Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.


R710. Public Safety, Fire Marshal.

Rule R710-3. Assisted Living Facilities.

As in effect on October 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R710-3-1. Purpose.

The purpose of this rule is to establish the minimum standards for prevention of fire and for the protection of life and property against fire and panic in assisted living facilities.

R710-3-2. Authority.

This rule is authorized by Section 53- 7- 204.

R710-3-3. Definitions.

(1) "Ambulatory" means a person who is capable of achieving mobility sufficient to exit without the physical assistance of another person. An equivalency to "Ambulatory" may be approved under the conditions stated in Subsections R710-3-4(2)(h), R710-3-4(3)(f), or R710-3-4(4)(j).

(2) "Assisted Living Facility" means:

(a) a Type 1 Assisted Living Facility, which is a residential facility subject to licensure by the Utah Department of Health, that provides a protected living arrangement for ambulatory, non-restrained persons who are capable of achieving mobility sufficient to exit the facility without the physical assistance of another person;

(b) a Type 2 Assisted Living Facility, which is a residential facility subject to licensure by the Utah Department of Health, that provides an array of coordinated supportive personal and health care services to residents who meet the definition of semi-independent; or

(c) a Residential Treatment/Support Assisted Living Facility, which creates a group living environment for four or more residents contracted by the Division of Services to People with Disabilities and subject to licensure by the Utah Department of Human Services, and provides a protected living arrangement for ambulatory, non-restrained persons who are capable of achieving mobility sufficient to exit the facility without the physical assistance of another person.

(d) Assisted Living Facilities shall be classified by size as follows:

(i) "Type 1, 2, and Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Facility" means an assisted living facility accommodating five or less residents, excluding staff.

(ii) "Type 1, 2, and Residential Treatment/Support Small Facility" means an assisted living facility accommodating at least six and not more than 16 residents, excluding staff.

(iii) "Type 1, 2, and Residential Treatment/Support Large Facility" means an assisted living facility accommodating more than sixteen residents, excluding staff.

(3) "Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)" means the State Fire Marshal, his duly authorized deputies, or the local fire enforcement authority.

(4) "Board" means Utah Fire Prevention Board.

(5) "Compromised Ambulatory Capacity" means physical or mental incapacitations that inhibit a persons ability to exit a facility unassisted.

(6) "IBC" means International Building Code.

(7) "ICC" means International Code Council, Inc.

(8) "IFC" means International Fire Code.

(9) "Licensing Authority" means the Utah Department of Health or the Utah Department of Human Services.

(10) "Semi-independent" means a person who is:

(a) physically disabled but able to direct his or her own care; or

(b) cognitively impaired or physically disabled but able to evacuate from the facility with the physical assistance of one person.

(11) "SFM" means State Fire Marshal.

R710-3-4. Amendments and Additions.

(1) General Requirements

(a) All facilities shall be inspected annually and obtain a certificate of fire clearance signed by the AHJ.

(b) All facility administrators shall develop emergency plans and preparedness as required in IFC, Chapter 4.

(c) An approved automatic fire detection system shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of this code and NFPA 72. Devices, combinations of devices, appliances, and equipment shall be approved. The automatic fire detectors shall be smoke detectors, except an approved alternative type of detector shall be installed in spaces such as boiler rooms where, during normal operation, products of combustion are present in sufficient quantity to actuate a smoke detector.

(2) Type I Assisted Living Facilities

(a) Type I Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Residential Group R-3, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(b) Type I Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facility required exits shall not be secured with dead bolts, chains, or hasps. Deadbolts that are interconnected with the latch, and provide simultaneous retraction of both the deadbolt and the latch, by the turning of the latch, is permitted.

(c) Residents in Type I Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities shall be housed on the first story only, unless an approved outside exit leading to the ground level is provided from any upper or lower level. Split entry/split level type homes in which stairs to the lower and upper level are equal or nearly equal, may have residents housed on both levels when approved by the AHJ.

(d) In Type I Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities, resident rooms on the ground level, shall have emergency escape or rescue opening as required in IFC, Chapter 10, Section 1030.

(e) In Type I Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities an approved independent smoke detector shall be installed and maintained by location as required in IFC, Chapter 9, Section 907.2.11.2.

(f) Type I Small Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Residential Group R-4, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(g) Type I Small Assisted Living Facility required exits shall not be secured with dead bolts, chains, or hasps. Deadbolts that are interconnected with the latch, and provide simultaneous retraction of both the deadbolt and the latch, by the turning of the latch, is permitted.

(h) In a Type I Assisted Living Facility, non-ambulatory persons are permitted after receiving approval for a variance from the Utah Department of Health as allowed in Utah Administrative Code, R432-2-18.

(3) Type II Assisted Living Facilities

(a) Type II Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Residential Group R-4, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(b) Type II Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities shall have an approved automatic fire extinguishing system installed in compliance with the IBC and IFC, or provide a staff to a resident ratio of one to one on a 24 hour basis.

(c) Type II Small Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Institutional Group I-1, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(d) Type II Small Assisted Living Facilities shall have a minimum corridor width of six feet.

(i) Type II Small Assisted Living Facilities licensed before November 16, 2004, shall have a minimum corridor width of six feet or a path of egress that is acceptable to the AHJ.

(e) Type II Large Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Institutional Group I-2, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(i) An automatic fire sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings classified as Group I. Listed quick response or residential sprinkler heads shall be installed in patient or resident sleeping areas.

(f) In a Type II Assisted Living Facility, non-ambulatory persons are permitted after receiving approval for a variance from the Utah Department of Health as allowed in Utah Administrative Code, R432-2-18.

(4) Residential Treatment/Support Assisted Living Facilities

(a) Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facility shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Residential Group R-3, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(b) Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facility required exits shall not be secured with dead bolts, chains, or hasps. Deadbolts that are interconnected with the latch, and provide simultaneous retraction of both the deadbolt and the latch, by the turning of the latch, is permitted.

(c) Residents in Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities shall be housed on the first story only, unless an approved outside exit leading to the ground level is provided from any upper or lower level. Split entry/split level type homes in which stairs to the lower and upper level are equal or nearly equal, may have residents housed on both levels when approved by the AHJ.

(d) In Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities, resident rooms on the ground level, shall have emergency escape or rescue windows as required in IFC, Chapter 10, Section 1029.

(e) In Residential Treatment/Support Limited Capacity Assisted Living Facilities an approved independent smoke detector shall be installed and maintained by location as required in IFC, Chapter 9, Section 907.2.11.2.

(f) Residential Treatment/Support Small Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Residential Group R-4, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(i) IFC, Chapter 9, Section 903.2.8 is amended to add the following: Exception: Residential Treatment/Support Assisted Living Facility classified as Group R-4, not more than 4500 gross square feet, and not containing more than 16 ambulatory, non-restrained residents, is allowed provided the building is equipped throughout with an approved fire alarm system that is interconnected and receives its primary power from the building wiring.

(g) Residential Treatment/Support Small Assisted Living Facility required exits shall not be secured with dead bolts, chains, or hasps. Deadbolts that are interconnected with the latch, and provide simultaneous retraction of both the deadbolt and the latch, by the turning of the latch, is permitted.

(h) Residential Treatment/Support Large Assisted Living Facilities shall be constructed in accordance with IBC, Institutional Group I-1, and maintained in accordance with the IBC and IFC.

(i) An automatic fire sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings classified as Group I. Listed quick response or residential sprinkler heads shall be installed in patient or resident sleeping areas.

(j) In a Residential Treatment/Support Assisted Living Facility, residents with compromised ambulatory capacity that can demonstrate the ability to exit the facility unassisted in two minutes or less, and meet the requirements listed in Utah Administrative Code, R501-2-11, Emergency Plans, may receive approval from the Office of Licensing, Utah Department of Human Services, to remain in the facility as a resident.

(i) In those facilities where the Office of Licensing, Department of Human Services, determines that the resident cannot exit the facility unassisted in two minutes or less, the facility management shall complete one of the following:

(A) make accommodations, changes or enact an emergency plan that guarantees the exiting of the resident in two minutes or less;

(B) provide a staff to resident ratio of one to one on a 24 hour basis;

(C) install an approved automatic fire sprinkler system; or

(D) move the resident from the facility.

R710-3-5. Repeal of Conflicting Board Actions.

All former Board actions, or parts thereof, conflicting or inconsistent with the provisions of this Board action or of the codes hereby adopted, are hereby repealed.

R710-3-6. Validity.

The Board hereby declares that should any section, paragraph, sentence, or word of this Board action, or the codes adopted, be declared invalid, it is the intent of the Board that it would have passed all other portions of this action, independent of the elimination of any portions as may be declared invalid.

R710-3-7. Conflicts.

In the event where separate requirements pertain to the same situation in the adopted codes, the more restrictive requirement shall govern, as determined by the AHJ.

R710-3-8. Adjudicative Proceedings.

(1) All adjudicative proceedings performed by the agency shall proceed informally as set forth herein and as authorized by UCA, Sections 63G-4-202 and 63G-4-203.

(2) A person may request a hearing on a decision made by the AHJ by filing an appeal to the Board within 20 days after receiving final decision from the AHJ.

(3) All adjudicative proceedings, other than criminal prosecution, taken by the AHJ to enforce the Utah Fire Prevention and Safety Act, and these rules, shall commence in accordance with UCA, Section 63G-4-201.

(4) The Board shall act as the hearing authority, and shall convene as an appeals board after timely notice to all parties involved.

(5) The Board shall direct the SFM to issue a signed order to the parties involved giving the decision of the Board within a reasonable time of the hearing pursuant to UCA, Section 63G-4-203.

(6) Reconsideration of the Boards decision may be requested in writing within 20 days of the date of the decision pursuant to UCA, Section 63G-4-302.

(7) Judicial review of all final Board actions resulting from informal adjudicative proceedings is available pursuant to UCA, Section 63G-4-402.

KEY

assisted living facilities

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

August 15, 2016

Notice of Continuation

May 3, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

53-7-204


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R710, please contact the promulgating agency (Public Safety, Fire Marshal). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.