Utah Administrative Code
The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).
NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.
NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.
R671. Pardons (Board of), Administration.
Rule R671-309. Impartial Hearings.
As in effect on October 1, 2019
Table of Contents
- R671-309-1. Ex Parte Communications.
- R671-309-2. Recusal.
- Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment
- Notice of Continuation
- Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law
(1) Offenders are entitled to an impartial hearing before the Board. The Board therefore discourages any ex parte contact with:
(a) individual Board Members at any time; or
(b) hearing Officers once the Hearing Officer has been assigned to conduct a hearing for a specific offender.
(2) All contacts by offenders, victims of crime, their family members or any other person outside the staff of the Board regarding a specific case shall be referred, whenever possible, to a staff member designated by the Board who is not currently directly involved in hearing the case.
(a) If information provided by any person outside of a hearing could materially affect the Board's decision, the designated staff member shall prepare a memorandum for the file containing the substance of the contact.
(b) If the contact is by a victim wishing to make a statement for the Board's consideration, Rule 671-203 on Victim Input and Notification shall apply.
(c) Any inquiries or input from attorneys, public officials, or members of the public, regarding case facts or substantive matters, shall be submitted in writing. Unwritten inquiries shall be documented and responded to in writing.
(3)(a) A Board Member or Hearing Officer assigned to a case may not initiate, permit, or consider ex parte communications concerning the substance of a pending matter. (b) A Board Member may not permit, consider, or be a party to any ex parte communication regarding a specific offender under Board jurisdiction if the object, intent, or substance of the communication is, or reasonably could be perceived to be, an attempt to impart information or opinion not contained in the offender's file, or to otherwise influence, change, or modify a Board decision or a Board Member's deliberations, decision, or vote.
(c) In situations where such ex parte communication does occur, the Board member or Hearing Officer shall immediately take steps to terminate the communication, and shall thereafter reduce the substance of the communication to a written memorandum for the Board file, including copies of any writings that formed any part of the ex parte communication. Such memorandum shall thereafter be disclosed to the offender.
(4) This rule may not preclude contact regarding procedural matters so long as such contact is not for the purpose of influencing the decision of the Board or any Board Member on any particular case or hearing.
(5) Attorneys may submit information for the Board to consider. The information shall be submitted in writing and directed to the Administrative Coordinator or designee.
(1) A hearing official or Board member may be recused in any proceeding in which the hearing official or Board member's impartiality might reasonably be questioned, including but not limited to the following circumstances:
(a) has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party or a party's lawyer, is or could have been a witness or victim in any matter relating to the offender.
(b) has a familial, financial, or other relationship with anyone involved in the case that might reasonably be seen as a bias.
(c) served as a lawyer, judge, agent, or caseworker in any previous matter with the offender.
(2) In cases where a clear basis for recusal exists the hearing official will document the recusal in the file and re-assign the case before the hearing is conducted.
(3) If the conflict isn't recognized before the hearing or the basis for recusal is minimal, the hearing official shall disclose the basis of the potential recusal to the offender. If the offender waives the recusal and agrees that the hearing official need not be disqualified, the hearing official may conduct the proceeding. The offender's waiver shall be entered on the record and memorialized in the case file.
(4) If the offender believes the hearing official or any Board member should be recused the offender shall raise the issue any time before or during the hearing.
(a) The offender may waive the recusal and continue with the hearing as prescribed in (2).
(b) If the offender requests the recusal of the hearing official or Board member who is conducting the hearing, the hearing official or Board member will rule on the issue. If the hearing official or Board member denies the recusal and proceeds with the hearing, the offender may appeal to the Board Chair or designee. The offender must clearly describe, in writing, the basis for recusing the hearing official and the requested remedy. If the offender does not appeal the issue within 10 calendar days after the hearing official denies the recusal, the appeal is waived.
(5) The offender may request the recusal of a Board member from the voting process based on any factors in subsection (1).
(a) If the offender requests the recusal of a Board Member who is not conducting the hearing, the hearing official will document the request. The Board will make a decision about the recusal before considering the case.
(b) If the offender does not raise the issue of recusal within 10 calendar days after the Board renders a decision the claim is waived.
November 24, 2014
September 30, 2019
63G-3-201(3); 77-27-1 et seq.; 77-27-5; 77-27-7; 77-27-9(4)(a)
For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R671, please contact the promulgating agency (Pardons (Board of), Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.