Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R590. Insurance, Administration.
Rule R590-238. Captive Insurance Companies.
As in effect on October 1, 2019
Table of Contents
- R590-238-1. Authority.
- R590-238-2. Purpose and Scope.
- R590-238-3. Definitions.
- R590-238-4. Annual Reporting Requirements.
- R590-238-5. Risk Limitation.
- R590-238-6. Annual Audit.
- R590-238-7. Designation of Independent Certified Public Accountant.
- R590-238-8. Notification of Adverse Financial Condition.
- R590-238-9. Additional Deposit Requirement.
- R590-238-10. Availability and Maintenance of Working Papers of the Independent Certified Public Accountant.
- R590-238-11. Documentation Required to be Held in Utah by Licensed Captives.
- R590-238-12. Reinsurance.
- R590-238-13. Service Providers.
- R590-238-14. Directors.
- R590-238-15. Conflict of Interest.
- R590-238-16. Acquisition of Control of or Merger with Domestic Company.
- R590-238-17. Suspension or Revocation.
- R590-238-18. Change of Information in Initial Application.
- R590-238-19. Application and Forms.
- R590-238-20. Fee Schedule. Initial Application. Renewal.
- R590-238-21. Authorized Forms.
- R590-238-22. Severability.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
This rule is promulgated pursuant to the general rulemaking authority granted the insurance commissioner by Subsection 31A-2-201(3)(a) and the specific authority granted by Section 31A-37-106.
The purpose of this rule is to set forth the financial, reporting, record-keeping, and other requirements which the commissioner deems necessary for the regulation of captive insurance companies, under the Captive Insurance Companies Act (the Act), Chapter 37, Title 31A. This rule applies to all captive insurance companies licensed under the Act.
(1) The definitions in Sections 31A-1-301 and 31A-37-102 apply to this rule.
(2) "Company" means a captive insurance company as defined in Section 31A-1-301.
(3) "Work Papers" or "working papers" include, but are not necessarily limited to, schedules, analyses, reconciliations, abstracts, memoranda, narratives, flow charts, copies of company records or other documents prepared or obtained by the accountant and the accountant's employees in the conduct of their audit of the company.
(4) "Captive Insurance Manager" means a person that:
(a) is on the Utah Approved Captive Management Firms list;
(b) pursuant to a written contract with a captive insurance company, provides and coordinates services including but not limited to:
(ii) statutory filings;
(iii) signed annual statements; and
(iv) coordination of related services;
(c) acts as an intermediary that facilitates and assists the captive in meeting its statutory requirements under Title 31A.
(1) A captive insurance company authorized in this state shall file an annual report of its financial condition with the commissioner as required by Section 31A-37-501. The report shall be verified by oath of at least two individuals who are executive officers of the company and by the captive manager or a duly appointed representative. The report shall be prepared using generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and shall be filed electronically consistent with directions from the commissioner.
(2) A captive insurance company shall observe the requirements of Section 31A-4-113 when it files an annual report of its financial condition. In addition, an industrial insured group shall observe the requirements of Section 31A-4-113.5 when it files an annual report.
(3) All captive insurance companies are to use the "Captive Insurance Company Annual Statement Form" except Risk Retention Group (RRG) insurers and special purpose financial captives which shall use the NAIC's Annual and Quarterly Statements.
(4) The Captive Insurance Company Annual Statement shall include a statement of a qualified Actuary titled "Statement of Actuarial Opinion," setting forth his or her opinion relating to loss and loss adjustment expense reserves.
(1) The commissioner may limit the net amount of risk a captive insurance company retains for a single risk after considering the impact of the retention on the captive insurance company's capital and surplus.
(2) The commissioner may also prescribe and demand additional capital and surplus of any captive insurance company if he determines that the captive insurance company is not adequately capitalized for the type, volume and nature of the risk that is being covered by the captive insurance company.
(1) All companies shall have an annual audit by an independent certified public accountant, approved by the commissioner, and shall file such audited financial report with the commissioner on or before June 30 for the preceding year. Financial statements furnished under this section shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards as determined by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants ("AICPA").
(2) The annual audit report shall be considered part of the company's annual report of financial condition except with respect to the date by which it must be filed with the commissioner.
(3) The annual audit shall consist of the following:
(a) Opinion of Independent Certified Public Accountant
(i) Financial statements furnished pursuant to this section shall be examined by independent certified public accountants in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards as determined by the AICPA.
(ii) The opinion of the independent certified public accountant shall cover all years presented.
(iii) The opinion shall be addressed to the company on stationery of the accountant showing the address of issuance, shall bear original manual signatures and shall be dated.
(b) Report of Evaluation of Internal Controls
(i) This report shall include an evaluation of the internal controls of the company relating to the methods and procedures used in the securing of assets and the reliability of the financial records, including but not limited to, controls as the system of authorization and approval and the separation of duties.
(ii) The review shall be conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and the report shall be filed with the commissioner.
(c) Accountant's Letter
The accountant shall furnish the company, for inclusion in the filing of the audited annual report, a letter stating:
(i) that he is independent with respect to the company and conforms to the standards of his profession as contained in the Code of Professional Ethics and pronouncements of the AICPA and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board;
(ii) the general background and experience of the staff engaged in the audit, including their experience in auditing captive or other insurance companies;
(iii) that the accountant understands that the audited annual report and his opinions thereon will be filed in compliance with this rule.
(iv) that the accountant consents to the requirements of R590-238-10;
(v) that the accountant consents and agrees to make the work papers as defined in R590-238-3(3) available for review by the commissioner, his designee or his appointed agent; and
(vi) that the accountant is properly licensed by an appropriate state licensing authority.
(d) Financial Statements
(i) The financial statements required shall be as follows:
(A) balance sheet;
(B) statement of gain or loss from operations;
(C) statement of changes in financial position;
(D) statement of cash flow;
(E) statement of changes in capital paid up, gross paid in and contributed surplus and unassigned funds (surplus); and
(F) notes to financial statements.
(ii) The notes to financial statements shall be those required by GAAP and shall include:
(A) a reconciliation of differences, if any, between the audited financial report and the statement or form filed with the commissioner;
(B) a summary of ownership and relationship of the company and all affiliated corporations or companies insured by the captive; and
(C) a narrative explanation of all material transactions with the company. For purposes of this provision, no transaction shall be deemed material unless it involves 3% or more of a company's admitted assets as of the December 31 next preceding.
(e) Certification of Loss Reserves and Loss Expense Reserves of the company's opining actuary
(i) The annual audit shall include an actuarial opinion as to the reasonableness of the company's loss reserves and loss expense reserves, unless waived by the commissioner.
(ii) The individual who certifies as to the reasonableness of reserves shall be approved by the Commissioner and shall be a Fellow or Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society and a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries, for property and casualty companies or a Fellow or Associate of the Society of Actuaries and a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries for life and health companies.
(4) Certification under Subsection R590-238-6(3)(e) shall be in such form as the commissioner deems appropriate.
(1) A certified public accountant that is retained to conduct the independent annual audit may only be appointed from the list of approved certified public accounting firms or individual certified public accountants maintained by the commissioner.
(2) A company that terminates the appointment of an independent certified public accountant retained to conduct the annual audit required in this rule shall report the name and address of the certified public accountant in writing to the commissioner within ninety days after the appointment is terminated and shall within the same period report the name and address of the certified public accountant that is subsequently retained.
A company shall require its certified public accountant to immediately notify an officer and all members of the board of directors of the company in writing of any determination by the independent certified public accountant that the company has materially misstated its financial condition in its report to the commissioner. The company shall furnish such notification to the commissioner within five working days of receipt thereof.
(1) Whenever the commissioner deems that the financial condition of a company warrants additional security, the commissioner may require the company to deposit, in trust for the company, cash, securities approved by the commissioner, or an irrevocable letter of credit issued by a bank chartered by the State of Utah or a member bank of the Federal Reserve System with the commissioner.
(2) The commissioner shall return the deposit or letter of credit of a company if the company ceases to do any business only after being satisfied that all obligations of the company have been discharged.
(3) A company may receive interest or dividends from the deposit or exchange the deposits for others of equal value with the approval of the commissioner.
R590-238-10. Availability and Maintenance of Working Papers of the Independent Certified Public Accountant.
(1) Each company shall require its independent certified public accountant to make all work papers prepared in the conduct of the audit of the company available for review by the commissioner or his appointed agent. The company shall require that the accountant retain the audit work papers for a period of not less than seven years after the period reported upon.
(2) The review by the commissioner shall be considered an official investigation by the commissioner and all working papers obtained during the course of such investigation shall be confidential business papers and shall be classified as business confidential protected records. The company shall require that the independent certified public accountant provide photocopies of any of the working papers that the department considers relevant. The department may retain any photocopies of working papers.
(1) All companies licensed by the commissioner as a captive insurance company, shall maintain and make ready for inspection and examination by the commissioner, or the commissioner's agent, any and all documents pertaining to the formation, operation, management, finances, insurance, and reinsurance of each company.
(2) Original documents may be kept in the offices of the company's captive manager, the company's parent, or the company itself. Accurate and complete copies shall be held in an office located in Utah that is designated by the company and approved by the commissioner.
(1) Any company authorized to do business in this state may take credit for reserves on risks ceded to a reinsurer subject to the following limitations:
(a) No credit shall be allowed for reinsurance where the reinsurance contract does not result in the transfer of the risk or liability to the reinsurer.
(b) No credit shall be allowed, as an asset or a deduction from liability, to any ceding insurer for reinsurance unless the reinsurance is payable by the assuming insurer on the basis of the liability of the ceding insurer under the contract reinsured without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding insurer.
(2) Reinsurance under this section shall be effected through a written agreement of reinsurance setting forth the terms, provisions and conditions governing such reinsurance.
(3) The commissioner, in his discretion, may require that complete copies of all reinsurance treaties and contracts be filed and approved by him.
No person shall act, in or from this state, as a captive insurance manager, broker, agent, or salesman, or reinsurance intermediary for captive business without the authorization of the commissioner. Application for such authorization must be on a form prescribed by the commissioner.
(1) Every company shall report any change in its executive officers or directors to the commissioner within thirty days after a change is made, including, in its report, a biographical affidavit of any new executive officer or director.
(2) No director, officer, or employee of a company shall, except on behalf of the company, accept, or be the beneficiary of, any fee, brokerage, gift, or other emolument because of any investment, loan, deposit, purchase, sale, payment or exchange made by or for the company. Such person may receive reasonable compensation for necessary services rendered to the company in his or her usual private, professional or business capacity.
(3) Any profit or gain received by or on behalf of any person in violation of this section shall inure to and be recoverable by the company.
(1) Each company licensed in Utah is required to adopt a conflict of interest statement for officers, directors and key employees. The statement shall disclose that the individual has no outside commitments, personal or otherwise, that would divert him from his duty to further the interests of the company he represents but this shall not preclude a person from being a director or officer in more than one insurance company.
(2) Each officer, director, and key employee shall file a yearly disclosure with the board of directors.
The acquisition of control of or merger of a domestic captive insurance company shall be regulated pursuant to Section 31A-16-103, notwithstanding the Commissioner may waive or modify the requirements for public notice and hearing when the Commissioner concludes the public hearing is not necessary due to limited public interest in the change of control.
(1) The commissioner may by order suspend or revoke the license of a company or place the same on probation on the following grounds:
(a) the company has not commenced business according to its plan of operation within two years of being licensed;
(b) the company has ceased to carry on insurance business in or from within Utah;
(c) at the request of the company; or
(d) any reason provided in Section 31A-37-505.
(2) Before the commissioner takes any action set forth under R590-238-17(1) the commissioner shall give the company notice in writing of the grounds on which the commissioner proposes to act, and shall afford the company a hearing as to such proposed action in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Utah Administrative Procedures Act.
(1) Any material change in a company's business plan that was filed with the commissioner at the time of initial application and any subsequent amendment of the plan requires prior approval of the commissioner.
(2) Any change in any other information filed with the initial application must be filed with the commissioner within sixty days after the change, but does not require prior approval.
(3) The company shall immediately notify the commissioner upon making changes in board members or officers of the company.
(1) Any person that wants to form a captive insurance company shall make application to the commissioner for authority to conduct a captive insurance company using the form, "Application to Form a Captive Insurance Company."
(2) One complete copy of the application including forms, attachments, exhibits and all other papers and documents filed as a part thereof, shall be filed electronically with the commissioner through the department's captive website, https://insurance.utah.gov/captive. Accompanying payments may be filed by personal delivery or mail addressed to: Office of the Commissioner, Utah Insurance Department, State Office Building, Room 3110, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-6901, Attention: Captive Insurance Administrator, or call and pay by credit card.
(3) The application shall be signed in the manner prescribed in the application. If the signature of any person is affixed pursuant to a power of attorney or other similar authority, a copy of such power of attorney or other authority shall also be filed with the application.
(4) A company must include with its application, a feasibility study demonstrating the feasibility of the business plan of the company. The department may test the feasibility of the study by examining the company's corporate records, including: charter; bylaws and minute books; verification of capital and surplus; verification of principal place of business; determination of assets and liabilities; and other factors as the commissioner deems necessary.
(1) An applicant for a certificate of authority under the captive insurance code shall pay a nonrefundable fee established in the department's fee rule, R590-102-8 for examining, investigating, and processing its initial application for license to the commissioner at the time the application is filed.
(2) In addition, each company that is licensed by the commissioner shall pay a license fee, without proration, for the initial year of registration and a renewal fee for each succeeding year in the amount established in the department's fee rule, R590-102-8.
(3) Each company shall pay an annual nonrefundable e-commerce (internet technology services) fee each year in the amount established in the department's fee rule, R590-102-18(1)(b) to the commissioner.
(4) Each captive insurance company shall pay a nonrefundable fee in the amount established in the department's fee rule, R590-102 for photocopies of documents to the commissioner.
(1) The following forms are to be used for any applicant applying for a certificate of authority for a new captive insurance company and may be obtained from the department's captive administrator at (801) 538-3800:
(a) "Application to Form A Captive Insurance Company;"
(b) "Biographical Affidavit For Captive Insurance Company;"
(c) "Utah Insurance Department Captive Insurance Company Reinsurance Exhibit;"
(e) "Utah Approved Irrevocable Letter of Credit;"
(f) "Statement if Economic Benefit to the State of Utah;" and
(g) "Appointment Of The Insurance Commissioner For The State Of Utah As Attorney To Accept Service of Process."
(2) The following forms are to be used when applying to become an Approved captive insurance company provider and are available on the department's captive website:
(a) "Application for Placement on Approved Captive Insurer Management Firm List;"
(b) "Application To Certify Loss And Expense For Captive Insurance Companies Captive Actuary Application;" and
(c) "Application For Authorization As An Independent Certified Public Accountant for Captive Insurance Companies."
(3) All captive insurance companies, except those noted in R590-238-4(2), are to use the "Captive Insurance Company Annual Statement Form."
(4) A company shall file a "Statement of Economic Benefit to the State of Utah" form with its initial application and for each of the 12 months ending December 31, of each applicable year.
(5) The forms indicated in Sections (2), (3), and (4) are available on the department's captive website, https://insurance.utah.gov/captive.
If any provision of this rule or its application to any person or circumstance is, for any reason, held to be invalid, the remainder of this rule and its application to other persons and circumstances are not affected.
June 21, 2019
May 2, 2017
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R590, please contact the promulgating agency (Insurance, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.