Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since August 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R414. Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy.

Rule R414-503. Preadmission Screening and Resident Review.

As in effect on August 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R414-503-1. Introduction and Authority.

This rule implements 42 U.S.C. 1396r(b)(3) and (e)(7) and Pub. L. No. 104 315, which require preadmission screening and resident review (PASRR) of nursing facility residents with serious mental illness or intellectual disability. This rule applies to all Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility admissions irrespective of the payment source of an individual's nursing facility services.

R414-503-2. Definitions.

In addition to the definitions in Section R414-1-2 and Section R414-501-2, the following definitions apply:

(1) "Break in Stay" occurs when a resident of a Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility:

(a) voluntarily leaves against medical advice for more than two consecutive days;

(b) fails to return within two consecutive days after an authorized leave of absence;

(c) discharges into a community setting; or

(d) is admitted to the Utah State Hospital, to a civil or forensic bed (not the Adult Recovery Treatment Center).

(2) "Intellectual Disability" is the equivalent term for "Mental Retardation" in federal law.

R414-503-3. PASRR Level I Screening for All Persons.

The purpose of a PASRR Level I Screening is for a health care professional to identify any person with a serious mental illness, intellectual disability or other related condition so the professional may consider that person for admission to a Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility. The health care professional who conducts the Level I Screening shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation if the professional determines that the person has a serious mental illness, intellectual disability or other related condition.

(1) The health care professional shall complete a Level I Screening before any Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility admission.

(2) The health care professional shall complete the Level I Screening on a form supplied by the Department.

(3) The health care professional shall sign and date the Level I Screening.

(4) The nursing facility shall revise the Level I Screening if there is a significant change in the person's condition.

(5) The Department shall require Level I Screening for all persons even if a person cannot cooperate or participate in Level I Screening due to delirium or other emergency circumstances. The health care professional shall complete the Level I Screening by using available medical information or other outside information.

R414-503-4. PASRR Level II Evaluation Criteria.

The purpose of a Level II Evaluation is to avoid unnecessary or inappropriate nursing facility admission of persons with serious mental illness or intellectual disabilities or related conditions. The Level II evaluation ensures that persons with serious mental illness or intellectual disabilities or related conditions are recommended for specialized services when a health care professional determines there is a need for specialized services during the evaluation process. The Department bases Level II Evaluations on the criteria set forth in 42 CFR 483.130. Level II Evaluations must address the level of nursing services, specialized services, and specialized rehabilitative services needed for the patient.

(1) The health care professional who completes the Level I screening shall refer the person to a contracted mental health PASRR Evaluator for the Level II Evaluation if the Level I Screening indicates the person meets all of the following criteria:

(a) The person has a serious mental illness as defined by the State Mental Health Authority and identified by the Level I Screening;

(b) The diagnosis of mental illness falls within the diagnostic groupings as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual; and

(c) In addition to the criteria listed in Subsection R414-503-4(1)(a)(b), the person meets any one of the following criteria:

(i) The person has undergone psychiatric treatment at least twice in the last two years that is more intensive than outpatient care;

(ii) Due to a significant disruption in the person's normal living situation, the person requires supportive services to maintain the current level of functioning at home or in a residential treatment center; or

(iii) The person requires intervention by housing or law enforcement officials.

(2) The health care professional who completes the Level I screening shall refer the person to the Intellectual Disability or Related Condition Authority for the Level II Evaluation if the Level I Screening indicates the person meets at least one of the following criteria:

(a) The person has received a diagnosis of an intellectual disability or related condition;

(b) The person has received a diagnosis of epilepsy or seizure disorder with onset before 22 years of age;

(c) The person has a history of intellectual disability or related condition, or an indication of cognitive or behavioral patterns that indicate the person has an intellectual disability or related condition; or

(d) The person is referred by any agency that specializes in the care of persons with intellectual disabilities or related conditions.

(3) The health care professional who completes the Level I screening shall refer the person to both the contracted mental health PASRR Evaluator and the Intellectual Disability or Related Condition Authority if the person meets the criteria for Subsection R414-503-4(1) and (2).

(4) The health care professional who completes the Level I screening shall provide written notice of a Level II Evaluation referral to the person, the person's legal representative, and the prospective nursing facility.

(5) If the person does not meet the criteria in Subsection R414-503-4(1) or (2), the Department may not require a further PASRR Evaluation unless there is a significant change in condition.

R414-503-5. PASRR Level II Exemptions.

The Department may not require a Level II Evaluation for any of the following reasons:

(1) The person does not meet the criteria listed in Subsection R414-503-4 (1) or (2);

(2) The nursing facility admits the person as a provisional admission due to delirium, an accurate diagnosis cannot be made until the delirium clears, and the nursing facility placement does not exceed seven days. The nursing facility shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation before midnight on the seventh day if the placement will extend beyond the seventh day.

(3) The nursing facility admits the person as a provisional admission due to an emergency situation requiring protective services, and the nursing facility placement does not exceed seven days. The nursing facility shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation before midnight on the seventh day if the placement will extend beyond the seventh day.

(4) The person is admitted to a nursing facility directly from a hospital and requires nursing facility services for the condition treated in the hospital (not psychiatric treatment), and the attending physician certifies in writing before the admission that the person is likely to be discharged in less than 30 days. The nursing facility shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation before midnight on the 30th day if the placement will extend beyond the 30th day.

(5) The contracted mental health PASRR evaluator may terminate the Level II Evaluation at any time if the evaluator determines that the person does not have a serious mental illness. The Level II Evaluator shall document that the person does not have a serious mental illness.

(6) The person has a previous Level II Evaluation and the nursing facility readmits the person to the same or a different nursing facility following hospitalization for medical care without a break in stay. This provision does not apply if the person is hospitalized for acute psychiatric treatment. Following readmission, the nursing facility shall review and update the PASRR Level I Screening to determine whether there is a significant change in condition that requires a Level II Re-evaluation.

(7) The person has a previous Level II Evaluation and the nursing facility transfers the person to another nursing facility with or without intervening hospitalization and without a break in stay. This provision does not apply if the person is hospitalized for psychiatric treatment. Following transfer, the nursing facility shall review and update the Level I Screening to determine whether there is a significant change in condition that requires a Level II Re-evaluation.

R414-503-6. PASRR Level II Categorical Determinations.

The Level II Evaluator may make one of the following categorical determinations:

(1) Convalescent Care - The person is eligible for convalescent care for an acute physical illness that requires hospitalization and does not meet the criteria for an exempt hospital discharge, (which, as specified in 42 CFR 483.106(b)(2) is not subject to preadmission screening). The convalescent care determination only applies if the person is at a hospital for a medical condition and is going to the Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility for the same medical condition. The Convalescent Care Categorical Determination is valid for up to 120 days. The nursing facility shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation before midnight on the 120th day if the placement will extend beyond the 120th day.

(2) Short-term Stay - The person is eligible for a short-term stay for an acute physical illness in which the person is seeking admission to the nursing facility directly from a community setting. The Short-term Stay Categorical Determination is valid for a maximum of 120 days. The nursing facility shall refer the person for a Level II Evaluation before the end of the number of days specified if the placement will extend beyond the number of days specified by the State Mental Health Authority or Intellectual Disabilities Authority.

(3) Terminal Illness - The person is eligible for a stay related to a terminal illness when a physician provides a written statement that the person has a terminal illness. If the individual is not receiving hospice services at the time of the Level II Evaluation, an individualized Level II Evaluation is required.

(4) Severe Physical Illness - The person is eligible for a Severe Physical Illness Categorical Determination when the person has a level of impairment so severe that the individual cannot be expected to benefit from specialized services. This level of impairment includes conditions such as:

(a) being in a coma;

(b) being ventilator dependent; or

(c) functioning at a brain stem level.

(5) Dementia and Intellectual Disability - The State Intellectual Disability Authority or delegated agency (not Level I screeners) may make categorical determinations that individuals with dementia, which exists in combination with intellectual disability or a related condition, do not need specialized services.

(6) Dementia and Mental Illness -The health care professional may terminate the PASRR Level II Evaluation if the health care professional discovers that the person has dementia and a serious mental illness during the evaluation process, and there is evidence that dementia is the primary condition. For example, the dementia has resulted in increased functional deficits and is the primary reason for requiring nursing facility services.

R414-503-7. Individualized Level II Determinations.

The Level II Evaluator may make one of the following individualized determinations:

(1) The person does not need nursing facility services. This determination disqualifies the person from admission to a Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility.

(2) The person does not need nursing facility services but does need specialized services as defined by the State Mental Health Authority or Intellectual Disability or Related Condition Authority. This determination disqualifies the person from admission to a Medicare/Medicaid- certified nursing facility.

(3) The person needs nursing facility services but not specialized services. This determination qualifies the person for admission to a Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility.

(4) The person needs nursing facility services and requires specialized services. The Level II Evaluation will specify the specialized services that are needed. This determination qualifies the person for admission to a Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing facility. The State Mental Health Authority or the Intellectual Disabilities or Related Conditions Authority shall provide a copy of the Level II Evaluation and findings to the person, the person's legal representative, the nursing facility, and the attending physician.

(5) Out-of-State Arrangement for Payment: The state in which the person is a resident (or would be a resident at the time the person becomes eligible for Medicaid) as defined in 42 CFR 435.403 shall pay for the Level II Evaluation in accordance with 42 CFR 431.52(b).

(6) The nursing facility, in consultation with the person and his legal representative, shall arrange for a safe and orderly discharge from the nursing facility, and shall assist with linking the person to supportive services and preparing the person for discharge if the person no longer meets the medical criteria for nursing facility services, or a Level II Evaluation disqualifies the person as no longer eligible for nursing facility placement.

R414-503-8. Penalties.

A nursing facility may not admit a patient until the health care professional completes the PASRR Level I Screening, and if necessary, the PASRR Level II Evaluation and Determination, finding that the patient is eligible for nursing facility services. The Department may not reimburse a nursing facility for any days in which the facility admits a patient before completion of the PASRR process.

KEY

Medicaid

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

January 7, 2014

Notice of Continuation

May 31, 2019

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

26-1-5; 26-18-3


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R414, please contact the promulgating agency (Health, Health Care Financing, Coverage and Reimbursement Policy). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.