File No. 34053
This rule was published in the September 15, 2010, issue (Vol. 2010, No. 18) of the Utah State Bulletin.
Environmental Quality, Air Quality
Notice of Proposed Rule
DAR File No.: 34053
Filed: 09/01/2010 02:07:56 PM
Purpose of the rule or reason for the change:
On 05/13/2010, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final rule that addresses greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from stationary sources under the Clean Air Act permitting programs. This final rule sets thresholds for GHG emissions that define when permits are required for new and existing industrial facilities under the New Source Review Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) and Title V Operating Permit programs. These changes must be incorporated into our rules in order to comply with the federal requirements. Additionally, these changes will allow Utah to obtain primacy for permitting sources of GHG in Utah.
Summary of the rule or change:
This rule amendment incorporates changes for the Title V Operating Permit program required by the 05/13/2010, EPA final rule. These changes include the addition of the definitions of "regulated NSR pollutant" and "subject to regulation".
State statutory or constitutional authorization for this rule:
- Section 19-2-109.1
- Section 19-2-10
This rule or change incorporates by reference the following material:
- Adds 75 FR 56395-96, published by Government Printing Office, 10/30/2009
- Adds 75 FR 25686, published by Government Printing Office, 05/07/2010
Anticipated cost or savings to:
the state budget:
While additional direct costs are not anticipated at this time, this rulemaking will add workload to permitting staff, resulting in longer permit issuance times as they address this new pollutant. Hence, fewer permits will be issued per unit of time than previously.
No costs or savings are expected for local governments because these revisions do not create new requirements for local governments.
No costs or savings are expected for small business because these revisions do not create new requirements for small businesses.
persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local governmental entities:
No costs or savings are expected for persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government entities because these revisions do not create new requirements for persons other than small businesses, businesses, or local government.
Compliance costs for affected persons:
Costs will increase for those sources (businesses) that are subject to this rulemaking as they will have to address this new pollutant in air permit applications and comply with any applicable requirements. These costs are unknown as they are costs incurred by the companies that they pay those who prepare their application (either in-house staff or contractors).
Comments by the department head on the fiscal impact the rule may have on businesses:
Costs will increase for those sources (businesses) that are subject to this rulemaking as they will have to address this new pollutant in air permit applications and comply with any applicable requirements. Without this change, the EPA plans to issue a SIP call directing us to make these changes followed by the implementation of a Federal Implementation Plan (FIP). This would make the EPA the permitting authority for Utah sources of GHG.
Amanda Smith, Executive Director
The full text of this rule may be inspected, during regular business hours, at the Division of Administrative Rules, or at:Environmental Quality
195 N 1950 W
SALT LAKE CITY, UT 84116-3085
Direct questions regarding this rule to:
- Kimberly Kreykes at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4042, by FAX at 801-536-4099, or by Internet E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested persons may present their views on this rule by submitting written comments to the address above no later than 5:00 p.m. on:
Interested persons may attend a public hearing regarding this rule:
- 10/07/2010 01:30 PM, DEQ Board Room (Room 1015), 195 N 1950 W, Salt Lake City, UT
This rule may become effective on:
Bryce Bird, Planning Branch Manager
R307. Environmental Quality, Air Quality.
R307-415. Permits: Operating Permit Requirements.
(1) The definitions contained in R307-101-2 apply throughout R307-415, except as specifically provided in (2).
(2) The following additional definitions apply to R307-415.
"Act" means the Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 7401, et seq.
"Administrator" means the Administrator of EPA or his or her designee.
"Affected States" are all states:
(a) Whose air quality may be affected and that are contiguous to Utah; or
(b) That are within 50 miles of the permitted source.
"Air Pollutant" means an air pollution agent or combination of such agents, including any physical, chemical, biological, or radioactive (including source material, special nuclear material, and byproduct material) substance or matter which is emitted into or otherwise enters the ambient air. Such term includes any precursors to the formation of any air pollutant, to the extent the Administrator has identified such precursor or precursors for the particular purpose for which the term air pollutant is used.
"Applicable requirement" means all of the following as they apply to emissions units in a Part 70 source, including requirements that have been promulgated or approved by the Board or by the EPA through rulemaking at the time of permit issuance but have future-effective compliance dates:
(a) Any standard or other requirement provided for in the State Implementation Plan;
(b) Any term or condition of any approval order issued under R307-401;
(c) Any standard or other requirement under Section 111 of the Act, Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources, including Section 111(d);
(d) Any standard or other requirement under Section 112 of the Act, Hazardous Air Pollutants, including any requirement concerning accident prevention under Section 112(r)(7) of the Act;
(e) Any standard or other requirement of the Acid Rain Program under Title IV of the Act or the regulations promulgated thereunder;
(f) Any requirements established pursuant to Section 504(b) of the Act, Monitoring and Analysis, or Section 114(a)(3) of the Act, Enhanced Monitoring and Compliance Certification;
(g) Any standard or other requirement governing solid waste incineration, under Section 129 of the Act;
(h) Any standard or other requirement for consumer and commercial products, under Section 183(e) of the Act;
(i) Any standard or other requirement of the regulations promulgated to protect stratospheric ozone under Title VI of the Act, unless the Administrator has determined that such requirements need not be contained in an operating permit;
(j) Any national ambient air quality standard or increment or visibility requirement under part C of Title I of the Act, but only as it would apply to temporary sources permitted pursuant to Section 504(e) of the Act;
(k) Any standard or other requirement under rules adopted by the Board.
"Area source" means any stationary source that is not a major source.
"Designated representative" shall have the meaning given to it in Section 402 of the Act and in 40 CFR Section 72.2, and applies only to Title IV affected sources.
"Draft permit" means the version of a permit for which the Executive Secretary offers public participation under R307-415-7i or affected State review under R307-415-8(2).
"Emissions allowable under the permit" means a federally-enforceable permit term or condition determined at issuance to be required by an applicable requirement that establishes an emissions limit, including a work practice standard, or a federally-enforceable emissions cap that the source has assumed to avoid an applicable requirement to which the source would otherwise be subject.
"Emissions unit" means any part or activity of a stationary source that emits or has the potential to emit any regulated air pollutant or any hazardous air pollutant. This term is not meant to alter or affect the definition of the term "unit" for purposes of Title IV of the Act, Acid Deposition Control.
"Final permit" means the version of an operating permit issued by the Executive Secretary that has completed all review procedures required by R307-415-7a through 7i and R307-415-8.
"General permit" means an operating permit that meets the requirements of R307-415-6d.
"Hazardous Air Pollutant" means any pollutant listed by the Administrator as a hazardous air pollutant under Section 112(b) of the Act.
"Major source" means any stationary source (or any group of stationary sources that are located on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties, and are under common control of the same person (or persons under common control)) belonging to a single major industrial grouping and that are described in paragraphs (a), (b), or (c) of this definition. For the purposes of defining "major source," a stationary source or group of stationary sources shall be considered part of a single industrial grouping if all of the pollutant emitting activities at such source or group of sources on contiguous or adjacent properties belong to the same Major Group (all have the same two-digit code) as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987. Emissions resulting directly from an internal combustion engine for transportation purposes or from a non-road vehicle shall not be considered in determining whether a stationary source is a major source under this definition.
(a) A major source under Section 112 of the Act, Hazardous Air Pollutants, which is defined as: for pollutants other than radionuclides, any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit, in the aggregate, ten tons per year or more of any hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons per year or more of any combination of such hazardous air pollutants. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, emissions from any oil or gas exploration or production well, with its associated equipment, and emissions from any pipeline compressor or pump station shall not be aggregated with emissions from other similar units, whether or not such units are in a contiguous area or under common control, to determine whether such units or stations are major sources.
(b) A major stationary source of air pollutants, as defined in Section 302 of the Act, that directly emits or has the potential to emit, 100 tons per year or more of any air pollutant , including any major source of fugitive emissions or fugitive dust of any such pollutant as determined by rule by the Administrator. The fugitive emissions or fugitive dust of a stationary source shall not be considered in determining whether it is a major stationary source for the purposes of Section 302(j) of the Act, unless the source belongs to any one of the following categories of stationary source:
(i) Coal cleaning plants with thermal dryers;
(ii) Kraft pulp mills;
(iii) Portland cement plants;
(iv) Primary zinc smelters;
(v) Iron and steel mills;
(vi) Primary aluminum ore reduction plants;
(vii) Primary copper smelters;
(viii) Municipal incinerators capable of charging more than 250 tons of refuse per day;
(ix) Hydrofluoric, sulfuric, or nitric acid plants;
(x) Petroleum refineries;
(xi) Lime plants;
(xii) Phosphate rock processing plants;
(xiii) Coke oven batteries;
(xiv) Sulfur recovery plants;
(xv) Carbon black plants, furnace process;
(xvi) Primary lead smelters;
(xvii) Fuel conversion plants;
(xviii) Sintering plants;
(xix) Secondary metal production plants;
(xx) Chemical process plants;
(xxi) Fossil-fuel boilers, or combination thereof, totaling more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input;
(xxii) Petroleum storage and transfer units with a total storage capacity exceeding 300,000 barrels;
(xxiii) Taconite ore processing plants;
(xxiv) Glass fiber processing plants;
(xxv) Charcoal production plants;
(xxvi) Fossil-fuel-fired steam electric plants of more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input;
(xxvii) Any other stationary source category, which as of August 7, 1980 is being regulated under Section 111 or Section 112 of the Act.
(c) A major stationary source as defined in part D of Title I of the Act, Plan Requirements for Nonattainment Areas, including:
(i) For ozone nonattainment areas, sources with the potential to emit 100 tons per year or more of volatile organic compounds or oxides of nitrogen in areas classified as "marginal" or "moderate," 50 tons per year or more in areas classified as "serious," 25 tons per year or more in areas classified as "severe," and 10 tons per year or more in areas classified as "extreme"; except that the references in this paragraph to 100, 50, 25, and 10 tons per year of nitrogen oxides shall not apply with respect to any source for which the Administrator has made a finding, under Section 182(f)(1) or (2) of the Act, that requirements under Section 182(f) of the Act do not apply;
(ii) For ozone transport regions established pursuant to Section 184 of the Act, sources with the potential to emit 50 tons per year or more of volatile organic compounds;
(iii) For carbon monoxide nonattainment areas that are classified as "serious" and in which stationary sources contribute significantly to carbon monoxide levels as determined under rules issued by the Administrator, sources with the potential to emit 50 tons per year or more of carbon monoxide;
(iv) For PM-10 particulate matter nonattainment areas classified as "serious," sources with the potential to emit 70 tons per year or more of PM-10 particulate matter.
"Non-Road Vehicle" means a vehicle that is powered by an internal combustion engine (including the fuel system), that is not a self-propelled vehicle designed for transporting persons or property on a street or highway or a vehicle used solely for competition, and is not subject to standards promulgated under Section 111 of the Act (New Source Performance Standards) or Section 202 of the Act (Motor Vehicle Emission Standards).
"Operating permit" or "permit," unless the context suggests otherwise, means any permit or group of permits covering a Part 70 source that is issued, renewed, amended, or revised pursuant to these rules.
"Part 70 Source" means any source subject to the permitting requirements of R307-415, as provided in R307-415-4.
"Permit modification" means a revision to an operating permit that meets the requirements of R307-415-7f.
"Permit revision" means any permit modification or administrative permit amendment.
"Permit shield" means the permit shield as described in R307-415-6f.
"Proposed permit" means the version of a permit that the Executive Secretary proposes to issue and forwards to EPA for review in compliance with R307-415-8.
"Renewal" means the process by which a permit is reissued at the end of its term.
"Responsible official" means one of the following:
(a) For a corporation: a president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision-making functions for the corporation, or a duly authorized representative of such person if the representative is responsible for the overall operation of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities applying for or subject to a permit and either:
(i) the operating facilities employ more than 250 persons or have gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25 million in second quarter 1980 dollars; or
(ii) the delegation of authority to such representative is approved in advance by the Executive Secretary;
(b) For a partnership or sole proprietorship: a general partner or the proprietor, respectively;
(c) For a municipality, State, Federal, or other public agency: either a principal executive officer or ranking elected official. For the purposes of R307-415, a principal executive officer of a Federal agency includes the chief executive officer having responsibility for the overall operations of a principal geographic unit of the agency;
(d) For Title IV affected sources:
(i) The designated representative in so far as actions, standards, requirements, or prohibitions under Title IV of the Act, Acid Deposition Control, or the regulations promulgated thereunder are concerned;
(ii) The responsible official as defined above for any other purposes under R307-415.
"Stationary source" means any building, structure, facility, or installation that emits or may emit any regulated air pollutant or any hazardous air pollutant.
"Title IV Affected source" means a source that contains one or more affected units as defined in Section 402 of the Act and in 40 CFR, Part 72.
KEY: air pollution, [
environmental protection], operating permit, emission fees
Date of Enactment or Last Substantive Amendment: [
November 9, 2007]
Notice of Continuation: July 13, 2007
Authorizing, and Implemented or Interpreted Law: 19-2-109.1; 19-2-104
The Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the Bulletin is the official version. The PDF version of this issue is available at https://rules.utah.gov/publicat/bull-pdf/2010/b20100915.pdf. The HTML edition of the Bulletin is a convenience copy. Any discrepancy between the PDF version and HTML version is resolved in favor of the PDF version.
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For questions regarding the content or application of this rule, please contact Kimberly Kreykes at the above address, by phone at 801-536-4042, by FAX at 801-536-4099, or by Internet E-mail at email@example.com.