Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since August 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.

R850. School and Institutional Trust Lands, Administration.

Rule R850-8. Adjudicative Proceedings.

As in effect on August 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R850-8-100. Authorities.

This rule implements Sections 6, 8, 10, and 12 of the Utah Enabling Act, Articles X and XX of the Utah Constitution, and Subsections 53C-1-204(3), 53C-1-204(10)(c), and Section 53C-1-304.

R850-8-200. Scope.

This rule governs adjudicative proceedings conducted by the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration Board of Trustees or any hearing examiner designated by the board, and judicial review of all such proceedings.

R850-8-300. Definitions.

1. Adjudicative proceeding - means a review by the board of a final agency action that directly determines the legal rights, duties, or other legal interests of one or more identifiable persons.

2. Board - means School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration Board of Trustees. References to the board shall also apply to any hearing examiner appointed unless the context of rules requires otherwise.

3. Director's Actions - means the weekly compendium of actions taken by the director and posted on the agency's website to provide public notice for record-keeping purposes.

4. Final agency action - means a written determination by the Trust Lands Administration of the legal rights, duties, or other legal interests of one or more identifiable persons. The determination may be in any form deemed appropriate by the Trust Lands Administration including, but not limited to, a notation on the Director's Actions, a narrative record of decision, a notice that an instrument will be canceled for nonpayment issued pursuant to R850-5-200(5), or a decision letter. Decisions by the director or the agency to sell, exchange, or lease specific real property are not subject to administrative review pursuant to Subsection 53C-1-304(2)(b), and therefore do not constitute final agency actions.

5. Party - means the Trust Lands Administration or other person commencing an adjudicative proceeding, all respondents, all persons permitted by the board to intervene in the proceeding, and all persons authorized by statute or Trust Lands Administration rule to participate as parties in an adjudicative proceeding.

6. Person - means an individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, political subdivision or its units, governmental subdivision or its units, public or private organization or entity of any character, or another agency.

7. Petitioner - means a person who requests the initiation of any proceeding.

8. Respondent - means a person against whom an adjudicative proceeding is initiated, or whose property interest is directly affected by a proceeding initiated by the board or by another person.

R850-8-400. Liberal Construction.

This rule will be liberally construed to secure just, speedy, and economical determination of issues presented to the board.

R850-8-500. Deviation from Rules.

The board, in its sole discretion, may permit a deviation from this rule for good cause including, but not limited to, situations where compliance is impractical or unnecessary, or in the furtherance of due process or the statutory obligations of the board.

R850-8-600. Appearances and Representations.

1. Natural Persons.

A natural person may appear on his or her own behalf and represent himself or herself at hearings before the board.

2. Attorneys.

Except as provided in R850-8-600(1), representation at hearings before the board will be by attorneys licensed to practice law in the state of Utah, or in the discretion of the board, attorneys licensed to practice law in another jurisdiction.

R850-8-700. Conferences Encouraged.

This rule does not preclude the Trust Lands Administration or the board at any time from holding conferences with parties and interested persons to encourage settlement, clarify the issues, simplify the evidence, facilitate discovery in formal adjudicative proceedings, or otherwise expedite the proceedings.

R850-8-800. Filing of Pleadings.

An original and ten copies of all documents, including any exhibits, required or permitted to be filed, shall be filed at the office of the director. The director shall not accept less than the required number of copies. Each party filing documents with the director shall send one copy by first class mail to each other party to the proceeding.

R850-8-900. Final Agency Action.

1. The final agency action shall be in writing. Except for a notice that an instrument will be canceled for nonpayment issued pursuant to R850-5-200(5), the final agency action shall be signed by the director or his designee.

2. Nothing in this rule 850-8 shall require the agency to mail notice of routine administrative and record-keeping matters otherwise noted on the Director's Actions to any person including, without limitation, assignments, reinstatements, notifications of the expiration of any lease or instrument by its own terms, cancellations of instruments for nonpayment after a notice of cancellation issued pursuant to R850-5-200(5), voluntary relinquishments or amendments, approvals of range improvements or grazing permit renewals, or fee waivers.

3. Final agency actions requiring the payment of funds; providing notice pursuant to R850-5-200(5) that an instrument will be subject to cancellation unless payment of funds is made; exercising any discretionary right of the agency to readjust or otherwise modify an existing agreement; declaring any default under an existing agreement; declining or conditioning any assignment; making rule-based determinations where administrative review is provided by rule; or otherwise directly determining the legal rights or obligations of a person will be mailed to that person and any other person with a right to notice by statute, rule or contract.

R850-8-1000. Appeal of Final Agency Action.

1. The Trust Lands Administration may by rule specifically designate certain categories of Trust Lands Administration actions that are not subject to appeal.

2. Except where no appeal is available pursuant to statute or rule, an appeal may be initiated only by a party to a contract that is the subject of a final agency action, or whose legal interests are directly determined by the final agency action. A written petition must be filed within 14 days of the mailing date of the final agency action requesting an adjudicative proceeding, unless a longer date is specified in writing in the final agency action or required by statute, rule, or contract. In the event an appeal is not filed in the applicable time period, the final Trust Lands Administration action shall become unappealable. The petition for an adjudicative proceeding shall be filed according to the following requirements:

(a) the petition shall be filed at the office of the director pursuant to R850-8-800.

(b) the petition shall state:

i) all facts upon which the petition is based;

ii) any statute, rule, contract provision, or board policy which the final agency action is alleged to violate;

iii) the nature of the violation of the final agency action with the statute, rule, contractual provision or board policy, and the injury that is specific to the petitioner arising from the final agency action. If the injury identified by the petition is not peculiar to the petitioner as a result of the action, the board will decline to hear the appeal; and

iv) the relief requested.

3. Upon receipt of a petition, the director shall initially stay any further actions with respect to the matter for which the adjudicative proceeding is being sought by the petitioner. The board, in its discretion, may lift such suspension or condition the continuation of the stay upon filing of a surety, in an amount specified by the board, sufficient to protect the interests of the beneficiaries.

4. Upon receipt the director shall promptly mail the petition to the board.

5. When the date of mailing is at least ten days prior to a regularly scheduled board meeting, the board may consider the petition at that meeting. In the event that the date of mailing is within ten days of a regularly scheduled board meeting, the petition will be considered at the next succeeding board meeting.

6. In its initial consideration of any petition, the board may schedule the petition for hearing at a future date, make determinations concerning whether the adjudicative proceeding will be formal or informal, address procedural matters such as stays, discovery, etc., or hear the matter on the merits.

7. The board may decline to conduct adjudicative proceedings in response to a petition, in which case the petitioner shall be entitled to judicial review pursuant to Section 63G-4-402.

R850-8-1100. Designation of Adjudicative Proceedings as Formal or Informal.

1. The board, in its discretion, shall determine whether to conduct an adjudicative proceeding formally or informally.

2. Any time before a final order is issued in any adjudicative proceeding, the board may convert a formal adjudicative proceeding to an informal adjudicative proceeding, or an informal adjudicative proceeding to a formal adjudicative proceeding if conversion of the proceeding does not unfairly prejudice the rights of any party.

R850-8-1200. Procedures for Informal Adjudicative Proceedings.

1. The Trust Lands Administration may, but is not required, to file an answer or other pleading responsive to the allegations contained in the petition.

2. The parties to the proceeding shall be permitted to testify, present evidence, and comment on the issues.

3. Hearings will be held only after timely notice to all parties.

4. Discovery is prohibited, but, the board may issue subpoenas or other orders to compel production of necessary evidence.

5. All parties shall have access to information contained in the Trust Lands Administration's files and to all materials and information gathered in any investigation, to the extent permitted by law.

6. Intervention shall be in accordance with R850-8-1400.

7. All hearings shall be open to all parties.

8. Within a reasonable time after the close of an informal adjudicative proceeding, the board shall issue a signed order in writing that states the following:

(a) the decision, and when appropriate, the reasons for the decision;

(b) a notice of any right of judicial review available to the parties;

(c) the time limits for filing an appeal.

9. A copy of the board's order shall be promptly mailed to each of the parties.

10. Recordation of Hearing.

(a) The board may record or have a transcript prepared of any hearing.

(b) Any party, at its own expense may record or have a reporter approved by the board prepare a transcript of the hearing, subject to any restrictions that the board is permitted by statute to impose to protect confidential information disclosed at the hearing.

R850-8-1300. Procedures for Formal Adjudicative Proceedings.

1. An original and ten copies of all papers permitted or required to be filed shall be filed with the Trust Lands Administration and one copy shall be sent by mail to each party.

2. In addition to the final agency action, and the petition for the appeal of the final agency action, additional motions may be submitted for the board's decision on either written or oral argument and the filing of affidavits in support or contravention may be permitted. Any written motion may be accompanied by a supporting memorandum of fact and law.

3. The board may permit or require pleadings in addition to the final agency action and the appeal of the final agency action.

4. Upon motion of a party, and for good cause shown, the board may authorize discovery against another party, including the Trust Lands Administration, in the manner provided by the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.

5. Subpoenas and other orders to secure the attendance of witnesses or the production of evidence shall be issued by the board when requested by any party, or may be issued upon its own motion.

6. Hearing procedure.

(a) The board shall regulate the course of the hearing to obtain full disclosure of relevant facts and to afford all the parties reasonable opportunity to present their positions.

(b) On its own motion or upon objection by a party, the board:

i) may exclude evidence that is irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious;

ii) shall exclude evidence privileged in the courts of Utah;

iii) may receive documentary evidence in the form of a copy or excerpt if the copy or excerpt contains all pertinent portions of the original document;

iv) may take official notice of any facts that could be judicially noticed under the Utah Rules of Evidence, of the record of other proceedings before the board, and of technical or scientific facts within the board's specialized knowledge.

(c) The board may not exclude evidence solely because it is hearsay.

(d) The board shall afford to all parties the opportunity to present evidence, argue, respond, conduct cross-examination, and submit rebuttal evidence.

(e) The board may give persons not a party to the adjudicative proceeding the opportunity to present oral or written statements at the hearing.

(f) All testimony presented at the hearing, if offered as evidence to be considered in reaching a decision on the merits, shall be given under oath.

(g) The hearing shall be recorded at the board's expense.

(h) Any party, at his own expense, may have a person approved by the board prepare a transcript of the hearing, subject to any restrictions that the board is permitted by statute to impose to protect confidential information disclosed at the hearing.

(i) All hearings shall be open to all parties.

(j) This section does not preclude the presiding officer from taking appropriate measures necessary to preserve the integrity of the hearing.

7. Intervention shall be in accordance with R850-8-1400.

8. Orders.

(a) Within a reasonable time after the hearing, or after the filing of any post-hearing papers permitted by the board, the board shall sign and issue an order that includes:

i) a statement of the board's findings of fact based exclusively on the evidence of record in the adjudicative proceedings, or on facts officially noted;

ii) a statement of the board's conclusions of law;

iii) a statement of the reasons for the board's decision;

iv) a statement of any relief ordered by the board;

v) a notice of any right to judicial review of the order available to aggrieved parties;

vi) the time limits applicable to any review (or reconsideration).

(b) The board may use its experience, technical competence, and specialized knowledge to evaluate the evidence.

(c) No finding of fact that was contested may be based solely on hearsay evidence unless that evidence is admissible under Utah Rules of Evidence.

(d) This section does not preclude the board from issuing interim orders to:

i) notify the parties of further hearings;

ii) notify the parties of provisional rulings on a portion of the issues presented; or

iii) otherwise provide for the fair and efficient conduct of the adjudicative proceeding.

R850-8-1400. Informal or Formal Adjudicative Proceedings - Intervention.

1. Any person not a party may file a signed, written petition to intervene in an adjudicative proceeding with the Trust Lands Administration.

2. The person who wishes to intervene shall mail a copy of the petition to each party. The petition shall include:

(a) a statement of facts demonstrating that the petitioner's legal rights or interests are substantially affected by the formal adjudicative proceeding, or that the petitioner qualifies as an intervenor under any provision of law; and

(b) a statement of the relief that the petitioner seeks from the Trust Lands Administration.

3. The board shall grant a petition for intervention if it determines that:

(a) the petitioner's legal interests may be substantially affected by the formal adjudicative proceeding; and

(b) the interests of justice and the orderly and prompt conduct of the adjudicative proceedings will not be materially impaired by allowing intervention.


(a) Any order granting or denying a petition to intervene shall be in writing and sent by mail to the petitioner and each party.

(b) An order permitting intervention may impose conditions on the intervenor's participation in the adjudicative proceeding that are necessary for a just, orderly, and prompt conduct of the adjudicative proceeding.

(c) the board may impose the conditions at any time after the intervention.

R850-8-1500. Formal Adjudicative Proceeding - Designation of Hearing Examiner.

1. The board may in its discretion, on its own motion or motion of one of the parties, designate a hearing examiner for purposes of taking evidence and recommending findings of fact and conclusion of law to the board. Any member of the board, or any person designated by the board may serve as a hearing examiner, other than an employee of the Trust Lands Administration.

2. Powers.

The order appointing a hearing examiner may specify or limit the hearing examiner's powers and may direct the hearing examiner to report only upon particular issues: to do or perform particular acts or to receive and report evidence only; and to fix the time and place for beginning and closing the hearing and for filing a report. Unless the hearing examiners's authority is limited the hearing examiner will be vested general authority to conduct hearings in an orderly and judicial matter, including authority to:

(a) summon and subpoena witnesses;

(b) administer oaths, call and question witnesses;

(c) require the production of records, books and documents;

(d) take such other action in connection with the hearing as may be prescribed by the board.

(e) make evidentiary rulings and propose findings of fact and conclusions of law.

3. Conduct of hearings.

Except as limited by the board's order, hearings will be conducted under the same rules and in the same manner as hearings before the board.

4. Rulings, Findings, and Conclusions of the hearing examiner.

During the hearing, objections to evidence will be ruled upon by the hearing examiner. Where a ruling sustains objections to an admission of evidence, the party affected may insert in the record, as a tender of proof, a summary written statement of the evidence excluded and the objecting party may then make an offer of proof in rebuttal. Upon completion of the hearing, the hearing examiner will prepare a written summary of all such rulings and will make proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law in a proposed order in conformance with R850-8-1300(8). All such proposed rulings, findings, and conclusions will be distributed to the parties and filed with the board.

R850-8-1600. Default.

1. The board may enter an order of default against a party if:

(a) a party in an informal adjudicative proceeding fails to participate in the adjudicative proceeding: or

(b) a party to a formal adjudicative proceeding fails to attend or participate in a properly scheduled hearing after being given proper notice.

2. An order of default shall include a statement of the grounds for default and shall be mailed to all parties.


(a) A defaulted party may seek to have the Trust Lands Administration set aside the default order, and any order in the adjudicative order, by following the procedures outlined in the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.

(b) A motion to set aside a default and any subsequent order shall be made to the board.


(a) In an adjudicative proceeding that has other parties besides the party in default, the board shall, after issuing the order of default, conduct any further proceedings necessary to complete the adjudicative proceeding without the participation of the party in default.

R850-8-1700. Reconsideration and Modification of Existing Orders.

1. Any person affected by a final order or decision of the board may file a petition for reconsideration within 20 days after the date the order was issued.

2. A copy of the request for reconsideration shall be sent by mail to each party by the person making the request.

3. The petition for reconsideration will set forth specifically the particulars in which it is claimed the board's order or decision is unlawful, unreasonable, or unfair. If the petition is based upon a claim that the board failed to consider certain evidence, it will include an abstract of that evidence. If the petition is based upon newly discovered evidence, then the petition will be accompanied by an affidavit setting forth the nature and extent of such evidence, its relevancy to the issues involved, and a statement that the party could not with reasonable diligence have discovered the evidence prior to the hearing.

4. All other parties to the proceeding upon which a reconsideration is sought may file a response to the petition with the director at any time prior to the hearing at which the petition will be considered by the board. Such responses will be served on the petitioner at or before the hearing.

5. The board will act upon the petition for a rehearing at its next regularly scheduled meeting following the date of its filing. If no action is taken by the board within such time, the petition will be deemed to be denied. The board may set a time for a hearing on said petition or may summarily grant or deny the petition.

6. The filing of the request is not a prerequisite for seeking judicial review of the order.

R850-8-1800. Judicial Review - Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies.

1. A party aggrieved may obtain judicial review of a final order issued in an adjudicative proceeding, except where judicial review is expressly prohibited by statute.

2. A party may seek judicial review only after exhausting all administrative remedies available, except that a party seeking judicial review need not exhaust administrative remedies if any statute or rule states that exhaustion is not required.


(a) A party shall file a petition for judicial review of a final order issued by the board within 30 days after the date that the order is issued or considered issued.

(b) The petition shall name the Trust Lands Administration and all other appropriate parties as respondents.

R850-8-1900. Judicial Review.

To seek judicial review of a final board action resulting from informal or formal adjudicative proceedings, the petitioner shall file a petition for review of a board order with the appropriate court in the manner required by Sections 63G-4-402 and 63G-4-403, as appropriate.

R850-8-2000. Judicial Review - Stay and Other Temporary Remedies Pending Final Disposition.

1. The board may grant a stay of its order or other temporary remedy during the pendency of judicial review if it determines a stay would be in the interest of justice and would not unduly harm the beneficiaries. The board, in its discretion, may condition the continuation of the stay upon filing of a surety, in an amount specified by the board, sufficient to protect the interests of the beneficiaries.

2. If the board denies a stay or denies other temporary remedies requested by a party, the board's order of denial shall be mailed to all parties and shall specify the reasons why the stay or other temporary remedy was not granted.

R850-8-2100. Emergency Adjudicative Proceedings.

1. The board may issue an order on an emergency basis without complying with the requirements of this section if:

(a) the facts known by the board or presented to the board show that an immediate and significant danger to the public health, safety, or welfare exists; or

(b) an immediate and irreparable threat to the beneficiaries exists; and

(c) the threat requires immediate action by the board.

2. In issuing its emergency order, the board shall:

(a) limit its order to require only the action necessary to prevent or avoid the danger to the public health, safety, or welfare; or

(b) the immediate and irreparable threat to the beneficiaries; and

(c) issue promptly a written order, effective immediately, that includes a brief statement of findings of fact, conclusions of law, and reasons for the agency's utilization of emergency adjudicative proceedings; and

(d) give immediate notice to the persons who are required to comply with the order.

3. If the emergency order issued under this section will result in the continued infringement or impairment of any legal right or interest of any party, the board shall commence an adjudicative proceeding in accordance with the other provisions of this section.

R850-8-2200. Waivers.

Notwithstanding any other provision of these rules, any procedural matter, including any right to notice or hearing, may be waived by the affected person by a signed, written waiver in a form acceptable to the board.

R850-8-2300. Severability.

In the event that any provision, section, subsection or phrase of these rules is determined by a court or body of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, unconstitutional, or unenforceable, the remaining provisions, sections, subsections or phrases shall remain in full force and effect.

R850-8-2400. Time Periods.

Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to restrict the director, or, the board from lengthening or shortening any time period prescribed herein.


administrative procedures, public petitions, right of petition, adjudicative proceedings

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

December 22, 2011

Notice of Continuation

October 18, 2016

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

53C-1-204(3); 53C-1-204(10)(c); 53C-1-304

Additional Information


For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R850, please contact the promulgating agency (School and Institutional Trust Lands, Administration). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.