Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since January 1, 2020, please see the codification segue page.

NOTE TO RULEFILING AGENCIES: Use the RTF version for submitting rule changes.

R994. Workforce Services, Unemployment Insurance.

Rule R994-106. Combined Wage Claims.

As in effect on January 1, 2020

Table of Contents

R994-106-101. General Definition.

(1) An unemployed individual who has covered employment and wages in more than one state has the right to combine such wages and employment in the base period of one state if the combination will provide benefits for which he could not otherwise qualify or will increase the benefits for which he qualifies in a single state. He must file a combined wage claim if he is eligible to do so rather than claim extended benefits. If he wishes, he has the right to reject a combined-wage claim and file against a state in which he is separately eligible or to cancel the combined wage claim and file no claim.

(2) Section 35A-4-106 provides for the wages earned in other states to be used to qualify for unemployment insurance benefits. Many of the restrictions and guidelines contained in this Rule are required by federal regulations which govern the establishment and payment of unemployment benefits when a claimant uses wages earned outside the state or his residence at the time the claim is filed. If there is a conflict between this Rule and federal regulations, the federal regulations will be followed.

R994-106-102. Definition of Terms.

(1) Agent State.

Agent state means any state in which an individual files a claim for benefits from another state or states.

(2) Combined-Wage Claim.

A combined-wage claim is a claim using wage credits from more than one state.

(3) Combined-Wage Claimant.

A claimant who uses wages from more than one state to establish monetary entitlement to benefits.

(4) Commuter.

Commuter applies to each individual who, immediately before becoming unemployed, customarily commuted from his residence in the agent state to his work in the liable state.

(5) Employment and Wages.

"Employment" refers to all services which are covered under the unemployment compensation law of a state, whether expressed in terms of weeks of work or otherwise. "Wages" refers to all remuneration for such employment.

(6) Interstate Benefit Payment Plan.

This is the plan approved by the Interstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies under which benefits are payable to unemployed individuals absent from the state (or states) in which benefit credits have been accumulated.

(7) Liable State.

The liable state is the same as the paying state.

(8) Paying State.

The paying state is the state against which the claimant is filing that actually issues the benefit checks.

(9) State.

State includes the states of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

(10) State Agency.

The agency which administers the unemployment compensation law of a state.

(11) Transferring State.

A transferring state is one in which the claimant had covered employment and wages within the base period of the paying state that can be transferred to establish a claim. Wages from more than one transferring state can be used to establish a combined wage claim.

R994-106-103. Restrictions on Combined Wage Claims.

(1) Any unemployed individual who has had covered employment in two or more states may file a combined wage claim unless:

(a) he has established a claim under any other state;

(b) the benefit year has not ended;

(c) and there are still unused benefit rights.

(2) Unused Benefit Rights.

A claimant will not be considered to have unused benefit rights on a prior claim if:

(a) all benefits have been exhausted, or

(b) benefits have been denied by a seasonal restriction, or

(c) benefits have been postponed for an indefinite period or for the remainder of the benefit year. A disqualification imposed because a claimant is not able to work or available for work is not considered a denial of a claimant's benefit rights.

(3) Use of Wages in Paying State.

If an individual files a combined wage claim, all wages and employment in all states during the base period of the paying state must be included. He may not select a paying state but must accept that state which is determined under Subsection 35A-4-106(1)(b) and R994-106-103.

(4) Base Period for a Combined Wage Claim.

The base period for a combined wage claim means the "base period" as established in the paying state.

(5) Benefit Year for a Combined Wage Claim.

The benefit year for a combined wage claim is the "benefit year" of the paying state.

R994-106-104. Determining the Paying State in Combined Wage Claim (CWC) Claims.

(1) The paying state is the state in which the claimant elects to file a CWC, provided the claimant has employment and wages in that state's base period and the claimant qualifies for unemployment under the law of that state using combined employment and wages. The claimant is responsible for deciding the state against which to file a CWC.

(2) If a claimant files a CWC in Utah but is not monetarily eligible for benefits against Utah, Utah will advise the claimant of Utah's qualifying requirements and his or her potential eligibility for benefits, if any, under Utah law. The claimant will also be told that he or she has the option to file in any other state/s where he or she has employment and wages. Utah will advise the claimant that state laws vary and there are differences in weekly benefits amounts and other qualifying requirements in different states. If the claimant wishes to explore options with any other state/s, Utah will provide the claimant with contact information for that/those state/s.

(3) If a claimant is found to be monetarily ineligible in Utah, the claimant can file in another state where he or she has employment and wages in that state's base period. If a claimant was found monetarily ineligible in another state and then files in Utah, Utah can use the effective date of the original claim, provided the claimant filed within the appeal period from the original state's monetary denial.

R994-106-105. Responsibilities of Utah when Transferring Wages.

(1) Transfer of Employment and Wages.

Wages earned in Utah in covered employment during the base period of the combined wage claim filed by a claimant will be promptly transferred to the paying state. Such wages will be transferred without restriction as to their use for determination and benefit payments under the provisions of the Paying state's law.

(2) Employment and Wages Not Transferrable.

Wages earned in Utah will not be transferred if the employment and wages have been:

(a) transferred to any other paying state and have not been returned unused, or which have been previously used as the basis of a monetary determination which establishes a benefit year; or

(b) canceled or are otherwise unavailable to the claimant as a result of a monetary determination made prior to its receipt of the request for transfer, if such determination has become final or is subject to a pending appeal. If the appeal is finally decided in favor of the combined wage claimant, any employment and wages determined eligible for use as wages in establishing monetary eligibility will be transferred to the paying state and any necessary redetermination will be made by the paying state.

R994-106-106. Non-Monetary Eligibility Determination.

When a combined wage claim is filed, the law and eligibility requirements of the paying state apply, except the paying state may not determine an issue that has previously been adjudicated by the transferring state. Such exception will not apply, however, if the transferring state's determination of the issue resulted in making the combined-wage claim possible as provided in 20 CFR 616.8 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

R994-106-107. Conditions for Withdrawing a Combined Wage Claim.

(1) Because of the complexities of combining wages, disadvantages to the claimant may not be apparent until after the monetary determination has been received. Therefore, the claimant has the right to withdraw from a combined wage claim anytime before the monetary determination of the paying state becomes final. The claimant's right to withdraw is inherent and need not be supported by reasons, provided that he either:

(a) repays in full any benefits paid to him, or

(b) authorizes the state against which he will claim benefits to withhold and forward to the former paying state a full repayment of benefits.

R994-106-108. Notification and Appeals.

(1) Notification.

A combined wage claimant will receive a monetary determination notice from the paying state once the wage information from all states is received. If a transferring state refuses to transfer wages because the wage credits were canceled under a disqualification or because the work was not covered, the claimant will be sent an appealable determination by the transferring state.

(2) Protests and Appeals.

A protest of a monetary determination from a transferring state or from a paying state other than Utah may be made. If the paying state or any transferring state makes any decision, monetary or nonmonetary, adverse to a combined-wage claimant's interest, the claimant is entitled to a written determination and the right to request reconsideration or an appeal in accordance with the law of the state making the determination.


unemployment compensation, interstate compacts

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

June 21, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law


Additional Information


For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R994, please contact the promulgating agency (Workforce Services, Unemployment Insurance). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.