Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since April 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R414. Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy.

Rule R414-2A. Inpatient Hospital Services.

As in effect on April 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R414-2A-1. Introduction and Authority.

This rule defines the scope of inpatient hospital services that are available to Medicaid clients for the treatment of disorders other than mental disease. This rule is authorized under Section 26-18-3 and governs the services allowed under 42 CFR 440.10.

R414-2A-2. Definitions.

(1) "Admission" means the acceptance of a Medicaid member for inpatient hospital care and treatment when the member meets established criteria for severity of illness and intensity of service and the required service cannot be provided in an alternative setting.

(2) "Inpatient" is an individual whose severity of illness and intensity of service requires continuous care in a hospital.

(3) "Inpatient Hospital Services" are services that a hospital provides for the care and treatment of inpatients with disorders other than mental illness.

(4) "Observation services" means services, often less than 24 hours, including use of a bed and monitoring by hospital staff, which are reasonable and necessary to evaluate the medical condition or determine the need for a possible admission to the hospital.

(5) "Prepaid Mental Health Plan" means the Medicaid mental and/or substance use disorder managed care plan that covers inpatient and/or outpatient mental health services and outpatient substance use disorder services for PMHP-enrolled Medicaid members.

R414-2A-3. Member Eligibility Requirements.

Inpatient hospital services are available to categorically and medically needy individuals.

R414-2A-4. Hospital Admission Requirements.

(1) An inpatient hospital must meet Medicare participation requirements.

(2) Each hospital that provides inpatient services must have a utilization review plan as described in 42 CFR 482.30.

(3) Each hospital that accepts a Medicaid member for treatment is responsible to verify that the member receives all medically necessary services from Medicaid providers.

(4) Each hospital is financially responsible for any services a member receives from a non-Medicaid provider.

R414-2A-5. Prepaid Mental Health Plan.

Before admitting a Prepaid Mental Health Plan (PMHP) member for an inpatient psychiatric stay, a hospital must obtain prior authorization from the PMHP serving the member's county of residence. If the hospital is not contracted with the PMHP, the PMHP may choose to transfer the member to a contracted hospital.

R414-2A-6. Service Coverage.

(1) Inpatient hospital services must be medically necessary and ordered by an appropriate Medicaid-enrolled provider for the diagnosis and treatment of a member's illness.

(2) Services performed for a member by the admitting hospital or by an entity wholly-owned or wholly-operated by the hospital within three days of patient admission, are considered inpatient services. This three-day window applies to diagnostic and non-diagnostic services that are clinically related to the reason for the member's inpatient admission regardless of whether the inpatient, outpatient, or observation diagnoses are the same.

(3) Medical supplies, appliances, drugs, and equipment required for the care and treatment of a member during an inpatient stay are reimbursed as part of payment under the Diagnosis Related Group (DRG).

(4) Services associated with pregnancy, labor, and vaginal or C-section delivery are reimbursed as inpatient services as part of payment under the DRG, even if the stay is less than 24 hours.

(5) Medicaid may pay at least one-day inpatient admission for:

(a) Admission for a normal delivery;

(b) Admitted and expired;

(c) Admitted and transferred to a distinct part of or to another acute care hospital.

(6) Outpatient hospital services during an inpatient episode are bundled to the DRG.

(7) Inpatient hospital psychiatric services are available to all Medicaid members. If the member is not enrolled in a PMHP, providers may bill the State directly on a fee-for-service basis. Otherwise, the provider must bill the member's PMHP.

R414-2A-7. Limitations.

Inpatient hospital care is limited to medical treatment of symptoms that lead to medical stabilization of the member. This medical stabilization care is irrespective of any underlying psychiatric diagnosis.

(1) Detoxification for a substance use disorder in a hospital is limited to medical detoxification for acute symptoms of withdrawal when the member is in danger of experiencing severe or life-threatening withdrawal. The Department does not cover any lesser level of detoxification in an inpatient hospital.

(2) Abortion procedures require prior authorization. Refer to Rule R414-1B.

(3) Sterilization and hysterectomy procedures require prior authorization and must meet the requirements of 42 CFR 441, Subpart F.

(4) Organ transplant services are governed by Rule R414-10A.

(5) Take-home supplies, dressings, non-rental durable medical equipment, and drugs are reimbursed as part of payment under the DRG.

(6) Coverage of sleep studies requires sleep center accreditation through one of the following nationally recognized accreditation organizations:

(a) American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM);

(b) Accreditation Commission for Health Care (ACHC); or

(c) The Joint Commission (TJC).

(7) Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is limited to service in a facility in which the hyperbaric unit is accredited by the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is therapy that places the member in an enclosed pressure chamber for medical treatment.

(8) Medicaid does not cover inpatient services solely for pain management. Pain management is adjunct to other Medicaid services.

(9) Inpatient rehabilitation services require prior authorization.

(10) Observation services are limited to cases where observation and evaluation is required to establish a diagnosis and determine the appropriateness of an inpatient admission or discharge. Observation is used to monitor the member's condition, complete diagnostic testing to establish a definitive diagnosis and formulate the treatment plan.

(a) Medicaid covers observation services with a physician's written order that outlines specific medically necessary reasons for the service, such as the member requires more evaluation to determine the severity of illness (e.g. laboratory, imaging, other diagnostic test) and an order to continue monitoring for clinical signs and symptoms to determine improving or declining health status.

(b) Outpatient procedures include uneventful recovery period.

(i) Observation is used to monitor complications of outpatient procedures beyond uneventful recovery period.

(c) Medicaid does not cover observation services for convenience of the hospital, member or family, or when awaiting transfer to another facility.

(d) When an ordered hospital inpatient admission improves to the point of discharge with a stay less than 24 hours, the admission is covered as inpatient when documentation supports the medical necessity.

(e) Inpatient admissions solely for observation or diagnostic evaluation do not qualify for reimbursement under the DRG system.

(11) Medicaid does not cover admission solely for the treatment of eating disorders.

(12) Medicaid does not cover non-physician psychosocial counseling outside of the DRG.

(13) An individual (undocumented immigrant) who does not meet United States residency requirements may only receive emergency services, including emergency labor and delivery, to treat an emergency medical condition.

(a) Medicaid does not cover prenatal and post-partum services for undocumented immigrants.

(b) Medicaid does not cover prescriptions for a member who is eligible to receive emergency services only.

R414-2A-8. Provider-Preventable Conditions.

(1) Medicaid does not pay for Provider Preventable Conditions (PPC).

(a) Medicaid utilizes the Medicaid Severity-Diagnosis Related Group (MS-DRG) to identify a PPC.

(b) For inpatient hospital claims, Medicaid does not cover PPCs in Medicare crossover patients.

(c) To qualify as a PPC, one of the Medicare-listed diagnoses must develop during hospitalization.

(i) When present on admission, these diagnoses are not considered to be a PPC for that hospitalization.

(ii) Providers are expected to identify Present on Admission (POA) status for all diagnoses on each claim according to correct coding standards.

(d) Providers must assure that all PPC-related diagnoses, services, and charges are noted as "non-covered charges" on the claim.

(i) The Department does not use non-covered charges in calculating the hospital reimbursement.

(e) The Department shall deny PPC-related claims that result in an outlier payment and medical records will be required.

(i) Providers will receive Remittance Advice (RA) that confirms the occurrence of a PPC outlier claim.

(ii) The Department requires providers to know which medical records and other required documents are needed.

(iii) Upon RA notification of a PPC, the provider shall submit the following documents within 30 days:

(A) "Outlier PPC Medical Record Documentation Submission Form";

(B) Complete medical records from the associated hospital stay;

(C) Itemized bill (tab de-limited text file or Excel spreadsheet), including a detailed listing of PPC-related charges as non-covered charges, with total charges matching the total charges submitted on the claim.

(f) The Department will review and, if appropriate, re-process the claim based upon the review of the required documents submitted within the 30-day period of RA notification.

(g) The Department shall deny review of the claim unless the required documentation is submitted within 30 days of RA notification.

(h) The Department requires providers to report PPCs in accordance with Section R414-1-28.

R414-2A-9. Utilization Control and Review Program for Hospital Services.

The Hospital Utilization Review Program is administered and operated in accordance with Title 63A, Chapter 13.

(1) The purpose of the hospital utilization review program is to ensure:

(a) efficient and effective delivery of services;

(b) services are appropriate and medically necessary;

(c) service quality is maintained; and

(d) the State satisfies federal requirements for a statewide surveillance and utilization control program.

(2) The Hospital Utilization Review Program shall conduct assessments and audits to ensure the appropriateness and medical necessity of the following:

(a) Admissions to a hospital or a designated distinct part unit within a hospital;

(b) Transfers from one acute care hospital to another acute care hospital, or to a distinct part of a rehabilitation unit or psychiatric unit in another acute care hospital (inter-facility transfer);

(c) Transfers from an acute care setting to a distinct part rehabilitation or psychiatric unit within the same facility (intra-facility transfer);

(d) Continued stays;

(e) Services, surgical services and diagnostic procedures;

(f) Principal diagnosis, principal surgical procedure or both, reflected on paid claims to ensure consistency with the attending physician's determination and documentation as found in the member's medical record;

(g) Determine whether co-morbidity, as found on the claim, is correct and consistent with the attending physician's determination and compatible with documentation found in the member's medical record; and

(h) Quality of care.

(3) The Hospital Utilization Review Program shall conduct assessments and audits to determine:

(a) Appropriate utilization;

(b) Compliance with state and federal Medicaid regulations;

(c) Whether documentation meets state and federal requirements for sufficiency, and whether it accurately describes the status of services provided to the member; and

(d) Whether procedures that require prior authorization have been approved before the provision of services, except in cases that meet the criteria listed in the Utah Medicaid Section 1: General Information Provider Manual (Retroactive Authorization).

(4) The Hospital Utilization Review Program shall make determinations of medical necessity medical necessity, appropriateness of care, and suitability of discharge planning in accordance with the following criteria and protocols:

(a) InterQual Criteria;

(b) Administrative rules or criteria developed by Medicaid for programs and services not otherwise addressed; and

(c) DRGs.

(5) Hospital Utilization Readmission Policy and Reviews.

(a) Whenever information available to the reviewer indicates the possibility of readmission to acute care within 30 days of the previous discharge, the staff administering and operating the Hospital Utilization Review Program may review any claim for:

(i) Readmission for the same or a similar diagnosis to the same hospital, or to a different hospital;

(ii) Appropriateness of inter-facility transfers; and

(iii) Appropriateness of intra-facility transfers.

(b) The Hospital Utilization Review Program shall review all suspected readmissions within 30 days of a previous discharge to ensure that Medicaid criteria have been met for severity of illness, intensity of service, and appropriate discharge planning and financial impact to the Department as noted in Subsection R414-2A-9(3).

(c) If a member is readmitted for the same or similar diagnosis within 30 days of discharge and, if after review as described in Subsection R414-2A-9(4)(b), program review staff determines that readmission does not meet the criteria in Subsection R414-2A-9(3)(b), then the payment shall be combined into a single DRG payment, unless it is cost effective to pay for two separate admissions. The first DRG (initial admission) shall be the DRG that is paid. This policy does not apply to cases related to pregnancy, neonatal jaundice, or chemotherapy.

(6) Definition, Policy Application.

(a) When applying policy, a similar diagnosis is defined as:

(i) Any diagnoses code with similar descriptors;

(ii) Any exchange or combination of principal and secondary diagnosis; and

(iii) Any other sets of principal diagnoses established to be similar by Utah Medicaid policy in written criteria and published to the hospitals prior to service dates.

(b) The evaluation criteria for utilization control are severity of illness, intensity of service, and cost effectiveness as noted in Subsection R414-2A-9(4)(b).

(7) Appropriate remedial action will be initiated for inappropriate readmissions when identified though the hospital utilization post-payment review process.

(8) Applicability to Outpatient Hospital Services.

(a) When a Medicaid member is readmitted to the hospital, or readmitted as an outpatient within 30 days of a previous discharge for the same or similar diagnosis, Medicaid will evaluate both claims to determine if they should be combined into a single payment or paid separately.

(9) Recovery of Funds.

(a) The Department shall recover payment when post-payment review finds that services are not medically necessary, not appropriate, or that quality of service is not suitable.

(b) The Department shall recover payment when it determines there is a violation of the 30-day re-admission policy.

(10) Hospital Utilization Review.

(a) Each month, the Hospital Utilization Review Program shall review at least 5 percent of a selected universe of claims adjudicated in the previous month. At least 2.5 percent of the claims shall be a random sample. Up to 2.5 percent may be a focused review on a specific service. A staff decision to focus on a specific service shall be made no later than the beginning of the sample cycle.

(b) The Department shall select the universe from paid inpatient hospital claims within the Data Warehouse. The universe from which the random sample is selected is defined as all inpatient hospital claims adjudicated before the beginning of the review cycle, except for:

(i) Claims showing, as a principal diagnosis, any International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) delivery code in the ICD-10-CM Manual Chapter 15 -- Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium, in the range of O00 through O9A.53, and other ICD-10-CM codes or DRG or DRGs as specified by policy or administrative decision.

(ii) Claims that show $0 payment by Medicaid;

(iii) Medicare crossover claims;

(iv) Claims with other codes or diagnoses determined by the review program staff to be inappropriate for review.

(c) The sample cycle shall begin on the first working day of each month.

(11) Utah State Hospital Utilization Review.

(a) The purpose of this utilization review is to ensure that Medicaid funds, as defined under 42 CFR 456, Subpart D, are expended appropriately and to ensure that services provided to Medicaid members at the Utah State Hospital (USH) are necessary and of high quality. Review program staff shall conduct oversight activities at USH.

(b) Oversight activities include quarterly clinical utilization reviews in which program staff review a sample of members who are under 21 years of age and are 65 years of age or older, and who were reviewed by USH utilization review staff during a previous quarter. These reviews are performed to:

(i) Evaluate the USH utilization process; and

(ii) Address the clinical topic selected for that quarter's review.

(c) Reviews of USH Quality Improvement and Quality Assurance programs are conducted to determine whether:

(i) The programs have been implemented in accordance with written hospital policy;

(ii) The programs are effective in meeting stated goals;

(iii) Improvements or modifications have been made to increase the effectiveness of program design.

(12) Applicability to Inpatient Psychiatric Care and Inpatient Rehabilitation Services.

(a) Provisions in the Hospital Utilization Review Program also apply to inpatient psychiatric care and inpatient rehabilitation services.

R414-2A-10. Cost Sharing.

A Medicaid member is responsible for a copayment as established in the Utah Medicaid State Plan and incorporated by reference in Rule R414-1.

R414-2A-11. Reimbursement.

Reimbursement for inpatient hospital services is in accordance with Attachment 4.19-B of the Utah Medicaid State Plan, which is incorporated by reference in Rule R414-1.

KEY

Medicaid

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

May 8, 2018

Notice of Continuation

September 15, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

26-1-5; 26-18-3; 26-18-3.5


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R414, please contact the promulgating agency (Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.