iv) Region IV-Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida.

(v) Region V-Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana and Ohio.

(vi) Region VI-New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.

(vii) Region VII-Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa.

(viii) Region VIII-Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Colorado.

(ix) Region IX-California, Nevada, Arizona, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

(x) Region X-Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Alaska.

(41) "Equivalent method" means any testing or analytical method approved by the Director under Sections R315-260-20 and 21.

(42) "Existing hazardous waste management (HWM) facility" or "existing facility" means a facility which was in operation or for which construction commenced on or before November 19, 1980. A facility has commenced construction if:

(i) The owner or operator has obtained the Federal, State and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction; and either

(ii)(A) A continuous on-site, physical construction program has begun; or

(B) The owner or operator has entered into contractual obligations-which cannot be cancelled or modified without substantial loss-for physical construction of the facility to be completed within a reasonable time.

(43) "Existing portion" means that land surface area of an existing waste management unit, included in the original Part A permit application, on which wastes have been placed prior to the issuance of a permit.

(44) "Existing tank system" or "existing component" means a tank system or component that is used for the storage or treatment of hazardous waste and that is in operation, or for which installation has commenced on or prior to July 14, 1986, or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315. A non-HSWA existing tank system or non-HSWA tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1. Installation shall be considered to have commenced if the owner or operator has obtained all Federal, State, and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction of the site or installation of the tank system and if either:

(i) a continuous on-site physical construction or installation program has begun; or

(ii) the owner or operator has entered into contractual obligations, which cannot be canceled or modified without substantial loss, for physical construction of the site or installation of the tank system to be completed within a reasonable time.

(45) "Facility" means:

(i) All contiguous land, and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land, used for treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous waste, or for managing hazardous secondary materials prior to reclamation. A facility may consist of several treatment, storage, or disposal operational units, e.g., one or more landfills, surface impoundments, or combinations of them.

(ii) For the purpose of implementing corrective action under Section R315-264-101, all contiguous property under the control of the owner or operator seeking a permit under Section 19-6-108. This definition also applies to facilities implementing corrective action under Section R315-263-31 and Rule R315-101.

(iii) Notwithstanding Subsection R315-1-10(43)(ii), a remediation waste management site is not a facility that is subject to Section R315-264-101, but is subject to corrective action requirements if the site is located within such a facility.

(46) "Federal agency" means any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the Federal Government, any independent agency or establishment of the Federal Government including any Government corporation, and the Government Printing Office.

(47) "Federal, State and local approvals or permits necessary to begin physical construction" means permits and approvals required under Federal, State or local hazardous waste control statutes, regulations or ordinances.

(48) "Final closure" means the closure of all hazardous waste management units at the facility in accordance with all applicable closure requirements so that hazardous waste management activities under Rules R315-264 and 265 are no longer conducted at the facility unless subject to the provisions in Section R315-262-34.

(49) "Food-chain crops" means tobacco, crops grown for human consumption, and crops grown for feed for animals whose products are consumed by humans.

(50) "Free liquids" means liquids which readily separate from the solid portion of a waste under ambient temperature and pressure.

(51) "Freeboard" means the vertical distance between the top of a tank or surface impoundment dike, and the surface of the waste contained therein.

(52) "Generator" means any person, by site, whose act or process produces hazardous waste identified or listed in Rule R315-261 or whose act first causes a hazardous waste to become subject to regulation.

(53) "Ground water" means water below the land surface in a zone of saturation.

(54) "Hazard class" means:

(i) The DOT hazard class identified in 49 CFR 172; and

(ii) If the DOT hazard class is "OTHER REGULATED MATERIAL," ORM, the EPA hazardous waste characteristic exhibited by the waste and identified in Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(55) "Hazardous secondary material" means a secondary material, e.g., spent material, by-product, or sludge, that, when discarded, would be identified as hazardous waste under Rule R315-261.

(56) "Hazardous secondary material generator" means any person whose act or process produces hazardous secondary materials at the generating facility. For purposes of Subsection R315-260-10(c)(58), "generating facility" means all contiguous property owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by the hazardous secondary material generator. For the purposes of Subsections R315-261-2(a)(2)(ii) and R315-261-4(a)(23), a facility that collects hazardous secondary materials from other persons is not the hazardous secondary material generator.

(57) "Hazardous waste constituent" means a constituent that caused the Board to list the hazardous waste in Sections R315-261-30 through 35, or a constituent listed in table 1 of Section R315-261-24.

(58) "Hazardous waste management unit" is a contiguous area of land on or in which hazardous waste is placed, or the largest area in which there is significant likelihood of mixing hazardous waste constituents in the same area. Examples of hazardous waste management units include a surface impoundment, a waste pile, a land treatment area, a landfill cell, an incinerator, a tank and its associated piping and underlying containment system and a container storage area. A container alone does not constitute a unit; the unit includes containers and the land or pad upon which they are placed.

(59) "In operation" refers to a facility which is treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous waste.

(60) "Inactive portion" means that portion of a facility which is not operated after November 19, 1980. See also "active portion" and "closed portion".

(61) "Incinerator" means any enclosed device that:

(i) Uses controlled flame combustion and neither meets the criteria for classification as a boiler, sludge dryer, or carbon regeneration unit, nor is listed as an industrial furnace; or

(ii) Meets the definition of infrared incinerator or plasma arc incinerator.

(62) "Incompatible waste" means a hazardous waste which is unsuitable for:

(i) Placement in a particular device or facility because it may cause corrosion or decay of containment materials, e.g., container inner liners or tank walls; or

(ii) Commingling with another waste or material under uncontrolled conditions because the commingling might produce heat or pressure, fire or explosion, violent reaction, toxic dusts, mists, fumes, or gases, or flammable fumes or gases.

(63) "Individual generation site" means the contiguous site at or on which one or more hazardous wastes are generated. An individual generation site, such as a large manufacturing plant, may have one or more sources of hazardous waste but is considered a single or individual generation site if the site or property is contiguous.

(64) "Industrial furnace" means any of the following enclosed devices that are integral components of manufacturing processes and that use thermal treatment to accomplish recovery of materials or energy:

(i) Cement kilns;

(ii) Lime kilns;

(iii) Aggregate kilns;

(iv) Phosphate kilns;

(v) Coke ovens;

(vi) Blast furnaces;

(vii) Smelting, melting and refining furnaces, including pyrometallurgical devices such as cupolas, reverberator furnaces, sintering machine, roasters, and foundry furnaces;

(viii) Titanium dioxide chloride process oxidation reactors;

(ix) Methane reforming furnaces;

(x) Pulping liquor recovery furnaces;

(xi) Combustion devices used in the recovery of sulfur values from spent sulfuric acid;

(xii) Halogen acid furnaces (HAFs) for the production of acid from halogenated hazardous waste generated by chemical production facilities where the furnace is located on the site of a chemical production facility, the acid product has a halogen acid content of at least 3%, the acid product is used in a manufacturing process, and, except for hazardous waste burned as fuel, hazardous waste fed to the furnace has a minimum halogen content of 20% as-generated.

(xiii) Such other devices as the Board may, after notice and comment, add to this list on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

(A) The design and use of the device primarily to accomplish recovery of material products;

(B) The use of the device to burn or reduce raw materials to make a material product;

(C) The use of the device to burn or reduce secondary materials as effective substitutes for raw materials, in processes using raw materials as principal feedstocks;

(D) The use of the device to burn or reduce secondary materials as ingredients in an industrial process to make a material product;

(E) The use of the device in common industrial practice to produce a material product; and

(F) Other factors, as appropriate.

(65) "Infrared incinerator" means any enclosed device that uses electric powered resistance heaters as a source of radiant heat followed by an afterburner using controlled flame combustion and which is not listed as an industrial furnace.

(66) "Inground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 whereby a portion of the tank wall is situated to any degree within the ground, thereby preventing visual inspection of that external surface area of the tank that is in the ground.

(67) "Injection well" means a well into which fluids are injected. See also "underground injection".

(68) "Inner liner" means a continuous layer of material placed inside a tank or container which protects the construction materials of the tank or container from the contained waste or reagents used to treat the waste.

(69) "Installation inspector" means a person who, by reason of his knowledge of the physical sciences and the principles of engineering, acquired by a professional education and related practical experience, is qualified to supervise the installation of tank systems.

(70) "Intermediate facility" means any facility that stores hazardous secondary materials for more than 10 days, other than a hazardous secondary material generator or reclaimer of such material.

(71) "International shipment" means the transportation of hazardous waste into or out of the jurisdiction of the United States.

(72) "Lamp," also referred to as "universal waste lamp", is defined as the bulb or tube portion of an electric lighting device. A lamp is specifically designed to produce radiant energy, most often in the ultraviolet, visible, and infra-red regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Examples of common universal waste electric lamps include, but are not limited to, fluorescent, high intensity discharge, neon, mercury vapor, high pressure sodium, and metal halide lamps.

(73) "Land-based unit" means an area where hazardous secondary materials are placed in or on the land before recycling. This definition does not include land-based production units.

(74) "Landfill" means a disposal facility or part of a facility where hazardous waste is placed in or on land and which is not a pile, a land treatment facility, a surface impoundment, an underground injection well, a salt dome formation, a salt bed formation, an underground mine, a cave, or a corrective action management unit.

(75) "Landfill cell" means a discrete volume of a hazardous waste landfill which uses a liner to provide isolation of wastes from adjacent cells or wastes. Examples of landfill cells are trenches and pits.

(76) "Land treatment facility" means a facility or part of a facility at which hazardous waste is applied onto or incorporated into the soil surface; such facilities are disposal facilities if the waste will remain after closure.

(77) "Large quantity generator" is a generator who generates any of the following amounts in a calendar month:

(i) Greater than or equal to 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lbs) of non-acute hazardous waste; or

(ii) Greater than 1 kilogram (2.2 lbs) of acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e); or

(iii) Greater than 100 kilograms (220 lbs) of any residue or contaminated soil, water, or other debris resulting from the cleanup of a spill, into or on any land or water, of any acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e).

(78) "Leachate" means any liquid, including any suspended components in the liquid, that has percolated through or drained from hazardous waste.

(79) "Leak-detection system" means a system capable of detecting the failure of either the primary or secondary containment structure or the presence of a release of hazardous waste or accumulated liquid in the secondary containment structure. Such a system shall employ operational controls, e.g., daily visual inspections for releases into the secondary containment system of aboveground tanks, or consist of an interstitial monitoring device designed to detect continuously and automatically the failure of the primary or secondary containment structure or the presence of a release of hazardous waste into the secondary containment structure.

(80) "Liner" means a continuous layer of natural or man-made materials, beneath or on the sides of a surface impoundment, landfill, or landfill cell, which restricts the downward or lateral escape of hazardous waste, hazardous waste constituents, or leachate.

(81) "Management" or "hazardous waste management" means the systematic control of the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, processing, treatment, recovery, and disposal of hazardous waste.

(82) "Manifest" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(14) and is further defined as: the shipping document EPA Form 8700-22, including, if necessary, EPA Form 8700-22A, or the electronic manifest, originated and signed in accordance with the applicable requirements of Rules R315-262 through 265.

(83) "Manifest tracking number" means: The alphanumeric identification number, i.e., a unique three letter suffix preceded by nine numerical digits, which is pre-printed in Item 4 of the Manifest by a registered source.

(84) "Mercury-containing equipment" means a device or part of a device, including thermostats, but excluding batteries and lamps, that contains elemental mercury integral to its function.

(85) "Mining overburden returned to the mine site" means any material overlying an economic mineral deposit which is removed to gain access to that deposit and is then used for reclamation of a surface mine.

(86) "Miscellaneous unit" means a hazardous waste management unit where hazardous waste is treated, stored, or disposed of and that is not a container, tank, surface impoundment, pile, land treatment unit, landfill, incinerator, boiler, industrial furnace, underground injection well with appropriate technical standards under 40 CFR 146, containment building, corrective action management unit, unit eligible for a research, development, and demonstration permit under Section R315-270-65, or staging pile.

(87) "Monitoring" means all procedures used to systematically inspect and collect data on operational parameters of the facility or on the quality of the air, ground water, surface water, or soils.

(88) "Movement" means that hazardous waste transported to a facility in an individual vehicle.

(89) "New hazardous waste management facility" or "new facility" means a facility which began operation, or for which construction commenced after November 19, 1980. See also "Existing hazardous waste management facility".

(90) "New tank system" or "new tank component" means a tank system or component that will be used for the storage or treatment of hazardous waste and for which installation has commenced after July 14, 1986; except, however, for purposes of Subsections R315-264-193(g)(2) and 40 CFR 265.193(g)(2), which is adopted and incorporated by reference, a new tank system is one for which construction commences after July 14, 1986, or December 16, 1988 for purposes of implementing the non-HSWA requirements of the tank regulations as promulgated by EPA on July 14, 1986, 51 FR 25470, as they have been incorporated into the corresponding rules of R315; except, however, for purposes of 40 CFR 265-193(g)(2), which is adopted and incorporated by reference, and Subsection R315-264-193(g)(2), a new tank system is one which construction commences after July 14, 1986. A non-HSWA new tank system or non-HSWA new tank component is one which does not implement any of the requirements of the federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) as identified in Table 1 of 40 CFR 271.1. See also "existing tank system."

(91) "No free liquids, as used in Subsections R315-261-4(a)(26) and R315-261-4(b)(18)", means that solvent-contaminated wipes may not contain free liquids as determined by Method 9095B, Paint Filter Liquids Test, included in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods," EPA Publication SW-846, and that there is no free liquid in the container holding the wipes. No free liquids may also be determined using another standard or test method as defined by the Director.

(92) "Non-acute hazardous waste" means all hazardous wastes that are not acute hazardous waste, as defined in Section R315-260-10.

(93) "On ground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 and that is situated in such a way that the bottom of the tank is on the same level as the adjacent surrounding surface so that the external tank bottom cannot be visually inspected.

(94) "On-site" means the same or geographically contiguous property which may be divided by public or private right-of-way, provided the entrance and exit between the properties is at a cross-roads intersection, and access is by crossing as opposed to going along, the right-of-way. Non-contiguous properties owned by the same person but connected by a right-of-way which he controls and to which the public does not have access, is also considered on-site property.

(95) "Open burning" means the combustion of any material without the following characteristics:

(i) Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion,

(ii) Containment of the combustion-reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion, and

(iii) Control of emission of the gaseous combustion products. See also "incineration" and "thermal treatment".

(96) "Operator" means the person responsible for the overall operation of a facility.

(97) "Owner" means the person who owns a facility or part of a facility.

(98) "Partial closure" means the closure of a hazardous waste management unit in accordance with the applicable closure requirements of Rules R315-264 and 265 at a facility that contains other active hazardous waste management units. For example, partial closure may include the closure of a tank, including its associated piping and underlying containment systems, landfill cell, surface impoundment, waste pile, or other hazardous waste management unit, while other units of the same facility continue to operate.

(99) "Polychlorinated biphenyl, PCB" and "PCBs" means any chemical substance that is limited to the biphenyl molecule that has been chlorinated to varying degrees or any combination of substances which contains such substance. PCB and PCBs as contained in PCB items are defined in Section R315-260-10. For any purposes under Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273, R315-15, and R315-5-101, inadvertently generated non-Aroclor PCBs are defined as the total PCBs calculated following division of the quantity of monochlorinated biphenyls by 50 and dichlorinated biphenyls by 5.

(100) "PCB Item" means any PCB Article, PCB Article Container, PCB Container, PCB Equipment, or anything that deliberately or unintentionally contains or has as a part of it any PCB or PCBs.

(101) "Permit" means the plan approval as required by subsection 19-6-108(3)(a), or equivalent control document issued by the Director to implement the requirements of the Utah Solid and Hazardous Waste Act;

(102) "Permittee" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(18) and includes any person who has received an approval of a hazardous waste operation plan under Section 19-6-108 and Rule R315-262 or a Federal RCRA permit for a treatment, storage, or disposal facility.

(103) "Person" means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, Federal Agency, corporation, including a government corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a State, or any interstate body.

(104) "Personnel" or "facility personnel" means all persons who work at, or oversee the operations of, a hazardous waste facility, and whose actions or failure to act may result in noncompliance with the requirements of Rules R315-264 or 265.

(105) "Pesticide" means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest, or intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant, other than any article that:

(i) Is a new animal drug under FFDCA section 201(w), or

(ii) Is an animal drug that has been determined by regulation of the Secretary of Health and Human Services not to be a new animal drug, or

(iii) Is an animal feed under FFDCA section 201(x) that bears or contains any substances described by Subsection R315-260-10(c)(105)(i) or (ii).

(106) "Pile" means any non-containerized accumulation of solid, nonflowing hazardous waste that is used for treatment or storage and that is not a containment building.

(107) "Plasma arc incinerator" means any enclosed device using a high intensity electrical discharge or arc as a source of heat followed by an afterburner using controlled flame combustion and which is not listed as an industrial furnace.

(108) "POHC's" means principle organic hazardous constituents.

(109) "Point source" means any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyance, including, but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged. This term does not include return flows from irrigated agriculture.

(110) "Precipitation run-off" means water generated from naturally occurring storm events. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste defined in Sections R315-261-20 through 24, it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" if the water does not exhibit any of the characteristics identified in Section R315-261-20 through 24. If the precipitation run-off has been in contact with a waste listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35, then it qualifies as "precipitation run-off" when the water has been excluded under Section R315-260-22. Water containing any leachate does not qualify as "precipitation run-off".

(111) "Publicly owned treatment works" or "POTW" means any device or system used in the treatment, including recycling and reclamation, of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature which is owned by the State or a political subdivision within the State. This definition includes sewers, pipes, or other conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW providing treatment.

(112) "Qualified Ground-Water Scientist" means a scientist or engineer who has received a baccalaureate or post-graduate degree in the natural sciences or engineering, and has sufficient training and experience in ground-water hydrology and related fields as may be demonstrated by state registration, professional certifications, or completion of accredited university courses that enable that individual to make sound professional judgements regarding ground-water monitoring and contaminant fate and transport.

(113) "RCRA" means the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, 42 U.S.C. section 6901 et seq.

(114) "Remanufacturing" means processing a higher-value hazardous secondary material in order to manufacture a product that serves a similar functional purpose as the original commercial-grade material. For the purpose of this definition, a hazardous secondary material is considered higher-value if it was generated from the use of a commercial-grade material in a manufacturing process and can be remanufactured into a similar commercial-grade material.

(115) "Remediation waste" means all solid and hazardous wastes, and all media, including ground water, surface water, soils, and sediments, and debris, that are managed for implementing cleanup.

(116) "Remediation waste management site" means a facility where an owner or operator is or will be treating, storing or disposing of hazardous remediation wastes. A remediation waste management site is not a facility that is subject to corrective action under Section R315-264-101, but is subject to corrective action requirements if the site is located in such a facility.

(117)(i) "Replacement unit" means a landfill, surface impoundment, or waste pile unit:

(A) from which all or substantially all of the waste is removed; and

(B) that is subsequently reused to treat, store, or dispose of hazardous waste.

(ii) "Replacement unit" does not apply to a unit from which waste is removed during closure, if the subsequent reuse solely involves the disposal of waste from that unit and other closing units or corrective action areas at the facility, in accordance with a closure plan approved by the Director or a corrective action approved by the Director.

(118) "Representative sample" means a sample of a universe or whole, e.g., waste pile, lagoon, ground water, which can be expected to exhibit the average properties of the universe or whole.

(119) "Run-off" means any rainwater, leachate, or other liquid that drains over land from any part of a facility.

(120) "Run-on" means any rainwater, leachate, or other liquid that drains over land onto any part of a facility.

(121) "Saturated zone" or "zone of saturation" means that part of the earth's crust in which all voids are filled with water.

(122) "Sludge" means any solid, semi-solid, or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility exclusive of the treated effluent from a wastewater treatment plant.

(123) "Sludge dryer" means any enclosed thermal treatment device that is used to dehydrate sludge and that has a maximum total thermal input, excluding the heating value of the sludge itself, of 2,500 Btu/lb of sludge treated on a wet-weight basis.

(124) "Small Quantity Generator" is a generator who generates the following amounts in a calendar month:

(i) Greater than 100 kilograms (220 lbs) but less than 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lbs) of non-acute hazardous waste; and

(ii) Less than or equal to 1 kilogram (2.2 lbs) of acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e); and

(iii) Less than or equal to 100 kilograms (220 lbs) of any residue or contaminated soil, water, or other debris resulting from the cleanup of a spill, into or on any land or water, of any acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e).

(125) "Solid Waste Management Unit" means any discernible unit at which solid wastes have been placed at any time, irrespective of whether the unit was intended for the management of solid or hazardous waste. Such units include any area at a facility at which solid wastes have been routinely and systematically released.

(126) "Solvent-contaminated wipe" means:

(i) A wipe that, after use or after cleaning up a spill, either:

(A) Contains one or more of the F001 through F005 solvents listed in Section R315-261-31 or the corresponding P- or U- listed solvents found in Section R315-261-33;

(B) Exhibits a hazardous characteristic found in Sections R315-261-20 through 24 when that characteristic results from a solvent listed in Rule R315-261; and/or

(C) Exhibits only the hazardous waste characteristic of ignitability found in Section R315-261-21 due to the presence of one or more solvents that are not listed in Rule R315-261.

(ii) Solvent-contaminated wipes that contain listed hazardous waste other than solvents, or exhibit the characteristic of toxicity, corrosivity, or reactivity due to contaminants other than solvents, are not eligible for the exclusions at Subsections R315-261-4(a)(26) and R315-261-4(b)(18).

(127) "Sorbent" means a material that is used to soak up free liquids by either adsorption or absorption, or both.

(128) "Sorb" means to either adsorb or absorb, or both.

(129) A "spent material" is any material that has been used and as a result of contamination can no longer serve the purpose for which it was produced without processing.

(130) "Spill" means the accidental discharging, spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, releasing, or dumping of hazardous wastes or materials which, when spilled, become hazardous wastes, into or on any land or water.

(131) "Staging pile" means an accumulation of solid, non-flowing remediation waste, as defined in Section R315-260-10, that is not a containment building and that is used only during remedial operations for temporary storage at a facility. Staging piles shall be designated by the Director according to the requirements of Section R315-264-554.

(132) "State" means the state of Utah.

(133) "Storage" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(20) and includes the holding of hazardous waste for a temporary period, at the end of which the hazardous waste is treated, disposed of, or stored elsewhere.

(134) "Sump" means any pit or reservoir that meets the definition of tank and those troughs/trenches connected to it that serve to collect hazardous waste for transport to hazardous waste storage, treatment, or disposal facilities; except that as used in the landfill, surface impoundment, and waste pile rules, "sump" means any lined pit or reservoir that serves to collect liquids drained from a leachate collection and removal system or leak detection system for subsequent removal from the system.

(135) "Surface impoundment" or "impoundment" means a facility or part of a facility which is a natural topographic depression, man-made excavation, or diked area formed primarily of earthen materials, although it may be lined with man-made materials, which is designed to hold an accumulation of liquid wastes or wastes containing free liquids, and which is not an injection well. Examples of surface impoundments are holding, storage, settling, and aeration pits, ponds, and lagoons.

(136) "Tank" means a stationary device, designed to contain an accumulation of hazardous waste which is constructed primarily of non-earthen materials, e.g., wood, concrete, steel, plastic, which provide structural support.

(137) "Tank system" means a hazardous waste storage or treatment tank and its associated ancillary equipment and containment system.

(138) "TEQ" means toxicity equivalence, the international method of relating the toxicity of various dioxin/furan congeners to the toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.

(139) "Thermal treatment" means the treatment of hazardous waste in a device which uses elevated temperatures as the primary means to change the chemical, physical, or biological character or composition of the hazardous waste. Examples of thermal treatment processes are incineration, molten salt, pyrolysis, calcination, wet air oxidation, and microwave discharge. See also "incinerator" and "open burning".

(140) "Thermostat" means a temperature control device that contains metallic mercury in an ampule attached to a bimetal sensing element, and mercury-containing ampules that have been removed from these temperature control devices in compliance with the requirements of Subsections R315-273-13(c)(2) or R315-273-33(c)(2).

(141) "Totally enclosed treatment facility" means a facility for the treatment of hazardous waste which is directly connected to an industrial production process and which is constructed and operated in a manner which prevents the release of any hazardous waste or any constituent thereof into the environment during treatment. An example is a pipe in which waste acid is neutralized.

(142) "Transfer facility" means any transportation-related facility, including loading docks, parking areas, storage areas and other similar areas where shipments of hazardous waste or hazardous secondary materials are held during the normal course of transportation.

(143) "Transport vehicle" means a motor vehicle or rail car used for the transportation of cargo by any mode. Each cargo-carrying body; trailer, railroad freight car, etc.; is a separate transport vehicle.

(144) Transportation" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(21) and includes the movement of hazardous waste by air, rail, highway, or water.

(145) "Transporter" means a person engaged in the offsite transportation of hazardous waste by air, rail, highway, or water.

(146)(i) "Treatability study" means a study in which a hazardous waste is subjected to a treatment process to determine:

(A) Whether the waste is amenable to the treatment process,

(B) what pretreatment, if any, is required,

(C) the optimal process conditions needed to achieve the desired treatment,

(D) the efficiency of a treatment process for a specific waste or wastes, or

(E) the characteristics and volumes of residuals from a particular treatment process.

(ii) Also included in this definition for the purpose of the Subsection R315-261-4 (e) and (f) exemptions are liner compatibility, corrosion, and other material compatibility studies and toxicological and health effects studies.

(iii) A "treatability study" is not a means to commercially treat or dispose of hazardous waste.

(147) "Treatment" is defined in Subsection 19-6-102(22) and includes any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any hazardous waste so as to neutralize such waste, or so as to recover energy or material resources from the waste, or so as to render such waste non-hazardous, or less hazardous; safer to transport, store, or dispose of; or amenable for recovery, amenable for storage, or reduced in volume.

(148) "Treatment zone" means a soil area of the unsaturated zone of a land treatment unit within which hazardous constituents are degraded, transformed, or immobilized.

(149) "Underground injection" means the subsurface emplacement of fluids through a bored, drilled or driven well; or through a dug well, where the depth of the dug well is greater than the largest surface dimension. See also "injection well".

(150) "Underground tank" means a device meeting the definition of "tank" in Section R315-260-10 whose entire surface area is totally below the surface of and covered by the ground.

(151) "Unfit-for use tank system" means a tank system that has been determined through an integrity assessment or other inspection to be no longer capable of storing or treating hazardous waste without posing a threat of release of hazardous waste to the environment.

(152) "United States" means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

(153) "Universal waste" means any of the following hazardous wastes that are managed under the universal waste requirements of Rule R315-273:

(i) Batteries as described in Section R315-273-2;

(ii) Pesticides as described in Section R315-273-3;

(iii) Mercury-containing equipment as described in Section R315-273-4;

(iv) Lamps as described in Section R315-273-5;

(v) Antifreeze as described in Subsection R315-273-6(a); and

(vi) Aerosol cans as described in Subsection R315-273-6(b).

(154) Universal waste handler

(i) Means:

(A) A generator of universal waste; or

(B) The owner or operator of a facility, including all contiguous property, that receives universal waste from other universal waste handlers, accumulates universal waste, and sends universal waste to another universal waste handler, to a destination facility, or to a foreign destination.

(ii) Does not mean:

(A) A person who treats, except under the provisions of Subsection R315-273-13(a) or (c), or R315-273-33(a) or (c), disposes of, or recycles universal waste; or

(B) A person engaged in the off-site transportation of universal waste by air, rail, highway, or water, including a universal waste transfer facility.

(155) "Universal waste transporter" means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of universal waste by air, rail, highway, or water.

(156) "Unsaturated zone" or "zone of aeration" means the zone between the land surface and the water table.

(157) "Uppermost aquifer" means the geologic formation nearest the natural ground surface that is an aquifer, as well as lower aquifers that are hydraulically interconnected with this aquifer within the facility's property boundary.

(158) Used oil is defined in Subsection 19-6-703(19).

(159) "User of the electronic manifest system" means a hazardous waste generator, a hazardous waste transporter, an owner or operator of a hazardous waste treatment, storage, recycling, or disposal facility, or any other person that:

(i) Is required to use a manifest to comply with:

(A) Any federal or state requirement to track the shipment, transportation, and receipt of hazardous waste or other waste material that is shipped from the site of generation to an off-site designated facility for treatment, storage, recycling, or disposal; or

(B) Any federal or state requirement to track the shipment, transportation, and receipt of rejected wastes or regulated container residues that are shipped from a designated facility to an alternative facility, or returned to the generator; and

(ii) Elects to use the system to obtain, complete and transmit an electronic manifest format supplied by the EPA electronic manifest system, or

(iii) Elects to use the paper manifest form and submits to the system for data processing purposes a paper copy of the manifest, or data from such a paper copy, in accordance with Subsections R315-264-71(a)(2)(v) or 40 CFR 265.71(a)(2)(v) which is adopted and incorporated by reference. These paper copies are submitted for data exchange purposes only and are not the official copies of record for legal purposes.

(160) "Very small quantity generator" is a generator who generates less than or equal to the following amounts in a calendar month:

(i) 100 kilograms (220 lbs) of non-acute hazardous waste; and

(ii) 1 kilogram (2.2 lbs) of acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e); and

(iii) 100 kilograms (220 lbs) of any residue or contaminated soil, water, or other debris resulting from the cleanup of a spill, into or on any land or water, of any acute hazardous waste listed in Section R315-261-31 or Subsection R315-261-33(e).

(161) "Vessel" includes every description of watercraft, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water.

(162) "Waste management area" means the limit projected in the horizontal plane of the area on which waste will be placed during the active life of a regulated unit. The waste management area includes horizontal space taken up by any liner, dike, or other barrier designed to contain waste in a regulated unit. If the facility contains more than one regulated unit, the waste management area is described by an imaginary line circumscribing the several regulated units.

(163) "Wastewater treatment unit" means a device which:

(i) Is part of a wastewater treatment facility that is subject to regulation under either section 402 or 307(b) of the Clean Water Act; and

(ii) Receives and treats or stores an influent wastewater that is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3, or that generates and accumulates a wastewater treatment sludge that is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3, or treats or stores a wastewater treatment sludge which is a hazardous waste as defined in Section R315-261-3; and

(iii) Meets the definition of tank or tank system in Section R315-260-10.

(164) "Water, bulk shipment" means the bulk transportation of hazardous waste which is loaded or carried on board a vessel without containers or labels.

(165) "Well" means any shaft or pit dug or bored into the earth, generally of a cylindrical form, and often walled with bricks or tubing to prevent the earth from caving in.

(166) "Well injection": See "underground injection"

(167) "Wipe" means a woven or non-woven shop towel, rag, pad, or swab made of wood pulp, fabric, cotton, polyester blends, or other material.

(168) "Zone of engineering control" means an area under the control of the owner/operator that, upon detection of a hazardous waste release, can be readily cleaned up prior to the release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents to ground water or surface water.

R315-260-11. References.

(a) For purposes of Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, and 273, Rule R315-15 and Rule R315-101, the references of 40 CFR 260.11, 2015 ed, as amended by 81 FR 85806, November 28, 2016, are adopted and incorporated by reference.

R315-260-12. Definitions for Rule R315-101.

(a) For purposes of Rule R315-101 regarding cleanup action and Risk-Based Closure Standards, the following terms are defined:

(1) "The concentration term, C" is calculated as the 95% upper confidence limit, UCL, on the arithmetic average for normally distributed data, or as the 95% upper confidence limit on the arithmetic average for lognormally distributed data. For normally distributed data, C = Mean + t x Standard Deviation/n1/2, where n is the number of observations, and t is Student's t distribution (at the 95% one-sided confidence level and n-1 degrees of freedom), tables of which are printed in most introductory statistics textbooks. For lognormally distributed data, C = exp (Mean of lognormal-transformed data + 0.5 x Variance of lognormal-transformed data + Standard Deviation of lognormal-transformed data x H/(n - 1)1/2), where n is the number of observations, and H is Land's H statistic (at the 95% one-sided confidence level), tables of which are printed in advanced statistics books. For data which are not normally nor lognormally distributed, appropriate statistics, such as nonparametric confidence limits, shall be applied.

(2) "Area of contamination" means a hazardous waste management unit or an area where a release has occurred. The boundary is defined as the furthest extent where contamination from a defined source has migrated in any medium at the time the release is first identified.

(3) "Contaminate" means to render a medium polluted through the introduction of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents as identified in R315-261, Appendix VIII.

(4) "Hazard index" means the sum of more than one hazard quotient for multiple substances, multiple exposure pathways, or both. The Hazard Index is calculated separately for chronic, subchronic, and shorter duration exposures.

(5) "Hazard quotient" means the ratio of a single substance exposure level over a specified time period, e.g. subchronic, to a reference dose for that substance derived from a similar exposure period.

(6) "Risk-based closure" means closure of a site where hazardous waste was managed or any medium has been contaminated by a release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents, and where hazardous waste or hazardous constituents remain at the site in any medium at concentrations determined, under Rule R315-101, to cause minimal levels of risk to human health and the environment so as to require no further action or monitoring on the part of the responsible party nor any notice of hazardous waste management on the deed to the property.

(7) "Reasonable maximum exposure (RME)" means the highest exposure that is reasonably expected to occur at a site. The goal of RME is to combine upper-bound and mid-range exposure factors so that the result represents an exposure scenario that is both protective and reasonable; not the worst possible case.

(8) "Release" means spill or discharge of hazardous waste, hazardous constituents, or material that becomes hazardous waste when released to the environment.

(9) "Responsible party" means the owner or operator of a facility, or any other person responsible for the release of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents.

(10) "Site" means the area of contamination and any other area that could be impacted by the released contaminants, or could influence the migration of those contaminants, regardless of whether the site is owned by the responsible party.

R315-260-19. Variances Authorized.

(a) Variances shall be granted by the Board only to the extent allowed under State and Federal law.

(b) The Board may consider a variance request in accordance with the standard established in section 19-6-111.

(c) The Board may, at its own instance, review any variance granted during the term for which a variance was granted.

(d) A person applying for a variance shall submit the application, in writing, to the Director. The application shall provide the following:

(1) Citation of the statutory, regulatory, or permit requirement from which the variance is sought;

(2) For variances for which the Board promulgates or has promulgated specific rules, information meeting the requirements of those rules;

(3) Information demonstrating that application of or compliance with the requirement would cause undue or unreasonable hardship on the person applying for the variance;

(4) Proposed alternative requirements, if any;

(5) Information demonstrating that the variance will achieve the purpose and intent of the statutory, regulatory, or permit provision from which the variance is sought;

(6) Information demonstrating that any alternative requirement or requirements will adequately protect human health and the environment; and

(7) If no alternative requirement is proposed, information demonstrating that if the variance is granted, human health and the environment will be adequately protected.

(e) A person applying for a variance shall provide such additional information as the Board or the Director requires.

(f) Nothing in Subsection R315-260-19(d) or (e) limits the authority of the Board to grant variances in accordance with the standard established in Section 19-6-111. A person applying for a variance under Section R315-263-32 shall provide such information described in Subsection R315-260-19(d) as the Director determines.

R315-260-20. Petition to Amend Rules.

(a) It is the intent of the Board to insure the compatibility and equivalency of Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273 and 124 with the regulations promulgated by EPA under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976.

(b) Any person may petition the Board to modify or revoke any provision in Rules R315-260 through 266, 268, 270, 273, Rule R315-15 Rule R315-101, R315-102, and R315-124. A petition shall be considered under the procedures outlined in Section 63G-3-601 and Rule R15-2.

R315-260-21. Petitions for Equivalent Testing or Analytical Methods.

(a) Any person seeking to add a testing or analytical method to Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265 may petition for a regulatory amendment under Section R315-260-21 and Section R315-260-20. To be successful, the person shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Board that the proposed method is equal to or superior to the corresponding method prescribed in Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265, in terms of its sensitivity, accuracy, and precision, i.e., reproducibility.

(b) Each petition shall include, in addition to the information required by Section R315-260-20:

(1) A full description of the proposed method, including all procedural steps and equipment used in the method;

(2) A description of the types of wastes or waste matrices for which the proposed method may be used;

(3) Comparative results obtained from using the proposed method with those obtained from using the relevant or corresponding methods prescribed in Rules R315-261, R315-264, or R315-265;

(4) An assessment of any factors which may interfere with, or limit the use of, the proposed method; and

(5) A description of the quality control procedures necessary to ensure the sensitivity, accuracy and precision of the proposed method.

(c) After receiving a petition for an equivalent method, the Board may request any additional information on the proposed method which the Board may reasonably require to evaluate the method.

(d) If the Board amends the rules to permit use of a new testing method, the method shall be incorporated by reference in Section R315-260-11.

(e) Petitioner may, alternatively, proceed under the provisions of 40 CFR 260.21 to have an alternative analytical method approved by EPA. In the event approval is granted, the petitioner shall so notify the Board and the Director and the decision of EPA shall be binding upon the Board and the Director.

R315-260-22. Petitions to Amend Rule to Exclude a Waste Produced at a Particular Facility.

(a) Any person seeking to exclude a waste at a particular generating facility from the lists in Sections R315-261-30 through 35 may petition for a regulatory amendment under Section R315-260-22 and Section R315-260-20. To be successful:

(1) The petitioner shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Board that the waste produced by a particular generating facility does not meet any of the criteria under which the waste was listed as a hazardous or an acutely hazardous waste; and

(2) Based on a complete application, the Board shall determine, where it has a reasonable basis to believe that factors, including additional constituents, other than those for which the waste was listed could cause the waste to be a hazardous waste, that such factors do not warrant retaining the waste as a hazardous waste. A waste which is so excluded, however, still may be a hazardous waste by operation of Sections 261-20 through 24.

(b) The procedures in Sections R315-260-22 and R315-260-20 may also be used to petition the Board for a regulatory amendment to exclude from Subsections R315-261-3(a)(2)(ii) or (c), a waste which is described in Subsections R315-261-3(a)(2)(ii) or (c) and is either a waste listed Sections R315-261-30 through 35 or is derived from a waste listed in Sections R315-261-30 through 35. This exclusion may only be issued for a particular generating, storage, treatment, or disposal facility. The petitioner shall make the same demonstration as required by Subsection R315-260-22(a). Where the waste is a mixture of solid waste and one or more listed hazardous wastes or is derived from one or more hazardous wastes, his demonstration shall be made with respect to the waste mixture as a whole; analyses shall be conducted for not only those constituents for which the listed waste contained in the mixture was listed as hazardous, but also for factors, including additional constituents, that could cause the waste mixture to be a hazardous waste. A waste which is so excluded may still be a hazardous waste by operation of Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(c) If the waste is listed with codes "I", "C", "R", or "E", in Sections R315-261-30 through 35,

(1) The petitioner shall show that the waste does not exhibit the relevant characteristic for which the waste was listed as defined in Sections R315-261-21 through 24 using any applicable methods prescribed therein. The petitioner also shall show that the waste does not exhibit any of the other characteristics defined in Sections R315-261-21 through 24 using any applicable methods prescribed therein;

(2) Based on a complete application, the Board shall determine, where it has a reasonable basis to believe that factors, including additional constituents, other than those for which the waste was listed could cause the waste to be hazardous waste, that such factors do not warrant retaining the waste as a hazardous waste. A waste which is so excluded, however, still may be a hazardous waste by operation of Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(d) If the waste is listed with code "T" in Sections R315-2611-30 through 35,

(1) The petitioner shall demonstrate that the waste:

(i) Does not contain the constituent or constituents, as defined in appendix VII of Rule R315-261, that caused the waste to be listed; or

(ii) Although containing one or more of the hazardous constituents, as defined in appendix VII of Rule R315-261, that caused the waste to be listed, does not meet the criterion of Subsection R315-261-11(a)(3) when considering the factors in Subsections R315-261-11(a)(3)(i) through (xi) under which the waste was listed as hazardous; and

(2) Based on a complete application, the Board shall determine, where it has a reasonable basis to believe that factors, including additional constituents, other than those for which the waste was listed could cause the waste to be a hazardous waste, that such factors do not warrant retaining the waste as a hazardous waste; and

(3) The petitioner shall demonstrate that the waste does not exhibit any of the characteristics defined in Sections R315-261.21 Through 24 using any applicable methods prescribed therein;

(4) A waste which is so excluded, however, still may be a hazardous waste by operation of Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(e) If the waste is listed with the code "H" in Sections R315-261-30 through 35,

(1) The petitioner shall demonstrate that the waste does not meet the criterion of Subsection R315-261-11(a)(2); and

(2) Based on a complete application, the Board shall determine, where it has a reasonable basis to believe that additional factors, including additional constituents, other than those for which the waste was listed could cause the waste to be a hazardous waste, that such factors do not warrant retaining the waste as a hazardous waste; and

(3) The petitioner shall demonstrate that the waste does not exhibit any of the characteristics defined in Sections R315-261-21 through 24 using any applicable methods prescribed therein;

(4) A waste which is so excluded, however, still may be a hazardous waste by operation of Sections R315-261-20 through 24.

(f) Reserved.

(g) Reserved.

(h) Demonstration samples shall consist of enough representative samples, but in no case less than four samples, taken over a period of time sufficient to represent the variability or the uniformity of the waste.

(i) Each petition shall include, in addition to the information required by subsection R315-260-20(b):

(1) The name and address of the laboratory facility performing the sampling or tests of the waste;

(2) The names and qualifications of the persons sampling and testing the waste;

(3) The dates of sampling and testing;

(4) The location of the generating facility;

(5) A description of the manufacturing processes or other operations and feed materials producing the waste and an assessment of whether such processes, operations, or feed materials can or might produce a waste that is not covered by the demonstration;

(6) A description of the waste and an estimate of the average and maximum monthly and annual quantities of waste covered by the demonstration;

(7) Pertinent data on and discussion of the factors delineated in the respective criterion for listing a hazardous waste, where the demonstration is based on the factors in Subsection R315-261-11(a)(3);

(8) A description of the methodologies and equipment used to obtain the representative samples;

(9) A description of the sample handling and preparation techniques, including techniques used for extraction, containerization and preservation of the samples;

(10) A description of the tests performed, including results;

(11) The names and model numbers of the instruments used in performing the tests; and

(12) The following statement signed by the generator of the waste or his authorized representative:

(i) I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined and am familiar with the information submitted in this demonstration and all attached documents, and that, based on my inquiry of those individuals immediately responsible for obtaining the information, I believe that the submitted information is true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment.

(j) After receiving a petition for an exclusion, the Board may request any additional information which the Board may reasonably require to evaluate the petition.

(k) An exclusion will only apply to the waste generated at the individual facility covered by the demonstration and will not apply to waste from any other facility.

(l) The Board may exclude only part of the waste for which the demonstration is submitted where it has reason to believe that variability of the waste justifies a partial exclusion.

(m) Petitioner may, alternatively, proceed under the provisions of 40 CFR 260.22 to have a particular waste delisted by EPA. In the event delisting is granted, the petitioner shall so notify the Board and the Director and the decision of EPA will be binding upon the Board and the Director unless, within 30 days after such notification, the Board specifically overrules the decision of EPA. In such event, the petitioner may petition the Board directly under Section R315-260-22 for the relief sought.

R315-260-23. Petitions to Amend Rule R315-273 to Include Additional Hazardous Wastes.

(a) Any person seeking to add a hazardous waste or a category of hazardous waste to the universal waste regulations of Rule R315-273 may petition for a regulatory amendment under Section R315-260-23 Section R315-260-20, and Sections R315-273-80 and 81.

(b) To be successful, the petitioner shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Board that regulation under the universal waste regulations of Rule R315-273: Is appropriate for the waste or category of waste; will improve management practices for the waste or category of waste; and will improve implementation of the hazardous waste program. The petition shall include the information required by Subsection R315-260-20(b). The petition should also address as many of the factors listed in Section R315-273-81 as are appropriate for the waste or category of waste addressed in the petition.

(c) The Board shall grant or deny a petition using the factors listed in Section R315-273-81. The decision shall be based on the weight of evidence showing that regulation under Rule R315-273 is appropriate for the waste or category of waste, will improve management practices for the waste or category of waste, and will improve implementation of the hazardous waste program.

(d) The Board may request additional information needed to evaluate the merits of the petition.

R315-260-30. Non-Waste Determinations and Exclusion from Classification as a Solid Waste.

In accordance with the standards and criteria in Sections R315-260-31 and 34 and the procedures in Section R315-260-33, the Director may determine on a case-by-case basis that the following recycled materials are not solid wastes:

(a) Materials that are accumulated speculatively without sufficient amounts being recycled, as defined in Subsection R315-261-1(c)(8);

(b) Materials that are reclaimed and then reused within the original production process in which they were generated;

(c) Materials that have been reclaimed but must be reclaimed further before the materials are completely recovered;

(d) Hazardous secondary materials that are reclaimed in a continuous industrial process;

(e) Hazardous secondary materials that are indistinguishable in all relevant aspects from a product or intermediate; and

(f) Hazardous secondary materials that are transferred for reclamation under Subsection R315-261-4(a)(24) and are managed at a verified reclamation facility or intermediate facility where the management of the hazardous secondary materials is not addressed under a Part B permit or interim status standards.

R315-260-31. Standards and Criteria for Exclusion from Classification as a Solid Waste.

(a) The Director may grant requests for exclusion from classifying as a solid waste those materials that are accumulated speculatively without sufficient amounts being recycled if the applicant demonstrates that sufficient amounts of the material will be recycled or transferred for recycling in the following year. If exclusion is granted, it is valid only for the following year, but can be renewed, on an annual basis, by filing a new application. The Director's decision will be based on the following criteria:

(1) The manner in which the material is expected to be recycled, when the material is expected to be recycled, and whether this expected disposition is likely to occur, for example, because of past practice, market factors, the nature of the material, or contractual arrangements for recycling;

(2) The reason that the applicant has accumulated the material for one or more years without recycling 75 percent of the volume accumulated at the beginning of the year;

(3) The quantity of material already accumulated and the quantity expected to be generated and accumulated before the material is recycled;

(4) The extent to which the material is handled to minimize loss; and

(5) Other relevant factors.

(b) The Director may grant requests for exclusion from classifying as a solid waste those materials that are reclaimed and then reused as feedstock within the original production process in which the materials were generated if the reclamation operation is an essential part of the production process. This determination will be based on the following criteria:

(1) How economically viable the production process would be if it were to use virgin materials, rather than reclaimed materials;

(2) The extent to which the material is handled before reclamation to minimize loss;

(3) The time periods between generating the material and its reclamation, and between reclamation and return to the original primary production process;

(4) The location of the reclamation operation in relation to the production process;

(5) Whether the reclaimed material is used for the purpose for which it was originally produced when it is returned to the original process, and whether it is returned to the process in substantially its original form;

(6) Whether the person who generates the material also reclaims it; and

(7) Other relevant factors.

(c) The Director may grant requests for exclusion from classifying as a solid waste those hazardous secondary materials that have been partially reclaimed, but must be reclaimed further before recovery is completed, if the partial reclamation has produced a commodity-like material. A determination that a partially-reclaimed material for which the change in classification is sought is commodity-like will be based on whether the hazardous secondary material is legitimately recycled as specified in Section R315-260-43 and on whether all of the following decision criteria are satisfied:

(1) Whether the degree of partial reclamation the material has undergone is substantial as demonstrated by using a partial reclamation process other than the process that generated the hazardous waste;

(2) Whether the partially reclaimed material has sufficient economic value that it will be purchased for further reclamation;

(3) Whether the partially-reclaimed material is a viable substitute for a product or intermediate produced from virgin or raw materials which is used in subsequent production steps;

(4) Whether there is a market for the partially-reclaimed material as demonstrated by known customer(s) who are further reclaiming the material, e.g., records of sales and/or contracts and evidence of subsequent use, such as bills of lading; and

(5) Whether the partially-reclaimed material is handled to minimize loss.

(d) The Director may grant requests for an exclusion from classification as a solid waste those hazardous secondary materials that are transferred for reclamation under Subsection R315-261-4(a)(24) and are managed at a verified reclamation facility or intermediate facility where the management of the hazardous secondary materials is not addressed under a Part B permit or interim status standards. The Director's decision will be based on the following criteria:

(1) The reclamation facility or intermediate facility shall demonstrate that the reclamation process for the hazardous secondary materials is legitimate pursuant to Section R315-260-43;

(2) The reclamation facility or intermediate facility shall satisfy the financial assurance condition in Subsection R315-261-4(a)(24)(vi)(F);

(3) The reclamation facility or intermediate facility shall not be subject to a formal enforcement action in the previous three years and not be classified as a significant non-complier, or shall provide credible evidence that the facility will manage the hazardous secondary materials properly. Credible evidence may include a demonstration that the facility has taken remedial steps to address the violations and prevent future violations, or that the violations are not relevant to the proper management of the hazardous secondary materials;

(4) The intermediate or reclamation facility shall have the equipment and trained personnel needed to safely manage the hazardous secondary material and shall meet emergency preparedness and response requirements under Sections R315-261-400 through 420;

(5) If residuals are generated from the reclamation of the excluded hazardous secondary materials, the reclamation facility shall have the permits required, if any, to manage the residuals, have a contract with an appropriately permitted facility to dispose of the residuals or present credible evidence that the residuals will be managed in a manner that is protective of human health and the environment, and

(6) The intermediate or reclamation facility shall address the potential for risk to proximate populations from unpermitted releases of the hazardous secondary material to the environment; i.e., releases that are not covered by a permit, such as a permit to discharge to water or air; which may include, but are not limited to, potential releases through surface transport by precipitation runoff, releases to soil and groundwater, wind-blown dust, fugitive air emissions, and catastrophic unit failures, and shall include consideration of potential cumulative risks from other nearby potential stressors.

R315-260-32. Reclassification as a Boiler.

In accordance with the standards and criteria in the definition of a boiler found in Section R315-260-10, and the procedures in Section R315-260-33, the Board may determine on a case-by-case basis that certain enclosed devices using controlled flame combustion are boilers, even though they do not otherwise meet the definition of boiler contained in Subsection R315-260-10, after considering the following criteria:

(a) The extent to which the unit has provisions for recovering and exporting thermal energy in the form of steam, heated fluids, or heated gases; and

(b) The extent to which the combustion chamber and energy recovery equipment are of integral design; and

(c) The efficiency of energy recovery, calculated in terms of the recovered energy compared with the thermal value of the fuel; and

(d) The extent to which exported energy is utilized; and

(e) The extent to which the device is in common and customary use as a "boiler" functioning primarily to produce steam, heated fluids, or heated gases; and

(f) Other factors, as appropriate.

R315-260-33. Procedures for Exclusion from Classification as a Solid Waste, for Reclassification as a Boiler, or for Non-waste Determinations.

The Director shall use the following procedures in evaluating applications for exclusion from classification as a solid waste, applications to classify particular enclosed controlled flame combustion devices as boilers, or applications for non-waste determinations.

(a) The applicant shall apply to the Director for the exclusion, reclassification, or non-waste determination. The application shall address the relevant criteria contained in Sections R315-260-31, 32, or 34, as applicable.

(b) The Director shall evaluate the application and issue a draft notice tentatively granting or denying the application. Notification of this tentative decision shall be provided by newspaper advertisement or radio broadcast in the locality where the facility requesting the exclusion, reclassification, or non-waste determination is located. The Director shall accept comment on the tentative decision for 30 days, and may also hold a public hearing upon request or at the Director's discretion. The Director shall issue a final decision after receipt of comments and after the hearing, if any.

(c) In the event of a change in circumstances that affect how a hazardous secondary material meets the relevant criteria contained in Sections R315-260-31 or 34 upon which a exclusion determination or non-waste determination has been based, the applicant shall send a description of the change in circumstances to the Director. The Director may issue a determination that the hazardous secondary material continues to meet the relevant criteria of the exclusion determination or non-waste determination or may require the facility to re-apply for the exclusion determination or non-waste determination.

(d) Exclusion determinations and non-waste determinations shall be effective for a fixed term not to exceed ten years. No later than six months prior to the end of this term, facilities shall re-apply for a exclusion determination or non-waste determination. If a facility re-applies for a exclusion determination or non-waste determination within six months, the facility may continue to operate under an expired exclusion determination or non-waste determination until receiving a decision on their re-application from the Director.

(e) Facilities receiving a exclusion determination or non-waste determination shall provide notification as required by Section R315-260-42.

R315-260-34. Standards and Criteria for Non-Waste Determinations.

(a) An applicant may apply to the Director for a formal determination that a hazardous secondary material is not discarded and therefore not a solid waste. The determinations will be based on the criteria contained in Subsections R315-260-34(b) or (c), as applicable. If an application is denied, the hazardous secondary material might still be eligible for a solid waste variance or exclusion.

(b) The Director may grant a non-waste determination for hazardous secondary material which is reclaimed in a continuous industrial process if the applicant demonstrates that the hazardous secondary material is a part of the production process and is not discarded. The determination will be based on whether the hazardous secondary material is legitimately recycled as specified in Section R315-260-43 and on the following criteria:

(1) The extent that the management of the hazardous secondary material is part of the continuous primary production process and is not waste treatment;

(2) Whether the capacity of the production process would use the hazardous secondary material in a reasonable time frame and ensure that the hazardous secondary material will not be abandoned, for example, based on past practices, market factors, the nature of the hazardous secondary material, or any contractual arrangements;

(3) Whether the hazardous constituents in the hazardous secondary material are reclaimed rather than released to the air, water or land at significantly higher levels from either a statistical or from a health and environmental risk perspective than would otherwise be released by the production process; and

(4) Other relevant factors that demonstrate the hazardous secondary material is not discarded, including why the hazardous secondary material cannot meet, or should not have to meet, the conditions of an exclusion under Sections R315-261-2 or 4.

(c) The Director may grant a non-waste determination for hazardous secondary material which is indistinguishable in all relevant aspects from a product or intermediate if the applicant demonstrates that the hazardous secondary material is comparable to a product or intermediate and is not discarded. The determination will be based on whether the hazardous secondary material is legitimately recycled as specified in Section R315-260-43 and on the following criteria:

(1) Whether market participants treat the hazardous secondary material as a product or intermediate rather than a waste, for example, based on the current positive value of the hazardous secondary material, stability of demand, or any contractual arrangements;

(2) Whether the chemical and physical identity of the hazardous secondary material is comparable to commercial products or intermediates;

(3) Whether the capacity of the market would use the hazardous secondary material in a reasonable time frame and ensure that the hazardous secondary material will not be abandoned, for example, based on past practices, market factors, the nature of the hazardous secondary material, or any contractual arrangements;

(4) Whether the hazardous constituents in the hazardous secondary material are reclaimed rather than released to the air, water or land at significantly higher levels from either a statistical or from a health and environmental risk perspective than would otherwise be released by the production process; and

(5) Other relevant factors that demonstrate the hazardous secondary material is not discarded, including why the hazardous secondary material cannot meet, or should not have to meet, the conditions of an exclusion under Sections R315-261-2 or 4.

R315-260-40. Additional Regulation of Certain Hazardous Waste Recycling Activities on a Case-by-Case Basis.

(a) The Director may decide on a case-by-case basis that persons accumulating or storing the recyclable materials described in Subsection R315-261-6(a)(2)(iii) should be regulated under Subsection R315-261-6(b) and (c). The basis for this decision is that the materials are being accumulated or stored in a manner that does not protect human health and the environment because the materials or their toxic constituents have not been adequately contained, or because the materials being accumulated or stored together are incompatible. In making this decision, the Director shall consider the following factors:

(1) The types of materials accumulated or stored and the amounts accumulated or stored;

(2) The method of accumulation or storage;

(3) The length of time the materials have been accumulated or stored before being reclaimed;

(4) Whether any contaminants are being released into the environment, or are likely to be so released; and

(5) Other relevant factors.

(2) The procedures for this decision are set forth in R315-260-41.

R315-260-41. Procedures for Case-by-Case Regulation of Hazardous Waste Recycling Activities.

The Director shall use the following procedures when determining whether to regulate hazardous waste recycling activities described in Subsection R315-261-6(a)(2)(iii) under the provisions of Subsection R315-261-6(b) and (c), rather than under the provisions of Section R315-266-70.

(a) If a generator is accumulating the waste, the Director shall issue a notice setting forth the factual basis for the decision and stating that the person shall comply with the applicable requirements of Sections R315-262-10 through 12, R315-262-30 through 34, R315-262-40 through 44, and R315-262-50 through 58. The notice shall become final within 30 days, unless a request for agency action is made under the requirements of the Administrative Procedures Act.

(b) If the person is accumulating the recyclable material as a storage facility, the notice will state that the person shall obtain a permit in accordance with all applicable provisions of Rule R315-270 and 124. The owner or operator of the facility shall apply for a permit within no less than 60 days and no more than six months of notice, as specified in the notice. If the owner or operator of the facility wishes to challenge the Director's decision, he may do so in in accordance with the Administrative Procedures Act.

R315-260-42. Notification Requirement for Hazardous Secondary Materials.

(a) Facilities managing hazardous secondary materials under Subsections R315-260-30, or Subsections R315-261-4(a)(23), (24), or (27) shall send a notification prior to operating under the exclusion(s) and by March 1 of each even numbered year thereafter to the Director using EPA Form 8700-12 that includes the following information:

(1) The name, address, and EPA ID number, if applicable, of the facility;

(2) The name and telephone number of a contact person;

(3) The NAICS code of the facility;

(4) The regulation under which the hazardous secondary materials shall be managed;

(5) When the facility began or expects to begin managing the hazardous secondary materials in accordance with the regulation;

(6) A list of hazardous secondary materials that shall be managed according to the regulation, reported as the EPA hazardous waste numbers that would apply if the hazardous secondary materials were managed as hazardous wastes;

(7) For each hazardous secondary material, whether the hazardous secondary material, or any portion thereof, will be managed in a land-based unit;

(8) The quantity of each hazardous secondary material to be managed annually; and

(9) The certification, included in EPA Form 8700-12, signed and dated by an authorized representative of the facility.

(b) If a facility managing hazardous secondary materials has submitted a notification, but then subsequently stops managing hazardous secondary materials in accordance with the regulation(s) listed above, the facility shall notify the Director within thirty days using EPA Form 8700-12. For purposes of Section R315-260-42, a facility has stopped managing hazardous secondary materials if the facility no longer generates, manages and/or reclaims hazardous secondary materials under the regulation(s) above and does not expect to manage any amount of hazardous secondary materials for at least 1 year.

R315-260-43. Legitimate Recycling of Hazardous Secondary Materials.

(a) Recycling of hazardous secondary materials for the purpose of the exclusions or exemptions from the hazardous waste regulations shall be legitimate. Hazardous secondary material that is not legitimately recycled is discarded material and is a solid waste. In determining if their recycling is legitimate, persons shall address all the requirements of Subsections R315-260-43(a)(1) through (4).

(1) Legitimate recycling shall involve a hazardous secondary material that provides a useful contribution to the recycling process or to a product or intermediate of the recycling process. The hazardous secondary material provides a useful contribution if it:

(i) Contributes valuable ingredients to a product or intermediate; or

(ii) Replaces a catalyst or carrier in the recycling process; or

(iii) Is the source of a valuable constituent recovered in the recycling process; or

(iv) Is recovered or regenerated by the recycling process; or

(v) Is used as an effective substitute for a commercial product.

(2) The recycling process shall produce a valuable product or intermediate. The product or intermediate is valuable if it is:

(i) Sold to a third party; or

(ii) Used by the recycler or the generator as an effective substitute for a commercial product or as an ingredient or intermediate in an industrial process.

(3) The generator and the recycler shall manage the hazardous secondary material as a valuable commodity when it is under their control. Where there is an analogous raw material, the hazardous secondary material shall be managed, at a minimum, in a manner consistent with the management of the raw material or in an equally protective manner. Where there is no analogous raw material, the hazardous secondary material shall be contained. Hazardous secondary materials that are released to the environment and are not recovered immediately are discarded.

(4) The product of the recycling process shall be comparable to a legitimate product or intermediate:

(i) Where there is an analogous product or intermediate, the product of the recycling process is comparable to a legitimate product or intermediate if:

(A) The product of the recycling process does not exhibit a hazardous characteristic, as defined in Sections R315-261-20 through 24, that analogous products do not exhibit, and

(B) The concentrations of any hazardous constituents found in appendix VIII of Rule R315-261 that are in the product or intermediate are at levels that are comparable to or lower than those found in analogous products or at levels that meet widely-recognized commodity standards and specifications, in the case where the commodity standards and specifications include levels that specifically address those hazardous constituents.

(ii) Where there is no analogous product, the product of the recycling process is comparable to a legitimate product or intermediate if:

(A) The product of the recycling process is a commodity that meets widely recognized commodity standards and specifications, e.g., commodity specification grades for common metals, or

(B) The hazardous secondary materials being recycled are returned to the original process or processes from which they were generated to be reused, e.g., closed loop recycling.

(iii) If the product of the recycling process has levels of hazardous constituents that are not comparable to or unable to be compared to a legitimate product or intermediate per Subsection R315-260-43(a)(4)(i) or (ii), the recycling still may be shown to be legitimate, if it meets the following specified requirements. The person performing the recycling shall conduct the necessary assessment and prepare documentation showing why the recycling is, in fact, still legitimate. The recycling can be shown to be legitimate based on lack of exposure from toxics in the product, lack of the bioavailability of the toxics in the product, or other relevant considerations which show that the recycled product does not contain levels of hazardous constituents that pose a significant human health or environmental risk. The documentation shall include a certification statement that the recycling is legitimate and shall be maintained on-site for three years after the recycling operation has ceased. The person performing the recycling shall notify the Director of this activity using EPA Form 8700-12.

KEY

hazardous waste

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

August 31, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

19-1-301; 19-6-105; 19-6-106


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R315, please contact the promulgating agency (Environmental Quality, Waste Management and Radiation Control, Waste Management). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at https://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html.