Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R610. Labor Commission, Antidiscrimination and Labor, Labor.
Rule R610-3. Filing, Investigation, and Resolution of Wage Claims.
As in effect on October 1, 2019
Table of Contents
- R610-3-1. Authority.
- R610-3-2. Definitions.
- R610-3-3. Exceptions.
- R610-3-4. Filing Procedure and Commencement of Agency Action.
- R610-3-5. Investigation.
- R610-3-6. Preliminary Findings.
- R610-3-7. Default Order.
- R610-3-8. Agreements and Settlements.
- R610-3-9. Hearings.
- R610-3-10. Attorney Fees.
- R610-3-11. Agency Review.
- R610-3-12. Judicial Review.
- R610-3-13. Declaratory Orders.
- R610-3-14. Enforcement.
- R610-3-15. Time.
- R610-3-16. Retaliation.
- R610-3-17. Bankruptcy.
- R610-3-18. Deductions and Offsets.
- R610-3-19. Timely and Unconditional Payment of Wages.
- R610-3-20. Check Stubs.
- R610-3-22. Payment of Wages Via Pay Cards.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
This rule is enacted under the authority of Sections 34-23-104, 34-28-9, 34-28-19 and 34-40-105.
The following definitions are in addition to the statutory definitions specified in Sections 34-23-103, 34-28-2, and 34-40-102.
A. "Claim" means a properly completed Wage Claim Assignment Form, filed with the Division by a wage claimant.
B. "Claimant" means a person making a claim, as stated in subsection A.
C. "Commission" means the Labor Commission.
D. "Defendant" means a person against whom a claim is made.
E. "Director" is the Director of the Division of Antidiscrimination and Labor. Director also means a designee denoted by the Commission to serve in the Director's absence.
F. "Division" means the Division of Antidiscrimination and Labor within the Labor Commission and the personnel responsible for receiving, investigating and resolving claims.
G. "Hearing Officer" means a presiding officer who is designated by the Commission to commence adjudicative proceedings, process claims and complaints, conduct investigations, hold hearings, assess penalties, issue subpoenas, and enter Orders.
H. "Hours employed" includes all time during which an employee is required to be working, to be on the employer's premises ready to work, to be on duty, to be at a prescribed work place, to attend a meeting or training, and for time utilized during established rest or break periods excluding meal periods of 30 minutes or more where the employee is relieved of all responsibilities.
I. "Mail" or "Mailed" means first class mailing sent to the parties of a wage claim or claim of retaliation, to the last known address on the Commission's record.
J. "Presiding Officer" includes those defended by Section 63G-4-103(1)(h)(i).
Public, general agricultural, household domestic, and certain other employments are excepted from the provisions of these rules pursuant to Section 34-28-1.
A. For purposes of Section 63G-4-201, commencement of an adjudicative proceeding at the Division to resolve a claim for wages is accomplished by the wage claimant filing a wage claim assignment form. The wage claim assignment form shall act as a request for agency action and the form and accompanying agency cover letter shall together include all information specified in Section 63G-4-201(2).
B. An employee who is denied full payment of wages due or is affected or aggrieved by a violation of a statutory provision may file a claim with the Division on a form provided by the Division for that purpose.
1. Besides amounts due an employee for labor or services on a time, task, piece, commission, or other reasonable method of calculating the amount, wages also includes the following items, if due under an agreement with the employer or under a policy of the employer:
c. sick leave;
d. paid time off; and
e. severance payments and bonuses.
C. The claim shall include the Claimant's name and address, the Defendant's name and address, a brief and concise statement of the claims, complaints, or allegations, the amount of money which is alleged to be due the Claimant and the Claimant's signature or the signature of the Claimant's authorized representative.
D. Upon receipt of a claim, the Division shall enter its receipt and assign a claim number.
E. The Division may telephone the Defendant and attempt to resolve the claim.
F. When a rapid resolution is not effected, the Division shall mail to the Defendant a copy of the claim and a blank answer form together with an accompanying agency cover letter.
G. The Defendant shall have ten working days from the date of the letter to submit an answer to the claim.
H. Where the Defendant concedes the validity of the claim, the Defendant may pay or otherwise satisfy the claim within ten working days from the date of the letter without being subject to a penalty, under Section 34-28-9(2).
1. As an exception to Subsection H, defendants that are repeat offenders by having more than two wage claims filed against them within a running year, which claims are determined by the Division to be valid and to not have resulted from the same facts or circumstances, shall be subject to a penalty in accordance with Section 34-28-9(2).
I. The Division shall by mail provide a copy of the defendant's answer to the claimant. The claimant shall have ten working days from the date of the letter to submit a rebuttal, if any.
For the purpose of determining the validity or invalidity of the filed claim, the Division pursuant to Sections 34-28-9 and 34-28-10, may:
A. Interview and obtain additional statements from either party;
B. Attempt to obtain from the Defendant an answer and statement where the Defendant has failed to submit an answer to the claim;
C. Examine, copy, inspect, and summarize relevant records or documents held by the parties or other persons;
D. Obtain written statements of third persons relevant to the claim;
E. Contact and receive relevant information from other government agencies or officials; or
F. Make relevant inquiries necessary in making a preliminary decision.
A. At the conclusion of the investigation or upon the Defendant's failure to respond to the allegations of the claim, the Division may issue a Preliminary Finding.
B. Preliminary Findings shall set forth the issue or issues of the claim and state the findings based on the information contained in the wage claim file.
1. If the claim has been determined to be valid the Preliminary Finding shall contain a brief statement of the reason thereof, the statute(s) or rule(s) violated, and specify the remedy which shall be complied with within ten working days from the date of the document.
2. If the claim has been determined to be invalid the Preliminary Finding shall contain a brief statement of the reason thereof and contain notice that the claim is being dismissed.
C. Preliminary Findings shall be mailed to the parties and any attorney of record.
D. A party may submit a request for review or request an informal hearing. This request shall be made in writing and received by the Division within ten working days of the date of the Preliminary Finding and shall state the reason for the request and include any available evidence to support their position.
E. Failure to request a review or request an informal hearing within the time prescribed in Subsection D. precludes a review or hearing.
A. A hearing officer may issue an Order On Default And Order To Pay based on the Preliminary Finding issued by the Division.
B. An Order On Default And Order To Pay may be issued following an investigation and bypassing a Preliminary Finding if any of the following occur:
1. The Claimant is issued a non-negotiable check in the payment of wages in violation of Section 34-28-3(2).
2. The Defendant admits the validity of the claim.
3. The Defendant failed to respond to the allegations of the claim within the time specified or to participate in the investigation, or when the Division deems appropriate.
C. The penalty provided for by Section 34-28-9(2) may be awarded in addition to the award for wages.
D. After issuance of the Order On Default And Order To Pay, the only agency review available is that specified in R610-3-11.
A. No provision of Title 34, Chapter 28, can be contravened by a mutual agreement between an employee and employer unless the agreement is approved by the Division.
B. Notice of settlement conference shall be mailed to the parties involved in the wage claim advising them of the time, date, and place of the conference. A continuance shall only be granted for good cause, at the option of the hearing officer.
C. In the event of settlement the parties shall sign a settlement agreement stating the terms of the settlement, and shall include:
1. A stipulation that in the event of breach of the agreement the Division may enter an Order enforcing the settlement agreement; and
2. Approval of the settlement agreement by a representative designated by the Division.
A. Pursuant to Section 63G-4-202(1), the Division may resolve the claim for wages filed pursuant to R610-3-4 by holding an informal hearing subject to the provisions of Section 63-46b-5. This hearing may be converted to a formal hearing pursuant to Section 63G-4-202(3).
B. Where the Division deems appropriate or upon a timely request of either party, an informal hearing may be scheduled.
C. Notice of hearing shall be mailed to the parties involved in the wage claim advising them of the time, date, and place of the hearing and shall specify if the hearing is an informal or a formal proceeding. Notice of hearing shall be mailed and shall constitute proper notice.
D. A continuance shall only be granted for good cause at the option of the hearing officer.
E. The hearing officer may at his or her option record a hearing or accept testimony under oath.
F. The parties shall submit all relevant evidence, not previously submitted to the Division, at the hearing.
G. The hearing officer may request additional evidence of either party and set time limits for its submission, prior to the close of the hearing.
H. A signed Order issued by the hearing officer shall be pursuant to Section 63G-4-203, and shall be promptly mailed to each of the parties. The Order issued may be:
1. An Order awarding payment to the Claimant and may include a penalty pursuant to Section 34-28-9(2), in addition to the wages determined due.
2. An Order For Dismissal terminating proceedings on the wage claim by the Division.
I. After issuance of the hearing officer's Order, the only agency review available is that specified in R610-3-11.
A. Pursuant to Section 34-28-9(4)(b), attorney fees and costs shall be allowed to counsel employed by the commission, the attorney general or the county representing the commission in appeals when the plaintiff prevails and in judgment enforcement proceedings. Attorney fees shall be allowed in the amount of $500 or one-third of the award, whichever is greater.
A. After issuance of an Order On Default And Order To Pay or of a hearing officer's Order, the only agency review available to a party is a request for reconsideration as specified in Section 63G-4-302.
B. Reconsideration shall be based on the contents of the file. No new evidence shall be accepted.
C. The Division Director is the reviewer for the purpose of reviewing all matters where a request for reconsideration was properly filed and shall do so pursuant to Section 63G-4-302(3).
Judicial review of a wage claim Order is pursuant to Section 63G-4-402.
As required by Section 63G-4-503, this rule provides the procedure for submission, review, and disposition of petitions for agency Declaratory Orders on the applicability of statutes, rules, and Orders governing or issued by the agency.
A. Petition form and filing.
1. The petition shall be addressed and delivered to the Director, who shall mark the petition with the date of receipt.
2. The petition shall:
a. be clearly designated as a request for an agency Declaratory Order;
b. identify the statute, rule, or Order to be reviewed;
c. describe in detail the situation or circumstance in which applicability is to be reviewed;
d. describe the reason or need for the applicability review, addressing in particular why the review should not be considered frivolous;
e. include an address and telephone number where the petitioner can be contacted during the regular work days;
f. declare whether the petitioner has participated in a completed or on-going adjudicative proceeding concerning the same issue within the past 12 months; and
g. be signed by the petitioner.
1. The agency shall not review a petition for Declaratory Orders that is:
a. not within the jurisdiction and competence of the agency;
b. trivial, irrelevant, or immaterial; or
c. otherwise excluded by state or federal law.
C. Petition review and disposition.
1. The Director shall promptly review and consider the petition and may:
a. meet with the petitioner;
b. consult with counsel or the Attorney General; or
c. take action consistent with the law that the agency deems necessary to provide the petition adequate review and due consideration.
2. The Director may issue an Order pursuant to Section 63G-4-503(6).
D. Administrative review of the Declaratory Order is per Section 63G-4-302, only.
A. Docketing of Order or final agency action as a lien.
1. An abstract of the final Order shall be docketed by the Division in the office of the clerk of the district court of any county in the state. Time of receipt of the abstract shall be noted thereon and entered in the judgment docket pursuant to Section 34-28-9(3)(a), (b), and (c).
2. The docketing of an Order shall constitute a lien against the real property of the defendant situated in the county for a period of eight years.
B. Execution may be issued on the lien within the same time and in the same manner and with the same effect as if the Order were a judgment of the district court.
C. Appeals and judgment enforcement and fees.
1. A copy of each Order or final agency action not complied with after 30 days of its issuance and all notices of appeal of an Order or final agency action may be sent to the office of the appropriate County Attorney, or to counsel employed or appointed by the Commission, to represent the Commission on all appeals and to enforce judgments.
2. Counsel employed or appointed by the Commission or the County Attorney for the county in which the plaintiff or the defendant resides, depending on the district in which the final Order is docketed, shall represent the Commission on all appeals and shall enforce judgments.
3. Reasonable attorney's fees and costs on de novo appeals where the Commission prevails and for judgment enforcing procedures shall be awarded the Commission, the appointed counsel, or the county.
A. An Order is deemed issued on the date on the face of the Order which is the date the presiding officer signs the Order.
B. In computing a period of time prescribed or allowed by these rules or by applicable statute:
1. The day of the act, event, finding, or default, or the date an Order is issued, shall not be included;
2. The last day of the period so computed shall be included, unless it is a Saturday, a Sunday, or a state legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next working day;
3. When the period of time prescribed is less than seven days, intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and state legal holidays shall be excluded in the computation;
4. No additional time for mailing shall be allowed.
A. Section 34-28-19 prohibits an employer from retaliating against employees. Claims of unlawful retaliation shall be resolved as follows:
1. An employee alleging retaliatory action by his employer may file a complaint with the Division. The Division shall mail a copy of the complaint to the employer and allow ten working days for the employer to submit a written response to the complaint. Additionally, the Division may attempt to resolve the complaint by informal means.
2. After the time allowed for response and if informal resolution has been unsuccessful, the Division shall conduct a hearing to determine whether the employer has violated Section 34-28-19 by retaliating against the employee. The Division's determination shall be mailed to each party.
a. If the Division determines that no retaliation has occurred, it shall dismiss the employee's complaint.
b. If the Division determines retaliation has occurred, it shall order the employer to end the retaliatory action and reimburse the employee for lost wages and benefits.
B. Right of Appeal:
1. The only agency review available to any party is a request for reconsideration as specified in Section 63G-4-302.
2. Reconsideration shall be based on the contents of the file and submitted within 20 days of the date of the issued order. No new evidence will be accepted.
3. The Division Director is the reviewer for the purpose of reviewing all matters where a request for reconsideration was properly filed and shall do so pursuant to Section 63G-4-302 (3).
4. Judicial review of the order may be pursued as specified in Section 63G-4-402.
C. The Division may enforce any final order as provided in Section 34-28-9(3) and (4).
In the event the defendant files a petition with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, the Division shall suspend its administrative action until the bankruptcy case is concluded or dismissed.
The following sums shall constitute lawful deductions or offsets from wages due an employee:
A. Sums deducted from wages pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code or other Federal tax provision;
B. Sums deducted from wages pursuant to the Social Security Administration Act and Federal Insurance Contribution Act;
C. Sums deducted from wages pursuant to any Utah city, county, or state tax;
D. Sums deducted from wages as dues, contributions, or other fees to a labor, employee, professional, or other employer-related organization or association; and sums as contributions for an employee's participation or eligibility in a health, welfare, insurance, retirement, or other benefit plan or program, provided that the:
1. Employee has granted written authorization for the deductions; and
2. Deductions shall terminate upon the written revocation of the authorization;
E. Sums deducted from wages as payments, repayments, contributions, deposits, to a credit union, banking, savings, loan, trust or other financial institution, provided that the:
1. Employee has granted written authorization for the deductions; and
2. Deductions shall terminate upon the written revocation of the authorization;
F. Sums deducted from wages as payment for the purchase of goods or services by the employee from the employer, provided that the:
1. Employee has actual or constructive possession of the goods or services purchased; and
2. Employee's purchase is evidenced by the employee's written acknowledgment;
G. Sums deducted from wages for damages suffered by the employer due to the employee's negligence:
1. A potential deduction shall meet the following pre-conditions:
a. negligence and damages arise out of the course of employment;
b. employer has not received payments, compensation, or any form of restitution for the same monetary loss from an insurer, assurer, surety, or guarantor to cover the injuries, losses, or damages;
c. offset is reasonably related to the amount of the damage; and
d. damage is over and above wear and tear reasonably expected in the normal course of business.
2. Methods of determining an employee's negligence and amount of damage are:
a. by a judicial proceeding;
b. by an employer's written and published procedures coupled with an employee's express authorization for the deduction in writing; or
c. by any other provision allowed or required by law pursuant to Section 34-28-3(5).
H. Sums deducted from wages, in the proper amounts, for enforcement of a valid attachment or garnishment shall be honored by the Division;
I. Sums deducted from wages as repayment to the employer by the employee of advances or loans made to the employee by the employer, provided that the:
1. Advance or loan to the employee occurred while the employee was in the employ of the employer; and
2. Employee's receipt of the advance or loan is evidenced by the employee's written acknowledgment;
J. Sums deducted from wages as a result of loss or damage occurring from the criminal conduct of the employee against the property of the employer, provided that:
1. The employee has been adjudged guilty by a judicial proceeding of the specified crime committed against the property of the employer;
2. The crime occurred during the employment relationship or out of the employment relationship; and
3. The property of the employer cannot or has not been reunited with the employer; or
4. The employee willfully and through his own admission did in fact destroy company property. An offset against the earned wages may be allowed at the hearing officer's discretion.
K. Sums deducted from the wages resulting from cash shortages, provided that the:
1. Employee gives written acknowledgment upon beginning employment that he or she shall be responsible for shortages;
2. Employee shall at the beginning of his or her work period be checked in or verified on the register or with the cash amount by the employer in the employee's presence and give written acknowledgment of the verification;
3. Employee at the end of the work period be checked out or verified on the register or with the cash amount by the employer in the employee's presence and give written acknowledgment of the verification; and
4. Employee be the sole and absolute user and have sole access to the register or cash amount from the time checked in under Subsection (2) until the time checked out under Subsection (3);
L. Sums deducted from wages as payment for the purchase of goods, tools, equipment, or other items required for the employment of a person, provided that the:
1. Employee's purchase and receipt of the items is evidenced by a written acknowledgment;
2. Employee has actual or constructive possession of the goods or items; and
3. Employer repurchase the items from the employee at the employee's option upon the termination of employment at a fair and reasonable price;
M. Sums deducted from wages as payment for goods, tools, equipment, or other items furnished and assigned to the employee by the employer, provided that:
1. The item was assigned during the employment of the employee;
2. The employee gave written acknowledgment of the receipt of the item; and
3. The item was not returned to the employer upon termination.
A. In case of a dispute over wages, the employer shall give written notice to the employee, of the amount of wages which he concedes to be due and shall pay that amount without condition within the time required by statute;
B. Acceptance by the employee of a payment made hereunder shall not constitute a release or waiver as to the balance of a claim for wages;
C. The employer shall not be entitled or permitted to deduct any sums where the employer has failed to make payment of wages within the time period required by statute.
All lawful offsets enumerated in this rule shall be itemized on a statement or a detachable check stub and provided to the employee as required by Section 34-28-3(4).
A pay card is a stored value card that can be used at an ATM-type machine to access wages that are credited to the card. An employer may use a pay card to pay an employee's wages if the following conditions are met:
A. With one use, the employee shall be able to withdraw the full amount of earned wages without incurring a fee. "One use" means a single transaction.
B. The full amount of wages for a pay period shall be available for the employee via the pay card on the applicable payday.
C. On each payday, the employer shall provide the employee a statement of deductions from the employee's gross wages for the subject pay period. This statement shall be provided:
1. in writing, or
2. electronically, provided that the employee must be able to easily and immediately access the information and print a paper copy of the same, without cost.
wages, minors, labor, time
April 16, 2012
August 29, 2016
34-23-101 et seq.; 34-28-1 et seq.; 34-40-101 et seq.; 63G-4-102 et seq.
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R610, please contact the promulgating agency (Labor Commission, Antidiscrimination and Labor, Labor). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.