Utah Administrative Code

The Utah Administrative Code is the body of all effective administrative rules as compiled and organized by the Division of Administrative Rules (see Subsection 63G-3-102(5); see also Sections 63G-3-701 and 702).

NOTE: For a list of rules that have been made effective since October 1, 2019, please see the codification segue page.

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R994. Workforce Services, Unemployment Insurance.

Rule R994-401. Payment of Benefits.

As in effect on October 1, 2019

Table of Contents

R994-401-101. Payment of Benefits.

Eligibility is established and benefits are paid on a weekly basis. The week starts on Sunday and ends on Saturday. Benefits do not become due until the end of the week for which benefits are claimed.

R994-401-201. Weekly Benefit Amount (WBA), Maximum Benefit Amount (MBA), and Monetary Determination.

(1) The formulas for determining the WBA and the MBA are found in Section 35A-4-401. For purposes of calculating WBA and MBA and for all other relevant purposes, "total insured workers" is defined as the sum of the monthly total of reported insured workers during the calendar year or fiscal year (as applicable).

(2) The wages used to determine the WBA and the MBA are limited to wages reported to the Department by base period employers and verifiable wages paid by additional base period employers reported by the claimant in the initial claim. If an employer does not report wages and the claimant can verify wages from that employer, those wages may be included.

(3) The Department will send the claimant a "Notice of Monetary Determination." The notice will inform the claimant of the WBA, MBA, and the wages used to determine the claimant's monetary eligibility. The notice will also inform the claimant of his or her right to appeal the monetary determination. The claimant must notify the Department of any errors in the monetary determination. The time limit for notifying the Department of any errors or for appealing a monetary determination is the same as filing an appeal from an initial Department determination and is governed by rules R994-508-102 through R994-508-104.

(4) The monetary determination is based on the wages actually paid during the base period regardless of when the work was performed.

(5) To be monetarily eligible, a claimant must have earned base period wages of 1 and 1/2 times the high quarter wages and also meet a minimum dollar amount as established by the monetary base period wage requirement as defined in Section 35A-4-201.

(6) For any claimant whose benefit year is effective on or before January 1, 2011, if the claimant is not monetarily eligible under the 1 and 1/2 times requirement in paragraph (5) of this section, but meets the monetary base period wage requirement, the claimant can still be eligible under this section if the claimant had earnings of at least five percent of the "monetary base period requirement for insured work," as defined in Subsection 35A-4-201(17), in each of at least 20 weeks during the base period. The earnings must be for work performed during each of the 20 weeks, all of which must fall within the base period, regardless of when the claimant received payment for the work. The requirement that the claimant show work and earnings in 20 weeks is only met if the claimant was paid wages as defined by the definition of "wages paid" in R994-401-202.

(7) The dollar amount for each of the 20 weeks required to establish eligibility under subsection (6) of this section will be determined by the monetary base period requirement for insured work in effect for the calendar year in which the initial claim is filed even if some or all of the 20 weeks are in a different calendar year.

(8) If the claimant is determined monetarily ineligible under the 1 and 1/2 times standard, and the claimant's benefit year is effective on or before January 1, 2011, it is the claimant's responsibility to show 20 weeks of covered employment which meet the minimum dollar amount. Acceptable proof of covered employment includes:

(a) appropriately dated check stubs issued by the employer;

(b) a written statement from the employer showing dates of employment and the amount of earnings for each week;

(c) time cards;

(d) canceled payroll checks; or

(e) personal or business records kept in the normal course of employment that would substantiate work and earnings.

(9) An employer's potential liability is based on its proportion of the claimant's base period wages. Employers will be informed of the wages used in determining a claimant's monetary entitlement, the employer's potential liability for benefits costs, and the right to and time limitation for requesting relief of charges or a correction to wages. A contributory employer is given a notice of all benefit costs each quarter and has the opportunity to report any errors or omissions to the Department at that time as well. The quarterly notices give the employer 30 days to advise the Department of any corrections, as provided in Subsection 35A-4-306(3).

(10) A party failing to file a timely appeal or protest may lose its right to have the monetary determination corrected. An untimely appeal or protest may be considered if the party had good cause, as defined in R994-508-104.

(11) The Department may revise the monetary determination after the expiration of the appeal time if there has been a mistake as to the facts or the revision would be substantial and required by fairness for a party who did not have access to the information and therefore could not have reasonably filed a timely appeal. The decision to revise a monetary determination after the appeal time has expired is discretionary with the Department.

R994-401-202. Wages Used to Determine Monetary Eligibility.

(1) "Wages paid" include those wages actually received by the worker and wages constructively paid, provided the employer's liability for payment has become unconditionally established. Wages are considered constructively paid, for the purposes of this section, on the earliest of: the next regular pay day in accordance with the employer's customary payment practices, the day required by contractual agreement, or as required by state law.

(2) Quarterly wages are all wages paid or constructively paid during a quarter regardless of when those wages are earned. Bonus or lump sum payments which do not meet the definition of vacation and severance pay in R994-405-701 et seq, made within the quarter which were not due on any specific day shall be treated as wages paid during the quarter in which the payment is made unless a request is made by the claimant for apportionment to the calendar quarters in which the remuneration was earned. Any such request must be received by the Department within ten days of the issuance of the monetary determination as provided by Subsection 35A-4-401(7).

R994-401-203. Retirement or Disability Retirement Income.

(1) A claimant's WBA is reduced by 100% of any retirement benefits, social security, pension, or disability retirement pay (referred to collectively in this section as "retirement benefits" or "retirement pay") received by the claimant. Except, for claims with an effective date on or after July 4, 2004, and on or before December 11, 2010 the reduction for social security retirement benefits will only be 50%. For claims with an effective date on or after December 12, 2010, there is no reduction for social security retirement benefits. The payments must be:

(a) from a plan contributed to by a base-period employer. Social security payments are counted if a base period employer contributed to social security even if the social security payment is not based on employment during the base period;

(b) based on prior employment and the claimant qualifies because of age, length of service, disability, or any combination of these criteria. Disability payments must be based, at least in part, by length of service. Savings plans such as a 401(k) or IRA should not be used to reduce the WBA Payments from workers' compensation for temporary disability, black lung disability income, and benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs are not counted because the amount of the payment is based on disability and not on length of service. Payments received as a spouse or beneficiary are not counted. That portion of retirement benefits payable to a claimant's former spouse is not counted if the paying entity pays the former spouse directly and it is pursuant to court order or a signed, stipulated agreement in accordance with the law;

(c) periodic and not made in a lump sum. Lump sum payments, even if drawn from the employer's contributions to a fund established for the purpose of retirement, are not treated as severance pay under Subsection 35A-4-405(7); and

(d) payable during the benefit year. A claimant's WBA is not reduced if the claimant is eligible for, but not receiving, retirement income. However, if the claimant subsequently receives a retroactive payment of retirement benefits which, if received during the time unemployment insurance claims were filed, would have resulted in a reduced payment, an overpayment will be established. The period of time the payment represents, not the time of the receipt, is the determining factor. An assumption that a claimant is entitled to receive a pension, even if correct, is not sufficient basis to recompute the WBA. However, if a claimant has applied for a pension and expects to be determined eligible for a specific amount attributable to weeks when Unemployment Insurance benefits are payable, and the claimant is only awaiting receipt of those payments, a reduction of the claimant's WBA will be made.

(2) A claimant who could be eligible for a retirement income, but does not apply until after the Unemployment Insurance benefits have been paid, will be at fault for any overpayment resulting from a retroactive payment of retirement benefits.

(3) The formula for recomputation of the MBA in the event a claimant begins receiving retirement income after the beginning of the benefit year is found in Subsection 35A-4-401(2)(d). The recomputation is effective with the first full calendar week in which the claimant is eligible to receive applicable retirement benefits or adjustments to those benefits.

R994-401-301. Partial Payments - General Definition.

(1) A claimant's earnings that are equal to or less than 30 percent of the WBA will not result in a reduction of the WBA. The claimant's gross weekly earnings over 30 percent of the WBA will be deducted dollar for dollar from the WBA in the week in which it was earned. A claimant who earns less than the WBA and files a claim may be credited with a waiting week, or paid a partial payment. A claimant who earns equal to or more than the WBA will not be credited with a waiting week nor be eligible for any partial payment for that week.

(2) All work and earnings must be reported on a weekly basis. For example, when an otherwise eligible claimant is required to report income from a farm, and is paid one day of holiday pay and then accepts a one-day temporary job, the work and earnings from all three sources must be reported.

(3) Earnings are reportable in the week the work is performed which may be different from the week payment is received. If a claimant receives payment for commission sales, or other periodic earnings, the income must be attributed to, and reported in, the week when the work was performed.

(4) Reportable earnings which a claimant must report on the weekly claim include any and all wages, remuneration, or compensation for services even if the employer is not required to pay contributions on these wages.

R994-401-302. Liability of Part-time Concurrent Reimbursable Employers When There Is No Job Separation from the Part-Time Reimbursable Employer.

(1) If the claimant worked for two or more employers during the base period and is separated from one or more of these employers, but continues in the regular part-time work with a reimbursable employer, the nonseparating part-time employer will not be liable for benefit costs provided;

(a) the claimant earned wages from a nonseparating employer within seven days prior to the date when the claim was filed,

(b) the claimant is not working on an "on call" basis,

(c) the number of hours of work have not been reduced, and

(d) the nonseparating employer makes a request that it not be held liable for benefit costs within ten days of the first notification of the employer's potential liability.

(2) The claimant's WBA will be determined on the basis of the total base period employment and earnings, however, earnings from the part-time reimbursable employer will be excluded from the calculation of the MBA.

(3) If the claimant is later separated from this employer within the benefit year or the claimant's hours of work are reduced below the customary number of hours worked during the base period, the reimbursable employer will be liable to pay the proportionate amount of benefit payments paid thereafter. A new monetary determination can also be made at the request of the claimant and would include all base period wages. The effective date of the revised monetary determination will be the first day of the week in which the request is made. See R994-307-101 for contributory employers.

R994-401-303. Income the Claimant Must Report While Receiving Unemployment Benefits.

(1) All payments whether an hourly wage, salary, or commission paid for the performance of any service shall be reportable unless specifically identified as an exception in R994-401-304 or R994-401-305.

(2) Gratuities or tips paid directly to an employee by a customer or the employer for a service provided are reportable.

R994-401-304. Income Which May Be Reportable Under Certain Circumstances.

(1) A bonus paid as a direct result of past performance of service for a specific period prior to the separation is not reportable with respect to any week after the separation. A bonus is a payment given to an employee in addition to usual wages. If the payment is made contingent upon termination it will be considered a severance payment. Payments given at the time of separation that are based on years of service will also be considered severance payments. Severance payments are reportable in accordance with Subsection 35A-4-405(7).

(2) If a claimant is hired to start working on a certain day and the work is not available as of that date but the employer puts the claimant on the payroll as of that date, the claimant is considered employed and those wages are reportable.

(3) Any payment made in consideration of training that is required by the employer is considered to be reportable income unless shown to be:

(a) expenses necessary for school, for example, tuition, fees, and books;

(b) travel expenses;

(c) actual costs for room and board where costs are created as a necessary expense for the schooling; and

(d) the payments are exempt from income tax liability.

(4) If a claimant is being paid under a contract for the express purpose of being available to an employer, and there are limits placed upon the individual either as to how much earnings, if any, may be earned while receiving these payments, or on the time the individual must hold himself or herself available to the employer, the payment is considered reportable income.

(5) Any payments in kind are reportable, including the cash value for meals, lodging, or other payment unless the meals and lodging are excluded from the definition of wages by the Internal Revenue Service as under the following conditions:

(a) Meals that are furnished:

(i) on the business premises of the employer;

(ii) for the convenience of the employer;

(iii) without charge for substantial non-compensatory business reasons, not for the purpose of additional compensation. Substantial noncompensatory business reasons will be limited to meals which are provided:

(A) to have employees available for emergency call;

(B) to have employees with restricted lunch periods;

(C) because adequate eating facilities are not otherwise available.

(b) Lodging that is furnished:

(i) on the business premises of the employer;

(ii) as a condition of employment;

(iii) for the convenience of the employer, for example, to have an employee available for call at any time.

(6) Pensions that do not meet the criteria in R994-401-203 are not reportable income.

R994-401-305. Income a Claimant Is Not Required to Report While Receiving Unemployment Benefits.

Payments which are received for reasons other than the performance of a service are not reportable income. Some examples are:

(1) Payments from corporate stocks and bonds;

(2) Public service in lieu of payment of fines;

(3) Fees paid for jury duty or as witness fees will be considered reimbursement for expenses;

(4) Amounts paid specifically, either as an advance or reimbursement, for bona fide, ordinary, and necessary expenses incurred or reasonably expected to be incurred in the business of the employer. If an accounting by the employee is not required by the employer for actual expenses, the Department shall not require itemization;

(5) Payments specifically identifiable as not being provided for the rendering of service will not be considered wages including grants, public or private assistance or other support payments;

(6) Money or other considerations which are normally provided as a matter of course to immediate family members;

(7) Income from investments;

(8) Disability or permanent impairment awards under the Workers' Compensation Act; and,

(9) Payment attributable to the value of any equipment owned by the claimant and necessary for the performance of the job. If there is no contract of hire or the contract does not delineate what portion is payable for the equipment, the Department will determine the claimant's wages based on the prevailing wage for similar work under comparable conditions.

KEY

unemployment compensation, benefits

Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment

June 21, 2017

Authorizing, Implemented, or Interpreted Law

35A-4-401(1); 35A-4-401(2); 35A-4-401(3); 35A-4-401(6)


Additional Information

Contact

For questions regarding the content or application of rules under Title R994, please contact the promulgating agency (Workforce Services, Unemployment Insurance). A list of agencies with links to their homepages is available at http://www.utah.gov/government/agencylist.html or from http://www.rules.utah.gov/contact/agencycontacts.htm.